Everett, Massachusetts

Everett is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, directly north of Boston, bordering the neighborhood of Charlestown. The population was 41,667 at the time of the 2010 United States Census[4].

Everett was the last city in the United States to have a bicameral legislature,[5] which was composed of a seven-member Board of Aldermen and an eighteen-member Common Council. On November 8, 2011, the voters approved a new City Charter that will change the City Council to a unicameral body with eleven members – six ward councilors and five councilors-at-large; an event that provoked an emotional response from many Everett residents. The new City Council was elected during the 2013 City Election.

Everett, Massachusetts
Everett in winter as viewed from the Whidden Hospital in 2007.
Everett in winter as viewed from the Whidden Hospital in 2007.
Flag of Everett, Massachusetts

Flag
Official seal of Everett, Massachusetts

Seal
Motto(s): 
"City of Pride, Progress, and Possibilities"[1]
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Everett, Massachusetts is located in the United States
Everett, Massachusetts
Everett, Massachusetts
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°24′30″N 71°03′15″W / 42.40833°N 71.05417°WCoordinates: 42°24′30″N 71°03′15″W / 42.40833°N 71.05417°W
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountyMiddlesex
Settled1630
Incorporated1870
City1892
Government
 • TypeMayor-council city
 • MayorCarlo DeMaria, Jr.
Area
 • Total3.7 sq mi (9.5 km2)
 • Land3.4 sq mi (8.8 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 • Total41,667
 • Estimate 
(2016)[3]
46,340
 • Density11,000/sq mi (4,400/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EST)
ZIP code
02149
Area code(s)617 / 857
FIPS code25-21990
GNIS feature ID0612739
Websitecityofeverett.com

History

Everett was originally part of Charlestown, and later Malden. It separated from Malden in 1870.[6] In 1892, Everett changed from a town to a city. On December 13, 1892, Alonzo H. Evans defeated George E. Smith to become Everett's first Mayor.[7]

The city was named after Edward Everett,[8] who served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also served as President of Harvard University.[9]

In 1971, Distrigas of Massachusetts begins importing liquefied natural gas (LNG) at its Everett Marine Terminal in the Island End section of Everett.[10] This terminal was the first of its kind in the country.[11]

Everett's business district is focused on Broadway, with many businesses and restaurants long the route. Everett Square is a small bus-hub with bus routes 104, 109, 110, 112 and 97, all served by MBTA. A bus lane exists on Broadway, from Glendale Square (Ferry Street), to Sweetser Circle. The Everett City Hall, Everett Fire Department, Parlin Memorial Library, and a few health centers, businesses and restaurants are centered around Everett Square on Broadway, Norwood St and Chelsea St. Everett Stadium is also near the Square. Route 16 is just south of the Square, allowing quick access to a major highway. Besides Everett Square, Gateway Center just off Route 16 in Everett is a major retail-shopping district, with big stores like Target, The Home Depot, Costco and many more. The Encore Boston Harbor Casino (formerly called the Wynn Casino and Resort of Boston) in Everett construction is expected to be underway or complete by 2020.

Everett has an increasing population as people are seeking new households near downtown Boston while not having to pay the higher prices of living now associated with surrounding municipalities, such as those in neighborhoods of Boston, Cambridge, or Somerville.

Geography

Everett is bordered by Malden on the north, Revere on the east, Chelsea on the southeast, Somerville and Medford on the west, Boston and the Mystic River on the south at Charlestown. Everett is a major part of the Port of Boston.

