Eugène Trutat

Eugène Trutat (25 August 1840 – 6 August 1910)[1] was a French naturalist, mountaineer, pyreneist, geologist and photographer, who was curator of the Museum of Toulouse.

He began taking photographs in 1859, and produced almost 15,000 over the course of the next fifty years, covering a wide range of topics.

Eugène Trutat
Eugène Trutat par Nadar Muséum de Toulouse
Portrait of Eugène Trutat by Nadar
Born25 August 1840
Died6 August 1910 (aged 69)
OccupationNaturalist, mountaineer, geologist, photographer


  • La Photographie appliquée à l’archéologie, Paris, Gauthier-Villars, 1879
  • Traité élémentaire du microscope, Paris, Gauthier-Villars, 1883
  • La Photographie appliquée à l’histoire naturelle, 1884
  • Les Papiers photographiques par développement,
  • Une excursion à Montpellier-le-Vieux (Aveyron), Toulouse, imp. Durand, 1885
  • Le Midi pittoresque, la Vallée de la Garonne, Limoges, Marc Barbou et Cie, 1894
  • Les Pyrénées, Paris, librairie J.-B. Baillière, 1896
  • La Photographie animée, 1899

Eugène Trutat in 1897

Russel et de Lassus, Luchon, le 28 août 1895

Henry Russell (right) and the baron de Lassus (left) in Luchon, in 1895, photograph by Eugène Trutat

Galet aménagé MHNT.PRE.2011.0.483

Chopper - Collection Eugene Trutat - Museum of Toulouse

Gémil. Montano sur sa voiture. 1881 (1881) - 51Fi132 - Fonds Trutat

Vue d'ensemble de M. Montano conduisant sa voiture dans la cour d'une ferme, Gémil, 1881

MHNT - Trutat - Le port d'Alger, Algerie, 1881

Harbor of Alger, 1881, Collection Eugene Trutat from Muséum de Toulouse

MHNT - Trutat - Les palmiers d'Alger, Algerie, 1881

Palms of Alger, , 1881, Collection Eugene Trutat from Muséum de Toulouse

Espinasse père - Fonds Trutat

Espinasse père, Gitan de St Cyprien, 1895

MHNT PHa 912 Am16R

Casino et Promenades des anglais, Nice, 1904

Eugène Trutat Grand Palais des Beaux-Arts de l'Exposition Universelle 1900

Grand Palais, Exposition Universelle de 1900, Paris

Pièces anatomiques d'un diptère - Fonds Trutat - MHNT.PHa.138.B16.10

Pièces anatomiques d'un diptère, sans date

MHNT PHa 912 P093

Paris, Exposition Universelle 1900

Crâne toulousain déformé - Fonds Trutat - MHNT.PHa.138.B66.155

Crâne déformé, Muséum de Toulouse

15.000 photographs are preserved in the Photographic Library of the Museum of Toulouse.


  1. ^ Photographs by Trutat held by the Toulouse Library on Flickr

External links


Assier is a commune in the Lot department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Assiérois or Assiéroises.


Bagnères-de-Luchon (pronounced [baɲɛːʁ də lyʃɔ̃]) (Occitan: Banhèras de Luishon), also referred to as Luchon, is a French commune and spa town in the Haute-Garonne department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Luchonnais or Luchonnaises.The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.

Bazacle Milling Company

The Society of Moulins du Bazacle was founded in Toulouse in the 12th century by the citizens of the city, seven centuries before the Industrial Revolution, to share the operation of a series of mills installed on the site of the Bazacle. The mills were used to process wheat harvested from the Toulouse Plain into flour.

It was the first recorded European joint-stock company.

Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome

Congenital iodine deficiency syndrome, previously known as cretinism, is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth owing to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormone (congenital hypothyroidism) usually owing to maternal hypothyroidism.

Félix Trutat

Félix Trutat (27 February 1824, Dijon - 7 March 1848, Dijon) was a French painter, known primarily for portraits and nudes.


Gémil is a commune in the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France.

Henry Russell (explorer)

Henry Patrick Marie, Count Russell-Killough (1834–1909) was one of the pioneers of Pyrenean exploration, known for his obsession with the Vignemale.

