FIBA

The International Basketball Federation, more commonly known as FIBA (/ˈfiːbə/ FEE-bə), from its French name Fédération internationale de basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Originally known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym; the "BA" now represents the first two letters of basketball.

FIBA defines the rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.

The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's Canadian creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in football; these tournaments occurred in the same year from 1970 through 2014, but starting in 2019, the Basketball World Cup will move to the year following the FIFA World Cup. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially; from 1986 through 2014, it was held in the same year as the men's event but in a different country. The women's tournament will continue to be held in the same year as the FIFA World Cup.

In 2009 FIBA announced three new tournaments: two 12-team U-17 World Championships (one each for men and women) to be played in July 2010, and an eight-team FIBA World Club Championship to be launched in October 2010. However, the FIBA World Club Championship did not materialize. In its place, FIBA instead relaunched its original world club championship for men, the FIBA Intercontinental Cup, in 2013.

The newest global FIBA tournaments for national teams are in the three-player half-court variation, 3x3. The FIBA 3x3 U-18 World Championships were inaugurated in 2011, and the FIBA 3x3 World Championships for senior teams followed a year later. All events initially included separate tournaments for men's, women's, and mixed teams, but mixed championships are no longer contested. The U-18 championships, held annually, feature 32 teams in each individual tournament. The senior championships have 24 teams in each individual tournament, and are held in even-numbered years.

International Basketball Federation (FIBA)
Fédération internationale de basket-ball
International Basketball Federation logo
AbbreviationFIBA
Motto"We Are Basketball"
Formation18 June 1932
TypeSports federation
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
213 national federations
Official language
English and French[1]
President
Horacio Muratore
Secretary General
Andreas Zagklis[2]
Key people
Borislav Stanković
George Vassilakopoulos
Manfred Ströher
Websitewww.fiba.basketball

History

FIBALogoOld
FIBA logo 1990-2002
World Map FIBA
FIBA divides the world into 5 commissions, each roughly based on a continent.
FIBA headquarter
FIBA in Mies.

The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Its original name was Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur. Eight nations were founding members: Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania, and Switzerland. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861–1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.

FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the men's World Cup will be moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014.

The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, then returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame; the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007, during EuroBasket 2007. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies. Andreas Zagklis is the current Secretary General of FIBA.

Presidents

Years Name
1932–1939 Canada James A. Naismith (honorary)
1939–1948 Switzerland Leon Bouffard
1948–1960 United States Willard Greim
1960–1968 Brazil Antonio dos Reis Carneiro
1968–1976 Egypt Abdel Moneim Wahby
1976–1984 Philippines Gonzalo Puyat II
1984–1990 France Robert Busnel
1990–1998 United States George E. Killian
1998–2002 Senegal Abdoulaye Seye Moreau
2002–2006 China Dr. Carl Men Ky Ching
2006–2010 Australia Bob Elphinston
2010–2014 France Yvan Mainini
2014–present Argentina Horacio Muratore

Secretaries General

Years Name
1932–1976 United Kingdom Renato William Jones
1976–2002 Socialist Federal Republic of YugoslaviaSerbia and Montenegro Borislav Stanković
2002–2018 Switzerland Patrick Baumann
2018–present Greece Andreas Zagklis

Tournaments

World Champions

Tournament FIBA World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men  United States (5) 2014  United States (15) 2016
Women  United States (10) 2018  United States (8) 2016
U-19 Men  Canada (1) 2017  Argentina (1) 2018
U-19 Women  Russia (1) 2017  United States (2) 2018
U-17 Men  United States (5) 2018 N/A
U-17 Women  United States (4) 2018 N/A

