FCA Italy

FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.) is the Italian subsidiary of the Italian-American automaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, dedicated to the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles and headquartered in Turin, Italy.

FCA Italy S.p.A.
Formerly
Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A. (2007–2014)
Subsidiary
IndustryAutomotive
PredecessorFiat Auto S.p.A.
FoundedFebruary 1, 2007 in Turin, Italy
HeadquartersVia Nizza 250,
Turin
,
Italy[1]
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Mike Manley (CEO)
ProductsPassenger cars, light commercial vehicles
ParentFiat Chrysler Automobiles
Subsidiaries

History

In January 1979, Fiat S.p.A.'s automotive production activities were spun off into a new subsidiary, Fiat Auto S.p.A., as part of an ongoing decentralization process within Fiat.[2] Vittorio Ghidella was named CEO.

Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A. was created on 1 February 2007 from Fiat Auto S.p.A.[3]

Simultaneously, the four divisions of Fiat Auto (Fiat, Alfa Romeo, Lancia and Fiat Veicoli Commerciali) were made into four Società per azioni, all controlled 100 percent by FCA. The former brand directors became CEOs of the new societies, while the employees and production facilities remained under FCA.[3]

At the same time the, Abarth brand was relaunched as Abarth & C. S.p.A., a fifth independent society again owned 100 percent by FCA.[4]

On December 15, 2014 Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A. changed name to FCA Italy S.p.A.; the name change was announced to the press the following day.[5][6]

Maserati and Ferrari are not under the control of FCA Italy. Maserati is directly owned by FCA,[7] whereas Ferrari split from FCA in 2015.

Main subsidiaries

References

  1. ^ "FCA 2015 corporate presentation" (PDF). Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. 19 May 2015. p. 30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  2. ^ Villare, Renzo (24 January 1979). "Il vertice per la Fiat degli "Anni Ottanta"". La Stampa. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Ora Fiat Auto cambia nome: diventa Fiat Group Automobiles". La Repubblica (in Italian). 23 January 2007. Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  4. ^ Borgomeo, Vincenzo (23 January 2007). "Svolta Fiat: torna l'Abarth e diventa marchio indipendente". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Creation of FCA Italy SpA" (PDF) (press release). Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  6. ^ Vellequette, Larry P. (16 December 2014). "Chrysler and Fiat names dropped from corporate titles". autonews.com. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  7. ^ "FCAGroup - Group Structure". www.fcagroup.com. Retrieved 2016-01-24.
Abarth

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is an Italian racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949. Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a yellow and red background.

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully owned subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.), the subsidiary of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (formerly of Fiat S.p.A.) controlling its European automotive production activities.

Autobianchi

Autobianchi (Italian: [autoˈbjaŋki]) was an Italian automobile manufacturer, created jointly by Bianchi, Pirelli and Fiat in 1955. Autobianchi produced only a handful of models during its lifetime, which were almost exclusively small cars, with the biggest being the short-lived Autobianchi A111, a small family car. Autobianchis were priced higher than Fiat models of similar size and the brand was used by Fiat to test new and innovative concepts which later found their way into mainstream Fiat vehicles; these concepts included fibreglass bodies and front-wheel drive.

The most famous Autobianchi models include the A112 released in 1969, a small hatchback very popular in Italy for racing, and which ceased production in 1986; as well as the Y10, which was the first car to use Fiat's new FIRE (Fully Integrated Robotised Engine). The Primula was the car with which Fiat introduced the particular front-wheel drive arrangement of engine, transmission and differential (final drive) that has become prevalent in its cars today.

Autobianchi was bought by the Fiat group and integrated into the operations of Lancia. The marque survived in Italy until the end of the Y10's production in 1995, but became extinct elsewhere when the model was rebranded as a Lancia in 1989.

Brembo

Brembo S.p.A. is an Italian manufacturer of automotive brake systems, especially for high-performance cars and motorcycles based in Bergamo, near Milan.

FCA Bank

FCA Bank, a joint venture between Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Italy S.p.A. and Crédit Agricole Consumer Finance S.A is a bank dedicated to motorists, which mainly operates in the automotive financing sector and cooperates with prestigious automotive brands (Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Fiat, Fiat Professional, Jeep, Abarth, Maserati, Aston Martin, Jaguar and Land Rover) as well as motorhome and caravan manufacturer Erwin Hymer Group.

FCA Global Medium Engine

The FCA Global Medium Engine (short for GME) is a family of engines created by the powertrain division of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles group and in production since 2016.

The GME family is composed by two new series of engine: one created for European Alfa Romeo vehicles (codeproject Giorgio) produced in FCA Italy Termoli factory (for Alfa Romeo Giulia and Stelvio), and the second (codeproject Hurricane) for American vehicles made by FCA US division (Chrysler, Jeep and Dodge). The Hurricane version is produced in Trenton Engine Plant and by June 2018 in Changsha (China) by GAC-FCA Powertrain plant for chinese made vehicle. It is currently available only in 2.0L capacities, with different tunings.

