Euclid, Ohio

Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is an inner ring suburb of Cleveland. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 48,920.[7] In 2009, Euclid celebrated its bicentennial.

City of Euclid
Old city hall
Old city hall
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio.
Location of Ohio in the United States
Location of Ohio in the United States
Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°WCoordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyCuyahoga
Founded1796[1]
Incorporated1903 (village)[1]
 1930 (city)[1]
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorKirsten Holzheimer (D)
 • City Council
Area
 • Total11.48 sq mi (29.73 km2)
 • Land10.63 sq mi (27.53 km2)
 • Water0.85 sq mi (2.20 km2)
Elevation
617 ft (188 m)
Population
 • Total48,920
 • Estimate 
(2015[4])
47,676
 • Density4,602.1/sq mi (1,776.9/km2)
 Euclidian
Demonym(s)Euclidean
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip Code
44117, 44119, 44123, 44132, 44143
Area code(s)216
FIPS code39-25704[5]
GNIS feature ID1072210[6]
Websitecityofeuclid.com

History

The city was named after Euclid, the Greek mathematician.[8] The city was settled in 1796 and became a township in 1809. Euclid then became a village in 1903 and a city in 1930, during the Great Depression.

The city (then a village) was the primary appealing party in the landmark case Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co..

Geography

Euclid is located at 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W (41.595563, -81.519176).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.48 square miles (29.73 km2), of which 10.63 square miles (27.53 km2) is land and 0.85 square miles (2.20 km2) is water.[2] It is on the shore of Lake Erie, therefore contains an area of beach front along its north edge.

Bordering Euclid are Cleveland on the west, South Euclid and Richmond Heights on the south, Willowick, Wickliffe, and Willoughby Hills on the east, and Lake Erie on the north.

It is part of the Lake Erie Snowbelt region, prone to snow squalls blowing off Lake Erie, particularly before the lake freezes over in winter.

City facts

The Charter is: Mayor and Council - eight councillors and one council president.

Its assessed valuation is $825,325,160. There are 150 companies in the city.

Transportation

The city contains 143.065 miles of streets; 3.06 miles of Interstate 90, 1.65 miles of south spur, 262.38 miles of sewers, 139.65 mi of water mains, 2 railroads; the CSX and Norfolk Southern Railway, and 1 bus line; Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,953
19203,36372.2%
193012,751279.2%
194017,86640.1%
195041,396131.7%
196062,99852.2%
197071,55213.6%
198059,999−16.1%
199054,875−8.5%
200052,717−3.9%
201048,920−7.2%
Est. 201747,201[10]−3.5%
Sources:[5][11][12][13][14][15]

91.8% spoke English, 1.8% Spanish, 1.3% Croatian, 1.2% Slovene, and 0.62% Italian as their mother tongue.[16]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 48,920 people, 22,685 households, and 12,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,602.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,776.9/km2). There were 26,037 housing units at an average density of 2,449.4 per square mile (945.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 43.8% White, 52.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 22,685 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.4% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 41.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 61 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 52,717 people, 24,353 households, the 13,491 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,923.2 people per square mile (1,900.5/km²). There were 26,123 housing units at an average density of 2,439.6 per square mile (941.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.36% White, 30.57% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 24,353 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,151, and the median income for a family was $45,278. Males had a median income of $35,914 versus $28,528 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,664. About 7.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions/history

Euclid is the site of the 1926 case Euclid v. Ambler. The case opened the doors for municipalities across the United States to establish zoning ordinances.

