In baseball, an extra-base hit (EB, EBH or XBH), also known as a long hit, is any base hit on which the batter is able to advance past first base without the benefit of a fielder either committing an error or opting to make a throw to retire another base runner (see fielder's choice). Extra-base hits are often not listed separately in tables of baseball statistics, but are easily determined by calculating the sum total of a batter's doubles, triples, and home runs.
Another related statistic of interest that can be calculated is "extra bases on long hits". A batter gets three of these for each home run, two for each triple, and one for each double. Thus, leading the league in "Most extra bases in long hits" is a significant accomplishment in power hitting.
The statistic Extra-Base Hits Allowed (for example by a pitcher or by the fielding team in general) is denoted by the abbreviation XBA.
The record for most career extra-base hits is 1,477, held by Hank Aaron. Among players with at least 1,000 career hits, Mark McGwire is the only one to have had at least half of his hits go for extra bases.
There have been 15 instances of a player recording 100 extra-base hits in a single season; Lou Gehrig, Chuck Klein and Todd Helton are the only players to have achieved this twice, with Helton the only one to do so in consecutive seasons.
The top 5 are as follows: (totals are current through the end of the 2016 season)
The modern-era record for most extra-base hits by one batter, in one game, is five, held by 11 different players, including Lou Boudreau, Joe Adcock, Willie Stargell, Steve Garvey, Shawn Green, Kelly Shoppach, Josh Hamilton, Jackie Bradley, Jr., Kris Bryant, José Ramírez, and most recently Matt Carpenter. In the postseason, Albert Pujols, Hideki Matsui, Bob Robertson and Frank Isbell have all recorded four extra-base hits in a game.
The Boston Red Sox recorded 17 extra-base hits in a 29–4 victory against the St. Louis Browns in 1950. In the postseason, the team single game record for extra-base hits is 13, by the New York Yankees against the Red Sox in game 3 of the 2004 ALCS. Two teams have 9 extra-base hits in a World Series game, namely the 1925 Pittsburgh Pirates (in game 7 vs the Washington Senators) and the 2007 Boston Red Sox (game 1, vs the Colorado Rockies).
The 1958 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 25th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 8, 1958, at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore, Maryland, the home of the Baltimore Orioles of the American League.
This was the first Major League Baseball All-Star Game without an extra base hit.For this Diamond Jubilee game, the ceremonial first pitch was thrown by U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon, who became President 10 years later. The attendance was 48,829. The game was broadcast on the NBC television and radio networks.
The first hit of the game was by legendary center fielder Willie Mays. The last scoring came in the sixth inning when the American League team took the lead after an error by third baseman Frank Thomas led to a single by Gil McDougald. Early Wynn was the winning pitcher as the American League scored a 4-3 victory.
Several players were named to the team but did not get into the game. These included Billy Pierce, Tony Kubek, Harvey Kuenn, Sherm Lollar, Rocky Bridges, Ryne Duren, Whitey Ford, and Elston Howard for the American League. For the National League team, Johnny Antonelli, Richie Ashburn, George Crowe, Eddie Mathews, Don McMahon, Walt Moryn, Johnny Podres, Bob Purkey, and Bob Schmidt were on the roster but did not play.
The next All-Star Game to be played in Baltimore was in 1993; that edition was aired on both CBS TV and radio, and played in Oriole Park at Camden Yards, with a special commemoration of this game's 35th anniversary.Bob Porter (baseball)
Robert Lee "Bob" Porter (born July 22, 1959) is an American former professional baseball player, an outfielder who appeared in 41 Major League games played for the Atlanta Braves during parts of the 1981 and 1982 seasons. He threw and batted left-handed, stood 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall and weighed 180 pounds (82 kg) during his active career.
Porter was chosen by the Braves in the third round of the 1977 Major League Baseball Draft after his graduation from Napa High School. He was in his fifth professional season when he made his debut with the Braves on May 13, 1981. Pinch hitting for pitcher Preston Hanna, Porter singled off Jim Bibby of the Pittsburgh Pirates. It would be one of Porter's seven big-league hits during his brief career with the Braves. He collected one extra base hit, a double, and scored three runs.
