FIFA World Rankings

The FIFA World Ranking is a ranking system for men's national teams in association football, currently led by Belgium.[1] The teams of the member nations of FIFA, football's world governing body, are ranked based on their game results with the most successful teams being ranked highest. The rankings were introduced in December 1992, and eight teams (Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain) have held the top position, of which Brazil have spent the longest ranked first.

A points system is used, with points being awarded based on the results of all FIFA-recognised full international matches.

The ranking system has been revamped on several occasions, generally responding to criticism that the preceding calculation method did not effectively reflect the relative strengths of the national teams. The current version of the ranking system was first used on 16 August 2018, adapted from the Elo rating system used in chess and Go. The rankings remain slightly different from the unofficial World Football Elo Ratings, which makes different presumptions and adaptations to the FIFA rankings.

FIFA World Rankings as of 4 April 2019.[1]
FIFA World Rankings logo
Top 20 rankings as of 4 April 2019[1]
Rank Change Team Points
1 Steady  Belgium 1737
2 Steady  France 1734
3 Steady  Brazil 1676
4 Increase 1  England 1647
5 Decrease 1  Croatia 1621
6 Increase 1  Uruguay 1613
7 Decrease 1  Portugal 1607
8 Steady   Switzerland 1604
9 Steady  Spain 1601
10 Steady  Denmark 1586
11 Steady  Argentina 1580
12 Steady  Colombia 1573
13 Increase 3  Germany 1570
14 Steady  Sweden 1567
15 Decrease 2  Chile 1559
16 Decrease 2  Netherlands 1554
17 Increase 1  Italy 1550
18 Decrease 1  Mexico 1549
19 Steady  Wales 1539
20 Steady  Poland 1535
*Change from 7 February 2019
Complete rankings at FIFA.com

History

In December 1992, FIFA first published a listing in rank order of its member associations to provide a basis for comparison of the relative strengths of these teams. From the following August, this list was more frequently updated, to be published most months.[2] Significant changes were implemented in January 1999 and again in July 2006, as a reaction to criticisms of the system.[3] Historical records of the rankings, such as listed at FIFA.com, reflect the method of calculation in use at the time, as the current method has not been applied retrospectively to rankings prior to July 2006. Membership of FIFA has expanded from 167 to 211 since the rankings began; all 211 members are currently included in the rankings.

1993–1998 calculation method

The ranking formula used from August 1993 until December 1998 was very simplistic and quickly became noticed for its lack of supporting factors. When the rankings were initially introduced, a team received one point for a draw or three for a victory in FIFA-recognised matches – much the same as a traditional league scoring system. This was a quite simplistic approach, however, and FIFA quickly realised that there were many factors affecting international matches.

1999–2006 calculation method

In January 1999, FIFA introduced a revised system of ranking calculation, incorporating many changes in response to criticism of inappropriate rankings. For the ranking all matches, their scores and importance were all recorded, and were used in the calculation procedure. Only matches for the senior men's national team were included. Separate ranking systems were used for other representative national sides such as women's and junior teams, for example the FIFA Women's World Rankings. The women's rankings were, and still are, based on a procedure which is a simplified version of the Football Elo Ratings.[4]

The major changes were as follows:

  • the point ranking was scaled up by a factor of ten
  • the method of calculation was changed to take into account factors including:
    • the number of goals scored or conceded
    • whether the match was played at home or away
    • the importance of a match or competition
    • regional strength
  • a fixed number of points were no longer necessarily awarded for a victory or a draw
  • match losers were able to earn points

Two new awards were introduced as part of the system:

The changes made the ranking system more complex, but helped improve its accuracy by making it more comprehensive.

2006–2018 calculation method

FIFA announced that the ranking system would be updated following the 2006 World Cup. The evaluation period was cut from eight to four years, and a simpler method of calculation was used to determine rankings.[5] Goals scored and home or away advantage were no longer taken into account, and other aspects of the calculations, including the importance attributed to different types of match, were revised. The first set of revised rankings and the calculation methodology were announced on 12 July 2006.

This change was rooted at least in part in widespread criticism of the previous ranking system. Many football enthusiasts felt it was inaccurate, especially when compared to other ranking systems and that it was not sufficiently responsive to changes in the performance of individual teams.