Some of Everett's neighborhoods are Glendale, Woodlawn, the Village, and the Line. Glendale Park is the city's largest park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), of which 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (7.63%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18702,220—    
18804,159+87.3%
189011,068+166.1%
190024,336+119.9%
191033,484+37.6%
192040,120+19.8%
193048,424+20.7%
194046,784−3.4%
195045,982−1.7%
196043,544−5.3%
197042,485−2.4%
198037,195−12.5%
199035,701−4.0%
200038,037+6.5%
201041,667+9.5%
201646,340+11.2%
* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[20]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 41,667 people, 15,435 households, and 9,554 families residing in the city. The population density was 11,241.1 people per square mile (4,345.0/km²). There were 15,908 housing units at an average density of 4,701.3 per square mile (1,817.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 53.6% Non-Hispanic Whites, 14.3% African American, 4.8% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, and 3.8% were multiracial. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.1% of the population (9.3% Salvadoran, 3.0% Puerto Rican, 1.1% Colombian, 1.1% Dominican, 1.0% Guatemalan, 0.8% Mexican).[21] The city also has a large number of people of Brazilian and Italian descent.[22]

There were 15,435 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.11.

The population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,737. The median income for a family is $49,876. Males had a median income of $36,047 versus $30,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,876. About 9.2% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Foreign-born residents

In 2010, 33% of the residents of Everett were born outside the United States. This percentage was around 11% in 1990.[23]

Government

Government type

Everett has a mayor-council form of government, where the mayor serves a four-year term. The Everett city council was the last existing bicameral legislature in any American city, consisting of a Board of Aldermen and a Common Council. As of November 8, 2011, it became a unicameral City Council.

Board of Aldermen

The Board of Aldermen consisted of seven members one from each of the City's six wards and one Alderman-at-Large. All Aldermen were elected citywide for a term of two years.

In addition to the duties they shared with the Common Council, the Board of Aldermen was the licensing authority in the City and approved licenses for motor dealers, second-hand dealers, awnings, lodging houses, junk dealers, pool tables, open-air parking lots, coin-operated devices, Lord's Day licenses, antique and precious metal dealers.

Common Council

The Common Council consisted of three members elected per ward for a total of eighteen members. The Common Council shared equal responsibility for most legislative actions with the exception of licensing and confirmation of most Mayoral appointees.

Voter party enrollment

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 15, 2008[24]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 9,970 52.02%
Republican 975 5.09%
Unaffiliated 8,099 42.25%
Minor Parties 123 0.64%
Total 19,167 100%

Education

Everett has eight public schools, which include six elementary schools, five K-8 schools, and one high school, Everett High School. The city also has one Private K-8 school and one high school, Pope John XXIII High School. Everett High School moved to its new location, at 100 Elm Street, beginning in the 2007–2008 school year.

Sites of interest

Part of the historic Revere Beach Parkway listed on the National Register of Historic Places, lies in Everett. On September 16, 2014, the Massachusetts Gaming Commission voted to approve Wynn Resorts’ proposal for a $1.6 billion casino to be located in Everett. It's now owned and operated by Encore, named Encore Boston Harbor Resort, and opened in summer 2019.[25]

Industries

The Mystic Generating Station has been producing electricity since the early twentieth century. It was built by Boston Edison and is now operated by Exelon. It has the largest capacity of any electrical plant in the state.

The Leavitt Corporation has been manufacturing its trademark Teddie Peanut Butter in the city since 1924.

Notable people

See also Category:People from Everett, Massachusetts

Everett Square, Everett, MA
View of Everett Square in 1902
1852 Middlesex Canal (Massachusetts) map
1852 Map of the Boston area showing South Malden, which later became Everett

