Ewondo language

Ewondo or Kolo is the language of the Ewondo people (more precisely Beti be Kolo or simply Kolo-Beti) of Cameroon. The language had 577,700 native speakers in 1982. Ewondo is a trade language. Dialects include Badjia (Bakjo), Bafeuk, Bamvele (Mvele, Yezum, Yesoum), Bane, Beti, Enoah, Evouzok, Fong, Mbida-Bani, Mvete, Mvog-Niengue, Omvang, Yabekolo (Yebekolo), Yabeka, and Yabekanga. Ewondo speakers live primarily in Cameroon's Centre Region and the northern part of the Océan division in the South Region.

Ewondo is a Bantu language. It is a dialect of the Beti language (Yaunde-Fang), and is intelligible with Bulu, Eton, and Fang.

In 2011 there was a concern among Cameroonian linguists that the language was being displaced in the country by French.[4]

Ewondo
Kolo
RegionCameroon
Native speakers
(580,000 cited 1982)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-2ewo
ISO 639-3ewo
Glottologewon1239[2]
A.72[3]

Alphabet

Alphabet in Ewondo
Uppercase
A B D Dz E Ə Ɛ F G Gb H I K Kp L M Mb Mgb Mv N Nd Ndz Ng Ny Ŋ O Ɔ P R U T S V W Y Z
Lowercase
a b d dz e ə ɛ f g gb h i k kp l m mb mgb mv n nd ndz ng ny ŋ o ɔ p r u t s v w y z
Phonemes
a b d d͡z e ə ɛ f ɡ ɡ͡b h i k k͡p l m m͡b mɡ͡b ɱ͡v n n͡d nd͡z ŋ͡ɡ ɲ ŋ o ɔ p r u t s v w j z

[5]The tones are indicated with diacritics on the vowels:

  • the high tone is indicated with an acute accent: á é ə́ ɛ́ í ó ɔ́ ú;
  • the mid tone is indicated with a macron: ā ē ə̄ ɛ̄ ī ō ɔ̄ ū;
  • the low tone, the most frequent tone, is indicated by the absence of diacritics: a e ə ɛ i o ɔ u;
  • the rising tone is indicated with a caron: ǎ ě ə̌ ɛ̌ ǐ ǒ ɔ̌ ǔ;
  • the falling tone is indicated with a circumflex: â ê ə̂ ɛ̂ î ô ɔ̂ û.

See also

References

  1. ^ Ewondo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ewondo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ http://quotidien.mutations-multimedia.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2962:patrimoine-la-langue-ewondo-a-son-dictionnaire&catid=58:news&Itemid=415
  5. ^ Owona, Antoine (2004). L’orthographe harmonisée de l’ewondo. Université de Yaoundé.

External links

Beti people

The Beti people are a Central African ethnic group primarily found in central Cameroon. They are also found in Equatorial Guinea and northern Gabon. They are closely related to the Bulu people, the Fang people and the Yaunde people, who are all sometimes grouped as Beti-Pahuin peoples.The Beti are found in northern regions of their joint demographic distributions, the Fang in the southern regions, and others in between. Estimates of the total Beti population vary, with many sources placing them at over three million spread from the Atlantic coastal regions near Equatorial Guinea into the hilly, equatorial forest covered highlands of central Africa reaching into the Congo.

EWO

Ewo or EWO may refer to:

Ewo, a village in the Republic of the Congo

Ewo Airport

Ewo District

Ewo (hong), a Qing dynasty hong

Electronic warfare officer

Emergency War Order

EWO Brewery Ltd.

Ewondo language

Jon Ewo (born 1957), Norwegian novelist

Eton language

Eton, or Ìtón, is a Bantu language spoken by the Eton people of Cameroon.It is mutually intelligible with Ewondo, a fact which may have delayed its study for some time.

Eton speakers inhabit the Lekié department of the Centre Region of Cameroon, an area north of the capital Yaoundé bounded in the north by the Sanaga River.

Ethnologue cites four dialects of Eton, but its speakers generally distinguish two, a northern and a southern dialect, the latter of which is closer to the Ewondo language.

The Mengisa people have largely switched to Eton. A small number continue to speak their ancestral language, Leti. It is not clear if the ISO code for "Mengisa" refers to Eton or Leti; Ethnologue classifies Mengisa with Eton, but the code is likely based on Guthrie, who classified it with Leti.

Ewondo

Ewondo may refer to:

The Ewondo, one of the Beti-Pahuin peoples of Cameroon

The Ewondo language, the language of these people

Ewondo Populair, a Beti-based pidgin of Cameroon, spoken in the area of the capital Yaoundé

K-Tino

K-Tino (born 12 October 1966 as Cathérine Edoa Ngoa) is a Cameroonian singer who shot to fame in her home country with her energetic bikutsi music.Bikutsi music is characterized by an up-tempo 6/8 rhythm, danced with energetic pulsations of shoulders and/or pelvis. For more than ten years now, K-Tino (on earlier albums Catino) has been one of the main exponents of bikutsi. Her lyrics are quite explicit, although she herself denies that she is vulgar, saying " I am not vulgar, I do not make vulgar spectacles. If I am vulgar, then the Ewondo language is vulgar." A key to bikutsi is the subtlety of the sexual content, which is hidden by changing non-vulgar words very slightly in the Ewondo language. The media dubbed K-Tino as "femme du peuple," "mama bonheur," and "mama la joie." K-Tino began singing in Chacal and Escalier Bar, later joining the band Les Zombies de la Capitale.In early 2014 K-tino stated that she has stopped doing obscene music and has now given her life to god. She is starting a church called Celestial City in the Gabonese capital.K-Tino's daughter, K-Wash, is also a bikutsi performer.

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