European long-distance paths

The European long-distance paths (E-paths) are a network of long-distance footpaths that traverse Europe. While most long-distance footpaths in Europe are located in just one country or region, each of these numbered European long-distance paths passes through many different countries.

The first long-distance hiking trail in Europe was the National Blue Trail of Hungary, established in 1938. The formation of the European Union made transnational hiking trails possible.

The European long-distance paths are designated by the European Ramblers' Association.

In general the routes connect and make use of existing national and local trails such as the GR footpaths.

Today the network consists of 12 E-paths and covers more than 70,000 km, crisscrossing Europe. The newest E-path is E12, following the northern coast of the Mediterranean Sea.

The E-paths are constantly improving and changing in small bits as many persons and organisations are involved in maintaining and upgrading the E-paths.

List of the 12 European long-distance paths so far defined
# Map Route
Map of the European Long Distance Path E1
Map of the European Long Distance Path E2
IrelandUnited KingdomNetherlandsBelgiumLuxembourgFrance
Map of the European Long Distance Path E3
PortugalSpainFranceBelgiumLuxembourgGermanyCzech RepublicPolandSlovakiaHungaryRomaniaBulgariaTurkey
Map of the European Long Distance Path E4
Map of the European Long Distance Path E5
Map of the European Long Distance Path E6
Map of the European Long Distance Path E7
Map of the European Long Distance Path E8
IrelandUnited KingdomNetherlandsGermanyAustriaSlovakiaPolandUkraineRomaniaBulgariaTurkey
Map of the European Long Distance Path E9
PortugalSpainFranceUnited KingdomBelgiumNetherlandsGermanyPolandKaliningrad OblastLithuaniaLatviaEstonia
Map of the European Long Distance Path E10
FinlandGermanyCzech RepublicAustriaItalyFranceSpain
Map of the European Long Distance Path E11
Map of the European Long Distance Path E12
Map of the European Long Distance Paths
Map of European long-distance paths

See also

External links

E10 European long distance path

The E10 European long distance path or E10 path is one of the European long-distance paths, running from Finland through Germany, the Czech Republic, Austria, Italy and France to finish at Tarifa on the south coast of Spain.

European Ramblers' Association doesn’t take the responsibility for E10 in Finland, because of no ERA Member Organisation in this country.

E10 - map and information by the European Ramblers' Association

The E10 in Outdoorwiki ‹See Tfd›(in German)

E11 European long distance path

The E11 European long distance path or E11 path is one of the European long-distance paths, running 2560 km (about 1600 miles) west-east from The Hague in the Netherlands through Germany and Poland to the Lithuanian border. It starts in Scheveningen, a fishing community, commercial harbor and spa in The Hague on the Dutch coast of the North Sea. As there now are rambling organizations from Estonia and Latvia participating in the European Ramblers' Association, the E11 will likely be extended to reach Tallinn.

The E11 is one of three European long distance paths running East from the Benelux to Eastern Poland. In the North, following the German and Polish coasts of North Sea and Baltic Sea, the E9 offers a variety of polders, sandy beaches, dunes and commercial harbors. More to the South, the E3 crosses through the long range of medium-sized mountains that links the mainly Belgian Ardennes to the Carpathian Mountains. The E11 takes an intermediate course through the rolling lowlands of Northern Germany and Poland. Nowhere does it touch a sea (not even the North Sea, as E11 starts in Scheveningen behind the first rows of buildings!), but it passes a single medium-sized mountain range, the Harz Mountains in the center of Germany. European long distance footpaths are strictly developed as hiking trails, but almost all of E11 can be travelled on a saddle - be it on a horse or a bicycle.

This article presents an encyclopedic overview of the trail. Detailed information about the routing is found in WikiVoyage. Links to detailed information about the townships along E11 are found in a special group of references at the bottom of this article.

E12 European long distance path

The E12 European long distance path or E12 path is one of the European long-distance paths from Spain to Italy and Slovenia.

E12 is the latest E-path and work is in progress. You can get a taste of it in Italy, Marina di Camerota, South of Napoli. The trail will connect the Mediterranean coast and islands, such as Majorca, Corsica, Crete, Cyprus, Malta and Sardinia.

This article is under development. Please look under External links.

E1 European long distance path

The E1 European long-distance path, or just E1 path, is one of the European long-distance paths designated by the European Ramblers' Association. It has a total length of some 4,960 miles (7,980 km). It begins in Norway at Nordkapp, and crosses the Kattegat between Sweden and Denmark by ferry. It passes through Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland to finish at Scapoli, Italy. This path was extended southwards to Sicily, in Italy in 2018.

Specific E1 waymarks are only seen in some locations such as at border crossings or at intersections with other paths, instead the signs and markings of the local routes which make up the E1 are used. The path is described here in a north to south direction, although it is waymarked in both directions.

E2 European long distance path

The E2 European long distance path or E2 path is a 4850 km (3010-mile) series of long-distance footpaths that is intended to run from Galway in Ireland to France's Mediterranean coast and currently runs through Northern Ireland, Scotland, England, Belgium, Luxembourg and France, with an alternative midsection equally designated via the Netherlands and east coast of England. It is one of the network of European long-distance paths.