In popular culture

References

  1. ^ "City of Everett Massachusetts". City of Everett. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/everettcitymassachusetts
  3. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/everettcitymassachusetts
  5. ^ "City of Everett City Council". City of Everett. Archived from the original on 2013-08-26. Retrieved 2013-07-16.
  6. ^ Hogan, Julia Rich. "Town of Everett / 1870–1892" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  7. ^ "City of Everett / 1892–1970" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 1, 2012. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122.
  9. ^ "Profile for Everett, Massachusetts". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-16.
  10. ^ "Distrigas". Everett Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  11. ^ Gellerman, Bruce (March 11, 2015). "Old System, New Solution?: Liquefied Natural Gas Could Be Pipeline Alternative". WBUR. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  12. ^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  13. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 3, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2003-03-13. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "1950 Census of Population (Volume 1)" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21–10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  17. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21–5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  20. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  21. ^ "American FactFinder – Results  ". Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  22. ^ "Everett (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-07-16.
  23. ^ Sacchetti, Maria. "A melting pot stretches out to the suburbs." Boston Globe. September 15, 2010. p. 1 (Archive). Retrieved on September 23, 2014.
  24. ^ "2008 State Party Election Party Enrollment Statistics" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
  25. ^ WBUR News & Wire Services (16 September 2014). "Panel Picks Wynn's Everett Casino Proposal". WBUR. Retrieved 20 September 2014.

Further reading

External links

A. David Mazzone

A. David Mazzone (June 3, 1928 – October 25, 2004) served for twenty-six years as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts."He will forever be remembered by the people of Massachusetts for his landmark rulings that led to the cleanup of Boston Harbor," United States Senator Edward M. Kennedy said to the Boston Globe shortly after Mazzone's death in October 2004.

Diamond Ferri

Diamond M. Ferri (born August 6, 1981) is a former American and Canadian football linebacker and American football running back that played in the Canadian Football League (CFL) and National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Syracuse University.

Ellen Pompeo

Ellen Kathleen Pompeo (born November 10, 1969) is an American actress, director, and producer. She is one of the highest paid television actors, having signed a $20 million annual contract with the American Broadcasting Company in late 2017 for her on-going role in Grey's Anatomy. She was honored with the 2007 Special Achievement in Entertaining by the National Italian American Foundation for her contributions to the entertainment industry.

Born in Everett, Massachusetts, Pompeo moved to Miami then to New York City, where she was discovered by a casting director who signed her for an advertisement campaign for L'Oreal. She made her screen debut with NBC's legal drama Law & Order and then guest-starred in other television shows, including the comedy Strangers with Candy, the medical drama Strong Medicine and Friends. Pompeo made her feature film debut in 1999 with the romantic comedy Coming Soon, and went on to play minor roles in films like In the Weeds and Mambo Café but found little success initially. A turning point came in her career in 2002, when she gained wide recognition for her starring role in Brad Silberling's drama Moonlight Mile.

Pompeo was then cast in ABC's popular medical drama Grey's Anatomy, and garnered worldwide recognition for her portrayal of the title character Dr. Meredith Grey. The role on the long running series earned her a Golden Globe nomination and a Screen Actors Guild Award. The character became widely popular, making Pompeo one of the most renowned television actresses. In 2016, Pompeo was ranked fourth in the list of highest paid TV actresses by Forbes, with earnings of $14.5 million; she became the third highest paid female and the fifth highest paid actor overall in 2018 with earnings of $23.5 million. She was also the highest ranked actor from a drama series on the list.

Pompeo's other notable film roles include the comedy Old School (2003), the superhero film Daredevil (2003), the caper film Art Heist (2004), and the comedy drama Life of the Party (2005). In addition to her acting career, she has directed two episodes for Grey's Anatomy and also founded a production company Calamity Jane. Pompeo married Chris Ivery in 2007 and the couple have three children together.

Everett High School (Massachusetts)

Everett High School is a public high school in Everett, Massachusetts operated by Everett Public Schools. The school's previous building was located on Broadway in Everett for almost a century. A new high school was built on Elm Street, which opened in September 2007.

General Electric Everett Plant

General Electric Everett Plant, formerly known as Air Force Plant 28, was a plant operated by General Electric from 1941 into the 1980s in Everett, Massachusetts. It was situated along the Malden River on a forty-three acre tract, covering 344,342 square feet. The facility, before it was demolished, was the location of ten smaller buildings and one large manufacturing facility. At the time, it was also home to machining, metal stamping, welding, grinding, cleaning and parts testing. Previously, the plant also was home to metal plating. The plant was closed after General Electric decided to consolidate manufacturing at other plants across the country, including to that in nearby Lynn, where parts from Everett were assembled into engines.

