Everett Scott

Lewis Everett Scott (November 19, 1892 – November 2, 1960), nicknamed "Deacon", was an American professional baseball player. A shortstop, Scott played in Major League Baseball for 12 seasons as a member of the Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, Washington Senators, Chicago White Sox and Cincinnati Reds, from 1914 through 1926. Scott batted and threw right-handed.

Scott served as captain of both the Red Sox and Yankees, who have become fierce rivals. He compiled a lifetime batting average of .249, hitting 20 home runs with 551 runs batted in in 1,654 games. He led American League shortstops in fielding percentage seven straight seasons (1916–22) and appeared in 1,307 consecutive games from June 20, 1916, through May 6, 1925, setting a record later broken by Lou Gehrig. As of 2017, it is still the third-longest streak in history.

After retiring from baseball, Scott became a professional bowler and owned bowling alleys. He died in Fort Wayne, Indiana, at the age of 67. He was posthumously inducted into the Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame and Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame.

Everett Scott
Everett Scott 1915 headshot
Scott in 1915
Shortstop
Born: November 19, 1892
Bluffton, Indiana
Died: November 2, 1960 (aged 67)
Fort Wayne, Indiana
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 14, 1914, for the Boston Red Sox
Last MLB appearance
July 27, 1926, for the Cincinnati Reds
MLB statistics
Batting average.249
Home runs20
Runs batted in551
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Scott was born in Bluffton, Indiana. He had two brothers and a sister. His father, Lewis, had moved to Bluffton from Warren, Indiana, shortly before Everett's birth. Lewis' brother, Frame, had been a baseball player when he was younger.[1]

Scott attended Bluffton High School, where he played for the school's baseball and basketball teams.[2][3] He graduated in 1909.[2] Scott married his high school sweetheart, Gladys Watt, in 1912.[2][4]

Career

Early career

After graduating from Bluffton, Scott made his professional baseball debut in Minor League Baseball with the Kokomo Wild Cats of the Class D Northern State of Indiana League in 1909. He moved to the Fairmont Champions of the Class D Pennsylvania–West Virginia League for the remainder of the 1909 season. He began the 1910 season with Fairmont, and completed the season with Kokomo.[2] He joined the Youngstown Steelmen of the Class C Ohio–Pennsylvania League in 1911, and remained with them in 1912, when they played in the Class B Central League.[2]

Jimmy McAleer, a native of Youngstown and minority owner of the Boston Red Sox of the American League (AL), noticed Scott playing for the Steelmen.[2] On McAleer's suggestion, the Red Sox purchased Scott from Youngstown after the 1912 season,[5] and optioned him to the St. Paul Saints of the Class AA American Association.[6] Towards the end of the 1913 season, the Red Sox recalled Scott.[7]

Bill Phillips, manager of the Indianapolis Hoosiers of the outlaw Federal League, attempted to convince Scott to jump from the AL after the 1913 season by offering Scott a $4,000 contract ($101,401 today). Scott remained with the Red Sox, signing a contract for $2,500 ($62,533 today) for the 1914 season.[2][8]

Boston Red Sox

Scott made his major league debut on April 14, 1914 for the Red Sox, and had a .239 batting average with strong fielding as a rookie. His batting average dropped to .201 in the 1915 season. The Red Sox won the AL pennant, and defeated the Philadelphia Phillies in the 1915 World Series. Scott had one hit in 18 at bats during the series.[2]

On June 20, 1916, Scott began a consecutive games played streak.[9] Scott batted .232 in the 1916 season and led all AL shortstops in fielding percentage.[2][10] In the 1916 World Series, the Red Sox defeated the Brooklyn Robins. Scott had two hits in 16 at bats, and Wilbert Robinson of the Robins nicknamed Scott "Trolley Wire" due to his accurate throws.[2]

Everett Scott 1922
Scott with the Yankees in 1922

After a contract dispute, when Scott refused a pay cut from the Red Sox,[11] Scott signed a contract for the 1918 season. He batted .241 in 1917,[2] while leading AL shortstops in fielding percentage and defensive games played,[12] but the Red Sox did not win the pennant. Scott batted .221 in the 1918 season,[2] while leading AL shortstops in fielding percentage for the third consecutive season,[13] as the Red Sox won the 1918 World Series. In April 1919, Scott signed a three-year contract with the Red Sox.[2] Scott led AL shortstops in fielding percentage for the fourth consecutive season in 1919,[14] and batted .278, the highest average of his career.[2]

