Eustache Le Sueur

Eustache Le Sueur or Lesueur (19 November 1617 – 30 April 1655) was a French artist and one of the founders of the French Academy of Painting. He is known primarily for his paintings of religious subjects.

Eustache le sueur
Eustache Le Sueur
Eustache Le Sueur 001
Eustache Le Sueur, Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple, c. 1640–1645, Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg

Training and career

He was born in Paris, where he spent his entire life. His father, Cathelin Le Sueur, a turner and sculptor in wood, placed him with Vouet, in whose studio he rapidly distinguished himself. Admitted at an early age into the guild of master-painters, he left them to take part in establishing the academy of painting and sculpture, and was one of the first twelve professors of that body.

Rape of Tamar - Le Seur
Rape of Tamar, c. 1640

Some paintings, illustrative of the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, which were reproduced in tapestry, brought him into notice, and his reputation was further enhanced by a series of decorations (Louvre) in the mansion of Lambert de Thorigny, which he left uncompleted, for their execution was frequently interrupted by other commissions. Amongst these were several pictures for the apartments of the king and queen in the Louvre, which are now missing, although they were entered in Bailly's inventory (1710); but several works produced for minor patrons have come down to us.

In the gallery of the Louvre are the Angel and Hagar, from the mansion of De Tonnay Charente; Tobias and Tobit, from the Fieubet collection; several pictures executed for the church of Saint Gervais; the Martyrdom of St Lawrence, from Saint Germain de l'Auxerrois; two very fine works from the destroyed abbey of Marmoutiers; St Paul preaching at Ephesus, one of Le Sueur's most complete and thorough performances, painted for the goldsmiths corporation in 1649; and his famous series of the Life of St Bruno, executed in the cloister of the Chartreux. These last have more personal character than anything else Le Sueur produced, and much of their original beauty survives in spite of injuries and restorations and removal from the wall to canvas. The Louvre also possesses many fine drawings (reproduced by Braun), of which Le Sueur left an incredible quantity, chiefly executed in black and white chalk.

His pupils, who aided him much in his work, were his wife's brother, Theodore Goussé, and three brothers of his own, as well as Claude Lefèbvre and Pierre Patel the landscape painter. Most of his works have been engraved, chiefly by Picart, B. Audran, Leclerc, Drevet, Chauveau, Poilly and Desplaces.

Style

It is considered that Le Sueur's work lent itself readily to the engraver's art, as he had a delicate perception of varied shades of grave and elevated sentiment, and possessed the power to render them. His graceful facility in composition was always restrained by a very fine taste, but his works often fail to please completely, because, producing so much, he had too frequent recourse to conventional types, and partly because he rarely saw colour except with the cold and clayey quality proper to the school of Vouet; yet his St Paul at Ephesus and one or two other works show that he was not naturally deficient in this sense, and whenever we get direct reference to nature—as in the monks of the St Bruno series – we recognize his admirable power to read and render physiognomy of varied and serious type.[1]

References

  1. ^ Guillet de St Georges, Mm. mid.; C Blanc, Histoire des peintres; Vitet, Catalogue des tableaux du Louvre; d'Argenville, Vies des peintres

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Le Sueur, Eustache" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 499–500.

External links

1617 in France

Events from the year 1617 in France.

1617 in art

Events from the year 1617 in art.

1655

1655 (MDCLV)

was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1655th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 655th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1655, the Gregorian calendar was

10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1655 in art

Events from the year 1655 in art.

Arthéna

Arthena is a French Association pour la diffusion de l'histoire de l'art which regularly publishes art history books and most particularly catalogues.

Atticism

Atticism (meaning "favouring Attica", the region of Athens in Greece) was a rhetorical movement that began in the first quarter of the 1st century BC; it may also refer to the wordings and phrasings typical of this movement, in contrast with various contemporary forms of Koine Greek (both literary and vulgar), which continued to evolve in directions guided by the common usages of Hellenistic Greek.

Atticism was portrayed as a return to Classical methods after what was perceived as the pretentious style of the Hellenistic, Sophist rhetoric and called for a return to the approaches of the Attic orators.

Although the plainer language of Atticism eventually became as belabored and ornate as the perorations it sought to replace, its original simplicity meant that it remained universally comprehensible throughout the Greek world. This helped maintain vital cultural links across the Mediterranean and beyond. Admired and popularly imitated writers such as Lucian also adopted Atticism, so that the style survived until the Renaissance, when it was taken up by non-Greek students of Byzantine expatriates. Renaissance scholarship, the basis of modern scholarship in the west, nurtured strong Classical and Attic views, continuing Atticism for another four centuries.

Represented at its height by rhetoricians such as Dionysius of Halicarnassus, and grammarians such as Herodian and Phrynichus Arabius at Alexandria, this tendency prevailed from the 1st century BC onward, and with the force of an ecclesiastical dogma controlled all subsequent Greek culture, even so that the living form of the Greek language, even then being transformed into modern Greek much later, was quite obscured and only occasionally found expression, chiefly in private documents, though also in popular literature.