Continental Champions

National teams FIBA Africa Year FIBA Americas Year FIBA Asia Year FIBA Europe Year FIBA Oceania Year
Men  Tunisia (2) 2017  United States (7) 2017  Australia (1) 2017  Slovenia (1) 2017 N/A
Women  Nigeria (3) 2017  Canada (3) 2017  Japan (4) 2017  Spain (3) 2017 N/A
U-18 Men  Mali (1) 2018  United States (9) 2018  Australia (1) 2018  Serbia (4) 2018  New Zealand (1) 2016
U-18 Women  Mali (7) 2018  United States (10) 2018  China (16) 2018  Germany (1) 2018  Australia (7) 2016
U-16 Men  Mali (1) 2017  United States (5) 2017  Australia (1) 2017  Croatia (4) 2018  Australia (5) 2017
U-16 Women  Mali (5) 2017  United States (4) 2017  Australia (1) 2017  Italy (1) 2018  Australia (5) 2017
Club tournaments Champions Year
FIBA Intercontinental Cup Greece AEK Athens 2019
Basketball Champions League Greece AEK Athens 2017–18
FIBA Africa Clubs Champions Cup Morocco AS Salé 2017
FIBA Africa Women's Clubs Champions Cup Mozambique Ferroviário de Maputo 2018
FIBA Americas League Argentina San Lorenzo de Almagro 2018
FIBA Asia Champions Cup Iran Petrochimi 2018
FIBA Europe Cup Italy Umana Reyer Venezia 2017–18
  • FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships.

3x3 World Champions

Tournament FIBA 3x3 World Cup Year
Men  Serbia (4) 2018
Women  Italy (1) 2018
U-23 Men  Russia (1) 2018
U-23 Women  Russia (1) 2018
U-18 Men  Belgium (1) 2017
U-18 Women  United States (3) 2017

Awards

Most Valuable Player

Tournament Most Recent Awardee Team Year
Men Kyrie Irving  United States 2014
Women Breanna Stewart  United States 2018
U-19 Men R. J. Barrett  Canada 2017
U-19 Women Maria Vadeeva  Russia 2017
U-17 Men Jalen Green  United States 2018
U-17 Women Jordan Horston  United States 2018

Nike FIBA World rankings

Sponsors

References

  1. ^ 2014 General Statutes of FIBA, Article 47.1
  2. ^ http://www.fiba.basketball/news/fiba-central-board-appoints-andreas-zagklis-as-secretary-general

External links

2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup

The 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup was the 17th edition of the FIBA Basketball World Cup, the tournament previously known as the FIBA World Championship. Hosted by Spain, it was the last tournament to be held on the then-current four-year cycle. The next FIBA World Cup will be held five years later, in 2019, to reset the four-year-cycle on a different year than the FIFA World Cup.

The United States won their fifth world championship, after beating silver medal winning Serbia in the Final. France claimed the third place, while Lithuania finished fourth in the tournament.

2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup

The 2019 FIBA Basketball World Cup will be the 18th tournament of the FIBA Basketball World Cup for men's national basketball teams. The tournament will be hosted in China and will mark a new era for the competition as described. Rescheduled from 2018 to 2019, this edition will be the first FIBA Basketball World Cup since 1967 that will not occur in the same year as the FIFA World Cup, but a year following the latter. Also, the group stage will expand from 24 to 32 teams. The top eight teams, including Japan as the host of the 2020 Summer Olympics (and the top two teams from each of the Americas and Europe; and the top team from each of Africa, Asia and Oceania) in this competition will qualify for the men's basketball event in the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo. Both the Czech Republic and Montenegro will make their first appearances in the FIBA World Cup as debutants. While Poland makes its return to the FIBA Basketball World Cup for the first time since 1967.

Arvydas Sabonis

Arvydas Romas Sabonis Lithuanian pronunciation: ​[ˈaːrviːdaːs ˈsaːboːnʲɪs]; born December 19, 1964) is a Lithuanian retired professional basketball player and businessman. Recognized as one of the best European players of all time, he won the Euroscar six times, and the Mr. Europa Award twice. He played in a variety of leagues, and spent seven seasons in the National Basketball Association (NBA), in the United States. Playing the center position, Sabonis won a gold medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics, in South Korea, for the Soviet Union, and later earned bronze medals at the 1992 Olympic Games and 1996 Olympic Games, while representing Lithuania. He retired from professional basketball in 2005. Sabonis was selected by the Portland Trail Blazers, in the first round of the 1986 NBA draft, but he did not play his first NBA game until the age of 31, in 1995.