2018 ranking system update

In September 2017, FIFA announced they were reviewing the ranking system and would decide after the end of the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification if any changes are to be made to improve the ranking.[6] FIFA announced on 10 June 2018 that the ranking system would be updated following the 2018 World Cup. The calculation method to be adopted will be closely modeled after the Elo rating system and rankings of its member associations will be updated on a game-by-game basis. The weighting designated for each confederation for ranking purposes will be abolished.[7] However, the new methodology does not account for home or away games and margin of the victory, as Elo rankings.[8]

FIFA had intended to introduce the new ranking system in July 2018, but with no matches scheduled between the July and August ranking dates, delayed until August 2018. There was speculation from football journalists such as ESPN's Dale Johnson that this was because projections of the new rankings had seen relatively little change in positions,[9] with Germany – who had been eliminated in the first round of the World Cup – remaining as the top ranked team.[10] FIFA had originally planned to use existing world ranking points from June 2018 as the start value, but when the August rankings appeared, the starting points had been changed to an equal distribution of points between 1600 (Germany, as the previously top ranked team) and 868 (Anguilla, Bahamas, Eritrea, Somalia, Tonga and Turks and Caicos Islands, which had 0 points in June), according to the formula:

,

where R is the rank in June 2018. When two or more teams had equal ranks, the following team received the next immediate rank possible, e.g. if two teams had R=11, the following team had R=12, not 13. Then the rating changes according to the games played after previous release were calculated.[11][12] This produced a more dramatically altered ranking table, with Germany falling to 15th and 2018 FIFA World Cup champions France moving to the top of the ranking.[12]

Rank leaders

When the system was introduced, Germany debuted as the top-ranked team following their extended period of dominance in which they had reached the three previous FIFA World Cup finals, winning one of them. Brazil took the lead in the run up to the 1994 FIFA World Cup after winning eight and losing only one of nine qualification matches, while on the way scoring twenty goals and conceding just four. Italy then led for a short time on the back of their own equally successful World Cup qualifying campaign, after which the top place was re-claimed by Germany.

Brazil's success in their lengthy qualifying campaign returned them to the lead for a brief period. Germany led again during the 1994 World Cup, until Brazil's victory in that competition gave them a large lead that would stand up for nearly seven years, until they were surpassed by a strong France team that captured both the 1998 FIFA World Cup and the 2000 European Football Championship.

Success at the 2002 FIFA World Cup restored Brazil to the top position, where they remained until February 2007, when Italy returned to the top for the first time since 1993 following their 2006 FIFA World Cup win in Germany. Just one month later, Argentina replaced them, reaching the top for the first time, but Italy regained its place in April. After winning the Copa América 2007 in July, Brazil returned to the top, but were replaced by Italy in September and then Argentina in October.

In July 2008, Spain took over the lead for the first time, having won UEFA Euro 2008. Brazil began a sixth stint at the top of the rankings in July 2009 after winning the 2009 Confederations Cup, and Spain regained the title in November 2009 after winning every match in qualification for the 2010 FIFA World Cup.

In April 2010, Brazil returned to the top of the table. After winning the 2010 World Cup, Spain regained the top position and held it until August 2011, when the Netherlands reached the top spot for the first time,[13] only to relinquish it the following month.

In July 2014, Germany took over the lead once again, having won the 2014 FIFA World Cup. In July 2015, Argentina reached the top spot for the first time since 2008, after reaching both the 2014 FIFA World Cup Final, as well as the 2015 Copa America Final. In November 2015, Belgium became the leader in the FIFA rankings for the first time, after topping their Euro 2016 qualifying group. Belgium led the rankings until April 2016, when Argentina returned to the top. On 6 April 2017, Brazil returned to the No. 1 spot for the first time since just prior to the 2010 World Cup,[14] but Germany regained the top spot in July after winning the Confederations Cup.[15] In August 2018, France became the leader in the FIFA rankings again after nearly 16 years, having won the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and this is also the first time FIFA adopted the Elo rating system to the ranking system. One month later, for the first time two teams were tied at the top spot as Belgium returned to the number one spot with the same ranking as France, to become joint leaders.[16]

Uses of the rankings

The rankings are used by FIFA to rank the progression and current ability of the national football teams of its member nations, and claims that they create "a reliable measure for comparing national A-teams".[2] They are used as part of the calculation, or the entire grounds to seed competitions. In the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualification tournament, the rankings were used to seed the groups in the competitions involving CONCACAF members (using the May rankings), CAF (with the July set of data), and UEFA, using the specially postponed November 2007 ranking positions.

The October 2009 ranking was used to determine the seeds for the 2010 FIFA World Cup final draw.[17] The March 2011 ranking was used to seed the draw for the 2012 CAF Men's Pre-Olympic Tournament second qualifying round.[18]

The rankings are also used to determine the winners of the two annual awards national teams receive on the basis of their performance in the rankings.

The (English) Football Association uses the average of the last 24 months of rankings as one of the criteria for player work permits.[19]

Criticism

Since their introduction in 1992, the FIFA World Rankings have been the subject of much debate, particularly regarding the calculation procedure and the resulting disparity between generally perceived quality and world ranking of some teams. The perceived flaws in the FIFA system have led to the creation of a number of alternative rankings from football statisticians,[20] including the World Football Elo Ratings and the rec.sport.soccer Statistics Foundation rankings.