The paths are aimed at walkers; alternative routes exist in some parts for horse riders and cyclists.

E3 European long distance path

The E3 European long distance path, or just E3 path, is a 6,950-kilometre (4,320 mi) long-distance footpath that is planned to run from the Portuguese coast to the Black Sea in Bulgaria. It is one of the network of European long-distance paths.

E4 European long distance path

The E4 European long distance path or E4 path is one of the European long-distance paths. Starting at its westernmost point in Portugal it continues through Spain, France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece to end in Cyprus. It also visits the Greek island of Crete.

It is more than 10,000 kilometres (6,200 mi) long, but the route through Romania and part of Bulgaria is not yet completely defined. An alternative route through Serbia, instead of Romania, has been defined.

E5 European long distance path

The E5 European long distance path or E5 path is one of the European long-distance paths from the French Atlantic coast in Brittany through Switzerland, Austria and Germany over the Alps to Verona in Italy. It is waymarked over the whole 3200 km (1988 mi) distance. The heaviest used section is the last part, which crosses Europe’s highest mountains from Lake Constance to Italy (600 km, around 30 days). Even this part does not require climbing experience.

E6 European long distance path

The E6 European long distance path or E6 path is one of the European long-distance paths from the northwest tip of Finland through Sweden, Denmark, Germany and Austria to the Adriatic coast in Slovenia. A second section starts again in Greece to finish in Turkey.

E7 European long distance path

The E7 European long distance path or E7 path is one of the European long-distance paths from the Portuguese-Spanish border eastwards through Andorra, France, Italy, Slovenia and Hungary. It is projected to be extended to Lisbon and into Romania, so that it reaches from the Atlantic to the Black Sea, however these stages, as well as parts of the route through Italy, are still in planning.

E8 European long distance path

The E8 European long distance path or E8 path is one of the European long-distance paths, leading 4,700 km (2,920 miles) across Europe, from Cork in Ireland to Bulgaria.

E9 European long distance path

The E9 European long distance path, E9 path or European Coastal Path (French: Sentier Européen du Littoral) is one of the European long-distance paths, running for 5,000 kilometres (3,100 mi) from Cabo de São Vicente in Portugal to Narva-Jõesuu in Estonia.

European Ramblers' Association

The European Ramblers Association (ERA); Europäische Wandervereinigung (EWV); Fédération Européenne de la Randonnée Pédestre (FERP), is a network organisation working for promotion of walking, hiking, creating trails, exchange of the know-how over the borders and secure the rights of free access to nature for the walkers. Through this work, ERA also cares for protecting and developing of European cultural heritage and for strengthening of mutual understanding between European citizens.

Already at the beginning of its existence, ERA started creating a network of European long-distance paths maintained by its member organisations to make it possible to walk all over Europe on foot to strengthen the connection people to people over the borders. From 2017 the network consists of 12 E-paths and covers more than 70.000 km crisscrossing Europe. An E-path is a long-distance path crossing a minimum of 3 European countries. Marking and maintenance of the path is the responisiblity of the member organisations.To bring walkers in Europe together, ERA organizes every 5 years a pan-European walking event EURORANDO. Next edition is in 2021.In order to secure a high standard of European paths, ERA developed a transparent system of criteria for the improvement of trail quality: Leading Quality Trails – Best of Europe. These criteria assess the trail surface format, the marking, signposting and network with other walking trails. Part of the criteria is also the service for walkers along the trail or access points for a transport.

The Leading Quality Trails (LQT) are certified walking routes in Europe. Certification is only available for complete trails. Prerequisite is a distance of at least 50km with three daily stages.Further, through its programme Walk Leader ERA provides certification for the training of voluntary walk leaders performed by its member organisations.

ERA was founded in 1969. In 2018 its members are 58 walking organisations from 33 different European countries representing more than 3 mill registered walkers.

Hunsrück Club

The Hunsrück Club (German: Hunsrückverein) is a regional local history, cultural and rambling club in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is a member of the Association of German Mountain and Rambling Clubs (Verband Deutscher Gebirgs- und Wandervereine) which has 55 members in German.

The Hunsrück Club manages numerous hiking trails, paths and hostels in the mountain of the Hunsrück. It was founded in 1890 as the "Club for the Moselle, Hochwald and Hunsrück" (Verein für Mosel, Hochwald und Hunsrück). It has almost 40 branches including 20 local rambling groups and around 3,000 members. The club is not just dedicated to ramblers but also researches the cultural history of the Hunsrück. The club also assists in maintaining footpaths that reach beyond the Hunsrück, for example, European long-distance paths like the E 3 and E 8 and the Rhine Ridgeway, Saar Footpath and Saar-Mosel Way. Paths that it is solely responsible for include the Ausonius Way, the Nahe–Moselle Celtic Way from Kirn via Kirchberg to Treis-Karden and eight other trails across and around the Hunsrück.


