Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan.

Executive Yuan
行政院
Xíngzhèng Yuàn (Mandarin)
Hàng-chṳn Yen (Hakka)
ROC Executive Yuan Logo
Executive Yuan logo
Agency overview
Formed 25 October 1928
Preceding agency
Jurisdiction Government of the Republic of China
Headquarters No. 1, Zhongxiao E. Rd., Zhongzheng, Taipei, Taiwan
Employees 407
Agency executives
Website EY.gov.tw
Executive Yuan
Literal meaning Executive Court
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Xíngzhèng Yuàn
Bopomofo ㄒㄧㄥˊ ㄓㄥˋ ㄩㄢˋ
Gwoyeu Romatzyh Shynjenq Yuann
Wade–Giles Hsing2-cheng4 Yüan4
Tongyong Pinyin Síngjhèng Yuàn
MPS2 Shíngjèng Yuàn
Hakka
Romanization Hàng-chṳn Yen
Southern Min
Hokkien POJ Hêng-chèng Īⁿ
Tâi-lô Hîng-tsìng Īnn

Organization and structure

Executive Yuan 20050703
Executive Yuan

The Executive Yuan is headed by a President (often translated as premier), and has a Vice President (vice premier), and twelve cabinet ministers, various chairpersons of commissions, and five to nine ministers without portfolio as its members. The vice premier, ministers and chairpersons are appointed by the President of the Republic of China on the recommendation of the premier.[3]

Its formation, as one of five Yuans of the government, stemmed from the Three Principles of the People, the constitutional theory of Sun Yat-sen, but was adjusted constitutionally over the years to adapt to the situation in the ROC by changes in the laws and the Constitution of the Republic of China.

Leaders

Name Leader
English Name Chinese
Premier 院長 William Lai %E8%B3%B4%E6%B8%85%E5%BE%B7%E5%B8%82%E9%95%B7
Vice Premier 副院長 Shih Jun-ji Shih Jun-ji 20170908
Secretary-General 秘書長 Chuo Rung-tai 2007TaipeiAudioVideoFair JTCho

Ministries

Name Minister
English Name Chinese
Interior 內政部 Hsu Kuo-yung Hsu Kuo-Yung-02 - by Zil Chang (cropped)
Foreign Affairs 外交部 Joseph Wu Yhf2
National Defense 國防部 Yen Teh-fa Yen Teh-fa %E5%9A%B4%E5%BE%B7%E7%99%BC (20170525 %E7%B8%BD%E7%B5%B1%E7%AB%AF%E7%AF%80%E6%85%B0%E5%8B%89%E6%86%B2%E5%85%B5 211%E3%80%81332 %E7%87%9F 00%EF%BC%9A01%EF%BC%9A36)
Finance 財政部 Su Jain-rong
Education 教育部 Yeh Jiunn-rong JiunnRong
Justice 法務部 Tsai Ching-hsiang
Economic Affairs 經濟部 Shen Jong-chin Deputy Minister Shen Jong-chin %E6%B2%88%E6%A6%AE%E6%B4%A5%E6%AC%A1%E9%95%B7 (20170425 %E4%B8%AD%E7%A7%91%E9%99%A2%E8%88%87%E6%BC%A2%E7%BF%94%E5%85%AC%E5%8F%B8%E6%96%B0%E5%BC%8F%E9%AB%98%E6%95%99%E6%A9%9F%E7%B0%BD%E7%B4%84%E5%84%80%E5%BC%8F 201704251405542)
Transportation and Communications 交通部 Wu Hong-mo Wu Hong-mou (cropped)
Labor 勞動部 Hsu Ming-chun
Health and Welfare 衛生福利部 Chen Shih-chung
Culture 文化部 Cheng Li-chun Cheng Li-Chiun - By SandyHuang 01 (cropped)
Science and Technology 科技部 Chen Liang-gee

Councils and Commissions

Empowered by various laws, or even the Constitution, under the Executive Yuan Council several individual boards are formed to enforce different executive functions of the government. Unless regulated otherwise, the chairs are appointed by and answer to the Premier. The committee members of the boards are usually (a) governmental officials for the purpose of interdepartmental coordination and cooperation; or (b) creditable professionals for their reputation and independence.

Name Chair
English Name Chinese

Council of Agriculture

農業委員會 Lin Tsung-hsien Lin Tsong-shyan at Reading Ilan NIU 2
National Development Council 國家發展委員會 Chen Mei-ling %E6%96%B0%E4%BB%BB%E8%A1%8C%E6%94%BF%E9%99%A2%E7%A7%98%E6%9B%B8%E9%95%B7%E9%99%B3%E7%BE%8E%E4%BC%B6 (cropped)
Mainland Affairs Council 大陸委員會 Chen Ming-tong Chen Ming-tong
Financial Supervisory Commission 金融監督管理委員會 Wellington Koo Koo Li-Hsiung-1-by Ring Chang (cropped)
Ocean Affairs Council 海洋委員會 Hwung Hwung-hweng
Overseas Community Affairs Council 僑務委員會 Wu Hsin-hsing Wu Hsin-hsing %E5%90%B3%E6%96%B0%E8%88%88 (Voice of America (VOA) Image %E7%BE%8E%E5%9C%8B%E4%B9%8B%E9%9F%B3%E5%9C%96%E5%83%8F ED1D80CC-53FD-487C-A718-F81A79C2C0EF w650 r0 s)
Veterans Affairs Council 國軍退除役官兵輔導委員會 Chiu Kuo-cheng Chiu Kuo-cheng %E9%82%B1%E5%9C%8B%E6%AD%A3 (05.28 %E7%B8%BD%E7%B5%B1%E6%8E%A5%E8%A6%8B%E7%BE%8E%E5%9C%8B%E6%B5%B7%E5%A4%96%E4%BD%9C%E6%88%B0%E9%80%80%E4%BC%8D%E8%BB%8D%E4%BA%BA%E5%8D%94%E6%9C%83%E5%93%88%E8%92%99%E7%B8%BD%E6%9C%83%E9%95%B7 (Flickr id 41497715175))
Council of Indigenous Peoples 原住民族委員會 Icyang Parod Icyang Parod at Indigenous Historical Justice and Transitional Justice Committee 20161227
Hakka Affairs Council 客家委員會 Lee Yung-te