The initial system was very simple, with no weighting for the quality of opponent or importance of a match. This saw Norway reach second in October 1993 and July–August 1995, a ranking that was criticized at the time.[20] The rankings were adapted in 1999 to include weightings based on the importance of the match and the strength of the opponent. A win over a weak opponent resulted in fewer points being awarded than a win over a much stronger one. Further adaptations in 2006 were made to reduce the number of years' results considered from 8 to 4,[20][21] with greater reliance on matches from within the previous 12 months.

Still, criticisms of the rankings remained, with particular anomalies being noted including: the United States rise to fourth in 2006, to the surprise of even their own players;[22] Israel's climb to 15th in November 2008, which surprised the Israeli press;[23][24][25] and Belgium's rank of world number 1 in November 2015, given that Belgium had only played in one tournament final stage in the past 13 years.[26]

Further criticisms of the 2006-2018 formula included the inability of hosts of major tournaments to retain a high place in the rankings, as the team participated in only lower-value friendly matches due to their automatic qualification for the tournament. For example, 2014 FIFA World Cup hosts Brazil fell to a record low ranking of 22nd in the world prior to that tournament,[27][28] at which they then finished fourth. 2018 FIFA World Cup hosts Russia had the lowest ranking (70th) at the tournament, where they reached quarterfinals.

In the 2010s, teams realized the ranking system could be 'gamed', specifically by avoiding playing non-competitive matches, particularly against weaker opponents.[29] This was because the low weighting of friendlies meant that even victories could reduce a team's average score: in other words, a team could win a match and lose points. Prior to the seeding of the 2018 World Cup preliminary draw, Romania even appointed a ranking consultant, playing only one friendly in the year before the draw.[30][31][32] Similar accusations had been made against Switzerland, who were a seeded team at the 2014 FIFA World Cup having played only three friendly matches in the previous year,[29] and Poland before the 2018 FIFA World Cup.[33]

The use of regional strength multiplier in the ranking formula before 2018 was also accused of further reinforcing and perpetuating the bias for and against certain regions. FIFA's use of regional multiplier was cited as a primary reason why most teams in AFC (Asia) and CONCACAF (North America) held significantly lower FIFA rankings compared to their position in the World Football Elo Rankings.[34]

Current calculation method

On 10 June 2018, the new ranking system was approved by the FIFA Council. It is based on the Elo rating system and after each game points will be added to or subtracted from a team's rating according to the formula:

where:

  • Pbefore – the team's number of points before the game
  • I – the importance coefficient:
    • 05 – friendlies played outside the International Match Calendar windows
    • 10 – friendlies played within the International Match Calendar windows
    • 15 – Nations League matches (group stage)
    • 25 – Nations League matches (play-offs and finals)
    • 25 – Confederations' final competitions qualifiers, FIFA World Cup qualifiers
    • 35 – Confederations' final competitions matches (before quarter-finals)
    • 40 – Confederations' final competitions matches (quarter-finals and later)
    • 50 – FIFA World Cup matches (before quarter-finals)
    • 60 – FIFA World Cup matches (quarter-finals and later)
  • W – the result of the game:
    • 0 – loss after regular or extra time
    • 0.5 – draw or loss in a penalty shootout
    • 0.75 – win in a penalty shootout
    • 1 – win after regular or extra time.
If a game ends with a winner, but still requires a Penalty Shoot-Out (PSO) (i.e. in the second game of a two-legged tie), it is considered as a regular game and the PSO is disregarded.
  • We – the expected result of the game:
where dr is the difference between two teams' ratings before the game.

Negative points in knockout stages of final competitions will not affect teams' ratings.[35]

Awards

Each year FIFA hands out two awards to its member nations, based on their performance in the rankings. They are:

Team of the Year

Team of the Year is awarded to the team that finishes top of the FIFA World Ranking. Belgium are the most recent Team of the Year for the second time in the 25-year history of the rankings. Brazil hold the records for most consecutive wins (seven, between 1994 and 2000) and most wins overall (twelve). The table below shows the three best teams of each year.[36]

Year First place Second place Third place
1993  Germany  Italy  Brazil
1994  Brazil  Spain  Sweden
1995  Brazil  Germany  Italy
1996  Brazil  Germany  France
1997  Brazil  Germany  Czech Republic
1998  Brazil  France  Germany
1999  Brazil  Czech Republic  France
2000  Brazil  France  Argentina
2001  France  Argentina  Brazil
2002  Brazil  France  Spain
2003  Brazil  France  Spain
2004  Brazil  France  Argentina
2005  Brazil  Czech Republic  Netherlands
2006  Brazil  Italy  Argentina
2007  Argentina  Brazil  Italy
2008  Spain  Germany  Netherlands
2009  Spain  Brazil  Netherlands
2010  Spain  Netherlands  Germany
2011  Spain  Netherlands  Germany
2012  Spain  Germany  Argentina
2013  Spain  Germany  Argentina
2014  Germany  Argentina  Colombia
2015  Belgium  Argentina  Spain
2016  Argentina  Brazil  Germany
2017  Germany  Brazil  Portugal
2018  Belgium  France  Brazil