Porter's pro career ended after his seventh minor league season in 1983.Bobby Tiefenauer
Bobby Gene Tiefenauer (October 10, 1929 – June 13, 2000) was an American professional baseball player and coach. A knuckleball relief pitcher, he pitched for six Major League teams during a ten-year MLB career that stretched between 1952 and 1968: the St. Louis Cardinals (1952, 1955, 1961), Cleveland Indians (1960, 1965–67), Houston Colt .45s (1962), Milwaukee Braves (1963–65), New York Yankees (1965) and Chicago Cubs (1968). Tiefenauer was born in Desloge, Missouri; he threw and batted right-handed and was listed as 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and 190 pounds (86 kg).
Tiefenauer signed with the Cardinals in 1948, beginning his 21-year pitching career, but spent only two full seasons (1962 and 1964) on a major league roster. In 1964, with the Milwaukee Braves, he had one of his better seasons, saving 13 games (eighth best in the National League) with an earned run average of 3.21. All told, Tiefenauer worked in 179 MLB games pitched, exclusively as a relief pitcher. He posted a 9–25 won–lost mark, with 23 career saves. In 316 innings pitched, he allowed 312 hits and 87 bases on balls, with 212 strikeouts. His career ERA was 3.84.
Like many pitchers, Tiefenauer was a notoriously bad hitter, collecting only one hit in 39 at-bats for a career batting average of .026. The hit occurred in the fourth inning of the game between the Houston Colt .45s and the San Francisco Giants on September 29, 1962, and it was an extra base hit, a double, struck off of one of the best pitchers in baseball that year, Jack Sanford, who would win 24 games for the pennant-winning 1962 Giants. Tiefenauer pitched six innings in relief that day, and also came up to bat in the sixth inning when he grounded out to shortstop.
After his active career, Tiefenauer joined the Philadelphia Phillies' organization as a minor league pitching coach from 1970 into the 1980s, and served one year, 1979, as the bullpen coach on the Phils' MLB staff.
Tiefenauer enjoyed multiple brilliant seasons in the Triple-A International League during the late 1950s and early 1960s, posting a composite won–lost record of 49–15 over four seasons between 1958 and 1963. He was posthumously elected to the International League Hall of Fame in 2008.Breaking ball
In baseball, a breaking ball is a pitch that does not travel straight as it approaches the batter; it will have sideways or downward motion on it, sometimes both (see slider). A breaking ball is not a specific pitch by that name, but is any pitch that "breaks", such as a curveball, slider, or slurve. A pitcher who primarily uses breaking ball pitches is often referred to as a junkballer.
A breaking ball is more difficult than a straight pitch for a catcher to receive as breaking pitches sometimes hit the ground (whether intentionally, or not) before making it to the plate. A curveball moves down and to the left for a right handed pitcher. For a left hand pitcher, it moves down and to the right. And blocking a breaking ball requires thought and preparation by the catcher. The pitcher then, must have confidence in the catcher, and the catcher in himself, to block any ball in the dirt; if there are runners on base, they will likely advance if the ball gets away from the catcher. (Whether the pitcher is right- or left-handed will dictate which direction the catcher must turn his body to adjust for the spin of an upcoming breaking ball. This necessary movement may reveal the next intended pitch to the batter; therefore an experienced catcher must fake or mask his intentions when preparing for the pitch.)
If a breaking ball fails to break, it is called a "hanging" breaking ball, or specifically, a "hanging" curve. The "hanger" presents a high, slow pitch that is easy for the batter to see, and often results in an extra-base hit or a home run.
Don Mattingly wrote in Don Mattingly's Hitting Is Simple: The ABC's of Batting .300 that "hitting a breaking ball is one of the toughest things you'll have to learn" due to the ball's very brief window in the strike zone.Bruce Christensen
Bruce Ray Christensen (born February 22, 1948 in Madison, Wisconsin) is a former Major League Baseball shortstop for the California Angels. He was drafted by the Angels in the 17th round of the 1966 amateur draft. In his only major league season, 1971, he got into a total of 29 games, 24 at shortstop, and was in the starting lineup 15 times. Most of his starts came when All-Star shortstop Jim Fregosi was on the disabled list. Christensen was called up to the Angels after hitting .309 in 82 games for the Salt Lake City Angels of the Pacific Coast League, and made his major league debut on July 17.
