Ethnic majority

An ethnic majority describes the numerical dominance of individuals of an ethnic group within the total population of a particular political or geographical entity. Ethnicity refers to genealogy, language, culture, identification with a historical social group and behavioral practices inherited from ancestors, among others, such as diet, art and religion.[1][2]

An ethnic majority generally contrasts with ethnic minorities within a certain population, such as indigenous people, diasporas or immigrant ethnicities. The concept of the territorial national state is derived from the idea to unite and integrate ethnicities into independent nations. However, monoethnic countries are virtually non-existent.[3]Modern people increasingly have multiple genealogical and ethnic roots. As a consequence, they often only loosely identify with distinct ethnic groups. Identification takes place within various multi-ethnic, societal and cultural categories .[4]

In Anglo-Saxon countries, ethnicity as well as race are registered in official statistics, based on self-reported identification by the individual, for example in view to discover discrimination. In for example Scandinavian countries, no official statistics is kept on ethnicity or race. According to the European GDPR law, it is typically not allowed to register ethnicity or race.

In the context of genealogy, for example medical genetics or genealogical DNA tests, ethnicity is defined based on biological rather than cultural heritage. However, various genealogical DNA tests result in contradictory and insecure estimates of the ethnic mix of a person, since the result of each test depends on the reference group and how it is divided into ethnic groups. Thus, it is typically not possible to securely determine if a person belongs to the ethnic majority or not using genetic tests.

Ethnicity is sometimes confused with race, which however is defined based on heritage from a certain continent. The zoological meaning of race cannot be applied to humans since race can not be identified unambiguously from biological features such as skin color. It is disputed to what extent race can be identified using genetics.

See also

References

  1. ^ "ethnicity: definition of ethnicity". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  2. ^ People, James; Bailey, Garrick (2010). Humanity: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (9th ed.). Wadsworth Cengage learning. p. 389. In essence, an ethnic group is a named social category of people based on perceptions of shared social experience or one's ancestors' experiences. Members of the ethnic group see themselves as sharing cultural traditions and history that distinguish them from other groups. Ethnic group identity has a strong psychological or emotional component that divides the people of the world into opposing categories of “us” and “them.” In contrast to social stratification, which divides and unifies people along a series of horizontal axes on the basis of socioeconomic factors, ethnic identities divide and unify people along a series of vertical axes. Thus, ethnic groups, at least theoretically, cut across socioeconomic class differences, drawing members from all strata of the population.
  3. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-15.
  4. ^ Anthony Daniel Perez, Charles Hirschman. "The Changing Racial and Ethnic Composition of the US Population: Emerging American Identities". US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
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Gibarac

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Kula, Serbia

Kula (Serbian Cyrillic: Кула) is a town and municipality located in the West Bačka District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a population of 17,866, while the municipality has a population of 43,101.

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Mala Remeta (Serbian Cyrillic: Мала Ремета) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Irig municipality, in the Srem District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 151 people (2002 census).

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Molovin (Serbian Cyrillic: Моловин) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Šid municipality, in the Srem District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 298 people (2002 census).

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Ogar (Serbian Cyrillic: Огар) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Pećinci municipality, in the Srem District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 1,143 people (2002 census).

Pavlovci, Serbia

Pavlovci (Serbian Cyrillic: Павловци) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Ruma municipality, in the Srem District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 460 people (2002 census).

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Sri Lankan

Sri Lankan may refer to:

Something of, from, or related to the country of Sri Lanka

A person from Sri Lanka, see Demographics of Sri Lanka

Sinhalese people, an ethnic majority

Sri Lankan Tamils, an ethnic minority

Sri Lankan Moors, an ethnic minority

Sri Lankan Malays, an ethnic minority

Sri Lankan culture

Sri Lankan cuisine

SriLankan Airlines

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Vitojevci

Vitojevci (Serbian Cyrillic: Витојевци) is a village in Serbia. It is situated in the Ruma municipality, in the Srem District, Vojvodina province. The village has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbering 913 people (2002 census).

Related concepts
Ethnology
Groups by region
Multiethnic society
Ideology and
ethnic conflict

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