Eutropius (historian)

Flavius Eutropius (fl. around AD 360) was a Roman historian.

Life

Eutropius is said to have come from Burdigala (Bordeaux),[1] the capital of Roman Aquitaine in what is now southwestern France. He was almost certainly a pagan and remained one under the emperor Julian's Christian successors.[1]

He served as the imperial secretary (Latin: magister memoriae) in Constantinople. He accompanied Julian the Apostate (r 361–363) on his expedition against the Parthians in 363.[1] He survived at least as long as the reign of the emperor Valens (364–378), to whom he dedicated his Summary of Roman History.

His history ends during Valens's reign but he possibly survived and held high office in later years as well: a "Eutropius" is known to have served as praetorian prefect for Illyria in 380 and imperial consul—with the emperor Valentinian II—in 387.[1][2]

Work

His Summary of Roman History (Latin: Breviarium Historiae Romanae) is a ten-chapter compendium of Roman history from its foundation to the accession of Valens. It was compiled with considerable care from the best accessible authorities; it was written in a clear and simple style; and it treats its subjects with general impartiality.[1] For the Republican period, Eutropius depended upon an epitome of Livy. For the Empire, he appears to have used Suetonius and the now lost Enmannsche Kaisergeschichte. At the end, he probably made use of his own personal experiences.[3]

Legacy

The independent value of his Summary is small, but it sometimes fills a gap left by the more authoritative records. It is particularly useful to historians for its account of the First Punic War, as no copy of Livy's original books for that period have survived.

Its stylistic and methodological virtues caused it to be much used by later Roman chroniclers.[1] In particular, it received expanded editions by Paul the Deacon and Landolf Sagax[4] that repeated the original text and then continued it into the reigns of Justinian the Great and Leo the Armenian respectively. It was translated into Greek by Paeanius around 380[1] and by Capito Lycius in the 6th century. The latter has survived almost in its entirety.

Although Eutropius's style contains some idiosyncrasies, the work's plain style made it long a favorite elementary Latin schoolbook. A scholarly edition was compiled by H. Droysen in 1879, containing Capito Lycius's Greek edition and the expanded Latin editions of Paul and Landolf. There have been numerous English editions and translations, including Bird's.[5]

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Lieu (1998), p. 77.
  2. ^ Bird (1993), pp. vii & seq.
  3. ^ Bird (1993), pp. xliv & seq.
  4. ^ Landolfus Sagax, Historia Miscella, about AD 1000.
  5. ^ Bird (1993).

Bibliography

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Eutropius" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 958.
  • Bird, Harold W., ed. (1993), Breviarium, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, ISBN 978-0853232087.
  • Den Boer, Willem (1972), Some Minor Roman Historians, Leiden: Brill, pp. 114 & seq., ISBN 90-04-03545-1
  • Lieu, Samuel N. C. (1998), "Eutropius", Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. IX, Fasc. 1, p. 77.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Honorius,
Flavius Euodius
Consul of the Roman Empire
387
with Valentinian II
Succeeded by
Magnus Maximus,
Theodosius I,
Maternus Cynegius
Eutropius

Eutropius or Eutropios may refer to:

Eutropius (historian) (4th century)

Eutropius (consul) (died 399)

Saint and Bishop Eutropius of Saintes (3rd century)

Saint and Bishop Eutropius of Orange (5th century)

Bishop Eutropius of Valencia (died 610)

Jofroi of Waterford

Jofroi of Waterford (fl. 1300) was a French translator.

Probably a native of Waterford in Ireland, Jofroi was a Dominican, apparently based in Paris, where he produced translations of Latin works into the French language. "He has no surviving connection with Ireland other than his name. It appears from an allusion in his work that he was based in Paris."Jofroi's known translations are:

translation of the Secretum Secretorum, one of the most widely read books in Western Europe in the Late Middle Ages. Jofroi's French was later translated into English.

translation of a history of the Trojan War, authorship attributed to Dares Phrygius (pseudepigraphical). (Another book widely circulated in Latin in the Late Middle Ages.)

translation of a history of Rome by Eutropius (historian). (Once again, a popular book in Latin).

a co-translation, with Servais Copale, of three prose poemsHis original work is a catalogue of all the known wines and ales of Europe.

List of ancient Romans

This an alphabetical List of ancient Romans. These include citizens of ancient Rome remembered in history.

Note that some persons may be listed multiple times, once for each part of the name.

See also: List of Roman Emperors – Consuls and other magistrates of Rome – List of famous generals – Roman Emperors - List of distinguished Roman women – List of ancient European doctors

The Historians' History of the World

The Historians' History of the World, subtitled A Comprehensive Narrative of the Rise and Development of Nations as Recorded by over two thousand of the Great Writers of all Ages, is a 25-volume encyclopedia of world history originally published in English near the beginning of the 20th century. It was compiled by Henry Smith Williams, a medical doctor and author of many books on medicine, science, and history, as well as other authorities on history, and published in New York in 1902 by Encyclopædia Britannica and the Outlook Company. It was also published in London printed by Morrison & Gibb Limited, of Edinburgh. A second edition was published in 1907 in London by The Times. Two further volumes were subsequently released in the 5th edition of 1926, titled "These eventful years" and dealing with the First World War, published by Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Others involved were historian Walter Lynwood Fleming, and Rupert Hughes as editor.Digital reproductions of the volumes are available via the Google Books project (links below). Most have been converted to the DjVu file format and made available on archive.org.

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