He was an excellent defensive player and an adequate hitter at the major league level. At short he made only one error in 81 chances for a fielding percentage of .988, much higher than the league average. He also participated in 13 double plays. At the plate he was 17-for-63 (.270), and his six walks pushed his on-base percentage up to .333. Not a power hitter, he had just one extra base hit (a double), three runs batted in, and four runs scored.
Christensen's best game as a hitter came on July 28, 1971 when he had three hits and a walk in a 5-1 victory over the Cleveland Indians at Cleveland Stadium. He scored one run and drove in another.
Christensen has three children (Daniel, Sadie, and Nicholas) and currently lives in Moroni, Utah with his wife Laura.Danny Morejón
Daniel Morejón Torres (Spanish pronunciation: [moɾeˈxon]; July 21, 1930 – April 27, 2009) was a Cuban-born professional baseball player. He was a backup outfielder in Major League Baseball who played briefly for the Cincinnati Reds during July and early August of the 1958 season. Listed at 6 ft 1 in (185 cm), 175 lb (79 kg), Morejón batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Havana.
In his brief Major League career, Morejón was a .192 hitter (5-for-26) in 12 games, including four runs, one RBI, one stolen base, and a .400 on-base percentage. He did not have an extra base hit.
Morejón played in minor league baseball for 19 seasons (1954–1972) including Havana Sugar Kings in International League. In 1955, he was named Most Valuable Player of the Carolina League while playing for the High Point-Thomasville Hi-Toms. After his playing career, he managed and maintained the baseball fields at Tropical Park in Miami, Florida. He died in Miami at the age of 78.Dwain Anderson
Dwain Cleaven Anderson (born November 23, 1947) is an American former professional baseball shortstop. He played 149 games in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1971 to 1974 for the Oakland Athletics (1971–1972), St. Louis Cardinals (1972–1973), San Diego Padres (1973), and Cleveland Indians (1974).
While playing for the Iowa Oaks in 1970, Anderson led the American Association with three grand slam homeruns that season.In addition to having only a .203 career batting average, he holds the post-1920 non-pitcher season record for at-bats without an extra base hit, with 124 in 1973.
Anderson did make the 1972 Topps All-Star Rookie team with a .267 batting average.Eddie Hickey (baseball)
Edward A. Hickey (August 18, 1872 – March 25, 1941) was a third baseman in Major League Baseball who played briefly for the Chicago Orphans during the 1901 season. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio.
In a one-season career, Hickey posted a .162 batting average (6-for-37) with four runs and three RBI in 10 games, including one stolen base, and did not have an extra-base hit.
Hickey died in Tacoma, Washington, at the age of 68.Ernie Neitzke
Ernest Fredrich Neitzke (November 13, 1894 – April 27, 1977) was a utility player in Major League Baseball who played briefly for the Boston Red Sox during the 1921 season. Listed at 5 ft 10 in (1.78 m), 180 lb., Neitzke batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Toledo, Ohio.
Little is known about this outfielder/pitcher who played on a Red Sox uniform with few stars. Neitzke made eight outfield appearances at left field (4), right (3) and center (1), and also pitched 7⅔ innings of relief in two games, collecting a 6.14 ERA with one strikeout. four walks, and eight hits allowed without a decision.
In an 11-game career, Neitzke was a .240 hitter (6-for-25) with three runs, two RBI, and a .345 on-base percentage without an extra-base hit.
Neitzke died at the age of 82 in Sylvania, Ohio.Gene Kimball
Eugene Boynton Kimball (August 31, 1850 – August 2, 1882) was an American professional baseball player for the Cleveland Forest Citys during the 1871 season.
He was the original slap hitter, posting a .008 ISO in 1871. He only had one extra-base hit, a double.Jim McManus (baseball)
James Michael McManus (born July 20, 1936) is a retired American professional baseball player whose ten-season career included five games played in Major League Baseball for the Kansas City Athletics (1960) and two years (1962–1963) in Japanese baseball (NPB). A first baseman, McManus threw and batted left-handed and was listed as 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m) tall and 215 pounds (98 kg). He was born in Brookline, Massachusetts.
