FTSE 100 Index

The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie" /ˈfʊtsi/, is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalisation. It is seen as a gauge of prosperity for businesses regulated by UK company law. The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange Group.

FTSE 100 Index
FTSE 100 index chart since 1984
FTSE 100 Index performance between 1984 and 2015
OperatorFTSE Group[1]
ExchangesLondon Stock Exchange[1]
TypeLarge cap
Market cap£2.054 trillion
(as of January 2018)[1]
Weighting methodCapitalisation-weighted[1]
Related indices


The index is maintained by the FTSE Group, a now wholly owned subsidiary of the London Stock Exchange which originated as a joint venture between the Financial Times and the London Stock Exchange. It is calculated in real time and published every second when the market is open.

The FTSE 100 broadly consists of the largest 100 qualifying UK companies by full market value.[2] Many of these are internationally focused companies, however, so the index's movements are a fairly weak indicator of how the UK economy is faring and are significantly affected by the exchange rates of the Pound.[3] A better indication of the UK economy is the FTSE 250 Index, as it contains a smaller proportion of international companies.[4]

FTSE 100 companies represent about 81% of the entire market capitalisation of the London Stock Exchange. Even though the FTSE All-Share Index is more comprehensive, the FTSE 100 is by far the most widely used UK stock market indicator. Other related indices are the FTSE 250 Index (which includes the next largest 250 companies after the FTSE 100), the FTSE 350 Index (which is the aggregation of the FTSE 100 and 250), FTSE SmallCap Index and the FTSE Fledgling Index. The FTSE All-Share aggregates the FTSE 100, FTSE 250 and FTSE SmallCap.

Component companies must meet a number of requirements set out by the FTSE Group, including having a full listing on the London Stock Exchange with a Sterling or Euro denominated price on the Stock Exchange Electronic Trading Service, and meeting certain tests on nationality, free float, and liquidity.

Continuous trading on the London Stock Exchange starts at 08:00 and ends at 16:30 (when the closing auction starts), and closing values are taken at 16:35.


In the FTSE indices, share prices are weighted by free-float capitalisation, so that the larger companies, with more of their stock "floating," make more of a difference to the index than smaller companies. The basic formula for these indices is:

The free float adjustment factor represents the percentage of all issued shares that are readily available for trading, rounded up to the nearest multiple of 5%.

To find the free-float capitalisation of a company, first find its market cap (number of shares x share price) then multiply by its free-float factor. Free-float capitalisation, therefore, does not include restricted stocks, such as those held by company insiders.

Record values

The index reached the following record values:

Category All-time highs
Closing 7,877.45 22 May 2018
Intraday 7,903.50 22 May 2018

The index began on 3 January 1984 at the base level of 1000. The highest closing value of 7,877.45 was reached on 22 May 2018.[5] The highest intra-day value of 7,903.50 was reached on 22 May 2018.[6]

Constituents in March 2019

The following table lists the FTSE 100 companies after the changes on 18 March 2019.[7] The index consists of 100 companies, but there are 101 listings, as Royal Dutch Shell has both A and B class shares listed. Schroders Non Voting shares were also listed until 1 June 2012 when the FTSE's stricter rules came into force.