  • Euclid is home to the National Cleveland-Style Polka Hall of Fame tracing Cleveland-Style Polka from its Slovenian roots.
  • Euclid is the home of Euclid High School, one of 5 schools in Ohio to split its school up via the Knowledgeworks Foundation grant. However, the program ended in 2009 due to low test score improvement and rising costs.
  • Euclid is home to the Euclid Pony Baseball League, founded in 1951. https://web.archive.org/web/20170713131014/http://www.euclidpony.org/
  • Euclid is the city where Charles F. Brush created the Arc Lamp in 1876[17]
  • Euclid is the home to both the main plant and corporate headquarters of the Lincoln Electric Company, Located on St. Clair Avenue.
  • Euclid is home to the annual CABA High School World Series baseball tournament. Past notable tournament players include Alex Rodriguez and Jeffrey Hammonds.
  • Euclid is home of the Softball Hall of Fame. http://www.softballmuseum.org
  • Euclid is home to sports personality and former National Football League player Mike Adamle. He is best known as the co-host of the cult-favorite American Gladiators series for seven years.
  • Euclid Beach Park was originally part of Euclid Township, until the boundaries were redrawn in the early 1900s.
  • Walk Two Moons by Sharon Creech was partly set in Euclid.
  • Euclid was home to two government owned housing projects, East 200th Street and Briardale. Both were torn down due to the federal government's failure to maintain the properties. Briardale now serves as the Municipal Golf Course, called Briardale Greens.
  • Euclid was the home town of new wave science fiction author Roger Zelazny.
  • The cordless telephone was invented in Euclid by George Sweigert in 1969.[18]
  • Euclid houses the Euclid Public Library, ranked 3rd in the nation in the 50,000 population category in 2007, and has been recognized in the Top Ten of the HAPLER Public library Ratings.
  • The 1987 Michael J. Fox movie Light of Day was partially filmed here. The opening scene pans the area from a helicopter.
  • Euclid was the home to northern Ohio's first commercial UHF television station in 1968, WKBF Channel 61, then a Kaiser owned station located on St.Clair Avenue.
  • Euclid was the original location to the corporate headquarters of Reliance Electric, Thompson Products (TRW), and Addressograph-Multigraph.
  • In June 2011, Lincoln Electric installed a 2.5 Megawatt wind turbine. At 443 feet, it is the largest in Ohio and one of the largest in North America.[19]
  • Home to the famed Euclid Road Machinery Company, a branch of Euclid Crane and Hoist Company. Founded by George A. Armington and his 5 sons. Taken over by General Motors, before the United States determined it to be a monopoly. In its time, it was one of the most valuable companies in Euclid and the name was known worldwide, among the earth moving and heavy equipment community.
  • As of October, 2001, Euclid is once again home to Guinness World Record Holder Perry R. Prine who on March 27, 1998 broke the Guinness Record for most bullseyes thrown (with darts) in a 10-hour period. He hit 1,432. He again broke yet another Guinness World Record with his tournament partner, Kevin Moncrief (Willowick, Ohio) on February 23, 2013 for highest score on the bulls-eye and 25's (darts) within a 2-minute period. Perry first resided in Euclid between 1979-1986.
  • Euclid is partly home to Euclid Creek Reservation, a property of Cleveland Metroparks which shares space in South Euclid, Cleveland and Richmond.[20]

Transportation

  • Euclid is situated near the junction of Interstate 90, Interstate 271 and Ohio Route 2, giving easy access by car to downtown Cleveland, Lake County, and most of the East suburbs.
  • Major east-west thoroughfares include Lake Shore Blvd. (SR 283), Lakeland Freeway (I-90/SR2), St. Clair Avenue, Euclid Avenue (US 20), and Chardon Road (US 6). North-south routes include East 185th Street (aka "Old World Plaza"), East 200, East 222, Babbitt Road, East 260th/Richmond Road (SR 175), Highland Road and Lloyd Road.
  • GCRTA bus routes serving Euclid include the #39 (Lakeshore), #239 (Euclid Park & Ride), #1 (St. Clair), #28 (Euclid Avenue), #37 (E. 185 / Taylor), #34 (E. 200 / Green), and #94 (E. 260/Richmond). Several of these routes were originally operated by the now-defunct Euclid Transit System, whose operations merged with the GCRTA during the late 1970s.

Ethnic groups

Euclid is home to a variety of ethnic groups. One of the largest is the city's historic Slovene population. There are a number of streets in Euclid that commemorate the Slovenian influence on Euclid, including Recher, Mavec, Drenik, Grdina, Trebec, Mozina, Kapel, and Ljubljana. Today, Euclid's largest ethnic population is African American, while also containing sizeable populations of Croats, Irish and Italian communities.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "City of Euclid: Statistics". www.cityofeuclid.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-06-04.
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20.
  8. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. pp. 43–44.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  11. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  12. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  13. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  14. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  15. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
  16. ^ http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=39&place_id=25704&cty_id=
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-03. Retrieved 2018-12-08.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Duplex radio communication and signaling apparatus for portable telephone extension". google.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  19. ^ "Lincoln Electric installs wind turbine made by Kenersys Group of Germany". cleveland.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  20. ^ "Euclid Creek Reservation". www.clevelandmetroparks.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  21. ^ Appel, JM. Phoning Home, Introductory Matter, Third Edition, 2014
  22. ^ Cleveland Plain Dealer, 12 July 2008
  23. ^ "...And Call Me Roger": The Literary Life of Roger Zelazny, Part 4, by Christopher S. Kovacs. In: The Collected Stories of Roger Zelazny, Volume 4: Last Exit to Babylon, NESFA Press, 2009.