Performances by countries

Team First place Second place Third place
 Brazil 12 (1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006) 4 (2007, 2009, 2016, 2017) 3 (1993, 2001, 2018)
 Spain 6 (2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013) 1 (1994) 3 (2002, 2003, 2015)
 Germany 3 (1993, 2014, 2017) 6 (1995, 1996, 1997, 2008, 2012, 2013) 4 (1998, 2010, 2011, 2016)
 Argentina 2 (2007, 2016) 3 (2001, 2014, 2015) 5 (2000, 2004, 2006, 2012, 2013)
 Belgium 2 (2015, 2018) 0 0
 France 1 (2001) 6 (1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2018) 2 (1996, 1999)
 Netherlands 0 2 (2010, 2011) 3 (2005, 2008, 2009)
 Italy 0 2 (1993, 2006) 2 (1995, 2007)
 Czech Republic 0 2 (1999, 2005) 1 (1997)
 Sweden 0 0 1 (1994)
 Colombia 0 0 1 (2014)
 Portugal 0 0 1 (2017)

Best Mover of the Year

The Best Mover of the Year was awarded to the team who made the best progress up the rankings over the course of the year. In the FIFA rankings, this is not simply the team that has risen the most places, but a calculation is performed in order to account for the fact that it becomes progressively harder to earn more points the higher up the rankings a team is.[2]

The calculation used is the number of points the team has at the end of the year (z) multiplied by the number of points it earned during the year (y). The team with the highest index on this calculation received the award. The table below shows the top three best movers from each year.[37][38]

The award has not been an official part of the awards since 2006.

Year First place Second place Third place
1993  Colombia  Portugal  Morocco
1994  Croatia  Brazil  Uzbekistan
1995  Jamaica  Trinidad and Tobago  Czech Republic
1996  South Africa  Paraguay  Canada
1997  Yugoslavia  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Iran
1998  Croatia  France  Argentina
1999  Slovenia  Cuba  Uzbekistan
2000  Nigeria  Honduras  Cameroon
2001  Costa Rica  Australia  Honduras
2002  Senegal  Wales  Brazil
2003  Bahrain  Oman  Turkmenistan
2004  China PR  Uzbekistan  Ivory Coast
2005  Ghana  Ethiopia   Switzerland
2006  Italy  Germany  France

While an official award has not been made for movements since 2006, FIFA has released a list of the 'Best Movers' in the rankings since 2007.[39]

An example of the informal on-going "Mover of the Year" award is the recognition made by FIFA to Colombia in 2012 in an official press release.[40] However, the calculation methodology had changed to the difference in ranking points over the course of the year (rather than the methodology used in the official award from 1993 to 2006). The results for latter years are based on a similar methodology.

Year Best mover Second best Third best
2007  Mozambique  Norway  New Caledonia
2008  Spain  Montenegro  Russia
2009  Brazil  Algeria  Slovenia
2010  Netherlands  Montenegro  Botswana
2011  Wales  Sierra Leone  Bosnia and Herzegovina
2012  Colombia  Ecuador  Mali
2013[41]  Ukraine  Armenia  United States
2014[42]  Germany  Slovakia  Belgium
2015[43]  Turkey  Hungary  Nicaragua
2016[44]  France  Peru  Poland
2017  Denmark  Sweden  Bolivia
2018[45]  France  Uruguay  Kosovo

Ranking schedule

Rankings are published monthly, usually on a Thursday. The deadline for the matches to be considered is usually the Thursday prior to the release date, but after major tournaments, all games up to the final are included.[46]

Rankings schedule 2019[47]
Release date
7 February
4 April
14 June
25 July
19 September
24 October
28 November
19 December