Company Ticker FTSE Industry Classification Benchmark sector[8]
3i III Financial Services
Admiral Group ADM Nonlife Insurance
Anglo American plc AAL Mining
Antofagasta ANTO Mining
Ashtead Group AHT Support Services
Associated British Foods ABF Food Producers
AstraZeneca AZN Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Auto Trader Group AUTO Media
Aviva AV Life Insurance
BAE Systems BA Aerospace & Defence
Barclays BARC Banks
Barratt Developments BDEV Household Goods & Home Construction
Berkeley Group Holdings BKG Household Goods & Home Construction
BHP BHP Mining
BP BP Oil & Gas Producers
British American Tobacco BATS Tobacco
British Land BLND Real Estate Investment Trusts
BT Group BT-A Fixed Line Telecommunications
Bunzl BNZL Support Services
Burberry BRBY Personal Goods
Carnival Corporation & plc CCL Travel & Leisure
Centrica CNA Gas, Water & Multi-utilities
Coca-Cola HBC CCH Beverages
Compass Group CPG Support Services
CRH plc CRH Construction & Materials
Croda International CRDA Chemicals
DCC plc DCC Support Services
Diageo DGE Beverages
Direct Line Group DLG Non-life Insurance
easyJet EZJ Travel & Leisure
Evraz EVR Industrial Metals & Mining
Experian EXPN Support Services
Ferguson plc FERG Support Services
Fresnillo plc FRES Mining
GlaxoSmithKline GSK Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Glencore GLEN Mining
Halma HLMA Electronic & Electrical Equipment
Hargreaves Lansdown HL Financial Services
Hikma Pharmaceuticals HIK Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology
Hiscox HSX Nonlife Insurance
Imperial Brands IMB Tobacco
Informa INF Media
InterContinental Hotels Group IHG Travel & Leisure
International Airlines Group IAG Travel & Leisure
Intertek ITRK Support Services
ITV plc ITV Media
Johnson Matthey JMAT Chemicals
Just Eat JE Food and Drink
Kingfisher plc KGF General Retailers
Land Securities LAND Real Estate Investment Trusts
Legal & General LGEN Life Insurance
Lloyds Banking Group LLOY Banks
London Stock Exchange Group LSE Financial Services
Marks & Spencer MKS General Retailers
Melrose Industries MRO Automobiles & Parts
Micro Focus MCRO Software & Computer Services
Mondi MNDI Forestry & Paper
Morrisons MRW Food & Drug Retailers
National Grid plc NG Gas, Water & Multi-utilities
Next plc NXT General Retailers
NMC Health NMC Health Care Equipment & Services
Ocado OCDO Food & Drug Retailers
Paddy Power Betfair PPB Travel & Leisure
Pearson plc PSON Media
Persimmon plc PSN Household Goods & Home Construction
Phoenix Group PHNX Life Insurance
Prudential plc PRU Life Insurance
Reckitt Benckiser RB Household Goods & Home Construction
Rentokil Initial RTO Support Services
Rio Tinto Group RIO Mining
Rightmove RMV Media
Rolls-Royce Holdings RR Aerospace & Defence
Royal Bank of Scotland Group RBS Banks
Royal Dutch Shell RDSA Oil & Gas Producers
RSA Insurance Group RSA Nonlife Insurance
Sage Group SGE Software & Computer Services
Sainsbury's SBRY Food & Drug Retailers
Schroders SDR Financial Services
Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust SMT Equity Investment Instruments
Segro SGRO Real Estate Investment Trusts
Severn Trent SVT Gas, Water & Multi-utilities
Smith & Nephew SN Health Care Equipment & Services
Smith, D.S. SMDS General Industrials
Smiths Group SMIN General Industrials
Smurfit Kappa SKG General Industrials
Spirax-Sarco Engineering SPX Industrial Engineering
SSE plc SSE Electricity
Standard Chartered STAN Banks
Standard Life Aberdeen SLA Financial Services
St. James's Place plc STJ Life Insurance
Taylor Wimpey TW Household Goods & Home Construction
Tesco TSCO Food & Drug Retailers
TUI Group TUI Travel & Leisure
Unilever ULVR Personal Goods
United Utilities UU Gas, Water & Multi-utilities
Vodafone Group VOD Mobile Telecommunications
Whitbread WTB Retail hospitality
WPP plc WPP Media

Past constituents

All changes are due to market capitalisation unless stated otherwise.

source: "FTSE: FTSE 100 Constituent Changes" (PDF). (57.9 KB)

FT 30

The oldest continuous index in the UK is the FT 30, also known as the Financial Times Index or the FT Ordinary Index (FTOI).[182] It was established in 1935 and nowadays is largely obsolete due to its redundancy. It is similar to the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and companies listed are from the industrial and commercial sectors. Financial sector companies and government stocks are excluded.