Jardin des Plantes, Toulouse

The Jardin des Plantes (7 hectares) is a public park and botanical garden located on Allée Jules-Guesde, Toulouse, France.

Jean Jules Godefroy Calès

Jean Jules Godefroy Calès (French pronunciation: [ʒɑ̃ ʒyl ɡɔd.fʁwa ka.lɛs]) was a French politician and physician. He was born on July 24, 1828 in Villefranche-de-Lauragais (Haute-Garonne) and died on November 2, 1899 in Bordeaux (Gironde).

Mers El Kébir

Mers El Kébir (Arabic: المرسى الكبير‎, "The Great Harbor") is a port on the Mediterranean Sea, near Oran in Oran Province, northwest Algeria. It is famous for the attack on the French fleet in 1940, in the Second World War.

Musée Saint-Raymond

Musée Saint-Raymond (in English, Saint-Raymond museum) is the archeological museum of Toulouse, opened in 1892. The site originally was a necropolis, and in later constructions was a hospital for the poor and pilgrims, prison, student residence, stables, barracks and presbytery, eventually becoming a museum in 1891. It is housed in the former Saint-Raymond university college dating from the sixteenth century that borders Basilica of Saint-Sernin.

The building has been renovated and reconstructed several times. It preserves and exhibits archaeological collections from protohistory to the early Middle Ages, mainly from the Celtic, Roman and early Christian periods, much from the Toulouse region.

Muséum de Toulouse

The Muséum de Toulouse, Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de la ville de Toulouse (abbreviation: MHNT) is a museum of natural history in Toulouse, France. It is located in the Busca-Montplaisir, and houses a collection of more than 2.5 million items and has some 3 000 square metres of exhibition space. Its Index Herbariorum code is TLM.

Port de Venasque

The Port de Venasque (8,018 feet (2,444 m)) is a mountain pass in the Pyrenees. It lies on the border between France and Spain and is a popular border crossing point for mountaineers and walkers. It can be reached in about two to three hours from the Hospice de France, South of Bagnères-de-Luchon in France.


Although the term "alpinism" has become synonymous with sporting achievement, pyreneism, appearing in the 19th century, distanced itself from it by considering the physical experience of the mountains as inseparable from the aesthetic and cultural emotion.

We cannot mention the word "pyreneism" without speaking about its inventor, the historian and geographer Henri Beraldi. Indeed, as the origin of the word alpinism goes back to 1876 (the French alpine club was created in Paris in 1874), we find the term pyreneism for the first time in the foreword of his Excursion biblio-pyrénéenne ("Biblio-pyrenean excursion") that introduces volume 1 of 100 years in the Pyrenees in 1898:

The picturesque knowledge of the Pyrenees - not to be confused with the scientific knowledge - is today complete.

This required centuries of efforts, traced through a series of writings forming the Pyrenees' history - one says pyreneism like one says alpinism [...]

Contrary to what one may think, when the word "pyreneism" was launched by Henri Beraldi in his 7-volume authoritative book, it was not meant to stand opposite to the word "alpinism".

Solar eclipse of July 18, 1860

A total solar eclipse occurred on July 18, 1860. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.

People watching an eclipse in 1860 at Toulouse, France. Picture by Eugène Trutat, Muséum de Toulouse.

Édouard Filhol

Jean Pierre Bernard Édouard Filhol (7 October 1814 – 25 June 1883) was a French scientist.

In 1854 Édouard Filhol was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the University of Toulouse, a position he held until 1882. Later, in 1865, he became director of the Museum de Toulouse. It was the first museum in the world to open a gallery of prehistory thanks to the collaboration of Emile Cartailhac, Jean-Baptiste Noulet and Eugène Trutat. In the same year, he became director of the School of Medicine and Pharmacy at the University of Toulouse.

Jean-Baptiste Senderens studied under Édouard Filhol, professor of Chemistry at the Faculty of Sciences in Toulouse.

After ten years of collaboration with Filhol he began a collaboration of equal length with Paul Sabatier, Filhol's successor.From 1867–1870, Édouard Filhol was Mayor of Toulouse.

He was the father of the naturalist Henri Filhol (1843–1902)

19th-century French photographers


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.