Sabonis is considered one of the best big man passers, as well as one of the best overall centers, in the history of the game. Bill Walton once called Sabonis, "a 7 ft 3 in (2.21 m) Larry Bird", due to his unique court vision, shooting range, rugged in-game mentality, and versatility.On August 20, 2010, Sabonis was inducted into the FIBA Hall of Fame, in recognition of his great play in international competition. On April 4, 2011, Sabonis was named to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, and he was inducted on August 12, 2011. At that time, he was the tallest player to ever enter the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame; one year later, he would be surpassed by 7 ft 4 in (2.24 m) Ralph Sampson. On October 24, 2011, Sabonis was voted as the next President of the Lithuanian Basketball Federation, replacing Vladas Garastas, who had led the LBF since 1991. He resigned from the position on October 2, 2013, but came back to it on October 10, 2013.

Basketball

Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots—the lay-up, the jump shot, or a dunk; on defense, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or block shots; either offense or defense may collect a rebound, that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard. It is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling.

The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is usually the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a slightly shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, and the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays (player positioning). Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, and one-on-one.

Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports. The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League. The FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like EuroBasket and FIBA AmeriCup.

The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA (NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship is also popular), whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women.

Basketball Champions League

The Basketball Champions League (BCL) is an annual professional basketball competition for European clubs, organised by FIBA. Among European club competitions, it is a rival to the EuroCup, at a level below the EuroLeague.

Clubs mainly qualify for the competition based on their performance in their national leagues and cup competitions, but this is not the only deciding factor, as sometimes clubs which did not finish in the highest place qualify.

EuroBasket

EuroBasket, also commonly referred to as the European Basketball Championship, is the main international basketball competition that is contested biannually, by the senior men's national teams that are governed by FIBA Europe, which is the European zone within the International Basketball Federation.

EuroLeague

The EuroLeague, known as the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague for sponsorship reasons, is the top-tier European professional basketball club competition, organized by Euroleague Basketball since 2000.

Introduced in 2000, the competition replaced the FIBA EuroLeague (which was previously called the FIBA European Champions Cup, or simply the European Cup), which had been run by FIBA since 1958. The FIBA European Champions Cup and the EuroLeague are considered to be the same competition, with the change of name being simply a re-branding.

The EuroLeague is one of the most popular indoor sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 8,780 for league matches in the 2017–18 season. That was the fifth-highest of any professional indoor sports league in the world (the highest outside the United States), and the second-highest of any professional basketball league in the world, only behind the National Basketball Association (NBA).

The EuroLeague title has been won by 21 different clubs, 13 of which have won the title more than once. The most successful club in the competition is Real Madrid, with ten titles. Real Madrid are also the current champions, having defeated Fenerbahçe in the 2018 final.

FIBA AmeriCup

The FIBA AmeriCup (previously known as the FIBA Americas Championship) is the name commonly used to refer to the American Basketball Championship that takes place every two years between national teams of the Western Hemisphere continents. Through the 2015 edition, the Americas Championship was also a qualifying tournament for the FIBA World Cup and the Summer Olympic Games. Beginning in 2017, the championship, along with all other FIBA continental championships for men, is played once every four years, and the continental championships are no longer a part of the qualifying process for either the World Cup or Olympics.Since FIBA organized the entire Western Hemisphere west of the Atlantic Ocean under one zone, countries from Northern America, Central America, the Caribbean and South America compete in this tournament.

The United States is the most successful team in this tournament, having won it seven times. Argentinean Luis Scola, is both the all-time leading scorer in tournament history, and the player who has won the most tournament MVPs, with four.

FIBA Americas

FIBA Americas (Spanish: Confederación Panamericana de Baloncesto, French: FIBA Amériques) is a zone within FIBA (International Basketball Federation). It is one of FIBA's five continental confederations. FIBA Americas is responsible for the organization and governance of the major international tournaments in the Americas. It has 44 FIBA Federations and is headquartered in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The current FIBA Americas President elect is Usie Richards of the United States Virgin Islands.