Of the original constituents,[183] four are currently in the FTSE 100: Guest Keen & Nettlefolds (GKN), Tate & Lyle, Imperial Tobacco and Rolls-Royce, although Rolls-Royce has not been continuously listed and Imperial Tobacco was a subsidiary of Hanson for a number of years. ICI was removed when it was taken over by Akzo Nobel in January 2008. Two of the original FT 30 companies are still in that index:[184] GKN and Tate & Lyle (membership is not strictly based on market capitalisation, so this does not mean they are necessarily among the top thirty companies in the FTSE 100). The best performer from the original lineup has been Imperial Tobacco.[185]

See also

Other lists
Stock market lists


  1. ^ a b c d e f "FTSE 100 Index Factsheet" (PDF). FTSE Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  2. ^ Ground Rules for the Management of The UK Series of the FTSE Actuaries Share Indices (section 5) Archived 8 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Atkins, Ralph; Elder, Bryce (3 September 2014). "FTSE 100 hits new record high on sterling weakness". businessinsider.co.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Which indices best represent the economy?". Hargreaves Lansdown. Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  5. ^ "FTSE Closes Higher For The 2nd Day In A Row". techniquant. 22 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  6. ^ "UK households £900 worse off since Brexit vote says Bank, but FTSE hits new high - as it happened". theguardian. 22 May 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  7. ^ "FTSE UK Index Series: Quarterly Review March 2019". 27 February 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  8. ^ "FTSE 100 constituents shares prices". London Stock Exchange. Retrieved 22 August 2017.
  9. ^ Buoyant Lloyds TSB offloads insurer Abbey Life The Guardian, 1 August 2007
  10. ^ William Kay (6 September 2004). "HBOS fury as EU backs Santander's Abbey bid". The Independent. London.
  11. ^ "A&L shareholders approve takeover". BBC News. 16 September 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
  12. ^ "Terra Firma drops Boots bid plan". BBC News. 24 April 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  13. ^ Pernod Ricard successfully completes acquisition of Allied Domecq Archived 3 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, from the Pernod Ricard website
  14. ^ Unification of companies Archived 26 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ a b "General Electric buys Amersham". BBC. 10 October 2003. Retrieved 12 June 2009.
  16. ^ "BSkyB agrees £125m Amstrad deal". BBC News. 31 July 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2007.
  17. ^ "Argos attacks GUS offer". BBC News. 26 February 1998. Retrieved 13 October 2009.
  18. ^ Argyll Group plc intends a stock buy back
  19. ^ Worms & Cie launches tender offer
  20. ^ "SoftBank finally completes £24bn ARM takeover". Silicon Republic. 5 December 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2016.
  21. ^ "Wal-Mart buys Asda in UK retail shock". Eurofood. 17 June 1999. Retrieved 6 April 2008.
  22. ^ The Economist, The man who bought trouble. Consulted on 18 July 2007.
  23. ^ International Trader Archived 21 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ a b "Bank of Scotland and Halifax agree merger". BBC News. 4 May 2001. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  25. ^ Bass to become Six Continents The Guardian, 27 June 2001
  26. ^ a b c d "The Glaxo SmithKline merger". BBC News. 17 January 2000. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  27. ^ Bryan, Victoria (14 October 2008). "Enodis sees FY profit ahead of its view". Reuters. Retrieved 24 November 2008.
  28. ^ Rumours of Rentokil bid boost BET The Independent, 15 February 1996
  29. ^ Jess McHugh. "Shell-BG Group Acquisition Complete, As Energy Giant Focuses On Liquefied Natural Gas". International Business Times. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  30. ^ "Shake-up will see BICC change to Balfour Beatty". Findarticles.com. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  31. ^ "Tony Berry, former Chairman, Blue Arrow". Managementtoday.co.uk. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  32. ^ Lafarge bags Blue Circle The Daily Telegraph (London), 7 January 2001