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 4 April 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking Procedure". FIFA. Retrieved 28 March 2008.
  3. ^ "Revised FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 6 July 2006. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2008.
  4. ^ "Women's World Ranking Procedure". FIFA. Retrieved 28 March 2008.
  5. ^ "Great expectations". FIFA. 17 May 2006. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2008.
  6. ^ Ben Rumsby (4 September 2017). "Fifa to review rankings system after friendlies harm England's World Cup seeding". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  7. ^ Price, Steve (11 June 2018). "How FIFA's New Ranking System Will Change International Soccer". Forbes. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  8. ^ "FIFA World Ranking gets overhaul to stop manipulation for draw seedings". 11 June 2018.
  9. ^ "FIFA Ranking: July 2018 final preview (new method)". Football-rankings. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  10. ^ Johnson, Dale. "Tweet sent 14:33, 20-07-18". Twitter. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Revision of the FIFA / Coca-Cola World Ranking" (PDF). FIFA. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b "August 2018 FIFA World Rankings". FIFA. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  13. ^ "FIFA Ranking: Netherlands dethrone Spain". Football-Rankings.info. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  14. ^ "Brazil back on top of FIFA Ranking, Netherlands slump to record low". ESPN. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  15. ^ "Fifa rankings: Northern Ireland reach highest point as Germany lead the way". BBC news. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  16. ^ "Belgium and France top Fifa world rankings to be first ever joint-leaders". BBC news. 20 September 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  17. ^ "FIFA Organising Committee approves Final Draw procedure". FIFA. 2 December 2009. Archived from the original on 25 December 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  18. ^ "Olympics – updated draw procedure, with teams". CAFOnline.com. Confederation of African Football. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  19. ^ "POINTS BASED SYSTEM GOVERNING BODY ENDORSEMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR PLAYERS 2017/2018 SEASON" (pdf). English Football Association. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  20. ^ a b c "The world rankings riddle". BBC Sport. 21 December 2000.
  21. ^ "FIFA Rankings". Travour.com. 1 June 2006. Archived from the original on 14 June 2006.
  22. ^ "FIFA adapting new world rankings" (PDF). Associated Press. 2 June 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  23. ^ "FIFA chief praises IFA's work". The Jerusalem Post. 29 August 2008. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2009. Blatter was also asked about Israel's unrealistic FIFA ranking. Despite failing to qualify for a major tournament in 38 years, the national team is currently ranked number 16 in the world, ahead of such teams as Greece, Sweden and Denmark, and just two places below England.
  24. ^ "Soccer: Quirky FIFA rankings system sees Israel climb to #15". The Jerusalem Post. 13 November 2008. Archived from the original on 16 November 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2009. Israel continued its baffling rise up the FIFA rankings on Wednesday, climbing one more position to a best-ever 15th in the world. Amazingly, the national team, which hasn't reached a major tournament since the 1970 World Cup, is ahead of such teams as Greece (18), Nigeria (22), Sweden (29), Scotland (33), Denmark (34) and the Republic of Ireland (36)
  25. ^ "The Last Word: It's time to get rid of the FIFA rankings". The Jerusalem Post. 14 November 2008. Archived from the original on 16 November 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2009. So the news this week that Israel has risen another place to number 15 in the latest FIFA rankings, above Mexico (25), Nigeria (22), the US (24) and Colombia (40), only serves to underline the futility of the ranking system.
  26. ^ Alistair Tweedale (13 October 2015). "Belgium rise to No1 in Fifa world rankings after they beat Israel – despite playing one tournament in 13 years". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 November 2015.
  27. ^ Cummings, Michael. "FIFA World Rankings Place Brazil 18th, Reinforce Flawed Nature of System". Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  28. ^ Freitas, Paulo. "Scolari blames FIFA for Brazil's poor ranking". Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  29. ^ a b Burnton, Simon (17 October 2013). "With a bit of planning England could have been seeded ahead of the Swiss". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  30. ^ "Romania, Wales set to be surprise World Cup top seeds". USA Today. Associated Press. 23 July 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015. Romania took advice from a consultant who decoded some mysteries of a ranking system used by FIFA since 1992.
  31. ^ Gavril, Victor (5 July 2015). "Burleanu: "Am consultat specialiști în clasamentul FIFA." Cum a urcat România în TOP 10 mondial" [Burleanu: "We have consulted FIFA ranking specialists." How Romania climbed in the World Top 10]. România Liberă (in Romanian). Retrieved 29 July 2015.
  32. ^ "2018 FIFA World Cup: Preliminary draw pots for UEFA". Football-Rankings.info. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2015. I've told Romanian FA officials in the spring of 2014 to avoid playing friendlies. Surprisingly, they heeded my advice.
  33. ^ Johnson, Dale. "FIFA World Ranking gets overhaul to stop manipulation for draw seedings". ESPN. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  34. ^ "Soccer rankings: farewell FIFA, hello Elo?". Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  35. ^ Revision of the FIFA / Coca - Cola World Ranking
  36. ^ Team of the Year Award 2010 Archived 18 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine on the FIFA website
  37. ^ Best Mover of the Year Archived 20 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine on the FIFA website
  38. ^ Spain on top and Wales highest climber on the FIFA website
  39. ^ Top Team and the Best Mover of the Year on the FIFA website (PDF)
  40. ^ Spain finish 2012 on top, Colombia in fifth. FIFA.com. Retrieved on 12 August 2013.
  41. ^ "Spain on top, Ukraine highest climber". fifa.com. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  42. ^ "Germany conquer 2014, Belgium, Slovakia impress". fifa.com. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  43. ^ "Belgium and Turkey claim awards, Hungary return". fifa.com. 3 December 2015. Archived from the original on 21 July 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  44. ^ "Argentina and France take Ranking awards". fifa.com. 22 December 2016. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
  45. ^ "Belgium end year on top, France 2018's top mover". FIFA. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
  46. ^ Men's Ranking Procedure on the FIFA website
  47. ^ The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking

External links

1998 FIFA World Cup seeding

To calculate the seeding for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, FIFA used the FIFA World Rankings in combination with performances of national teams in the three previous World Cups.For the ranking part, points were allocated on the basis of 32 for the best achieving of the 32 qualifiers for 1998 FIFA World Cup in each of the three fields considered, down to one for the lowest ranking.