The first vehicle use the GME T4 engine is the 2016 Alfa Romeo Giulia introduced in April 2016, followed by the Alfa Romeo Stelvio. The first American Hurricane was adopted by the new Jeep Wrangler (JL) in 2018 followed by the facelift 2019 Jeep Cherokee (KL) and the Chinese Jeep Grand Commander. The Wrangler version features a mild hybrid system branded as eTorque.

Applications:

2016- Alfa Romeo Giulia (952)

2017- Alfa Romeo Stelvio

2018- Jeep Wrangler (JL)

2018- Jeep Cherokee (KL)

2018- Jeep Grand Commander

FCA India Automobiles

FCA India Automobiles Private Limited (FCAIPL) formerly known as Fiat Group Automobiles India Private Limited was formed in the year 2012 as a fully owned direct subsidiary of FCA Italy. The new company was established for production of cars and engine under the brand Fiat, Abarth and Jeep. It is the ninth largest Indian car manufacturer by sales in India.

Fiat Automobiles

Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (UK: , US: ; originally FIAT, Italian: Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino, lit. 'Italian Automobiles Factory, Turin') is an Italian automobile manufacturer, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A., which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (previously Fiat S.p.A.). Fiat Automobiles was formed in January 2007 when Fiat reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile, the Fiat 4 HP, was produced.

Fiat Automobiles is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy. During its more than century-long history, it remained the largest automobile manufacturer in Europe and the third in the world after General Motors and Ford for over twenty years, until the car industry crisis in the late 1980s. In 2013, Fiat S.p.A. was the second largest European automaker by volumes produced and the seventh in the world, while currently FCA is the world's eighth largest auto maker.

In 1970, Fiat Automobiles employed more than 100,000 in Italy when its production reached the highest number, 1.4 million cars, in that country. As of 2002, it built more than 1 million vehicles at six plants in Italy and the country accounted for more than a third of the company's revenue. Fiat has also manufactured railway engines, military vehicles, farm tractors, aircraft, and weapons such as the Fiat–Revelli Modello 1914.

Fiat-brand cars are built in several locations around the world. Outside Italy, the largest country of production is Brazil, where the Fiat brand is the market leader. The group also has factories in Argentina, Poland and Mexico (where Fiat-brand vehicles are manufactured at plants owned and operated by FCA US for export to the United States, Brazil, Italy and other markets) and a long history of licensing manufacture of its products in other countries.

Fiat Automobiles has received many international awards for its vehicles, including nine European Car of the Year awards, the most of any other manufacturer, and it ranked many times as the lowest level of CO2 emissions by vehicles sold in Europe.

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles N.V., often abbreviated as FCA, is an Italian-American multinational corporation and is the world's eighth largest auto maker. The group was established in October 2014 by merging Fiat and Chrysler into a new holding company. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles' main headquarters are located in the Netherlands, and the financial headquarters are in London for tax purposes. The holding company is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and Borsa Italiana in Milan. Exor N.V., an Italian investment group controlled by the Agnelli family, owns 29.19% of FCA and controls 44.31% through a loyalty voting mechanism.FCA's mass-market brands operate through two main subsidiaries: FCA Italy (previously Fiat Group Automobiles SpA) headquartered in Turin; and FCA US (previously Chrysler Group LLC) headquartered in Detroit. The company's portfolio includes automotive brands Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Chrysler, Dodge, Fiat, Fiat Professional, Jeep, Lancia, Maserati, and Ram Trucks. Ferrari was spun off from the group in 2016. Today FCA operates in four global markets (NAFTA, LATAM, APAC, EMEA).FCA also owns industrial subsidiaries Comau and Teksid.

Fiat Mirafiori

The Stabilimento di Mirafiori (in English, the Mirafiori Factory) is the headquarters and industrial district of the Italian automobile manufacturer Fiat a subsidiary of FCA Italy, which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, and is the headquarters of CNH Industrial Group.

The name Mirafiori derives from the homonymous district in which it is located (in turn derived from the name of an ancient castle of the Savoy).

In the past, it was the largest Italian industrial complex, as well as the oldest automobile factory in Europe, still partially in operation today. It occupies an area of 2,000,000 m². Twenty kilometers of railway lines and 11 kilometers of underground roads link the various warehouses. The office building, which overlooks Corso Giovanni Agnelli, is a 5-storey building 220 meters long, covered with white Finale stone. The self-consumed electricity production of the plant was around 210 GWh/year in 2011. Today around 18,000 workers are working in the area and in 2012 there were about 41,600 cars produced. Actually produced the luxury crossover Maserati Levante.

In 80 years since the inauguration over 35 types of cars and 28.7 million vehicles has been produced at the Mirafiori plant.

Fiat Powertrain Technologies

Fiat Powertrain Technologies (FPT) was established in March 2005 as a Fiat Group division which included all the activities related to powertrains and transmissions. The company was formed following the dissolution of the alliance between Fiat and General Motors.

Between 2005 and 2011, the company also included industrial and commercial powertrain activities that were subsequently spun-off as a separate entity named FPT Industrial who acted as a subsidiary of Fiat Industrial (now CNH Industrial).