  33. ^ Statement on Linde homepage Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Bowater to change name to Rexam Plasteurope, 31 May 1995
  35. ^ Avanex and Bookham become Oclaro Archived 1 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine Compound Semiconductor, 28 April 2009
  36. ^ "BPB accepts bid from French firm". BBC News. 17 November 2005. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  37. ^ "Spanish bank giant to acquire B&B". BBC News. 29 September 2008. Retrieved 29 September 2008.
  38. ^ Brambles ditches London listing The Telegraph, 30 November 2005
  39. ^ BAe set to sign A8bn GEC deal with merger The Guardian, 19 January 1999
  40. ^ "Iberia expects to complete merger with British Airways in January". Daily Nation. 27 October 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  41. ^ "BHS sold to M&S raider". BBC News. 27 March 2000. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  42. ^ a b "India's Tata wins race for Corus". BBC. 31 January 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2007.
  43. ^ Law Lords Department. "Judgments – Soden and Another v. British & Commonwealth Holdings Plc. and Others". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
  44. ^ Competition Commission Report 1988 Page 10 Archived 18 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  45. ^ a b "Investors back BTR Siebe merger". Findarticles.com. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  46. ^ "BP buys Burmah Castrol". BBC News. 14 March 2000. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  47. ^ "Arcadia's clearance sale". BBC News. 4 April 2001. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  48. ^ "Cadbury agrees Kraft takeover bid". London: BBC News. 19 January 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2010.
  49. ^ a b "ITV shares on London stock market". BBC News. 2 February 2004. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  50. ^ HEATHER TIMMONS (19 May 2004). "Belgian drugmaker seeks to buy Celltec". New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  51. ^ Richard Wray (9 October 2002). "Jobs cull logical in Logica / CMG deal". London: Guardian. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  52. ^ Weiss exits Guinness Peat but stays on at Coats The Australian, 1 April 2011
  53. ^ a b c "CGU and Norwich Union merge". BBC News. 21 February 2000. Retrieved 2 November 2010.
  54. ^ Obituary: Lord Hanson The Times, 3 November 2004
  55. ^ Akzo Nobel Buys Courtaulds & Columbian Firm Adhesives Age, 1 June 1998
  56. ^ PIC International Group PLC Changes Name to Sygen International plc PR Newswire, 2001
  57. ^ "NTT buys South Africa's Dimension Data". BBC News. 14 July 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
  58. ^ Guinness directors showed 'contempt for truth' BBC, 28 November 1997
  59. ^ a b DSG, formerly known as Dixons, is now renamed ... Dixons The Telegraph, 25 June 2010
  60. ^ British engineering firms merger moves forward New York Times, 1992
  61. ^ "Eagle Star at Euroarchive". Euroarchiveguide.org. 15 September 1904. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  62. ^ a b Texas raises Energy bid to £4.46bn BBC News, 3 March 1998
  63. ^ a b Imetal to Buy ECC For $1.2 Billion ICIS, 8 February 1999
  64. ^ Andrews, Amanda (24 December 2007). "Guardian and Apax snap up a fifth of Emap". The Times. London. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  65. ^ "Profile: British music giant EMI". BBC News. 15 January 2008. Retrieved 16 March 2008.
  66. ^ Odell, Mark (15 August 2005). "C&W set to win Energis race". News.ft.com. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
  67. ^ "Royal Dutch/Shell Will Buy Enterprise Oil of Britain". nytimes.com. 3 April 2002. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  68. ^ Chairman is appointed at Exco International New York Times, 8 January 1987
  69. ^ Deutsche Post (14 December 2005). "Deutsche Post DHL Completes Acquisition of Exel". Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 7 November 2008.