FIBA Asia

FIBA Asia is a zone within the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) which contains all 44 Asian FIBA federations.

FIBA Basketball World Cup

The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball or simply the FIBA World Cup, between 1950 and 2010 known as the FIBA World Championship, is an international basketball competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body. It is considered the flagship event of FIBA.The tournament structure is similar, but not identical, to that of the FIFA World Cup; both of these international competitions were played in the same year from 1970 through 2014. A parallel event for women's teams, now known as the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially. From 1986 through 2014, the men's and women's championships were held in the same year, though in different countries. The current format of the tournament involves 32 teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation. The winning team receives the Naismith Trophy, first awarded in 1967. The current champions are the United States, who defeated Serbia in the final of the 2014 tournament.

Following the 2014 FIBA championships for men and women, the men's World Cup was scheduled on a new four-year cycle to avoid conflict with the FIFA World Cup. The next men's World Cup will be held in 2019, in the year following the FIFA World Cup. The women's championship, which was renamed from "FIBA World Championship for Women" to "FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup", after its 2014 edition, will remain on the previous four-year cycle, with championships in the same year as the FIFA World Cup.

The 1994 FIBA World Championship, which was held in Canada, was the first FIBA World Cup tournament in which currently active American NBA players, that had also already played in an official NBA regular season game, were allowed to participate. All FIBA World Championship/World Cup tournaments from the 1994 edition onward, are thus considered as fully professional level tournaments.

FIBA Europe

FIBA Europe is a zone within the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) which includes all 50 national European basketball federations.

FIBA Oceania

FIBA Oceania is a zone within FIBA (International Basketball Federation). It is one of FIBA's five continental confederations. FIBA Oceania is responsible for the organization and governance of the major international tournaments in Oceania. It has 22 FIBA Federations and is headquartered in Southport, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. The current FIBA Oceania President is Burton Shipley from New Zealand.

Its prime events were the FIBA Oceania Championship for men and the FIBA Oceania Women's Championship. The men's championship, established in 1971, was dominated by Australia. Yet, on some occasions, New Zealand defeated its rival, which was first accomplished in 1978. Australia was even more dominant in the women's tournament, first held in 1974; the Opals won all but one of its editions, with New Zealand winning only the 1993 edition. Both Oceania Championships held their last editions in 2015. Since then, FIBA Oceania and FIBA Asia national teams compete for a single championship for each sex—the men's FIBA Asia Cup and the FIBA Women's Asia Cup.

FIBA Under-17 Basketball World Cup

The FIBA Under-17 Basketball World Cup (formerly FIBA Under-17 World Championship) is an under-17 world basketball championship of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA). The event was held for the first time in July 2010, and is held bi-annually.

FIBA Under-19 Basketball World Cup

The FIBA Under-19 Basketball World Cup (formerly FIBA Under-19 World Championship) is a men's under-19 only world basketball competition organized by the International Basketball Federation (FIBA). From its inauguration in 1979, until 2007, it was held every four years. Since 2007, it has been held biennially. The current champions are Canada, who beat Italy 79 to 60 in July 2017. This marked Canada's first ever medal in the event.

FIBA World Rankings

The FIBA World Rankings are FIBA's rankings of national basketball teams. FIBA ranks both men's and women's national teams for both senior and junior competitions. It also publishes combined rankings for all mixed-sex competitions.

Not included are the rankings for three-on-three competitions, which are tabulated for individual players.

Pau Gasol

Pau Gasol Sáez (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈpaw ɣəˈzɔl], Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpau ɣaˈsol]; born July 6, 1980) is a Spanish professional basketball player for the Milwaukee Bucks of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He is a six-time NBA All-Star and a four-time All-NBA selection, twice on the second team and twice on the third team. Gasol has won two NBA championships, both with the Los Angeles Lakers. He was the NBA Rookie of the Year in 2002 with the Memphis Grizzlies, and is one of only three non-American NBA players to have won that award. He is the older brother of fellow NBA player Marc Gasol.