In January 2013 Fiat Powertrain Technologies was incorporated in Fiat Group Automobiles.

The company had activities in nine different countries, it had 10 plants and around 20,000 employees. With output of around 2.9 million engines and 2.4 million transmissions and axles annually, Fiat Powertrain Technologies is one of the largest companies in the powertrain sector.

Fiat Professional

Fiat Professional is the brand name and subsidiary for FCA Italy's (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles) light commercial vehicles and their passenger variants. It was launched on 17 April 2007 and replaced the Fiat Veicoli Commerciali division. Fiat Professional is only present in the EMEA and Asia-Pacific regions; the Fiat Automobiles brand is used in the Latin America region. The Fiat Ducato and the Fiat Doblò are rebadged as the Ram ProMaster and Ram ProMaster City respectively for sale in Canada and the US.

Giottiline

Giottiline is an Italian mobile home manufacturer and producer of the small scissor doored minicar the Giottiline Ginko. It produces also recreational vehicles.

Innocenti

Innocenti was an Italian machinery works originally established by Ferdinando Innocenti in 1920. Over the years they produced Lambretta scooters as well as a range of automobiles, mainly of British Leyland origins. The brand was retired in 1996, six years after a takeover by Fiat.

Lancia

Lancia (Italian: [ˈlantʃa]) is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia as Lancia & C.. It became part of the Fiat Group in 1969; the current company, Lancia Automobiles, was established in 2007.

The company has a strong rally heritage and is noted for using letters of the Greek alphabet for its model names.

Lancia vehicles are no longer sold outside Italy and comprise only the Ypsilon supermini range, as the late Fiat CEO Sergio Marchionne foreshadowed in January 2014 until his death in 2018.

List of Fiat Group assembly sites

This list contains all current FCA Italy (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles) automobile assembly sites. Including joint-ventures, license production and outsourced production.

Magneti Marelli

Magneti Marelli S.p.A. (pronounced [maɲˈɲɛːti maˈrɛlli]) is an Italian developer and manufacturer of high-tech components for the automotive industry.

Magneti Marelli is headquartered in Corbetta, Italy, and includes 86 manufacturing plants, 12 R&D centres and 26 application centers in 19 countries—with 43,000 employees and a turnover of 7.9 billion euro in 2016..

It was a subsidiary of Fiat (now FCA Italy) from 1967 to 2018.

On 22 October 2018 FCA announced Magneti Marelli was being bought by the Japanese automotive company Calsonic Kansei for $7.2 billion in a deal that would create one of the world's largest auto parts suppliers

Subsidiaries and brands of the company include AL-Automotive Lighting, Carello, Cromodora, Cofap, Ergom Automotive, Jaeger, Mako Elektrik, Paraflu, Securvia, Seima, Siem SpA, Solex, Veglia Borletti, Vitaloni, Weber.

S.P.A. (automobile)

S.P.A. (Società Piemontese Automobili), was an Italian automobile, military vehicle and aero-engine manufacturer founded in Turin by Matteo Ceirano and Michele Ansaldi. It was active between 1906 and 1926. In 1908, it merged with Fabbrica Ligure Automobili Genova (FLAG) and the new company, Società Ligure Piemontese Automobili, was headquartered in Genoa while manufacturing in Turin.

In 1923 it moved to Turin and in 1925 was taken over by Fiat, whereby car manufacture ceased but commercial and military vehicle production continued. Although car production resumed after World War II, by 1947 the company was fully absorbed into Fiat.

Tofaş

Tofaş (acronym for Türk Otomobil Fabrikası Anonim Şirketi; pronounced [tofaʃ]) is a Turkish automaker which was established in 1968 by Vehbi Koç, who was the founder of Koç Holding, based in Bursa, Turkey, where the manufacturing plant of the company is located. It is jointly owned by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles and Koç Holding (37.8% of the company's shares belong to Fiat Group Automobiles; 37.8% to Koç Holding; and 24.3% freefloat).Tofaş manufactures both passenger cars and light commercial vehicles. It is one of the biggest automakers in the sector with its 6,500 employees and 400,000 vehicles annual production capacity. Tofaş manufactures for the Fiat, Citroen, Peugeot, Opel and Vauxhall brands in Bursa, which has achieved for it the “Gold Level” within the scope of the WCM-World Class Manufacturing Program that is implemented in the 175 plants within the framework of FCA.Tofaş plays a leading role in Turkish automotive sector; it conducts sales and after sales operations for the Fiat, Alfa Romeo, Lancia, Jeep, Ferrari, and Maserati brands in Turkey.Tofaş exported 160,000 units to 80 countries in 2013. It also recorded 7 billion TL net sales income and 434 million TL net profit. Fulfilling 22% of the total production in Turkey with its 240,000 units in the previous year, Tofaş achieved 1.6 billion euro export income by increasing its export volume by 4%.

VM Motori

VM Motori S.p.A. is an Italian diesel engine manufacturing company which is wholly owned by Fiat Chrysler Automobiles through its subsidiary Fiat Group Automobiles. VM headquarters and main production facilities are located in Cento, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

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