  70. ^ Ferranti Timeline Archived 3 October 2015 at the Wayback MachineMuseum of Science and Industry (Accessed 17 February 2009)
  71. ^ Door still open for agreed takeover of Fisons The Independent, 22 August 1995
  72. ^ a b "Granada buys maximum stake". findarticles.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  73. ^ "BBC NEWS - Business - French rival clinches Freeserve deal". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  74. ^ "Aviva and Friends Life rise in first day as a merged company". The Telegraph. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  75. ^ "Friends backs Resolution takeover". BBC News. 11 August 2009.
  76. ^ Gallaher agrees £7.5bn Japan Tobacco takeover The Scotsman
  77. ^ "Co-op buys Somerfield for £1.57bn". bbc.co.uk. 16 July 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2008.
  78. ^ Oates, John (25 October 2005). "Ericsson buys Marconi". Theregister.co.uk. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
  79. ^ a b "BBC NEWS - Business - Wimpey and Woodrow agree to merge". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  80. ^ Closed-End Funds Open Plays for the Intrepid Investor International Herald Tribune, 21 January 1995
  81. ^ "Catering & Hospitality News". Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  82. ^ Lloyds-backed Alternative Hotels Group may be sold Daily Mail, 12 February 2011
  83. ^ a b Spirits soar at Diageo Food & Drug Packaging, July 2005
  84. ^ Axa of France to buy Guardian of Britain New York Times, 2 February 1999
  85. ^ "Breaking News, World News & Multimedia".
  86. ^ "The Independent - 404". The Independent. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  87. ^ Openwork: History Archived 22 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  88. ^ Richard Blackden, Online City Editor (15 May 2007). "Heidelberg to buy Hanson for £8bn". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2015.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  89. ^ "AIM25 collection description". aim25.ac.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  90. ^ Brush Traction: History Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  91. ^ "Lloyds TSB Seals Merger with HBOS". BBC News. 17 September 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
  92. ^ "COMPANY NEWS - HICKS, MUSE BUYING A BRITISH FOOD COMPANY - NYTimes.com". nytimes.com. 15 May 1999. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  93. ^ "BBC NEWS - Business - House of Fraser agrees Baugur bid". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  94. ^ Armitstead, Louise (5 August 2007). "Dutch poised to clinch £8bn ICI takeover". The Times. London. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  95. ^ Gulf Resources & Chemical Corporation
  96. ^ RWE is set to buy Innogy New York Times, 18 March 2002
  97. ^ Scott, Mark (16 April 2012). "GDF Suez to Buy Remaining Stake in British Utility for $10 Billion". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  98. ^ "LSE to replace Invesco in UK's FTSE 100". Reuters. 30 November 2007. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
  99. ^ "The Years 1989 to 1996". Jaguar Cars Ltd. Retrieved 10 May 2007.
  100. ^ "Kelda Group PLC (UK): Scheme of Arrangement". FTSE Group. 4 February 2008. Archived from the original on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
  101. ^ Larkin, Nicholas (8 February 2008). "Montagu, Partners to Buy Biffa for 1.2 Billion Pounds". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 21 March 2010. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
  102. ^ Kingston Communications changes name to KCOM Group Archived 27 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine Comms Dealer, 16 August 2007
  103. ^ "Kwik Save weighs heavily on Somerfield results". FoodAndDrinkEurope.com (Decision News Media SAS). 9 April 2003. Retrieved 5 May 2007.
  104. ^ Rockwood launched Chemical Market Reporter, December 2000
  105. ^ Eni swoops on Lasmo BBC News, 21 December 2000
  106. ^ Grid and Lattice form utility supergroup The Telegraph, 22 April 2002