George J. Mead

George Jackson Mead (December 27, 1891 Everett, Massachusetts – January 20, 1949 Hartford, Connecticut) was an American aircraft engineer. He is best known as one of the chief founding team members, together with Frederick Rentschler, of Pratt & Whitney Aircraft. Mead and Rentschler left Wright Aeronautical with the plan to start their own aviation-related business; they founded Pratt & Whitney Aircraft in July 1925. Their first project was to build a new, large, air-cooled, radial aircraft engine of Mead's design, which soon came to be named the Wasp. The first Wasp model was the R-1340, and a large series of Wasp models and Hornet models followed. Mead, as Vice President of Engineering, was the head of engineering for Pratt & Whitney from 1925 to 1935. He later left Pratt & Whitney and its parent United Aircraft. He served as the president of the U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), and he served as head of the aeronautical section of the National Defense Advisory Commission during World War II, as a manager in the U.S. government's war materiel production effort.

George Keverian

George Keverian (June 3, 1931 – March 6, 2009) was an American Democratic Party politician who served as the Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1985 until 1991. In his role in the legislature, he was an advocate for greater openness in leadership, free speech and government reform.

Hermon Atkins MacNeil

Hermon Atkins MacNeil (February 27, 1866 – October 2, 1947) was an American sculptor born in Everett, Massachusetts. He is known for designing the Standing Liberty quarter, and for sculpting Justice, the Guardian of Liberty on the east pediment of the United States Supreme Court building.

Joe McGonagle

Joseph W. McGonagle, Jr., is a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives. A resident of Everett, Massachusetts, he was elected as a Democrat to represent the 28th Middlesex district. McGonagle is a former Everett city councillor.

John Kronus

George B. Caiazzo (January 13, 1969 – July 18, 2007) was an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, John Kronus and later "Kronus". Caiazzo worked for Extreme Championship Wrestling, the United States Wrestling Association and Xtreme Pro Wrestling. He was perhaps best known as one-half of the tag team The Eliminators with Perry Saturn.

Johnny Dell Isola

John Joseph Del Isola (February 12, 1912 – October 23, 1986) was an American football offensive lineman for the New York Giants of the National Football League.

Mario Giannelli

Mario M. Giannelli (December 24, 1920 – July 2, 2003), nicknamed "Yo-Yo", was an American football guard in the National Football League. He played for the Philadelphia Eagles for four seasons from 1948–1951. He was drafted by the Boston Yanks in the twentieth round of the 1945 NFL Draft, but did not play for them. He played college football at Boston College.

Moody Sarno

Amerino J. "Moody" Sarno (September 21, 1914 – November 9, 1997) was an American football player and coach. An All-American at Fordham University, he played on the same offensive line as future Pro Football Hall of Famer Vince Lombardi. On March 30, 1941, he was hired as Boston College's line coach. He became the Eagles head coach in 1943 after head coach Denny Myers joined the United States Navy. Sarno himself was the only member of the Boston College coaching staff not to join the United States Armed Forces. In three seasons as head coach at Boston College, he had an 11–7–1 record, including an unbeaten 1943 season. He later served as head coach at his former school, Everett High School in Everett, Massachusetts, from 1955 to 1982. In 28 seasons at Everett, he finished with a 128–116–11 record and won four state championships (1961, 1962, 1964, 1965).

Pope John XXIII High School (Everett, Massachusetts)

Pope John XXIII High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Everett, Massachusetts, in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston.

The school was established in 1965. It is an independent, coeducational, Catholic college preparatory school serving the metro Boston area. In 2016, Roncalli Prep, recognizing Pope John XXIII's name before taking John as his name ( Grade 8 ) was added to the student body. Roncalli Prep attracts Catholic students from the public school system seeking an advanced curriculum including STEM science, honors algebra, honors Spanish and the humanities.