McManus entered pro ball in 1954 in the Detroit Tigers' organization. After four years in the Detroit farm system, on April 3, 1958, he was included as the "player to be named later" in a 13-player off-season trade with the Athletics in which the Tigers obtained second baseman Billy Martin and veteran outfielder Gus Zernial. McManus spent three more years in the minor leagues before Kansas City recalled him in September 1960. He went hitless in his first two at bats as a pinch hitter, then started at first base for the Athletics' final three games of the 1960 regular season, all against his original organization, the Tigers. McManus collected four hits in those three games, including his only extra-base hit and home run, a solo shot struck against Frank Lary on September 30. He ended his MLB career with a .308 batting average (4-for-13) and two runs batted in.
During his two campaigns with the Taiyo Whales of NPB, McManus batted .236 with 20 home runs.Joe Gates
Joseph Daniel Gates (October 3, 1954 – March 28, 2010) was a professional baseball player. He played parts of two seasons in Major League Baseball for the Chicago White Sox.
His only extra base hit was a triple on May 13, 1979 against the Kansas City Royals. He had come on as a pinch hitter for Don Kessinger and stayed in the game and played second base. The pitcher for the Royals was Eduardo Rodriguez. The hit drove in Greg Pryor in the bottom of the 9th. The final score of the game was Royals 14, White Sox 5.
After his major league career, he entered the coaching ranks. He was the bench coach of the Gary SouthShore RailCats of the Northern League at the time of his death at age 55.Les Peden
Leslie Earl Peden (September 17, 1923 – February 11, 2002) nicknamed "Gooch", was an American professional baseball player and manager. A catcher, he appeared in nine Major League games for the 1953 Washington Senators. He threw and batted right-handed, stood 6 feet 1 inch (1.85 m) tall and weighed 212 pounds (96 kg).
The native of Azle, Texas, attended Texas A&M University and served in the United States Army in the European Theater of Operations during World War II. His minor league playing career lasted all or parts of 18 seasons, largely in the organizations of the Chicago Cubs and Kansas City Athletics. He was selected by Washington in the 1952 Rule 5 draft after he batted .279 with 18 home runs in 153 games for the Open-Classification Los Angeles Angels of the Pacific Coast League.
For the first month of the 1953 MLB season, Peden was a member of the Senators' 28-man roster. Of his nine games, eight were as Washington's starting catcher. On April 29, he hit his only Major League home run, a solo shot off Saul Rogovin of the Chicago White Sox, in a 3–0 Washington victory at Comiskey Park. Peden caught Bob Porterfield's complete game, five-hit shutout that day. He collected his second extra-base hit, a double, off the Detroit Tigers' Hal Erickson on May 5, as he caught another complete game win for Porterfield. The double was the last of Peden's seven MLB hits and raised his batting average to .292.
After going hitless on May 6 against Detroit's Ned Garver, Peden was returned to the Cubs' organization and the PCL Angels when rosters were reduced to 25 men at the May 15 cutdown. Peden then continued his lengthy minor league career, spending ten seasons as a playing manager in the Cubs and Athletics' farm systems. In 1965, he was listed as a member of the Cubs' College of Coaches, although he worked as manager of the Short-season Class A Wenatchee Chiefs of the Northwest League that season. He managed in Triple-A for three seasons, with the Portland Beavers (1962–63) and Tacoma Cubs (1966). After 1966, he served the Cubs as a scout.List of Major League Baseball career extra base hits leaders
In baseball, an extra base hit (EB, EBH or XBH), also known as a long hit, is any base hit on which the batter is able to advance past first base without the benefit of a fielder either committing an error or opting to make a throw to retire another base runner (see fielder's choice). Extra base hits are often not listed separately in tables of baseball statistics, but are easily determined by calculating the sum total of a batter's doubles, triples, and home runs.
Hank Aaron is the all-time leader with 1,477 career extra base hits. Barry Bonds (1,440) is the only other player with more than 1,400 career extra base hits. Only 39 players all time have reached 1,000 career extra base hits, with 2 of them (Albert Pujols and Miguel Cabrera) being active.Luis Gómez (baseball)
Luis Gómez Sánchez (born August 19, 1951) is a Mexican former professional baseball player who played during the 1970s and 1980s. Born in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico in 1951 and raised in the Echo Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, he attended and graduated from Nightingale Jr. High, then attended Belmont High School and UCLA.