Scott broke George Pinkney's MLB consecutive games played streak of 577 on April 26, 1920.[15] He again led AL shortstops in fielding percentage.[16] The Red Sox named Scott team captain for the 1921 season, after the previous captain, Harry Hooper, was traded to the Chicago White Sox.[17] During spring training in 1921, Scott dealt with leg cramp that threatened his playing streak, but he was able to continue playing. Scott had 62 runs batted in on the season, and stated that it was his goal to play in 1,000 consecutive games.[2]

New York Yankees

After the 1921 season, the Red Sox traded Scott with Bullet Joe Bush and Sad Sam Jones to the New York Yankees for Rip Collins, Roger Peckinpaugh, Bill Piercy, Jack Quinn and $100,000 ($1,404,664 in current dollar terms). Del Pratt succeeded Scott as captain of the Red Sox.[18]

After Peckinpaugh, the captain of the Yankees, was traded, Babe Ruth was named the new team captain. Ruth was suspended in May 1922 and Scott was named captain in Ruth's place.[19] Scott remained the Yankees' captain through 1925.[20]

Scott played with the Yankees in the 1922 World Series. He entered the 1923 season 14 games shy of his goal of 1,000 consecutive games played, but sprained his ankle during spring training. He played on Opening Day at the newly opened Yankee Stadium, recording the first assist in the stadium's history. He played his 1,000th consecutive MLB game on May 2, 1923. U.S. Secretary of the Navy Edwin C. Denby presented Scott with a gold medal during a pregame ceremony.[2][15][21] Scott broke Perry Lipe's professional baseball record for consecutive games played of 1,127 on September 14, 1923.[22][23] By the following offseason, manager Miller Huggins began to consider ending Scott's streak.[24] Huggins benched Scott on May 6, 1925 in favor of Pee Wee Wanninger, ending his record consecutive games played streak at 1,307.[9][25]

Later career

The Washington Senators selected Scott off waivers from the New York Yankees in June 1925, paying the Yankees the waiver price of $4,000 ($57,146 today).[26] With the Senators, Scott served as Peckinpaugh's backup.[27] The Senators reached the 1925 World Series, but lost to the Pittsburgh Pirates; Scott did not appear in the series.[28]

Though it was reported that Scott would retire to manage his business in Fort Wayne, Indiana,[29] the Chicago White Sox signed Scott in February 1926.[30] The Cincinnati Reds purchased Scott from the White Sox in July 1926.[31] He played in four games for the Reds.[2]

Scott signed with the Baltimore Orioles of the International League for the 1927 season,[32] receiving his unconditionally release on August 4.[2] He signed with the Toledo Mud Hens of the American Association in August,[33] and played in 33 games for them.[2] Toledo released him after the season.[34] Scott played with the Reading Keystones of the International League in 1928, batting .315. Scott returned to the Keystones in 1929, but received his release in July 1929 after 62 games,[2] due to the team's disappointing play.[35][36]

Later life

Scott was an avid bowler, and he competed in ten-pin bowling events sanctioned by the American Bowling Congress.[37][38] He bowled against professional Hank Marino in 1931, though he lost.[39] Scott also owned bowling alleys in Fort Wayne.[40][41] He wrote a children’s book, called Third Base Thatcher, that was published in 1928.[2]

Lou Gehrig, a former teammate of Scott's on the Yankees, surpassed Scott's record of consecutive games played in August 1933 in a game against the St. Louis Browns.[41] Gehrig's streak began in 1925, by pinch hitting for Wanninger, the same season Scott's streak ended.[2][42] Scott attended the game at Sportsman's Park as a special guest of the Browns.[41]

Scott died in Parkview Hospital in Fort Wayne, Indiana at age 67. He was posthumously inducted into the Indiana Baseball Hall of Fame in 1986[43] and the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 2008.[44] The News-Sentinel named Scott the fourth-best athlete from Northeastern Indiana of the 20th century.[45][46]