Public Construction Commission

公共工程委員會 Wu Tze-cheng Picture of (Wu Ze-cheng, sometimes Wu Tze-cheng) from the website of the Yilan County Government

Atomic Energy Council

原子能委員會 Hsieh Shou-shing %E5%8E%9F%E8%83%BD%E6%9C%83%E4%B8%BB%E5%A7%94%E8%AC%9D%E6%9B%89%E6%98%9F

Independent Commissions

There are, or would be, independent executive commissions under the Executive Yuan Council. The chiefs of these five institutions would not be affected by any change of the Premier. However, the related organic laws are currently under revision.

Name Chair
English Name Chinese
Central Election Commission 中央選舉委員會 Chen In-chin
Fair Trade Commission 公平交易委員會 Huang Mei-ying
National Communications Commission 國家通訊傳播委員會 Chan Ting-I %E7%AB%8B%E6%B3%95%E9%99%A2%E4%BA%A4%E9%80%9A%E5%A7%94%E5%93%A1%E6%9C%83%E5%B0%B1%E6%96%B0%E4%BB%BB%E5%9C%8B%E5%AE%B6%E9%80%9A%E8%A8%8A%E5%82%B3%E6%92%AD%E5%A7%94%E5%93%A1%E6%9C%83%E8%A2%AB%E6%8F%90%E5%90%8D%E4%BA%BA%E9%80%B2%E8%A1%8C%E5%AF%A9%E6%9F%A5 (cropped)

Other organs

Name Leader
English Name Chinese

Environmental Protection Administration

環境保護署 Lee Ying-yuan %E6%9D%8E%E6%87%89%E5%85%83
Central Bank 中央銀行 Yang Chin-long %E5%A4%AE%E8%A1%8C%E7%B8%BD%E8%A3%81%E6%A5%8A%E9%87%91%E9%BE%8D
National Palace Museum 國立故宮博物院 Chen Chi-nan
Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics 主計總處 Chu Tzer-ming
Directorate-General of Personnel Administration 人事行政總處 Jay N. Shih

Organizations no longer under Executive Yuan

Administration-building-of-KMT
Former site of Executive Yuan in Presidential Palace Complex (1928-1937)
Nanjing Political College 3
Former site of Executive Yuan in Gulou District, Nanjing (1946-1949)

Due to periodical restructuring of the government body, there are some agencies which may be dissolved or be merged with other bigger and more active agencies. Based on Executive Yuan website, the following bodies are no longer the agencies under Executive Yuan:[4]

Dissolved or cease to function

Ministers without portfolio

In the Executive Yuan Council, the current ministers without portfolio are:[6]

Executive Yuan Council

The Executive Yuan Council, commonly referred to as "The Cabinet" (內閣), is the chief policymaking organ of the ROC government. It consists of the premier, who presides over its meetings, the vice premier, ministers without portfolio, the heads of the ministries, and the heads of the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission. The secretary-general and the deputy secretary-general of the Executive Yuan also attend, as well as heads of other Executive Yuan organizations by invitation, but they have no vote. Article 58 of the Constitution empowers the Executive Yuan Council to evaluate statutory and budgetary bills concerning martial law, amnesty, declarations of war, conclusion of peace or treaties, and other important affairs before submission to the Legislative Yuan.

Relationship with the Legislative Yuan

The Executive Yuan Council must present the Legislators with an annual policy statement and an administrative report. The Legislative Committee may also summon members of the Executive Yuan Council for questioning.

Whenever there is disagreement between the Legislative Council and Executive Yuan Council, the Legislative Committee may pass a resolution asking the Executive Yuan Council to alter the policy proposal in question. The Executive Yuan may, in turn, ask the Legislators to reconsider. Afterwards, if the Legislative Council upholds the original resolution, the premier must abide by the resolution or resign. The Executive Yuan Council may also present an alternative budgetary bill if the one passed by the Legislative Committee is deemed difficult to execute.

Transportation

The Executive Yuan building is accessible within walking distance east of Taipei Railway Station or west of Shandao Temple Station of the MRT.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mao Chi-kuo named as premier (update)". focustaiwan.tw.
  2. ^ "Taiwan retains most Cabinet members in reshuffle". focustaiwan.tw.
  3. ^ a b "Executive Yuan, R.O.C.)-Structure & Functions". Ey.gov.tw. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
  4. ^ "Executive Yuan, R.O.C. (Taiwan)-Ministries and Agencies". Ey.gov.tw. 2006-06-15. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-24. Retrieved 2014-04-23.
  6. ^ "Premier-designate finalizes his Cabinet lineup - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  7. ^ "Former economics minister to oversee trade negotiations: Cabinet - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".

External links

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