For the World Cup performance part, points were allocated as follows:

Teams qualified for the knockout stages were ranked by their overall performance and received between 32 points (World Cup winner) and 17 points (the losing team in the Round of 16 with the worst overall performance).

Teams eliminated in the group stage were ranked by their performance. The top half received 9 points, the rest 8 points.The seedings table uses these points obtained from the 1986 FIFA World Cup, 1990 FIFA World Cup and the 1994 FIFA World Cup averaged in a 1:2:3 ratio respectively, added to the average number of points derived from the World Rankings at three given dates (at ratio 1:1:1), December 1995, December 1996, and November 1997 at a 3:2 ratio. All totals are rounded.

France were seeded as hosts, Brazil as defending champions. The other seeds were: Germany, Italy, Spain, Argentina, Romania and the Netherlands.

2002 FIFA World Cup seeding

To calculate the seeding for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, FIFA used the FIFA World Rankings in combination with performances of national teams in the three previous World Cups. The formula is virtually identical with the one used for the 1998 FIFA World Cup seeding.

For the ranking part, points were allocated on the basis of 32 for the best achieving of the 32 qualifiers for 2002 FIFA World Cup in each of the three fields considered, down to one for the lowest ranking.

For the World Cup performance part, points were allocated as follows:

Teams qualified for the knockout stages were ranked by their overall performance and received between 32 points (World Cup winner) and 17 points (the losing quarter finalist with the worst overall performance).

Teams eliminated in the group stage were ranked by their performance. The top half received 9 points, the rest 8 points.The seedings table uses these points obtained from the 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1994 FIFA World Cup and the 1998 FIFA World Cup averaged in a 1:2:3 ratio respectively, added to the average number of points derived from the World Rankings at three given dates (at ratio 1:1:1), December 1999, December 2000, and November 2001. All totals are rounded.

South Korea and Japan were seeded as hosts, France as defending champions. The other seeds were: Brazil, Argentina, Italy, Germany and Spain.

2006 Africa Cup of Nations Final

The 2006 Africa Cup of Nations Final was a football match that took place on 10 February 2006 at the Cairo International Stadium in Cairo, Egypt, to determine the winner of the 2006 Africa Cup of Nations, the football championship of Africa organized by the Confederation of African Football (CAF).

Egypt won the title for the fifth time by beating Ivory Coast 4–2 on penalties.Egypt were 32nd in the FIFA World Rankings (5th among African nations), while Ivory Coast were ranked 42nd (7th among African nations).

2006 FIFA World Cup seeding

To calculate the seeding for the 2006 FIFA World Cup, FIFA used the FIFA World Rankings in combination with performances of national teams in the two previous World Cups.Points were allocated on the basis of 32 for the best achieving of the 32 qualifiers for 2006 FIFA World Cup in each of the five fields considered, down to one for the lowest ranking.

The seedings table uses these points obtained from the 1998 FIFA World Cup and the 2002 FIFA World Cup averaged in a 1:2 ratio respectively, added to the average number of points derived from the World Rankings at three given dates (at ratio 1:1:1), December 2003, December 2004, and November 2005. This generates a view of how well the teams have performed over the last ten years (since the rankings in 2003 include results from eight years previous to that) with a specific focus on how the teams have performed in the FIFA World Cup on previous occasions. Significant differences between this ranking of the teams and the official FIFA rankings at the time of the draw can be seen for Czech Republic, Germany and South Korea (ρ=0.87).

2011 Nile Basin Tournament

The 2011 Nile Basin Tournament was an association football tournament organized by the Egyptian Football Association. The tournament was contested in January 2011.All fixtures are listed on FIFA.com with a 'Friendly' weight status which means that results will affect the participating nations' FIFA World Rankings.

2014 FIFA World Cup qualification – UEFA Second Round

The UEFA Second Round was contested by the best eight runners-up from the nine first round groups from the UEFA segment of the qualification tournament for the 2014 FIFA World Cup in football. The winners — Croatia, France, Greece, and Portugal — of each of four home and away ties joined the group winners in the World Cup in Brazil. The matches, which are often referred to as 'play-offs', were held on 15 and 19 November 2013.

The draw for the ties was held in Zürich on 21 October, with the October 2013 FIFA World Rankings used to decide which of the teams would be seeded.