See also

References

  1. ^ "One of Base Balls Great Men; Is Everette Scott Whose Father Lived Here 30 Years Ago". The Warren Tribune. May 27, 1921. p. 1. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Birch, Ray. "Everett Scott". Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  3. ^ "Bluffton Lost to Ossian". Bluffton Chronicle. October 30, 1907. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  4. ^ "Popular Everett Scott And His Charming Bride". The Youngstown Vindicator. August 22, 1912. p. 20. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  5. ^ "Everett Scott To Join Boston: Fast Local Shortstop Is To Report For Practice At Hot Springs". Bluffton Chronicle. December 18, 1912. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  6. ^ Carlson, Art (April 23, 1925). "Brief Sketches Of Big Stars". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 39. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  7. ^ "Everett Scott To Get Boost". Youngstown Vindicator. August 18, 1913. p. 17. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  8. ^ "Everett Scott Made Wise Move When He Refused to Join Federals At the Solicitation of Bill Phillips". Youngstown Vindicator. July 31, 1915. p. 1. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Shortstop Everett Scott Is Benched – Consecutive Game Record Ends at 1,307". The New York Times. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  10. ^ "1916 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  11. ^ "Phillies' Infielder Backs Fraternity". Spokane Daily Chronicle. January 29, 1917. p. 14. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  12. ^ "1917 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  13. ^ "1918 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  14. ^ "1919 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Everett Scott Plays 1000th Game Today". The Miami News. May 2, 1923. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  16. ^ "1920 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  17. ^ Wood, Allan (2000). Babe Ruth and the 1918 Red Sox. iUniverse. ISBN 0-595-14826-3.
  18. ^ "Pratt to Lead Red Sox. – Succeeds Everett Scott as Captain of Boston Americans". The New York Times. April 5, 1922. p. 18. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  19. ^ "Ruth Regrets Action; Resents Fans' Stand; Declares New York Rooters Have Not Given Him 'Square Deal' Since Return" (PDF). The New York Times. May 27, 1922. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  20. ^ Marcus, Steve (December 1, 1988). "Will Yanks Chase Captain Guidry?". Newsday. p. 150. Retrieved November 25, 2011. (subscription required)
  21. ^ "1000 Game Scott Gets Medal, Yanks Blank". Aurora Daily Star. May 3, 1923. p. 2. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  22. ^ "Year 1925 In Record Breaking". The Norwalk Hour. December 30, 1925. p. 14. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  23. ^ "Everett Scott Stretches His Record To 1,140 Games". Painesville Telegraph. April 18, 1924. p. 6. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  24. ^ "Everett Scott's Record to Stop". The Pittsburgh Press. January 11, 1924. p. 32. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  25. ^ Farrel, Henry L. (May 7, 1925). "Everett Scott Finally Bows To Father Time". Edmonton Journal. p. 20. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  26. ^ "Everett Scott Sold For $4,000". Hartford Courant. June 18, 1925. p. 13. Retrieved July 26, 2012. (subscription required)
  27. ^ Davis, Ralph (July 29, 1925). "Everett Scott's Opinion". The Pittsburgh Press. p. 26. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  28. ^ "1925 World Series: Pittsburgh Pirates over Washington Senators (4-3)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  29. ^ "Everett Scott Decides To Quit The Diamond". Boston Daily Globe. January 2, 1926. p. 6. Retrieved July 26, 2012. (subscription required)
  30. ^ "Everett Scott Signed By Chicago White Sox". Boston Daily Globe. February 17, 1926. p. A19. Retrieved July 26, 2012. (subscription required)
  31. ^ "Everett Scott Sold to Reds". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
  32. ^ "Everett Scott Will Be With Baltimore". The Pittsburgh Press. February 21, 1927. p. 28. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  33. ^ "The Milwaukee Sentinel - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  34. ^ [ Displaying Abstract ]. "BASEBALL VETERANS OUT. - Irish Meusel, Everett Scott, Joe Bush Released by Toledo Club. - Article". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
  35. ^ "Reading Releases Deacon Scott And 3 Other Veterans". The Gazette. Montreal. August 1, 1929. p. 17. Retrieved May 23, 2017.
  36. ^ "Everett Scott Signed To Play For Reading". The Baltimore Sun. January 19, 1928. p. 12. Retrieved July 26, 2012. (subscription required)
  37. ^ "Everett Scott Leads Team In A.B.C. Games". Reading Eagle. Associated Press. March 26, 1930. p. 23. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  38. ^ "Everett Scott Scheduled At A.B.C. Tonight". Reading Eagle. April 2, 1936. p. 23. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  39. ^ "16 Mar 1931, Page 12 - The Sheboygan Press at". Newspapers.com. March 16, 1931. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
  40. ^ "Everett Scott Rolls Again Tonight". The Portsmouth Times. Associated Press. April 22, 1937. p. 20. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  41. ^ a b c Fullerton Jr., Hugh S. (August 17, 1933). "Lou Sets New Playing Mark: Game Today to Break 1307 Consecutive Mark Set by Everett Scott". The Southeast Missourian. p. 8. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  42. ^ "Endurance Title Now Held By Everett Scott, To Fall Probably Next Week". The Tuscaloosa News. Associated Press. August 13, 1933. p. 8. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  43. ^ Sebring, Blake. "Before Lou Gehrig came along, Everett Scott became the first major-leaguer to play in 1,000 consecutive games". The News-Sentinel. Archived from the original on March 17, 2012. Retrieved July 26, 2012.
  44. ^ du Moulin, Peter (November 22, 2008). "Lee stands out at Sox Hall ceremony". The Times Argus. Retrieved August 13, 2012. (subscription required)
  45. ^ "Northeast Indiana's Top 50 Athletes of the 20th Century". The News-Sentinel. Archived from the original on January 29, 2016. Retrieved January 17, 2016.
  46. ^ "Our own iron man". The News-Sentinel. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 17, 2016.