Kom–Emine (Bulgarian: „Ком – Емине“) is a high-mountain long-distance trail in Bulgaria. The route follows the main ridge of the Balkan Mountains, which bisect the country and give the Balkan Peninsula its name. Beginning at Kom Peak (2,016 m (6,614 ft)) in the west near the border with Serbia, Kom–Emine continues east for some 650 km (400 mi) until it reaches the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast at Cape Emine.Due to its length and altitude, Kom–Emine counts among Europe's longest uninterrupted high-mountain trails; it is Bulgaria's longest, oldest and most famous hiking trail. Kom–Emine forms part of the wider E3 European long distance path.The trail's average elevation is 735 m (2,411 ft). The middle section, Kom–Emine's highest, coincides with the Central Balkan National Park and regularly rises above 2,000 m (6,600 ft). The highest point of the trail is Botev Peak (2,376 m (7,795 ft)), which is also the highest summit of the Balkan Mountains. In total, around 100 individual peaks are either summited or circumvented.Typically, the Kom–Emine hike takes 20 to 25 days to complete. The route is marked by white-red-white paint markings and around 30 mountain huts provide accommodation to hikers. Summer is the preferred season to walk Kom–Emine, though the lowest, eastern parts of the trail can get uncomfortably hot.The trail was first successfully traversed in 1933 by the hiking pioneer Pavel Deliradev, though a route along the entire Balkan Mountains had already been conceived by writer Aleko Konstantinov, who was unable to embark on the hike before his assassination. The first mass through-hike was done in 1953 and the first winter crossing on ski followed in 1961. Bulgarian extreme runner Kiril Nikolov holds the record for the fastest crossing of Kom–Emine. In August 2015, he completed the route in 4 days, 13 hours, 5 minutes and 30 seconds.

National Blue Trail

The National Blue Trail (in Hungarian: Országos Kéktúra, Kéktúra or simply OKT) is a national trail in Hungary incorporated into the European Long Distance Walking Route E4. The route starts atop the Irottkő Mountain (884 m) on the Austrian-Hungarian border then cuts across Hungary eventually ending 1,128 km later at the village of Hollóháza by the Hungarian-Slovakian border. (Interactive map). The name of the Kéktúra (Blue Trail) is a reference to the marking of the path itself: it is a horizontal blue stripe between two white stripes. All segments of the trail are freely accessible to the public; no fees have to be paid or permits obtained.

During its course the Blue Trail visits arguably the most beautiful natural and man-made sights of Hungary, e.g. more than a dozen forts and castles, lookout towers, three World Heritage Sites of Hungary (the panorama of Budapest from the hills, the old village of Hollókő and the Stalactite Cave of Aggtelek), Lake Balaton, the Danube Bend, and the spent volcanoes of the Basin of Tapolca, etc.

According to the latest GPS survey conducted in 2007, its total length was measured to be 1128.2 km and the total elevation change (climb) was found to be 30,213 metres in a Western-Eastern direction over the whole route.

Ore Mountain/Krušné hory Ski Trail

The Ore Mountain/Krušné hory Ski Trail (German: Skimagistrale Erzgebirge/Krušné hory) is a long distance, cross-country, ski trail along the whole length of the Ore Mountain crest between Schöneck/Vogtl. and Altenberg.

Palatine Ridgeway

The Palatine Ridgeway (German: Pfälzer Höhenweg) in the North Palatine Uplands of Germany is 112 kilometres long and has seven recommended day stages. It is the third longest Prädikat path in the Palatinate region after the Palatine Wine Trail and Palatine Forest Trail. The long distance path was opened in autumn 2010. One year later, in September 2011, it was given its status as a Prädikat path.

Sultans Trail

The Sultans Trail is a long-distance footpath from Vienna to Istanbul. It is 2,200 kilometres (1,400 mi) long. The path passes through Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, East Macedonia and Thrace in northern Greece, and Turkey.

Sultans Trail [sic] (recte Sultan's) takes its name from sultan Süleyman Kanuni, Suleiman the Magnificent, of the Ottoman Empire who led Ottoman armies to conquer Belgrade and most of Hungary before his invasion was checked at the Siege of Vienna. The main path follows the route of sultan Suleiman the Magnificent on his way to Vienna. He started on 10 May 1529 from Istanbul and arrived 23 September 1529 in Vienna (141 days). It was to be the Ottoman Empire's most ambitious expedition to the west, but the Austrian garrison inflicted upon Suleiman his first defeat. A second attempt to conquer Vienna failed in 1532. In 1566, at the age of 60, the sultan led his army for the last time; he died close to Szigetvár in Hungary.

In contrast to its past the Sultan's Trail nowadays forms a path of peace, a meeting place for people of all faiths and cultures. The trail starts at St. Stephen's Cathedral in the centre of Vienna; the bells of this church are made from the melted iron of Ottoman cannons. It ends at the tomb of the Sultan in Istanbul. The Sultans Trail is developed by volunteers from the Netherlands-based NGO Sultans Trail - A European Cultural Route.

Apart from the Romanian and Bulgarian mountains, the trail can be walked all year round. Most parts of the route have ample accommodation such as hotels, pensions or private rooms. In parts of Hungary and Bulgaria a tent is necessary.

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