2018 FIFA World Cup qualification – UEFA Second Round

The UEFA Second Round was contested by the best eight runners-up from the nine first round groups from the UEFA segment of the qualification tournament for the 2018 FIFA World Cup final tournament. The winners — Croatia, Denmark, Sweden, and Switzerland — of each of four home and away ties joined the group winners in the World Cup in Russia. These pairs of matches, also commonly known as the playoffs, were held in November 2017. The losers were Greece, Italy, Northern Ireland and Republic of Ireland.

The draw for the ties was held in Zürich on 17 October 2017, with the October 2017 FIFA World Rankings being used in deciding which of the teams would be seeded.

Argentina national beach soccer team

The Argentina national beach soccer team represents Argentina in international beach soccer competitions and is controlled by the AFA, the governing body for football in Argentina.

The Argentina national beach soccer team has qualified and participated in all eight FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup Tournaments and has been a Winner of The CONMEBOL Competition once and Runners-up twice.Argentina is ranked 10th in the FIFA World Rankings.

Arie Schans

Arie Schans (born December 12, 1952) is a Dutch football manager. He initially started as a trainer within the Netherlands before he took over as Bhutan's coach and would star within the documentary film The Other Final about the two of the lowest ranked teams in the FIFA World Rankings having to face each other. After beating the opposition Montserrat from the documentary (4–0), he spent some time attempting to improve Bhutanese football quality before returning to assistant coaching and having spells at Oita Trinita and Namibia, the latter of whom he guided to the 2008 African Cup of Nations.

Cayman Islands Football Association

The Cayman Islands Football Association is the governing body of football in the Cayman Islands. The Cayman Islands Football Association governs all National Team programs, youth development leagues, Women's league and the Cayman Islands Men's Premier League.

As of November 2011, the Cayman Islands were ranked 181st moving up four places in the FIFA world rankings after a 1:1 draw against the Dominican Republic in a 2014 FIFA Brazil World Cup Qualifier.

The Cayman Islands national football team is the national team of the Cayman Islands and is controlled by the Cayman Islands Football Association. It is a member of FIFA and CONCACAF.

FIFA Women's World Rankings

The FIFA Women's World Rankings for football were introduced in 2003, with the first rankings published in March of that year, as a follow-on to the existing Men's FIFA World Rankings. They attempt to compare the strength of internationally active women's national teams at any given time.

Football in Armenia

Football (Armenian: ֆուտբոլ futbol or votnagndak Armenian: ոտնագնդակ) is the most popular sport in Armenia.

As of August 2014, the Armenian national football team is 36th in FIFA World Rankings. Since gaining independence in 1991, Armenia has had its own national association that takes part in all FIFA competitions (Senior, Youth and Women's Football). FC Ararat Yerevan were one of the leading teams in the top league in the Soviet Union, often playing in European club competitions.

A number of Armenian players played for the USSR national team, including Khoren Oganesian at the 1982 FIFA World Cup and Eduard Markarov in the 1960s. Markarov later became assistant coach of the Soviet Union's youth team, and was part of the coaching staff at the FIFA World Youth Championship in Portugal in 1991, when the team finished 3rd.

Football in Aruba

Association football is the national sport of Aruba. Aruban football has been influenced and helped a lot by the national Royal Dutch Football Association over the years. The Aruba national team is normally placed near the bottom of the FIFA World Rankings System.

Football in Nigeria

Football is the most popular sport in Nigeria. The Nigeria national football team competes regularly for international titles and many Nigerian footballers compete in Europe, particularly in England. Nigeria has one of the finest national teams in Africa and has produced many notable footballers including Mudashiru Lawal, Rashidi Yekini, Jay Jay Okocha, Nwankwo Kanu, Vincent Enyeama, Joseph Yobo and John Obi Mikel.

The Nigeria national football team, nicknamed the Super Eagles, is the national team of Nigeria and is controlled by the Nigeria Football Association. According to the FIFA World Rankings, Nigeria, at 39th, are currently the 5th best team in the Confederation of African Football.

The Nigeria national football team played their first international match against Sierra Leone in Freetown on 8 October 1949. Nigeria won 2-0. Their biggest win recorded was 16-1 against Benin.

Nigeria's youth teams won the inaugural FIFA U-17 World Cup in 1985 as well as in 1993 and in 2007. The under-17 team is known as the Golden Eaglets and Under-20 team is known as the "Flying Eagles".Nigeria's Flying Eagles qualified for the first time to represent Africa in the 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship in Mexico. Although Nigeria did not go beyond the first round, they beat the highly rated USSR 1-0 and held the Netherlands to a goalless draw.

In 1985, the under-17 football team went to China and conquered the world in the first ever FIFA U-17 World Championship. The victory took Nigerian football to a high pedestal, setting the stage for a respect of Nigeria in international competitions. To prove a point of Nigeria's new found strength in football, the under-20 team went to Saudi Arabia for the 1989 FIFA World Youth Championship and lost narrowly in the final to Portugal. The team pulled off the now-legendary "Miracle of Damman", erasing a 4-0 deficit to the Soviet Union to tie and then win by penalties.