External links

Preceded by
Babe Ruth
New York Yankees team captain
1922 to 1925
Succeeded by
Lou Gehrig
1914 Boston Red Sox season

The 1914 Boston Red Sox season was the fourteenth season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished second in the American League (AL) with a record of 91 wins and 62 losses.

1915 Boston Red Sox season

The 1915 Boston Red Sox season was the fifteenth season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished first in the American League (AL) with a record of 101 wins and 50 losses. The team then faced the National League (NL) champion Philadelphia Phillies in the 1915 World Series, which the Red Sox won in five games to capture the franchise's third World Series.

1916 Boston Red Sox season

The 1916 Boston Red Sox season was the sixteenth season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished first in the American League (AL) with a record of 91 wins and 63 losses. The team then faced the National League (NL) champion Brooklyn Robins in the 1916 World Series, which the Red Sox won in five games to capture the franchise's second consecutive and fourth overall World Series.

1918 Boston Red Sox season

The 1918 Boston Red Sox season was the eighteenth season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished first in the American League (AL) with a record of 75 wins and 51 losses, in a season cut short due to World War I. The team then faced the National League (NL) champion Chicago Cubs in the 1918 World Series, which the Red Sox won in six games to capture the franchise's fifth World Series. This would be the last World Series championship for the Red Sox until 2004.

The Red Sox' pitching staff, led by Carl Mays and Bullet Joe Bush, allowed the fewest runs in the league. Babe Ruth was the fourth starter and also spent significant time in the outfield, as he was the best hitter on the team, leading the AL in home runs and slugging percentage.

1919 Boston Red Sox season

The 1919 Boston Red Sox season was the nineteenth season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished sixth in the American League (AL) with a record of 66 wins and 71 losses.

Because I Said So (film)

Because I Said So is a 2007 romantic comedy film directed by Michael Lehmann and starring Diane Keaton, Mandy Moore, Lauren Graham, Piper Perabo, Gabriel Macht, Tom Everett Scott and Stephen Collins. It was released on February 2, 2007.

Boiler Room (film)

Boiler Room is a 2000 American crime drama film written and directed by Ben Younger, and starring Giovanni Ribisi, Vin Diesel, Nia Long, Ben Affleck, Nicky Katt, Scott Caan, Tom Everett Scott, Ron Rifkin, and Jamie Kennedy. Screenwriter Ben Younger interviewed for a job at brokerage firm Sterling Foster. Younger said, "I walked in and immediately realized, 'This is my movie.' I mean, you see these kids and know something is going on."

Dead Man on Campus

Dead Man on Campus is a 1998 black comedy film starring Mark-Paul Gosselaar and Tom Everett Scott. It centres on the urban legend that a student gets straight As if their roommate commits suicide (see pass by catastrophe). Two failing friends attempt to find a depressed roommate to push him over the edge and receive As.

To boost ticket sales in the theatre, the film's US release was timed with the start of the new college school year in late August 1998. It is the first film by MTV Films to have an R rating. The film was shot at University of the Pacific in Stockton, California. The Curve, also known as Dead Man's Curve, which came out in the same year, uses a similar plotline.

List of New York Yankees captains

There have been 15 captains of the New York Yankees, an American professional baseball franchise also known previously as the New York Highlanders. The position is currently vacant after the most recent captain, Derek Jeter, retired after the 2014 season, after 12 seasons as team captain. Jeter was named as the 11th officially recognized captain of the Yankees in 2003. In baseball, the captain formerly served as the on-field leader of the team, while the manager operated the team from the dugout. Today, the captain is a clubhouse leader.