External links

Clay Matthews Jr.

William Clay Matthews Jr. (born March 15, 1956) is a former American football linebacker who played for the Cleveland Browns and the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League (NFL). He was the first round draft pick of the Browns and played in 278 games over 19 NFL seasons, the 17th most appearances in league history (and most playing linebacker). Matthews had 1,561 tackles in his career, the third most in NFL history.He is the father of Clay Matthews III, an All-Pro linebacker for the Green Bay Packers, and brother of Hall of Fame offensive lineman Bruce Matthews.

Dan O'Shannon

Dan O'Shannon (born March 10, 1962) is an American television writer and producer who has worked on shows such as Newhart, Cheers, and Frasier. He was an executive producer of the ABC show Modern Family, but left the show at the conclusion of season five to accept a development deal at CBS TV Studios. He grew up in Euclid and Painesville, Ohio, graduating from Riverside High School in Painesville Township.Aside from television writing (since 1985), he is the author of two books, The Adventures of Mrs. Jesus, published by Harper-Collins (2014) and What Are You Laughing At? A Comprehensive Guide to the Comedic Event, published by Continuum International Publishing Group in 2012.

Euclid High School

Euclid High School is a public high school in Euclid, Ohio, United States, a suburb of Cleveland in the northeast corner of Cuyahoga County. Originally named Euclid Senior High School, it was constructed in 1949 to replace the Euclid Central High School and Shore High School facilities. The school serves a community of approximately 49,000 residents, offering a wide range of programs from vocational education to college preparatory.

Euclid Square Mall

Euclid Square Mall was a shopping mall in Euclid, Ohio, United States. It was opened in 1977 as a regional mall with two anchor stores: local chains Higbee's, and May Co. It was demolished from 2017-2018.

Jessica Beard

Jessica Beard (born January 8, 1989) is an American sprinter who qualified for the 2009 IAAF World Championships in the 4x400-meter relay and 400 meters. She won the gold medal with the relay team. She also was fifth in the 400 m at the 2006 World Junior Championships in Athletics and improved to win the silver medal at the 2008 World Junior Championships.

Kenny Yuko

Kenny Yuko (born August 1, 1950) is a Democratic member of the Ohio Senate, representing the 25th District. Previously he was a Democratic member of the Ohio House of Representatives, representing the 7th District from 2005 to 2012. Prior to his time in the legislature, Yuko was a political and union activist for more than two decades.

Kent Smith (politician)

Kent Smith (born September 4, 1966) is the Representative of the 8th district of the Ohio House of Representatives. Smith is a resident of Euclid, Ohio, and served on the Euclid School Board for 12 years. He also served as head of the Democratic Party for Euclid, and has a degree from the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs at Cleveland State University. In 2014, Smith opted to run for the Ohio House of Representatives to replace Armond Budish, who was term-limited and sought election instead as Cuyahoga County Executive. He faced Republican Mikhail Alterman and Independent Jocelyn Conwell, and won with 71.47% of the vote. He would go on to be re-elected in 2016 and 2018. His district includes the Cuyahoga County communities of Beachwood, East Cleveland, Euclid, Richmond Heights, South Euclid, Woodmere, and parts of Cleveland.

Kevin Gaines (American football)

Kevin Gaines (born August 7, 1971 in Euclid, Ohio) is an Arena Football League Defensive Specialist for the Philadelphia Soul, recently signed from the Georgia Force where he played for three seasons and was named Second Team All-Arena in 2004 and 2005. He previously played for the Orlando Predators, the New Jersey Red Dogs/Gladiators, the Florida Bobcats, the Carolina Cobras and the Grand Rapids Rampage. He also played for the London Monarchs in the World League of American Football. Despite Kevin Gaine's time as an Orlando Predator, he has no professional NFL experience.

Mike Adamle

Michael David Adamle (born October 4, 1949) is a former American football player and sports broadcaster.

Adamle was a sports anchor at other Chicago television stations, including WLS-TV from 1983-1989 before hosting American Gladiators, a first stint at WMAQ-TV from 1998–2001, and then at WBBM-TV from 2001-2004 before returning to Channel 5 until March 2016, when he was diagnosed with CTE-induced dementia which eventually forced his retirement. For much of 2008, Adamle worked for World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) in a variety of roles, including interviewer, play-by-play commentator, and General Manager of Raw.

Polka Hall of Fame

The National Cleveland-Style Polka Hall of Fame and Museum is a museum in Euclid, Ohio, United States. It traces the history of the Cleveland-style polka, from its Slovenian roots from the 19th century, through American factory and mining towns where it absorbed jazz and country expressions, to the post-war years when top ten polka hits got the nation on the dance floor.

