Eugen Grimminger

Franz Eugen Grimminger, (29 July 1892 – 10 April 1986) was a member of the White Rose resistance group in Nazi Germany.

Eugen Grimminger
EugenGrimminger low res
Born29 July 1892
Crailsheim, Germany
Died10 April 1986 (aged 93)
Schanbach, near Stuttgart
Occupationcertified auditor, president of the Württembergischer Landesverbandes landwirtschaftlicher Genossenschaften
Parent(s)Franz Xaver Grimminger (1852-1939),
Rosine Katharina, nee Salzmann (1858-1916)

Early life

Eugen Grimminger, son of a train driver, participated as a volunteer in the First World War and then worked as a civil servant in Crailsheim. After his war experiences he became a pacifist.[1] He read books about Mahatma Gandhi and Buddhism and left the protestant church. According to Grimminger, he adhered to Buddhist beliefs.[1]

In 1922, he married Jenny Stern in Stuttgart. The marriage with a Jewess was rejected in the circle of acquaintances and relatives. The young married couple settled in Stuttgart, where Grimminger was employed as an auditor at the Association of Agricultural Cooperatives. In 1925 he became a dairy inspector of the association and in 1930 was auditor-in-chief and head of the department.[1]

In Nazi Germany

In 1935 Grimminger lost his job because of his being married to a Jewish woman. Two years later, Eugen Grimminger became a self-employed certified auditor.[2] He also helped people to flee to Switzerland, for which fake documents were necessary. In 1942 Eugen Grimminger took over the book-keeping office of his friend Robert Scholl, who had been denounced for "anti-state statements" and had to serve a four month prison sentence. This office was located in the residential building of the Scholl family. As a result, Grimminger met Inge, Hans and Sophie Scholl and came in contact with the White Rose resistance group. The group was supported by Grimminger mainly by donations in kind and sums of money, which he had partly collected from his acquaintances.[3] He was assisted by his secretary Tilly Hahn.

On 18 February 1943, the Gestapo arrested Hans and Sophie Scholl for spreading leaflets. In the course of the subsequent interrogations, Grimmingers name was mentioned. On 2 March 1943, he was arrested and on 19 April 1943, in the second trial against members of the White Rose, he was sentenced for support to high treason to ten years in prison.[4] The public prosecutor had also demanded the death penalty for him, however, ultimately could prove him only a transfer of money, but not what he actually knew about the intended use. His Jewish wife, until then protected from persecution, was arrested on 10 April 1943, then deported and murdered in Auschwitz. Eugen Grimminger was imprisoned in the Zuchthaus Ludwigsburg until April 1945.[1]

After the war

After the war he became president of the regional association of agricultural cooperatives in Stuttgart.[5] In 1947 he married Tilly Hahn. In 1958 he retired. He was involved in animal welfare and was chairman of the Tierschutzverein Stuttgart for many years. He also founded the Grimminger Foundation for Anthropozoonosis Research to research and control animal diseases that are transmissible to humans. The foundation was later renamed the Grimminger Foundation for Zoonotic Research.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e Otnad, Bernd (2007). Baden-Wurttembergische Biographien. Stuttgart : Kohlhammer. pp. 107–109. ISBN 978-3-17-019951-4.
  2. ^ Eugen Grimminger, Gedenkstätte Deutscher Widerstand
  3. ^ Kissener, Michael (1993). Geld aus Stuttgart: Eugen Grimminger. In Rudolf Lill, Klaus Eisele, Wolfgang Altgeld, Hochverrat? die "Weisse Rose" und ihr Umfeld. Uni.-Verl. Konstanz. pp. 121–. ISBN 978-3-87940-456-8.
  4. ^ Newborn, Jud; Dumbach, Annette (2006). Sophie Scholl and the White Rose (appendix 6). Oneworld Publications. pp. 209–. ISBN 978-1-78074-050-8.
  5. ^ Deutsche Biographie: Eugen Grimminger

Further reading

  • Ziegler, Armin (2000). Eugen Grimminger: Widerständler und Genossenschaftspionier, Crailsheim: Baier Verlag. ISBN 3929233215
  • Heap, D. E. (2008). Gestapo Interrogation Transcripts: Manfred Eickemeyer and Eugen Grimminger. Exclamation! Publishers. ISBN 978-0-9822984-3-5.
  • Schüler, Barbara (2000). "Im Geiste der Gemordeten ...", die "Weiße Rose" und ihre Wirkung in der Nachkriegszeit, Paderborn: F. Schöningh. p.207
  • Otnad, Bernd (2007). Baden-Wurttembergische Biographien. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer. pp. 107–109. ISBN 978-3-17-019951-4.
  • Grimminger, Franz Eugen (1921). Rosel Steinbronners Liebe, Leipzig: B. Volger

Crailsheim is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Incorporated in 1338, it lies 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of Schwäbisch Hall and 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Ansbach in the Schwäbisch Hall district. The city's main attractions include two Evangelical churches, a Catholic church, and the 67 metre tower of its town hall.

White Rose

The White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a non-violent, intellectual resistance group in the Third Reich led by a group of students and a professor at the University of Munich. The group conducted an anonymous leaflet and graffiti campaign that called for active opposition to the Nazi party regime. Their activities started in Munich on 27 June 1942, and ended with the arrest of the core group by the Gestapo on 18 February 1943. They, as well as other members and supporters of the group who carried on distributing the pamphlets, faced show trials by the Nazi People's Court (Volksgerichtshof), and many of them were sentenced to death or imprisonment.

The group wrote, printed and initially distributed their pamphlets in the greater Munich region. Later on, secret carriers brought copies to other cities, mostly in the southern parts of Germany. In total, the White Rose authored six leaflets, which were multiplied and spread, in a total of about 15,000 copies. They denounced the Nazi regime's crimes and oppression, and called for resistance. In their second leaflet, they openly denounced the persecution and mass murder of the Jews. By the time of their arrest, the members of the White Rose were just about to establish contacts with other German resistance groups like the Kreisau Circle or the Schulze-Boysen/Harnack group of the Red Orchestra. Today, the White Rose is well-known both within Germany and worldwide.

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