For instance, there were literary writers such as Strabo, Plutarch, and Josephus who intentionally withdrew from this way of expression (classical Greek) in favor of the common form of Greek.

In painting, the so-called "Parisian Atticism" is a particular movemement in French painting of the 17th century, spanning approximatively between 1640 and 1660, when famous painters working in Paris like Eustache Le Sueur or Jacques Stella elaborated a rigorous classicist style, characterized by a research of sobriety, luminosity and harmony and references to the Greco-Roman world.

Book burning at Ephesus

The book burning at Ephesus is an incident recorded in the Book of Acts in which Christian converts at Ephesus, influenced by Saint Paul, burned their books of magic. Acts 19 records how "a number of those who had practiced magic arts brought their books together and burned them in the sight of all. And they counted the value of them and found it came to fifty thousand pieces of silver" (v. 19, ESV).

The next verse relates how "the word of the Lord continued to increase and prevail mightily". Simon Kistemaker sees these things as closely connected: "The city of Ephesus purged itself of bad literature by burning magic books and became the depository of sacred literature that made up the canon of the New Testament."

Charles-Nicolas Cochin the Elder

Charles Nicolas Cochin the Elder (29 April 1688 – 5 July 1754) was a French line-engraver.

He was born in Paris in 1688. His father, Charles Cochin, was a painter, and Charles Nicolas followed the same profession until he was twenty-two years of age, when he abandoned painting and devoted himself entirely to engraving. In 1731 he became an Academician, and on the occasion of his reception engraved the portraits of Jacques Sarrazin and Eustache Le Sueur. He then turned his attention to the fancy subjects of Watteau, Lancret, and Chardin, after whom he executed several fine works. He also assisted his son, Charles Nicolas Cochin, with the plates of the ceremonies at the marriage of the Dauphin with the Infanta of Spain in 1745. He died in Paris in 1754, having engraved about one hundred plates, among which are many vignettes for the 'Virgil' of 1742 and other books. The undermentioned are his best works:

La Mariée de Village; after Watteau.

Decoration du Bal paré; after C. N. Cochin, Fils. 1745.

Decoration du Bal masque; after the same. 1745.

Decoration et Dessein du Jeu tenu par le Roy et la Reine, 1747; after the same.

Le Jeu du Pied-de-boeuf; after De Troy.

Le Jeu de Colin-Maillard; after Lancret.

Fuyez Iris; after the same.

L'Amant sans gêne; after the same.

La Blanchisseuse: La Fontaine; after Chardin.

L'Ecureuse : Le Garçon Cabaretier; after the same.

The Funeral of the Queen of Sardinia, 1735; after Perault and Slodtz.Louise-Magdeleine Horthemels, the wife of Cochin, likewise practised engraving. She was born in Paris in 1686, and married in 1713. Among the plates which she executed two of the best are 'La Charmante Catin' and 'Le Chanteur de Cantiques,' which form part of the set of the 'Charges des Rues de Paris,' designed by her son.

She also completed his large plate of the 'Feu d'artifice ' at Rome, which greeted the birth of the Dauphin in 1729, and often assisted him in other works. She died in Paris in 1767.

Further details respecting Cochin and his works are to be found in MM. Portalis and Béraldi's 'Graveurs da dix-huitième siècle,' i. 492-502.

Christophe Guérin

Christophe Guérin (1758 - 1831) was a French engraver and painter. He is notable for his engravings and his reproductions of paintings by Raphael and Corregio.

Hôtel Lambert

The Hôtel Lambert (pronounced [otɛl lɑ̃bɛːʁ]) is a hôtel particulier, a grand mansion townhouse, on the Quai Anjou on the eastern tip of the Île Saint-Louis, in 4th arrondissement of Paris. In the 19th century, the name Hôtel Lambert also came to designate a political faction of Polish exiles associated with Prince Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, who had purchased the Hôtel Lambert.

Le Sueur (surname)

Le Sueur or Lesueur is a French surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Hubert Le Sueur ((c. 1580[1] – 1658), French sculptor

Jean Le Sueur ((c. 1598 – 1668, also known as Abbé Saint-Sauveur), French-born Quebecois priest

Eustache Le Sueur (1617 – 1655), painter and a founder of the French Academy

Pierre-Charles Le Sueur (c. 1657 – 1704), French trapper and explorer of North America

Jacques-François le Sueur (fl. 1704 – 1754), French Jesuit missionary and linguist of the Abnaki in Canada

Jacques-Philippe Le Sueur (1759–1830), French sculptor

Jean-François Le Sueur (1760 – 1837), French composer

Charles Alexandre Lesueur (1778 – 1846), French naturalist-illustrator and explorer of Australia

Pierre-Étienne Lesueur (fl. 1791 1810), French painter

Marie Lesieur (1799 – 1890), known as Lesueur, French ballet dancer

Georges Lesueur (1834–1910), French engineer, public works contractor, Senator of Algeria from 1888 to 1897

Daniel Lesueur, pen name of Jeanne Lapauze, née Loiseau (1860–1920), French poet and novelist

