Fabio Taglioni (September 10, 1920 – July 18, 2001) was an Italian engineer.
Born in Lugo di Romagna, he was chief designer and technical director of Ducati from 1954 until 1989. His desmodromic 90° V-twin engine design is still used in all current Ducati motorcycle engines. Among the many race victories of his early desmo twin, the 1978 legendary return of Mike Hailwood at the Isle of Man is perhaps the most memorable.
After World War II, Taglioni designed engines for Ceccato motorcycles and Mondial before joining Ducati in 1954. He began by designing Ducati's OHC four-stroke singles, and in 1963 designed the prototype V4 Ducati Apollo. This led to the 1972 Ducati 750 Imola Desmo, and the 1970s and 1980s production Ducati L-twin motorcycles.
He died in Bologna in 2001.
Wounded during the war, he returned home in 1949 and immediately started working with the Ceccato motorcycle company. In 1950 he was taken on by Mondial, where he worked until 1954.
TAGLIONI I worked for two other companies before I joined Ducati. I designed a 75 twin camshaft, which was then adjusted for the Giro d’Italia (a twin camshaft was a bit too heavy). So it was turned into a single camshaft and was used in the Giro d’Italia on several occasions, in the Milan – Taranto and lots of other races, under the Ceccato brand. That engine acted as my business card when I was introduced to Count Borselli, on his request. He was looking for a young engineer, with a certain level of experience. I told him that I didn’t have much experience but I showed him the finished engine and said that was what I could do. He said to me: “I’m not interested in the engine but I’m interested in you because I work with 125s and up. I can help you to sell it if that’s what you want to do but I’m not interested in it”. And in fact he did help me sell it to Ceccato. He let me go to Ceccato for the tuning and then I worked at Mondial for two years, until 1954, when I joined Ducati. At Mondial I tuned engines for the Giro d’Italia, 125s and 175s, and then I started work on what was then known as the “Bilancerino”, the 125 with exposed springs and a head similar to the one on the Ceccato. Then I produced the twin camshaft, which was the same as the Ceccato twin camshaft, on a Mondial, and then because of staffing problems I left Mondial and went to Ducati, where I still am today.
Events from the year 1920 in Italy.Ceccato motorcycles
Ceccato was an Italian motorcycle manufacturer founded in 1947 by a former pharmacist, Pietro Ceccato, who was passionate about both engines and innovative management ideas, such as making process changes using input invited from employees. For the motorcycle Giro d'Italia and other races, Ceccato built the first of Fabio Taglioni's engines to be realized, a 75 cc OHC single designed with the help of Taglioni's Technical Institute students. The company was active in motorcycles until the 1960s.
It however successfully continued producing compressors and grew over the years. Today Ceccato is an important player on the global compressed air market.Deaths in July 2001
The following is a list of notable deaths in July 2001.
Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:
Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.Desmodromic valve
In general mechanical terms, the word desmodromic is used to refer to mechanisms that have different controls for their actuation in different directions.
A desmodromic valve is a reciprocating engine poppet valve that is positively closed by a cam and leverage system, rather than by a more conventional spring.
The valves in a typical four-stroke engine allow the air/fuel mixture into the cylinder at the beginning of the cycle and exhaust gases to be expelled at the end of the cycle. In a conventional four-stroke engine valves are opened by a cam and closed by return spring. An engine using desmodromic valves has two cams and two actuators, each for positive opening and closing without a return spring.Ducati 750 GT
The Ducati 750 GT was a motorcycle made by Ducati from 1971 to 1974. Additionally there were 40 1978 750GTs manufactured. Total production of the 750GT over all years of manufacture was 4,133. Designed by Fabio Taglioni, the motorcycle was the first Ducati to have a 90° V-twin engine configuration, which became a signature feature in the Ducati bikes that followed.Ducati 750 Imola Desmo
The Ducati 750 Imola Desmo is a racing motorcycle built by Ducati that won the 1972 Imola 200 race in the hands of Paul Smart. This win helped define Ducati's approach to racing.Ducati 98
The Ducati 98, 98N, 98T, 98TL, 98 Sport (98S) and 98 Super Sport (98SS) were a series of single-cylinder OHV, open-cradle pressed-steel frame motorcycles made by Ducati Meccanica from 1952 to 1958. The 98 Sport sold in London in 1956 for ₤178 10s, which would be ₤4,376 as of 2019, after inflation.Ducati was one of several Italian companies that did well in the 1950s with lightweight sporting motorcycles like the 98, especially the 98 Sport, because production recovered relatively quickly after World War II, and because the designers understood that "a model with a racing pedigree, stylish looks, and a bit of excitement was, in the Italian designer's mind, likely to sell in larger numbers than a dull looker, no matter how well engineered, comfortable, and practical."Ducati Bipantah engine
Ducati Bipantah was a prototype 90° V4 four-stroke motorcycle engine made by Ducati in 1981. It was designed by Pierluigi Mengoli under the supervision of Fabio Taglioni. It had four cylinders and made coupling two Ducati Pantah V-twin engines. It remained a prototype, although it had good results during dyno-tests. The project ended in late 1982, when then-owners VM Motori decided not to build the bike for which the motor was intended for.Ducati Desmoquattro engine
The Ducati Desmoquattro are water-cooled, four-valve engines from Ducati. They have been produced since 1985 in capacities from 748 to 1,198 cc (45.6 to 73.1 cu in).Ducati L-twin engine
The next new Ducati engine to appear after the Ducati Apollo was the 90° V-twin, initial Grand Prix racing versions being 500 cc, and the production bikes were 750 cc. There was also the Ducati 750 Imola Desmo that won at Imola in 1972. These engines had bevel gear shaft drive to the overhead camshaft, and were produced in round, square, and Mille crankcases. In the 1980s these gave way to the belt drive camshaft engines that have continued to this day, in air-cooled and liquid-cooled form. The Mille used a plain bearing crank, like the belt models.Ducati Monster
The Ducati Monster (called Il Mostro in Italian) is a muscle bike designed by Miguel Angel Galluzzi and produced by Ducati in Bologna, Italy, since 1993. It is a naked bike, characterized by an exposed engine and frame.
