Faction Paradox

Faction Paradox is a series of novels, audio stories, short story anthologies, and comics set in and around the "War in Heaven", a history-spanning conflict between the godlike "Great Houses" and their mysterious enemy. The series is named after a minor group in the War, a fictional time travelling cult / rebel group / organized crime syndicate originally created by author Lawrence Miles for BBC Books' Doctor Who novels.


Originally a subplot in the Eighth Doctor Adventures, the War involves several characters and concepts evolved from the original Doctor Who set-up. In several cases, the Faction Paradox series still features these groups, albeit with names changed for reasons both literary (most of the groups or items mentioned are described from different perspectives) and legal (the Faction and the Enemy are Miles's creations, but other elements are not — thus the Great Houses are the Faction Paradox range's equivalent to Doctor Who's Time Lords).[1] Faction Paradox themselves are not the enemy in this War, and play a neutral part, willing to act against both sides in their own interests. Lawrence Miles has described them as "a ritualistic time-travelling guerrilla organisation".

The semi-mythical founder of Faction Paradox is Grandfather Paradox, named after the grandfather paradox of time travel theory. Originally a member of the Great Houses himself, the Grandfather created a new group after he became frustrated with the ways of the Great Houses. Faction Paradox therefore takes a good deal of pleasure in irritating the Great Houses, and many of their traditions and rituals are aligned in direct opposition to the way the Great Houses do things. Their time machines are bigger on the inside, in much the same way as TARDISes are, and the familial titles its members use (eg "Father", "Cousin") reference family units which the Great Houses lost when they became sterile.

Faction Paradox also take a perverse pride in causing time paradoxes (something that is against the laws of the Great Houses) and achieving impossible or absurd effects for their own sake. For instance, they typically wear ritual skull masks which are in fact the skulls of vampirised members of the Great Houses who, in the Great Houses' version of history, never existed. Their stronghold on Earth exists in a version of London, within what they call "The Eleven-Day Empire", bought from the British government in 1752. In that year, the British Empire first adopted the Gregorian calendar, and in so doing had to correct their dating scheme by 11 days (2 September 1752 being followed by 14 September 1752). Faction Paradox claimed the missing 11 days as their base (building on the illogicity that only the numbering scheme changed and no days were actually "missing").


Doctor Who (BBC Books)

After a brief mention of Grandfather Paradox in the Virgin New Adventures novel Christmas on a Rational Planet, Faction Paradox and the War in Heaven made their debut in BBC Books' Eighth Doctor novels.

The most relevant books to the Faction Paradox universe are

Several other Doctor Who novels featured or referenced Faction Paradox, most notably The Ancestor Cell (written by Stephen Cole and Peter Anghelides in 2000), The Quantum Archangel (written by Craig Hinton in 2001), and The Gallifrey Chronicles (written by Lance Parkin in 2005), but were contradicted or otherwise ignored in the Faction Paradox series.

Faction Paradox (BBV)

A series of full-cast audio dramas dubbed The Faction Paradox Protocols was produced by BBV between 2001 and 2004. All were written by Lawrence Miles. These stories centred on two Cousins of the Faction, Justine and Eliza. (Justine had previously featured in the BBC novel Alien Bodies, and Eliza appeared in Dead Romance as "Christine Summerfield".) The first two stories were set in the Eleven-Day Empire; the second two in 18th century London; and the last two were split between Justine's pre-Faction past and the Great Houses' prison facility. Although there were six releases and an ongoing story, each pair (usually released close together) formed a two-part story. In order they were:

  • The Eleven-Day Empire
  • The Shadow Play
  • Sabbath Dei
  • In the Year of the Cat
  • Movers
  • A Labyrinth of Histories

Faction Paradox (Mad Norwegian Press)

In 2002 Mad Norwegian Press published a multi-author faux-encyclopedia to the first 50 years of the War in Heaven, edited by Faction Paradox creator Lawrence Miles, as a companion to the BBV audios. After the success of The Book of the War, Mad Norwegian began publishing a Faction Paradox series of novels set in the same universe. These novels roam the ongoing War in Heaven; despite the series' name, the Faction and its members are not the focus, sometimes featuring only as minor characters, and sometimes not appearing at all. The books also featured characters from the Doctor Who novels, including Chris Cwej and Compassion.

Mad Norwegian also republished the Virgin New Adventures novel Dead Romance as part of their Faction Paradox line in 2003.