Arthur LeSueur (1867?–1950?), American socialist newspaper editor and Socialist mayor of Minot, North Dakota

Florence LeSueur (1898 – 1991), African-American civil rights activist and the first female president of a NAACP chapter

Meridel Le Sueur nee Wharton (1900 – 1996), American writer and political activist, stepdaughter of Arthur Le Sueur

Hal LeSueur (c.1901 or 1904 – 1963), American actor and elder brother of Joan Crawford

Lucille Fay LeSueur, real name of Joan Crawford (c.1904 or 1912 – 1977), film actress and sister of Hal

Raoul Lesueur (1912 – 1981), French cyclist

Terry Le Sueur (born 1942?), politician and Chief Minister of Jersey

Clinton LeSueur (born 1969), Mississippi politician

Emily LeSueur (born 1972), US synchronized swimmer

Éloyse Lesueur (born 1988), French long jumper

Lorens Pasch the Younger

Lorens or Lorenz Pasch the Younger (1733–1805) was a Swedish painter.

May (painting)

The Mays were a series of paintings in 17th and early 18th century Paris. They were commissioned by the goldsmiths' guild of Paris to offer to the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris in the early days of the month of May. The tradition began in 1630 and one painting was offered each year between then and 1707, with the exception of 1683 and 1694.

Muses

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, the Muses (Ancient Greek: Μοῦσαι, Moũsai) are the inspirational goddesses of literature, science, and the arts. They are considered the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry, lyric songs, and myths that were related orally for centuries in these ancient cultures.

In current English usage, "muse" can refer in general to a person who inspires an artist, musician, or writer.

Musée Magnin

The Musée Magnin is a national museum in the French city of Dijon in Burgundy, with a collection of around 2,000 works of art collected by Maurice Magnin and his sister Jeanne and bequeathed to the state in 1938 along with the hôtel Lantin, a 17th-century hôtel particulier in the old-town quarter of Dijon where it is now displayed as an amateur collector's cabinet of curiosities and as the Magnin family home.

Musée Thomas-Henry

The Musée des beaux-arts Thomas Henry is a museum at Cherbourg-Octeville (Manche) with around 300 artworks, mainly paintings from the 15th to 19th centuries. It has been rated as the third most important collection in Normandy.

Musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen

The musée des Beaux-Arts de Rouen is an art museum in Rouen, Normandy, France. Founded in 1801 by Napoleon I, its current building was built between 1880 and 1888 and underwent complete renovation in 1994. It houses painting, sculpture, drawing and decorative art collections.

Musée des beaux-arts de Marseille

The Musée des beaux-arts de Marseille is one of the main museums in the city of Marseille, in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region.

It occupies a wing of the Palais Longchamp, and displays a collection of paintings, sculptures and drawings from the 16th to 19th centuries.

Roger de Piles' artists from France

Roger de Piles's L'Abrégé de la vie des peintres...avec un traité du peintre parfait (The Art of Painting and the Lives of the Painters), was a major art biography of painters. It was written by the French spy Roger de Piles. In 1692, during the War of the League of Augsburg, he was arrested in the Hague carrying a false passport and imprisoned for the next five years, where he wote his L'Abrégé in 7 parts; 1) Sketch of the perfect painter, 2) Greek painters; 3) Painters from Rome & Florence; 4) Painters from Venice; 5) Painters from Lombardy; 6) Painters from Germany and the Low Countries; 7) Painters from France and ending with his famous "Balance of painters". The book was finally published in 1699 following his appointment as Conseiller Honoraire to the Académie de peinture et de sculpture in Paris.

Part 7, Painters from France, includes in order of appearance in the text, the following list of artists:

Jean Cousin the Elder (1500–1570), p 447

Jacob Bunel (1568–1614), p 449

Toussaint Dubreuil (1561–1602), p 449

Martin Fréminet (1567–1619), p 449

Ferdinand Elle (1570–1637), p 450

Quentin Varin (1584–1647), p 451

Jacques Blanchard (1600–1638), p 451

Simon Vouet (1590–1649), p 453

Nicolas Poussin (1594–1665), p 457

François Perrier (painter) (1590–1650), p 470

Jacques Stella (1596–1657), p 472

Martin de Charmois (1609–1661), p 475

Eustache Le Sueur (1616–1655), p 477

Laurent de La Hyre (1606–1656), p 479

Michel Dorigny (1617–1663), p 483

Charles Alphonse du Fresnoy (1611–1668), p 483

Nicolas Mignard (1606–1668), p 490

Claude Vignon (1593–1670), p 491

Sébastien Bourdon (1616–1671), p 492

Simon Francois (1606–1671), p 495

Philippe de Champaigne (1602–1673), p 497

Jean Baptiste de Champaigne (1631–1680), p 503

Nicolas-Pierre Loir (1624–1679), p 504

Charles Le Brun (1619–1690), p 505

Pierre Mignard (1612–1695), p 515

Claude Lorrain (1604–1682), p 521

Noël Coypel (1628–1707), p 523

Élisabeth Sophie Chéron (1648–1711), p 532

Carlo Maratta (1625–1713), p 542

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