The trellis frame in the Ducati Monster is an integral part of the motorcycle's design allowing for both aesthetic appeal and for structural efficiency.
In 2005, Monster sales accounted for over half of Ducati's worldwide sales. Ducati motorcycles use 90° V-twin engines, which they call L-twins, with desmodromic valves, and tubular steel trellis frame, designed by Fabio Taglioni (1920–2001).
The Monster line has had numerous variations over the years, from entry level 400 cc (24 cu in) bikes up to top of the line 160 hp (120 kW) multivalve, water-cooled superbike-engined versions, with as many as nine different Monster versions in a single model year. The Monster's elemental simplicity has also made it a favorite platform for custom motorcycle builders, showcased at competitions like the Monster Challenge. Monsters eventually accounted for two-thirds or more of Ducati's output.British weekly newspaper Motorcycle News commented in December 2016: "The Monster has gone down in folklore as 'the bike that saved Ducati' due to its popularity and cheap development costs", adding that approximately 300,000 had been produced.Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A.
Ducati Motor Holding S.p.A. is the motorcycle-manufacturing division of Italian company Ducati, headquartered in Bologna, Italy. The company is owned by German automotive manufacturer Audi through its Italian subsidiary Lamborghini, which is in turn owned by the Volkswagen Group.Ducati Pantah
The Ducati Pantah was an Italian motorcycle with a 90° V-twin engine, produced between 1980 and 1986.
Unlike its predecessors which were bevel-gear OHC designs, the Pantah was the first Ducati to have belt-driven camshaft motors, thus forming the vanguard of the new generation of current Ducati V-twins. First shown December 1979, the Pantah came on the market as the 1980 500SL and the last of the line, the 650SL, was sold in 1986. Successful in racing as the 600 cc TT2 and later TT1 750 cc racer, the Pantah was a lighter, shorter wheelbase motorcycle, in a new trellis frame that was to become a trademark Ducati feature.Ducati Paso
The Ducati Paso was introduced in 1986 with the slogan "Il nostro passato ha un grande futuro" (Our past has a great future). The name was in honour of racer Renzo Pasolini, nicknamed "Paso", who died on 20 May 1973 in an accident at the Monza race track during the Italian motorcycle Grand Prix (Gran Premio motociclistico d'Italia).Ducati singles
The Ducati singles were single cylinder motorcycles, made by Ducati from 1950 to 1974. Chief Engineer Fabio Taglioni developed a desmodromic valve system in these years, a system that opens and closes the valves using the camshaft, without the need for valve springs. This valve system has become a trademark feature of Ducati motorcycles.List of Italian designers
Currently available on Wikipedia are the following Italian designersLugo, Emilia-Romagna
Lugo (Romagnol: Lùgh) is a town and comune in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, in the province of Ravenna.Taglioni
Taglioni is the surname of:
Alice Taglioni (1976-), French actress
Fabio Taglioni (1920–2001), Italian engineer
Filippo Taglioni (1777–1871), Italian dancer and choreographer, Marie's father
Marie Taglioni (1804–1884), Italian ballerina
Paul Taglioni (1808–1883), a ballet masterZanella
Zanella is an Argentine motorcycle manufacturer founded in 1948, originally using 100 and 125 cc engines designed by Fabio Taglioni and licensed from Ceccato motorcycles of Italy. Zanella builds small motorcycles, mopeds and ATVs. Zanella formerly manufactured go-karts.
Zanella also produces the ZMax series of three-wheel motorcycles (trikes) and light trucks.
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