The 5'9" Gómez played on the Bruins baseball team for three years ('71-'73) at shortstop. He is listed as having a batting average of .272, 2 HR, and 34 RBI in college. During his senior year, his batting average was .301 in 52 games and 186 at bats.
He started his major league baseball career with the Minnesota Twins in 1974, playing with them until 1977, when he moved to the Toronto Blue Jays, for which he played two seasons before being traded to the Atlanta Braves, playing his two remaining seasons there and retiring in 1982. He set an Atlanta record in 1980 with a .968 fielding percentage at shortstop and strung together 42 consecutive errorless games. He played shortstop, second base, and third base in 609 major league games.
Gomez was known for his exceptionally slick fielding, but also for his notably weak hitting. Among his hitting 'achievements':
- No non-pitcher since Bill Bergen retired in 1911 has had as many plate appearances as Gomez with an OPS of .500 or less. (Gomez's lifetime OPS is exactly .500.)- In 1975, he played in 89 games without collecting a single extra-base hit, breaking a record held since 1916 by Mike McNally and which still stands.- Gómez appeared in 609 major league games, the most among non-pitchers who never hit a home run.- He also has the distinction of never having hit a home run as a professional baseball player at *any* level, whether in the majors, the minors or even in the Senior Baseball League.Gómez joined the LDS Church as a result of his association with Garth Iorg, Alan Ashby, and Dale Murphy.Mickey McGuire (baseball)
Mickey C. McGuire (born January 18, 1941) is an American former professional baseball player. He was a second baseman/shortstop in Major League Baseball who played for the Baltimore Orioles in the 1962 and 1967 seasons. Listed at 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m), 170 pounds (77 kg), McGuire batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Dayton, Ohio.
In a two-season career, McGuire was a .190 hitter (4-for-21) with two runs and two RBI in 16 games. He did not register an extra-base hit.Rich Barry
Richard Donovan Barry (born September 12, 1940) is an American former professional baseball player who appeared in 20 games in Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1969, primarily as an outfielder. The native of Berkeley, California, threw and batted right-handed, stood 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m) tall and weighed 205 pounds (93 kg).
Originally signed by the New York Yankees in 1958 after graduating from Berkeley High School, Barry played 11 full seasons in the minor leagues before reaching the majors in early July of 1969. He was a power hitter in the minors, slugging 280 career home runs and topping the 20-HR mark seven different times in his 15-year minor league career. During his midsummer 1969 trial with the Phillies, however, he had only 38 total plate appearances, no runs batted in, and one extra-base hit, a double. He retired after the 1972 season.Ron Stillwell
Ronald Roy Stillwell (December 3, 1939 – January 25, 2016) was an American Major League Baseball player who played parts of two seasons for the Washington Senators. A shortstop, he batted and threw right-handed, stood 5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) tall and weighed 165 pounds (75 kg)..
Born in Los Angeles, Stillwell attended John Burroughs High School in Burbank, California and the University of Southern California, where he co-captained the national champion 1961 USC Trojans varsity baseball team. He was signed by the Senators as an amateur free agent during the 1961 season—the inaugural season of that incarnation of the Senators—and made his big league debut on July 3 against the Boston Red Sox at Griffith Stadium. Starting at shortstop in back-to-back games, both Washington victories, he collected one hit in eight total at bats, a double off Don Schwall. That was Stillwell's only MLB extra-base hit in 38 at bats and 42 plate appearances. He notched three runs batted in.
Stilwell retired after five professional seasons in 1965. He became a teacher, and was baseball coach at Thousand Oaks High School, California Lutheran University and Moorpark College. He died of cancer on January 25, 2016. His son, Kurt, had a nine-season MLB career.Scoring position
In the sport of baseball, a baserunner is said to be in scoring position when they are on second or third base. The distinction between being on first base and second or third base is that a runner on first can usually only score if the batter hits an extra-base hit, while a runner on second or third can score on a single. This is also known as "ducks on the pond". Runners left in scoring position refers to the number of runners on second or third at the end of an inning and is an inverse measure of a team's offensive efficiency.
Many of baseball's "small ball" or "one run" tactics center on attempts to move a runner on base into scoring position. Such tactics were dominant in the 1890s and the dead-ball era, when extra-base hits were relatively rare.