Left/Nordic Green Left
|European parliamentary group|
|Name||European United Left/Nordic Green Left|
|Formal name||Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left|
|Ideology||Democratic socialism (majority)|
|European parties||Party of the European Left|
Maintenant le Peuple
|Associated organisations||Nordic Green Left Alliance|
|From||6 January 1995|
|Preceded by||European United Left|
|Chaired by||Alonso José Puerta (1999–2004)|
Francis Wurtz (2004–2009)
Lothar Bisky (2009–2012)
Gabriele Zimmer (2012–present)
51 / 751
In 1995, the enlargement of the European Union led to the creation of the Nordic Green Left group of parties. The Nordic Green Left (NGL) merged with the Confederal Group of the European United Left (GUE) on 6 January 1995, forming the Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left. The NGL suffix was added to the name of the expanded group on insistence of Swedish and Finnish MEPs. The group initially consisted of MEPs from the Finnish Left Alliance, the Swedish Left Party, the Danish Socialist People's Party, the United Left of Spain (including the Spanish Communist Party), the Synaspismos of Greece, the French Communist Party, the Portuguese Communist Party, the Communist Party of Greece and the Communist Refoundation Party of Italy.
In 1999, the German Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) and the Greek Democratic Social Movement (DIKKI) joined as full members while the five MEPs elected from the list of the French Trotskyist alliance LO–LCR joined as associate members.
In 2002, four MEPs from the French Citizen and Republican Movement also joined the group.
In 2004, no MEPs were elected from LO–LCR and DIKKI—which was undergoing a dispute with its leader over the party constitution—did not put forward candidates. MEPs from the Portuguese Left Bloc, the both Irish and Northern Irish Sinn Féin, the Progressive Party of Working People of Cyprus and the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia joined the group.
According to its 1994 constituent declaration, the group is opposed to the present European Union political structure, but it is committed to integration. That declaration sets out three aims for the construction of another European Union, namely the total change of institutions to make them fully democratic, breaking with neo-liberal monetarist policies, and a policy of co-development and equitable cooperation. The group wants to disband the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and strengthen the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).
The group is ambiguous between reformism and revolution, leaving it up to each party to decide on the manner they deem best suited to achieve these aims. As such, it has simultaneously positioned itself as insiders within the European institutions, enabling it to influence the decisions made by co-decision; and as outsiders by its willingness to seek another Europe which would abolish the Maastricht Treaty.
The GUE/NGL is a confederal group who is composed of MEPs from national parties. Those national parties must share common political objectives with the group as specified in the group's constituent declaration. Nevertheless, those national parties and not the group retain control of their MEPs, therefore the group may be divided on certain issues.
Members of the group meet regularly to prepare for meetings, debate on policies and vote on resolutions. The group also publishes reports on various topics.
MEPs may be full or associate members.
National parties may be full or associate members.
|Country||National electoral alliance||National party||European party||MEPs|
|Cyprus||Progressive Party of Working People||PEL (observer)|
2 / 6
|Czech Republic||Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia||PEL (observer)|
3 / 21
|Denmark||People's Movement against the EU||EUD|
1 / 13
1 / 13
|France||Left Front||French Communist Party||PEL|
2 / 74
1 / 74
|La France Insoumise||MLP|
1 / 74
|Alliance of the Overseas||Communist Party of Réunion|
1 / 74
7 / 96
|Stefan Eck (independent)|
1 / 96
|Greece||Syriza (Coalition of the Radical Left)||PEL|
3 / 21
1 / 21
|Kostas Chrysogonos (independent)|
1 / 21
|Sofia Sakorafa (independent)|
1 / 21
3 / 11
|Luke 'Ming' Flanagan (independent)|
1 / 11
|Italy||The Other Europe||Italian Left||PEL (observer)|
1 / 73
|Communist Refoundation Party||PEL|
1 / 73
|Barbara Spinelli (independent)|
1 / 73
2 / 26
|Party for the Animals (Partij voor de Dieren)||Euro Animal 7|
1 / 26
1 / 21
|Unitary Democratic Coalition||Portuguese Communist Party|
3 / 21
|Spain||Plural Left||United Left||PEL|
4 / 54
1 / 54
|Podemos (We Can)||MLP|
5 / 54
|The Peoples Decide (Los Pueblos Deciden)|
1 / 54
1 / 20
|United Kingdom||Sinn Féin|
1 / 73
|Election year||No. of
overall seats won
34 / 567
42 / 626
41 / 732
35 / 766
52 / 751
0 / 705
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He was born Bucharest, Romania in 1951. His father G. Angourakis (Psiloreitis) was likewise a member of KKE. In 1968 he moved with his family to the German Democratic Republic.He graduated from Dresden University of Technology in 1971 with a Doctorate in Computer Science. He worked as an assistant there in the computer faculty in 1973-1978.
From 1975 to 1985 he was a member of the Greek Communist Youth Central Council, before joining the KKE in 1985.In 1997 he was elected as member of the Greek Parliament and was in office from 1997 to 2000.
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2004- Member of the European Parliament
2012- Chair of Confederal Group of the European United Left–Nordic Green LeftGiorgos Toussas
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European Parliament group: European United Left–Nordic Green Left
|Heads of government|
at the Council of the European Union
|Other prominent figures|
Eurofoundation: Transform Europe
Political parties not
recognised by the EU
of national parties