  107. ^ London Electricity goes to France BBC News, 30 November 1998
  108. ^ The Investment Case – Lonmin plc Moneyweb, 1 April 2011
  109. ^ a b "COMPANY NEWS - TRW IS NEAR DEAL TO BUY LUCAS VARITY - NYTimes.com". nytimes.com. 26 January 1999. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  110. ^ Berisford International PLC acquires Magnet Ltd(Water Meadow Hldg) from Magnet Group PLC Alacrastore, 3 March 1994
  111. ^ Bankruptcy Explanation By Maxwell New York Times, 18 December 1991
  112. ^ "Novar plc - Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on Novar plc". referenceforbusiness.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  113. ^ Harrold heralds start of new era at MEPC: Hermes man outlines new business plan for developer Property Week, 24 October 2003
  114. ^ Merrill cleared to buy British Fund Manager New York Times, 24 December 1997
  115. ^ MFI sells store chain in £1 deal BBC News, 22 September 2006
  116. ^ "Aquila Completes Purchase of Ownership Interest in Midlands Electricity". Business Wire. 8 May 2002. Retrieved 5 September 2008.
  117. ^ "HSBC - Page no longer exists" (PDF). hsbc.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  118. ^ Farrelly, Paul RBS issues ultimatum in £27bn bid for NatWest The Observer, 28 November 1999
  119. ^ NFC and Ocean forge £3.2bn alliance to exploit e-commerce The Independent, 22 February 2000
  120. ^ Boparan wins Northern Foods with £341m bid FT.com
  121. ^ "Northern Rock to be nationalised". BBC News. 17 February 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2008.
  122. ^ "Telefonica bids £18 billion for U.K.'s O2". BBC News. 31 October 2005. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  123. ^ "Old Mutual's African arm lists on the JSE as 'managed separation' continues". Fin 24. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  124. ^ "France Télécom to buy Orange for £25.1bn". London: The Independent. 30 May 2000. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
  125. ^ "Gambling firms Partygaming and Bwin reveal merger plan". BBC News. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
  126. ^ P&O agrees bid from Dubai Ports BBC News, 29 November 2005
  127. ^ EC Clears Carnival and P&O Princess Merge Marinelink, 11 February 2003
  128. ^ "BBC NEWS - Business - Pilkington in Japanese takeover". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  129. ^ "Circuit Breakers, Fusegear, Isolators, Fuse Switches – IPD Group Limited". Archived from the original on 29 March 2010.
  130. ^ Bates, Stephen (26 August 2010). "How Polly Peck went from hero to villain in the City". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
  131. ^ "E.ON to buy Powergen".
  132. ^ Thomson-CSF seals Racal deal BBC News (13 January 2000) Accessed 20 January 2006
  133. ^ Railtrack goes bankrupt with debts of £3.3bn Independent, 8 October 2001
  134. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Canada's Barrick Gold to buy Randgold Resources in $18.3 billion deal". U.S. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
  135. ^ RHM agrees £1.2bn Premier Foods bid Times-on-line, 4 December 2006
  136. ^ Reckitt & Coleman announce further delay to Dutch merger The Independent, 7 November 1999.
  137. ^ Redlands needs White Knights, The Independent, 16 October 1997
  138. ^ Edward A. Gargan (6 October 1994). "Reed-Elsevier Building Big Presence in the U.S." New York Times. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
  139. ^ "Our history". friendslifegroup.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  140. ^ Odoi, Antoinette (17 November 2007). "Resolution board says yes to £5bn Pearl bid". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 29 April 2008.
  141. ^ "Ball Corporation (BLL) Gets FTC's Final Nod for Rexam Buy". Finance.yahoo.com. 29 June 2016. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  142. ^ Mexican firm buys RMC for £2.3bn
  143. ^ BAT will buy Rothmans New York Times, 12 January 1999
  144. ^ St James's Place: Our History Archived 24 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  145. ^ "COMPANY NEWS - Suchard Drops Out - NYTimes.com". nytimes.com. 25 June 1988. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  146. ^ a b Smooth merger of Sun Alliance and Royal Insurance The Banker, June 1996