Robert Smith (running back)

Robert Scott Smith (born March 4, 1972) is a college football analyst for Fox Sports and the Big Ten Network. He was a running back in the National Football League (NFL) for eight seasons with the Minnesota Vikings, and played collegiately at Ohio State University.

Roger Zelazny

Roger Joseph Zelazny (May 13, 1937 – June 14, 1995) was an American poet and writer of fantasy and science fiction short stories and novels, best known for The Chronicles of Amber. He won the Nebula award three times (out of 14 nominations) and the Hugo award six times (also out of 14 nominations), including two Hugos for novels: the serialized novel ...And Call Me Conrad (1965), subsequently published under the title This Immortal (1966) and then the novel Lord of Light (1967).

Roy Hall (American football)

Roy Hall (born December 8, 1983) is a former American football wide receiver. He was drafted by the Indianapolis Colts in the fifth round of the 2007 NFL Draft. He played college football at Ohio State.

Hall was also a member of the New Orleans Saints and Detroit Lions.

Roy is currently president and co-founder of the Columbus, OH-based non-profit Driven Foundation, established in 2008.

Sharon Creech

Sharon Creech (born July 29, 1945) is an American writer of children's novels. She was the first American winner of the Carnegie Medal for British children's books and the first person to win both the American Newbery Medal and the British Carnegie.

South Euclid, Ohio

South Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is an inner-ring suburb of Cleveland located on the city's east side. As of the 2010 census the population was 22,295.

Stipe Miocic

Stipe Miocic (; born August 19, 1982) is an American professional mixed martial artist of Croatian descent, as well as a fireman in Cleveland. He is currently signed to Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), where he competes in the heavyweight division and is a former champion. During his reign, he defended his championship three times, holding the record for most consecutive title defenses in the history of the UFC heavyweight division. He is considered by many to be the best heavyweight mixed martial artist in UFC history. As of January 28, 2019, he is #11 in official UFC pound-for-pound rankings.

Sunita Williams

Sunita Pandya Lyn Williams (born September 19, 1965) is an American astronaut and United States Navy officer of Indo-Slovenian descent. She formerly held the records for total spacewalks by a woman (seven) and most spacewalk time for a woman (50 hours, 40 minutes). Williams was assigned to the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 14 and Expedition 15. In 2012, she served as a flight engineer on Expedition 32 and then commander of Expedition 33.

Terry Kennedy (baseball)

Terrence Edward Kennedy (born June 4, 1956) is a former All-Star Major League Baseball catcher who played for the St. Louis Cardinals (1978–80), San Diego Padres (1981–86), Baltimore Orioles (1987–88) and San Francisco Giants (1989–91). Kennedy batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He is the son of former major league player and manager Bob Kennedy.

Born in Euclid, Ohio, Kennedy played college baseball at Florida State University and was a two-time All-American and Sporting News College Player of the Year in 1976. Kennedy was inducted into the FSU Athletics hall of Fame in 1982.

In a 14-year major league career, Kennedy hit .264 with 113 home runs and 628 RBI in 1491 games. Kennedy tied Johnny Bench's NL mark of 40 doubles in a season in 1982. That same year Kennedy won the Silver Slugger Award. He appeared in 4 All-Star games (1981, 1983, 1985, and 1987). He also played in two World Series: with the Padres in 1984 and with the Giants in 1989. Terry and his father Bob became the first father and son duo to drive in runs in a World Series when Terry drove in two against the Tigers in 1984 in his first "at bat".

Throughout most of his career, Kennedy wore #16, which he was assigned on his first day in major league camp with the Cardinals. When he came to the Orioles, he could not get #16 because veteran pitcher Scott McGregor already had the number, so he wore #15 during his time with them. In the remainder of his career with the Giants, he wore #16.

After his playing days, Kennedy managed, coached, and instructed in the minor leagues for the St. Louis Cardinals, Montreal Expos, Seattle Mariners, Chicago Cubs, Los Angeles Dodgers and San Diego Padres, as well as the Independent Leagues. Kennedy was voted Manager-of-the-Year twice including Baseball America Manager-of-the-Year in 1998 when he led the Iowa Cubs to a first-place finish.

Terry is a scout with the Chicago Cubs.

Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.

Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co., 272 U.S. 365 (1926), more commonly Euclid v. Ambler, was a United States Supreme Court landmark case argued in 1926. It was the first significant case regarding the relatively new practice of zoning, and served to substantially bolster zoning ordinances in towns nationwide in the United States and in other countries of the world including Canada.

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