In 2007, the under-17 squad were crowned world champions in South Korea for the 3rd time. Nigeria has been chosen to host the 2009 FIFA U-17 World Cup.

The 1996 under-23 team won the gold medal in the 1996 Summer Olympics held in Atlanta. After defeating Brazil by 4 - 3, they won the final against Argentina 3 - 2.Nigeria also won the first-ever Unity World Cup in 2014.

The women's national team (the Super Falcons) has been a dominant force on the African continent since its inception. They have qualified for every FIFA Women's World Cup and won the first seven CAF Women's Championships before having their run end in 2008 against Equatorial Guinea. Great players for the Falcons include Mercy Akide, Maureen Mmadu and Perpetua Nkwocha.

Football in Pakistan

Association football is the most popular sport in Pakistan after cricket and field hockey, and it is organised and regulated by the Pakistan Football Federation.Pakistan's current top domestic league, Pakistan Premier League, was formed in 2004 in an attempt to professionalize domestic football. Also contested is National Football Challenge Cup, a knock-out competition between clubs and departments. The current captain of the Pakistani national team is Hassan Bashir. Pakistan is currently ranked 200 among the FIFA World Rankings.

Football records and statistics in Thailand

This page details football records in Thailand.

New Zealand national football team results

These are the New Zealand national football team fixtures, results, and statistics.

Wales national football team manager

Since the Wales national football team's formation in 1876, it has had twelve managers. Prior to 1954, the Welsh team was chosen by a panel of selectors with the team captain fulfilling the role of coach.

The longest serving manager is Dave Bowen, who was manager for ten years before leaving in 1974. Bowen was in charge of the team for fifty-three games, winning ten. However, his win percentage of 20% is the lowest of all Wales managers. The most successful manager in terms of wins was John Toshack.

Jimmy Murphy and Chris Coleman are the only managers to have taken the team to any FIFA World Cup or UEFA European Championship finals. Murphy led his team to the 1958 FIFA World Cup quarter-finals, where they were knocked out by Brazil. Coleman led his team to the UEFA Euro 2016 semi-finals, where they were knocked out by eventual winners Portugal. Under Coleman, Wales peaked at eighth in the FIFA world rankings.

World's Best Racehorse Rankings

The Longines World's Best Racehorse Rankings (LWBRR), known as World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings (WTRR) before 2012, are horseracing's equivalent to World Rankings by other major sporting organizations such as ATP Tennis Rankings, World Golf Rankings, FIFA World Rankings for soccer and IRB Rugby World Rankings. The Longines Rankings are based on the rating earned by horses running worldwide from North and South America, Europe, Middle East, South Africa, Asia through to Australia and New Zealand.

The ratings are compiled under the auspices of The International Federation of Horseracing Authorities (IFHA) by racing officials & handicappers representing the five continents who compile the ranking order by agreeing on the rating for each horse. The ratings are based on the performance of horses in elite races held during the designated period which takes in account the quality of opposition and achievements of each horse. The annual rankings denote the champions in the various distance categories for example sprint or mile, surface either turf or dirt/artificial and also the fillies & mares category.

According to the IFHA website, "The IFHA World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings are the official assessment of the top performers." In 1977, France, Great Britain and Ireland published the first internationally agreed assessment of racing merit on behalf of the European Pattern Committee under the banner of the International Classifications. In 1985, Germany and Italy joined the system, to be followed by North America (both Canada and the United States) and Japan in the mid 1990s.

The Longines World's Best Racehorse Rankings measure a given horse's peak performance during the year. Throughout the year the Longines Rankings are published at regular intervals and the final annual rankings are released in January. The three highest-rated horses are honored during the Longines World's Best Racehorse and Longines World's Best Horse Race Ceremony.Related Awards

The ratings for the horses also help establish two other awards: the aforementioned Longines World's Best Horse Race and the Longines World's Best Jockey. The Longines World’s Best Horse Race award recognizes the best-rated race of the highest-rated Group 1 international races as established by a panel of international handicappers. The ratings of the top four finishers in each race serve as basis for the assessment. Introduced in 2015, the award was won by the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe in 2015, 2017, and 2018, while the Breeders' Cup Classic won in 2016. Additionally, the IFHA releases the top 100 Group/Grade 1 races each year.The Longines World's Best Jockey is named each December in Hong Kong. The top 100 Group 1 and Grade 1 races serve as the base of this annual competition to recognize top jockeys throughout the world. Frankie Dettori was the 2018 Longines World’s Best Jockey, and he previously was honored in 2015. Hugh Bowman won the title in 2017, while Ryan Moore took the inaugural contest in 2014 as well as the 2016 edition.

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