  147. ^ Saatchi falls to Publicis BBC News, 20 June 2000
  148. ^ Kate Rankine, Deputy City Editor (16 December 2003). "Wm Morrison tables £3bn bid for Safeway". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 24 February 2015.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  149. ^ "Enlarged AB InBev expected to play tough on barley prices". Financial Times. 10 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  150. ^ "S&N accepts £7.8bn takeover deal". BBC News. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
  151. ^ a b Two electric suppliers in Britain to merge New York Times, 2 September 1998
  152. ^ Iberdrola to buy Scottish Power for £11.6bn International Herald Tribune, 28 November 2006
  153. ^ "Sears turns to Green". BBC News. 21 January 1999. Retrieved 28 February 2009.
  154. ^ Group 4 Falck and Securicor plc announce terms of merger Nordic Business Report, 24 February 2004
  155. ^ Marsh & McLennan to Buy Big British Insurance Broker New York Times, 26 August 1998
  156. ^ Relief for Sema shareholders at Schlumberger buy-out The Independent, 12 February 2001
  157. ^ Shell shareholders agree merger BBC News, 2005
  158. ^ "Takeda completes Shire acquisition". Pharma Times. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  159. ^ "Comcast to buy remaining Sky shares after bid gets 95% acceptance". Stock Market Wire. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  160. ^ Proposed Merger of Smiths Industries plc: "Smiths Industries" and "TI Group" Business Wire, 17 November 2000
  161. ^ Telecom bid to buy STC New York Times, 9 November 1990
  162. ^ "Storehouse - market intelligence". ukbusinesspark.co.uk. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  163. ^ a b Sun Life Stock soars as Axa ups bid to £24bn for remaining stake Independent, 3 May 2000
  164. ^ "Tarmac Agrees Takeover". BBC News. 5 November 1999. Retrieved 22 January 2007.
  165. ^ "NTL seals $6bn takeover". BBC News. 3 October 2005. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
  166. ^ Thames to agree £4.3bn RWE takeover The Independent (London), 25 September 2000
  167. ^ Thomson Reuters. "Company History". thomsonreuters.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  168. ^ a b Normura will buy Thorn plc The Boston Globe, 1 July 1998
  169. ^ C&W makes offer for Thus Reuters, 30 June 2008
  170. ^ "Engineering rivals to merge". BBC News. 18 September 2000. Retrieved 25 September 2006.
  171. ^ "Tomkins agrees to £2.9bn takeover deal". BBC News. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
  172. ^ Kvaerner Is Close to Bidding for Troubled Group: Lifeline for Trafalgar House? International Herald Tribune, 28 February 1996
  173. ^ Lloyds Bank to merge with TSB Group New York Times, 12 October 1995
  174. ^ "Unigate becomes Uniq". Eurofood. 2000. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  175. ^ "Blackstone and PAI complete purchase of UB" (Press release). United Biscuits. 15 December 2006. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
  176. ^ Swiss Bank in deal to buy S.G. Warburg New York Times, 11 May 1995
  177. ^ Williams plunges 14% as margins shrink Independent, 19 July 2000
  178. ^ a b "Our History".
  179. ^ "Vantiv officially completes Worldpay acquisition". Mobile Payments Today. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  180. ^ Barclays buys rival Woolwich BBC News, 11 August 2000
  181. ^ "The Lowdown: McKillop gives his opponents the treatment". The Independent. London. 21 September 2003. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  182. ^ The History Channel - Financial Times Index Archived 5 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 August 2008
  183. ^ "FT30 - the UK's oldest surviving stock market index - FT.com". ft.com. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  184. ^ Remaining companies in the FT30
  185. ^ Eckett, Stephen (ed.) (2004), The UK Stock Market Almanac 2005, Petersfield, Harriman House. ISBN 1-897597-46-0