The first captain officially recognized by the Yankees was Hal Chase, who served in the role from 1910 through 1912. Roger Peckinpaugh served as captain from 1914 through 1922, until he was traded to the Boston Red Sox. He was succeeded by Babe Ruth, who was quickly deposed as captain for climbing into the stands to confront a heckler. Everett Scott served as captain from 1922 through 1925. Ten years later, Lou Gehrig was named captain, serving for the remainder of his career. After the death of Gehrig, then manager Joe McCarthy declared that the Yankees would never have another captain. The position remained vacant until team owner George Steinbrenner named Thurman Munson as captain in 1976. Following Munson's death, Graig Nettles served as captain. Willie Randolph and Ron Guidry were named co-captains in 1986. Don Mattingly followed them as captain in 1991, serving until his retirement in 1995. Gehrig, Munson, Guidry, Mattingly and Jeter are the only team captains who spent their entire career with the Yankees. Jeter is the longest tenured captain in franchise history, the 2014 season being his 12th as team captain.

There is, however, some controversy over the official list. Howard W. Rosenberg, a baseball historian, found that the official count of Yankees captains failed to include Clark Griffith, the captain from 1903–1905, and Kid Elberfeld, the captain from 1906–1907, while manager Frank Chance may have served as captain in 1913.In addition, right after The New York Times reported Rosenberg's research in 2007, Society for American Baseball Research member Clifford Blau contacted him to say he had found Willie Keeler being called the team's captain in 1908 and 1909, research that Rosenberg has confirmed.

Major League Baseball consecutive games played streaks

Listed below are the longest consecutive games played in Major League Baseball history. To compile such a streak, a player must appear in every game played by his team. The streak is broken if the team completes a game in which the player neither takes a turn at bat nor plays a half-inning in the field.

The record of playing in 2,632 consecutive games over more than 16 years is held by Cal Ripken, Jr. of the Baltimore Orioles. Ripken surpassed Lou Gehrig of the New York Yankees, whose record of 2,130 consecutive games had stood for 56 years. Before Gehrig, the record was held by Everett Scott (1,307 consecutive games), a shortstop with the Red Sox and Yankees whose streak ended in 1925, less than a month before Gehrig's began. Scott broke the previous record which was established by George Pinkney (577 consecutive games) from 1885–1890.

The record for a National League player is held by Steve Garvey of the Los Angeles Dodgers and San Diego Padres (1975–1983), though Garvey's 1,207-game streak is less than half the length of Ripken's. Previous holders of the National League record include Billy Williams of the Chicago Cubs (1963–1970), Stan Musial of the St. Louis Cardinals (1952–1957), and Gus Suhr of the Pittsburgh Pirates (1931–1937).

Of the top 17 streaks on this list, 9 were compiled by members of the Baseball Hall of Fame. Two others are separate streaks compiled by Pete Rose, who was named one of the top 30 players of the 20th century but is banned from the Hall of Fame.

One True Thing

One True Thing is a 1998 American drama film directed by Carl Franklin. It tells the story of a woman who is forced to put her life on hold in order to care for her mother who is dying of cancer. It was adapted by Karen Croner from the novel by Anna Quindlen. The novel and film are based on Anna Quindlen's real life struggle with the death of her mother, Prudence Pantano Quindlen, from ovarian cancer in 1972.The film stars Meryl Streep, Renée Zellweger, William Hurt and Tom Everett Scott. Bette Midler sings the lead song, "My One True Friend", over the end credits. The track was first released on Midler's 1998 album Bathhouse Betty. It was shot in Morristown, NJ, Maplewood, NJ, as well as at the campus of Princeton University.

Parental Guidance (film)

Parental Guidance is a 2012 American family comedy film starring Billy Crystal, Bette Midler, Marisa Tomei, and Tom Everett Scott and directed by Andy Fickman. It was released on December 25, 2012. It was the final 20th Century Fox film to be financed by Dune Entertainment as part of a deal with the studio; shortly after, the company merged with RatPac Entertainment and struck a financing deal with Warner Bros.