Gasol was selected by the Atlanta Hawks with the third overall pick in the first round of the 2001 NBA draft, but his rights were traded to the Memphis Grizzlies. He currently holds the Grizzlies' franchise record for free throws made and attempted. Following more than six seasons with Memphis, Gasol played for the Los Angeles Lakers (from 2008 to 2014), the Chicago Bulls (from 2014 to 2016), and the San Antonio Spurs (from 2016 to 2019).

Internationally, Gasol has won two Olympic silver medals, an Olympic bronze medal, a FIBA World Cup title, and three EuroBasket titles with the Spanish national basketball team.

Serbia men's national basketball team

The Serbian men's national basketball team (Serbian: Мушка кошаркашка репрезентација Србије / Muška košarkaška reprezentacija Srbije) is controlled by the Basketball Federation of Serbia. Serbia is currently ranked fourth in the FIBA World Rankings.From 1992 to 2003, the national team played under name of FR Yugoslavia and from 2003 to 2006 under name of Serbia and Montenegro in international competitions. Following the Montenegrin declaration of independence in 2006, Basketball Federation of Serbia retained the place of Basketball Federation of Serbia and Montenegro as a FIBA member. Therefore, all the results and medals from this period are succeeded by the Serbian men's national basketball team.

United States men's national basketball team

The USA Basketball Men's National Team, commonly known as the United States Men's National Basketball Team, is the most successful team in international competition, winning medals in all eighteen Olympic tournaments it has entered, coming away with fifteen golds. In the professional era, the team won the Olympic gold medal in 1992, 1996, 2000, 2008, 2012, and 2016. Two of its gold medal-winning teams were inducted to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in August 2010 – the 1960 team, which featured six Hall of Famers (4 players, 2 coaches), and the 1992 "Dream Team", featuring 14 Hall of Famers (11 players, 3 coaches). The team is currently ranked first in the FIBA World Rankings.

Traditionally composed of amateur players, the U.S. dominated the first decades of international basketball, winning a record seven consecutive Olympic gold medals. However, by the end of the 1980s, American amateurs were no longer competitive against seasoned professionals from the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia.In 1989, FIBA modified its rules and allowed USA Basketball to field teams with National Basketball Association players. The first such team, known as the "Dream Team", won the gold medal at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, being superior in all matches. With the introduction of NBA players, the team was able to spark a second run of dominance in the 1990s.

Facing increased competition, the U.S. failed to win a medal at the 2002 FIBA World Championship, finishing sixth. The 2004 Olympic team, being depleted by a number of withdrawals, lost three games on its way to a bronze medal, a record that represented more losses in a single year than the country's Olympic teams had suffered in all previous Olympiads combined.

Determined to put an end to these failures, USA Basketball initiated a long-term project aimed at creating better, more cohesive teams. The U.S. won its first seven games at the 2006 FIBA World Championship in Japan before losing against Greece in the semi-finals; ending the competition with the bronze medal. The team won gold two years later – at the 2008 Summer Olympics – in a dominant fashion. This success was followed up at the 2010 FIBA World Championship, where despite fielding a roster featuring no players from the 2008 Olympic team, the U.S. did not lose a single game en route to defeating host Turkey for the gold medal.

The Americans continued this streak of dominance in the 2010s by going undefeated and capturing gold at the 2012 Summer Olympics, and 2014 FIBA World Cup. At the 2016 Summer Olympics, the team, led by Mike Krzyzewski for a record third time, won its fifteenth gold medal, making him the most decorated coach in USA Basketball history.

International men's basketball
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Othertournaments
International women's basketball
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Othertournaments
International men's youth basketball
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International women's youth basketball
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Men's professional basketball leagues
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Defunct
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Women's professional basketball leagues
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Internationaltournaments
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ASOIF (32)
Summer Olympics Federations
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Others (20)

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