Faction Paradox (Image Comics)

Faction Paradox 01 cover
Cover of the first comics issue

In 2003, the first two issues of a Faction Paradox comic were produced by Mad Norwegian and published by Image Comics. The series was subsequently cancelled. The comic was written by Lawrence Miles with art from Jim Calafiore and inks by Peter Palmiotti.[2] It was set after the events of the War in Heaven, though due to its short run it did not give much detail on the post-War universe.[3] It tied into events described in The Faction Paradox Protocols, The Book of the War, and The Adventuress of Henrietta Street.

Faction Paradox (Magic Bullet)

In 2004 Magic Bullet Productions, known for their Kaldor City audio dramas, obtained the license to produce further Faction Paradox audios, dubbed The True History of Faction Paradox. The narrative of this series continued from The Faction Paradox Protocols, although the first CD was also written to be accessible to newcomers. Like the BBV audios, these stories focused on Cousin Justine and Cousin Eliza, but the characters were recast.

The dramas in the series, released between 2005 and 2009, have featured guest stars including Julian Glover, Peter Miles, Philip Madoc and Gabriel Woolf. Woolf plays the ancient Egyptian god Sutekh, whom he had previously played in the 1975 Doctor Who story Pyramids of Mars. The six titles are:

  • Coming To Dust[4]
  • The Ship of a Billion Years[5]
  • Body Politic[6]
  • Words from Nine Divinities[7]
  • Ozymandias[8]
  • The Judgment of Sutekh[9]

Faction Paradox (Random Static)

In 2007, New Zealand-based publisher Random Static announced they would be publishing further Faction Paradox novels. What turned out to be the sole title of the new range was published in January 2008. The cover art, by Emma Weakley, won the Sir Julius Vogel Award for Best Artwork in 2009.[10]

Faction Paradox (Obverse Books)

In June 2010 Obverse Books acquired a license to produce collections of Faction Paradox short stories and longer fiction.

The City of the Saved

In 2012, Obverse Books launched a series of anthologies set in the City of the Saved, a setting first introduced and explored in the Faction Paradox series.

  • Tales of the City (ed Philip Purser-Hallard, 2012)[12]
  • More Tales of the City (ed Philip Purser-Hallard, 2013)
  • Tales of the Great Detectives (ed Philip Purser-Hallard, 2014)
  • Furthest Tales of the City (ed Philip Purser-Hallard, 2015)
  • Tales of the Civil War (ed Philip Purser-Hallard, 2017)
  • Stranger Tales of the City (ed Elizabeth Evershed, 2018)


  1. ^ "The Faction and the Doctor". Curufea. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
  2. ^ Faction Paradox
  3. ^ Comic Db Entry for Faction Paradox
  4. ^ The True History of Faction Paradox Vol 1: Coming to Dust
  5. ^ The True History of Faction Paradox Vol 2: The Ship of a Billion Years
  6. ^ The True History of Faction Paradox Vol 3: Body Politic
  7. ^ The True History of Faction Paradox Vol 4: Words from Nine Divinities
  8. ^ The True History of Faction Paradox Vol 5: Ozymandias
  9. ^ The True History of Faction Paradox Vol 6: The Judgement of Sutekh
  10. ^ Sir Julius Vogel Winners 2008 Archived 5 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ a b "Press Release: Faction Paradox 2012".
  12. ^ "Obverse Shop: Faction Paradox".

External links

Alien Bodies

Alien Bodies is an original novel written by Lawrence Miles and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor and Sam. This story marks the first appearance of Faction Paradox, a time travelling Gallifreyan voodoo cult. The Faction's story arc begins here, and concludes in The Ancestor Cell.

Compassion (Doctor Who)

Compassion (or Laura Tobin) is a fictional character in the Eighth Doctor Adventures novels based upon the British science fiction television series, Doctor Who. Compassion was originally from a people known as the Remote, a splinter group of the time travelling voodoo cult Faction Paradox. The Eighth Doctor met her in the novel Interference: Book One by Lawrence Miles, and she went on to become one of his companions.

Dead Romance

Dead Romance is an original novel by Lawrence Miles, originally published as part of the Virgin New Adventures series. The New Adventures were a spin-off from the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. Though part of the sequence of stories that featured the fictional archaeologist Bernice Summerfield, this was released as something of a standalone, and she is not in it. The main character and narrator Christine Summerfield are not connected to her in any way. A former New Adventures Seventh Doctor companion, Chris Cwej, does appear. The Seventh Doctor briefly appears as "the Evil Renegade" in Chris's tampered memories.

Almost the entirety of the book is set within a bottle universe. This concept is most fully explored in Miles's two-book cycle Interference.