Sexual Life

Sexual Life is a 2005 comedy-drama, independent film written and directed by Ken Kwapis, who would go on to chronicle modern romantic life in the better-known He's Just Not That Into You in 2009. Produced by Ken Aguado and distributed by Showtime Independent Films. Cast members include Azura Skye, Carla Gallo, Anne Heche, Elizabeth Banks, Tom Everett Scott, and Steven Weber.

It is adapted from Arthur Schnitzler's play La Ronde.

Tanner Hall (film)

Tanner Hall is a 2009 drama film about four girls coming of age in boarding school. It was written and directed by Princess Tatiana von Fürstenberg and Francesca Gregorini. It stars Rooney Mara, Georgia King, Brie Larson, Amy Ferguson, Tom Everett Scott, Amy Sedaris, Chris Kattan, and Shawn Pyfrom.

The film had its world premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 14, 2009, before being released on September 9, 2011, by Anchor Bay Films.

The Love Letter (1999 film)

The Love Letter is a 1999 American romantic comedy film directed by Peter Chan and starring Kate Capshaw, Ellen DeGeneres, Tom Everett Scott, and Tom Selleck. It is based on the novel by Cathleen Schine. The original music score was composed by Luis Enriquez Bacalov. The film takes place in the New England town of Loblolly-by-the-Sea.

The Rocky Horror Picture Show

The Rocky Horror Picture Show is a 1975 musical horror comedy film by 20th Century Fox, produced by Lou Adler and Michael White and directed by Jim Sharman. The screenplay was written by Sharman and actor Richard O'Brien, who is also a member of the cast. The film is based on the 1973 musical stage production The Rocky Horror Show, with music, book, and lyrics by O'Brien. The production is a parody tribute to the science fiction and horror B movies of the 1930s through to the early 1960s. Along with O'Brien, the film stars Tim Curry, Susan Sarandon, and Barry Bostwick and is narrated by Charles Gray with cast members from the original Royal Court Theatre, Roxy Theatre, and Belasco Theatre productions including Nell Campbell and Patricia Quinn.

The story centres on a young engaged couple whose car breaks down in the rain near a castle where they seek a telephone to call for help. The castle or country home is occupied by strangers in elaborate costumes celebrating an annual convention. They discover the head of the house is Dr. Frank N. Furter, an apparently mad scientist who actually is an alien transvestite who creates a living muscle man in his laboratory. The couple are seduced separately by the mad scientist and eventually released by the servants who take control.

The film was shot in the United Kingdom at Bray Studios and on location at an old country estate named Oakley Court, best known for its earlier use by Hammer Film Productions. A number of props and set pieces were reused from the Hammer horror films. Although the film is both a parody of and tribute to many kitsch science fiction and horror films, costume designer Sue Blane conducted no research for her designs. Blane stated that costumes from the film have directly affected the development of punk rock fashion trends such as ripped fishnets and dyed hair.Although largely critically panned on initial release, it soon became known as a midnight movie when audiences began participating with the film at the Waverly Theater in New York City in 1976. Audience members returned to the cinemas frequently and talked back to the screen and began dressing as the characters, spawning similar performance groups across the United States. At almost the same time, fans in costume at the King's Court Theater in Pittsburgh began performing alongside the film. This "shadow cast" mimed the actions on screen above and behind them, while lip-synching their character's lines. Still in limited release four decades after its premiere, it is the longest-running theatrical release in film history. It is often shown close to Halloween. Today, the film has a large international cult following. It was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress in 2005.

Tom Everett Scott

Thomas Everett Scott (born September 7, 1970) is an American actor. His film work includes a starring role as drummer Guy Patterson in the film That Thing You Do!, the protagonist in An American Werewolf in Paris, and notable roles in Boiler Room, One True Thing, Dead Man on Campus, The Love Letter, Because I Said So, and La La Land.

In television, he is well known for his role as detective Russell Clarke in the television series Southland, Charles Garnett in Z Nation, and for his recurring roles as Eric Wyczenski in ER, Sam Landon in Beauty & the Beast, Kevin Duval in Scream, William in Reign, and Mr. Down in 13 Reasons Why. He currently stars in the truTV sitcom I'm Sorry.

Youngstown Steelmen

The Youngstown Steelmen was a minor league baseball franchise that competed in three different leagues between 1910 and 1915. The club, based in Youngstown, Ohio, participated at various times in the Ohio–Pennsylvania League, the Tri-State League, and the Central League. The Steelmen's most notable alumnus was Everett Scott, who played with the club between 1910 and 1913. Scott later served as a shortstop for the Boston Red Sox and New York Yankees.

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