Celltech Group plc was a leading British-based biotechnology business based in Slough. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

DS Smith

DS Smith plc is a leading British-based international packaging business. It is headquartered in Euston Road, London, and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Direct Line Group

Direct Line Group plc is an insurance company based in the United Kingdom, formed in 2012 by the divestment of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group's (RBS) insurance division, through an initial public offering. The company owns a number of insurance subsidiaries, providing various insurance products, including Direct Line and Churchill, as well as the roadside assistance and vehicle recovery provider Green Flag.

The group is listed on the London Stock Exchange, and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Eastern Electricity

Eastern Electricity plc was an electricity supply and distribution utility serving eastern England, including East Anglia and part of Greater London. It was renamed Eastern Group under which name it was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index until it was acquired by Hanson plc in 1995.


Energis Communications Limited, briefly Telecom Electric, or more usually just Energis, was a 'technology driven communications company' based in the United Kingdom and Ireland. The company was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, but subsequently went into administration, and then became a subsidiary of Cable & Wireless, in turn acquired by Vodafone.

FTSE 250 Index

The FTSE 250 Index ( FUUT-see) is a capitalisation-weighted index consisting of the 101st to the 350th largest companies listed on the London Stock Exchange. Promotions and demotions to and from the index occur quarterly in March, June, September, and December. The Index is calculated in real-time and published every minute.

Related indices are the FTSE 100 Index (which lists the largest 100 companies), the FTSE 350 Index (which combines the FTSE 100 and 250), the FTSE SmallCap Index and the FTSE All-Share Index (an aggregation of the FTSE 100 Index, the FTSE 250 Index and the FTSE SmallCap Index).

A large number of companies within the index are investment trusts. As of 30 September 2008, the net market capitalisation of the FTSE 250 Index was £161 billion (or 13 per cent of the FTSE 100 Index).


Fisons plc was a British multinational pharmaceutical, scientific instruments and horticultural chemicals company headquartered in Ipswich, United Kingdom. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It was acquired by Rhone-Poulenc in 1995.

Fresnillo plc

Fresnillo plc is a Mexican-based precious metals mining company incorporated in the United Kingdom and headquartered in Mexico City. Fresnillo is the world's largest producer of silver from ore (primary silver) and Mexico's second-largest gold miner. The first Mexican firm to have its primary listing on the LSE, Fresnillo is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Halma plc

Halma plc is a group of technology companies that makes products for hazard detection and life protection. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Hargreaves Lansdown

Hargreaves Lansdown plc is a financial service company based in Bristol that sells funds and shares and related products via its website and through the post to retail investors in the United Kingdom. The company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Kelda Group

Kelda Group is a British utility company. It is based in Bradford, England. It was formerly listed on the London Stock Exchange and a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index, but was taken private by a group of investors, Saltaire Water, in 2008. Saltaire Water members include CitiBank and HSBC Holdings.

MEPC plc

MEPC is a leading British-based property investment and development business. It is headquartered in Milton Park, Oxfordshire. It used to be listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It is however now owned by the British Telecom Pension Fund and the Royal Mail Pension Fund.

Melrose Industries

Melrose Industries plc (LSE: MRO) is a London-based company that specialises in buying and improving underperforming businesses. Its shares are listed on the London Stock Exchange as a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

Redland plc

Redland plc was a leading British building materials business. It was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.


Rightmove plc is a UK-based company that runs rightmove.co.uk, the UK's largest online real estate portal and property website. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.


Securicor plc was one of the United Kingdom's largest security businesses. It was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but merged with Group 4 Falck in 2004.


SEGRO plc (formerly known as Slough Estates) is a property investment and development company. It develops and invests in property located in the UK and Continental Europe focusing on edge of town flexible business space. The firm switched to Real Estate Investment Trust status when REITs were introduced in the United Kingdom in January 2007. The Company is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It is the largest industrial property company in Europe and is the owner of the Slough Trading Estate - the largest trading estate under single ownership in Europe.

Smurfit Kappa

The Smurfit Kappa Group plc is Europe's leading corrugated packaging company and one of the leading paper-based packaging companies in the world. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

St. James's Place plc

St. James's Place plc (branded as St. James's Place Wealth Management) is a UK-based wealth management business based in Cirencester, England. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.

FTSE 100 companies of the United Kingdom   → FTSE 250
Major European stock market indices

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.