(it is implied that this bottle universe is the one which appears in Interference)

Christine Summerfield reappears as Cousin Eliza in the Faction Paradox audio plays (also by Miles), voiced by Emma Kilbey.

A second edition of Dead Romance was published by Mad Norwegian Press in 2004. This contained some minor alterations which made the book more consistent with Miles's later Faction Paradox mythos.

The novel is partly an exploration of Miles's "bottle universe" concept that places Virgin Publishing's Virgin New Adventures series within a bottle universe inside the BBC Books Eighth Doctor Adventures universe (and by extension these bottles are within a larger one containing all televised serials). This concept is most fully explored in Miles's two-book cycle Interference.

This idea was never followed up on in any future novels and was abandoned, with the idea of the book series's being in bottle universes inside each other being retconed in the reprint with Lawrence Miles himself stating in a foreword to the Mad Norwegian Press edition that this was a bad idea and was rightfully ignored

Erasing Sherlock

Erasing Sherlock is an original novel by Kelly Hale set in the Faction Paradox universe.It is the last Faction Paradox novel to be published by Mad Norwegian Press, though not the last in the series. It was later republished by Hale, with references to Faction Paradox material removed, after the Mad Norwegian Press edition went out of print. Although taking place in a shared universe, either edition of the book is a stand-alone work that does not require any prior knowledge of Faction Paradox.

The novel was adapted by Kelly Hale from a previous work that she wrote, Erasing Sherlock Holmes, which won a $10,000 award in the Great North American Fiction Contest and was published as an e-book by PublishingOnline.com. It has been described as a "fascinating (and undeservedly obscure) novel" and reviewed in publications ranging from various Sherlock Holmes Society publications to the science fiction, Aeon Magazine.

Grandfather Paradox (Doctor Who)

Grandfather Paradox, usually referred to as the Grandfather, is a fictional character in the British science fiction franchise Doctor Who and its spin-off franchise Faction Paradox. In the BBC's Eighth Doctor Adventures novels, the Grandfather is a corrupt future version of the Eighth Doctor, while in Lawrence Miles's Faction Paradox series he is a seemingly incorporeal Time Lord of unknown identity. Both narratives portray him as the founder of Faction Paradox, a time-travelling voodoo cult.

Interference – Book One

Interference – Book One: Shock Tactic is an original novel written by Lawrence Miles and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor, the Third Doctor, Sam, Fitz, Sarah Jane, and K-9.

The book also marks Sam's departure, and the introduction of a new companion, Compassion.

Interference – Book Two

Interference – Book Two: The Hour of the Geek is an original novel written by Lawrence Miles and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor, the Third Doctor, Sam, Fitz and Sarah Jane and K-9.

The book also marks Sam's departure, the introduction of new companion Compassion, and culminates in an alternate regeneration for the Third Doctor.

Lawrence Miles

Lawrence Miles (born 15 March 1972 in Middlesex) is a science fiction author known for his work on original Doctor Who novels (for both the Virgin New Adventures and BBC Books series) and the subsequent spin-off Faction Paradox. He is also co-author (with Tat Wood) of the About Time series of Doctor Who critiques.

Mad Norwegian Press

Mad Norwegian Press is an American publisher of science-fiction guides and novels. The company has worked with authors such as Harlan Ellison, Peter David, Diana Gabaldon, Tanya Huff, Emma Bull, Elizabeth Bear, Mary Robinette Kowal, Seanan McGuire, Barbara Hambly, Martha Wells, Juliet E. McKenna, Aliette de Bodard, Jody Lynn Nye, Catherynne M. Valente, Rachel Swirsky, Melissa Scott, Hal Duncan, Brit Mandelo, Mary Anne Mohanraj, Nancy Holder, Sharon Shinn, Jeanne C. Stein, Colleen Doran, Jill Thompson, Jen Van Meter, Marjorie Liu, Sarah Monette, Mark Waid, Lyda Morehouse, Paul Magrs, Gary Russell, Robert Shearman, Lance Parkin, Andrew Cartmel, Steve Lyons, Lawrence Miles and Tat Wood.

Mad Norwegian was founded by Lars Pearson, a former staffer at Wizard Magazine, and is based in Des Moines, Iowa.

The majority of the company's output is reference guides to science-fiction series such as Doctor Who, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel and The X-Files. As a rule of thumb, such guides examine the continuity that governs each show --- taking into consideration how different episodes reconcile against each other, for instance --- along with critiques, theorizing and behind-the-scenes details. The "About Time" series, a series of guidebooks to Doctor Who, deviates from this formula somewhat by examining the political and cultural context (as well as the development of television) that influenced Doctor Who on a year-by-year basis during its initial 26-year run (from 1963 to 1989).