Due to financial difficulties, the school closed on May 31, 2019.

Ralph Pasquariello

Ralph Angelo Pasquariello (May 30, 1926 – January 5, 1999) was a professional American football fullback for the Los Angeles Rams and Chicago Cardinals.

Ross O'Hanley

Ross O'Hanley (February 2, 1939 – April 7, 1972) was an American football safety with the Boston Patriots of the American Football League from 1960 to 1965. He was an All-League AFL player in 1960.

Sumner G. Whittier

Sumner Gage Whittier (July 4, 1911 – January 8, 2010) was an American politician who served two two-year terms as the 58th Lieutenant Governor for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1953 to 1957. He was the Republican candidate for Governor in 1956, but lost to Democrat Foster Furcolo. He was then appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to head the U.S. Veterans Administration, a position he held until 1961. Thereafter he headed SSI at the Social Security Administration in Baltimore and worked there until age 80.

Previously he was an Alderman in the City of Everett, a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and a Massachusetts Senator. He graduated from Boston University in 1936. The Sumner G. Whittier School in Everett is named after him.

Whittier lived in Ellicott City, Maryland. He died on January 8, 2010.

Torbert Macdonald

Torbert Hart Macdonald (June 6, 1917 – May 21, 1976), nicknamed Torby, was an American politician from Massachusetts. He served as a

Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives serving from 1955 until his death from internal hemorrhage in Bethesda, Maryland in 1976.

Macdonald was born in Everett, Massachusetts in 1917 and grew up in Malden, Massachusetts. After several years in public school, he entered Phillips Academy in Andover. Macdonald attended Harvard University, where he was captain of the football team and the roommate of John F. Kennedy. They remained close friends throughout their lives, with Macdonald serving as an usher at then-Senator Kennedy's wedding and as an honorary pallbearer at President Kennedy's funeral. At Harvard, Macdonald earned his B.A. in 1940 and his LL.B. in 1946 from its law school.

Macdonald served in the United States Navy as a PT boat commander in the Southwest Pacific theater from 1942 to 1944 and was awarded the Silver Star, Purple Heart and Presidential Unit Commendation. He was admitted to the bar in 1946 and commenced the practice of law in Boston, Massachusetts as a partner in the firm of Stoneman, Macdonald & Chandler. Macdonald was a member of the National Labor Relations Board for the New England area from 1948 to 1952, and he was a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1960, 1964, and 1968.

Macdonald was elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fourth Congress in 1954. During his career, he served as Majority Whip, and as ranking Democrat on the House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. He was often referred to as the "Father of Public Broadcasting", since he was one of the legislators primarily responsible for Public Broadcasting Act of 1967. He was also responsible for the "sports blackout bill" which provides for the broadcast of local sold -out sporting contests. Another focus was his effort to reform campaign broadcasting practices, addressing his concern that competent candidates were being priced out of the process, and others were buying their way in. While recognized as an active legislator, he was also justly noted for his high level of service to individual constituents and their problems. His sharp wit and sense of humor garnered him among his Congressional colleagues the nickname "The Needle". He was reelected ten times, and died in office on May 21, 1976, in Bethesda, Maryland.

He married actress Phyllis Brooks June 23, 1945, in Tarrytown, New York, and they remained married until his death. They had four children, the eldest of whom was President Kennedy's godson.

Macdonald was interred in Holy Cross Cemetery in Malden, Massachusetts.

Torb Macdonald is portrayed in the 1993 movie JFK: Reckless Youth.

Wynn Resorts

Wynn Resorts Ltd. is an American publicly traded corporation based in Paradise, Nevada that is a developer and operator of high end hotels and casinos. It was founded in 2002 by former Mirage Resorts Chairman and CEO Steve Wynn, and is now run by CEO Matthew Maddox. As of 2018, the company has developed five properties and was building a sixth.

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