From 2002 to 2006, Mad Norwegian produced a series of Faction Paradox novels, using concepts and characters as created by Lawrence Miles.

The company has a series of essay collections pertaining to women and fandom: the Hugo-Award-winning Chicks Dig Time Lords (2010), Whedonistas! (2011) and the Hugo-Award-nominated Chicks Dig Comics (2012), and the Hugo-Award-nominated Chicks Unravel Time (2012).

Forthcoming from Mad Norwegian the essay collection Queers Dig Time Lords: A Celebration of Doctor Who by the LGBTQ Fans Who Love It, with an introduction by John Barrowman and Carole E. Barrowman.

Magic Bullet Productions

Magic Bullet Productions is an independent audio-production company formed in 2000 by Alan Stevens, focusing on Doctor Who and Blake's 7 spinoff audios. Originally set up to produce the Kaldor City audios, in 2004 they acquired the rights to produce Lawrence Miles' Faction Paradox audio CDs.

Mags L. Halliday

Liz Halliday (born 1971) is a British author who writes under the name Mags L Halliday in Doctor Who-series of science fiction. She is distinct from the writer Liz Holliday, who has also contributed to Doctor Who-related science fiction.

Her published work includes the Doctor Who novel History 101 (2002) and contributions to the Faction Paradox series including the novel Warring States (2005). She is also active in Doctor Who fandom, particularly in female-oriented "fangrrrl culture".

Halliday contributed material to the Faction Paradox anthology/encyclopedia The Book of the War (2002) about a Russian Soviet splinter group from the Faction whose members include Anastasia Romanova and Rasputin. Her Faction Paradox novel, Warring States focuses on an English Faction agent and a young Chinese woman who come into conflict during the Boxer Rebellion.

Obverse Books

Obverse Books is a British publisher initially known for publishing books relating to the character Iris Wildthyme, and currently for the Black Archive series of critical books on Doctor Who. The company also owns publishing rights for stories based on Faction Paradox and Sexton Blake and had an e-book only imprint named Manleigh Books between 2012 and 2016.

The Adventuress of Henrietta Street

The Adventuress of Henrietta Street is a BBC Books original novel written by Lawrence Miles and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor, Fitz and Anji.

This novel sees the first named appearance of the villain Sabbath, who subsequently appears in many of the following novels.

The Ancestor Cell

The Ancestor Cell is a novel by Peter Anghelides and Stephen Cole, based on the science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor, Fitz Kreiner, Compassion, and Romana III, as well as a brief appearance of the Third Doctor in a ghost-like state due to the Faction's manipulation of the Doctor's timeline, and features the last appearance of Faction Paradox in the Eighth Doctor Adventures.

In 2000, The Ancestor Cell was placed ninth in the Top 10 of SFX magazine's "Best SF/Fantasy novelisation or TV tie-in novel" category for that year.

The Book of the War

The Book of the War is a hypertext multi-author novel presented in the form of an encyclopedia of the first 50 years of the War in the Faction Paradox universe based on the Doctor Who universe. The book was edited by Lawrence Miles, and written by Miles, Simon Bucher-Jones, Daniel O'Mahony, Ian McIntire, Mags L. Halliday, Helen Fayle, Philip Purser-Hallard, Kelly Hale, Jonathan Dennis, and Mark Clapham.

The Shadows of Avalon

The Shadows of Avalon is a BBC Books original novel written by Paul Cornell and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor, Fitz, Compassion, Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart, and Romana III.

The Taking of Planet 5

The Taking of Planet 5 is a BBC Books original novel written by Simon Bucher-Jones & Mark Clapham and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor, Fitz and Compassion. It is, in part, a sequel to the television serial Image of the Fendahl. It also features references to many elements from the Cthulhu Mythos stories of H. P. Lovecraft, in particular the Elder Things and their ancient Antarctic city from At the Mountains of Madness.

Unnatural History (novel)

Unnatural History is an original novel written by Jonathan Blum and Kate Orman and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Eighth Doctor, Sam, Fitz and Faction Paradox.

Warlords of Utopia

Warlords of Utopia is an original novel by Lance Parkin set in the Faction Paradox universe. It has been described as 'possibly [Parkin's] finest accomplishment to date'.Parkin developed the idea for a Doctor Who book that was not published. The published version is his second attempt to write it for Faction Paradox. The first was turned down by editor Lawrence Miles.

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