Ethan A. Hitchcock (Interior)

Ethan Allen Hitchcock (September 19, 1835 – April 9, 1909) served under Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt as U.S. Secretary of the Interior.

Ethan Hitchcock
22nd United States Secretary of the Interior
In office
February 20, 1899 – March 4, 1907
PresidentWilliam McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
Preceded byCornelius Bliss
Succeeded byJames Garfield
United States Ambassador to Russia
In office
December 16, 1897 – January 28, 1899*
PresidentWilliam McKinley
Preceded byClifton R. Breckinridge
Succeeded byCharlemagne Tower Jr.
Personal details
BornSeptember 19, 1835
Mobile, Alabama, U.S.
DiedApril 9, 1909 (aged 73)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Margaret Dwight Collier
*Elevated from Minister to Ambassador on March 21, 1898

Business career

Hitchcock was born on September 19, 1835, in Mobile, Alabama, the son of Henry Hitchcock (1791 - 1839), a justice on the Alabama Supreme Court, and Anne Erwin Hitchcock. He was the brother of Henry Hitchcock, nephew of Major General Ethan Allen Hitchcock, grandson of Judge Samuel Hitchcock, and great-grandson of Ethan Allen.

He was in mercantile business at Saint Louis, Missouri, 1855–60, then went to China to enter a commission house, of which firm he became a partner in 1866. He was married to Margaret Dwight Collier on March 20, 1869. Ethan and Margaret Hitchcock had three daughters, Sarah, Anne and Margaret Hitchcock.

In 1872 he retired from business, in 1874 returned to the United States, and in 1874-97 was president of several manufacturing, mining and railway companies.[1]

He was a member of the Missouri Society of the Sons of the Revolution.

Government career

Hitchcock was in his sixties when President McKinley appointed him Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia in 1897 and in February 1898 Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, the first Ambassador accredited from the United States to the court of Russia.[1] He was recalled in 1898 to serve in first McKinley's and then his successor, Roosevelt's, Cabinet. As Secretary of the Interior, Hitchcock pursued a vigorous program for the conservation of natural resources and reorganized the administration of Native American affairs.

Hitchcock died April 9, 1909, in Washington, D.C., at the age of 73. Hitchcock was buried at the Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri.[2]


  1. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, American politician" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  2. ^ Hitchcock, Ethan Allen. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07 Archived February 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.

External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Clifton R. Breckinridge
United States Ambassador to Russia
August 16, 1897 – January 28, 1899
Succeeded by
Charlemagne Tower, Jr.
Political offices
Preceded by
Cornelius N. Bliss
U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Served under: William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt

February 20, 1899 – March 4, 1907
Succeeded by
James R. Garfield
Ethan Hitchcock

Ethan Hitchcock may refer to:

Ethan A. Hitchcock (general) (1798–1870), U.S. Army general

Ethan A. Hitchcock (Interior) (1835–1909), United States Secretary of the Interior; nephew of the former

Hitchcock (surname)

Hitchcock is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Alfred Hitchcock (1899–1980), English film director

Almeda Eliza Hitchcock (1863-1895), Hawaii lawyer

A. S. Hitchcock (1865–1935), American botanist and agrostologist

Billy Hitchcock (1916–2006), American baseball player

Carol Hitchcock, Australian singer

Charles Henry Hitchcock (1836–1919), American geologist

Daniel Hitchcock (1739–1777), American military officer

Daniel Hitchcock (Tasmania), Australian member of the Tasmanian Legislative Council

Dave Hitchcock, English former record producer

David Hitchcock (comics writer), an English comics writer and artist

David Howard Hitchcock (1861–1943), an American/Hawaiian painter

Edward Hitchcock (1793–1864), President of Amherst College and geologist

Edward Griffin Hitchcock (1837–1898), Marshal of Hawaii

Ethan A. Hitchcock (general) (1798–1870), U.S. Army general

Ethan A. Hitchcock (Interior) (1835–1909), United States Secretary of the Interior

Frank H. Hitchcock (1867–1935), American politician and Postmaster General

Frank Lauren Hitchcock (1875–1957), American mathematician and physicist

George Hitchcock (artist) (1850–1913), American artist

George B. Hitchcock (1812–1872), American abolitionist

George Hitchcock (poet) (1914–2010), U.S. poet and publisher of "Kayak" magazine

Gilbert Hitchcock (1859–1934), U.S. Representative and Senator from Nebraska

Harvey Rexford Hitchcock (1800–1855), American missionary to Hawaii

Henry Hitchcock (1792–1839), first Attorney General of Alabama

Henry-Russell Hitchcock (1903–1987), American architectural historian

Herbert E. Hitchcock (1867–1958), U.S. Senator from South Dakota

Jeremy Hitchcock (born 1981), American Internet company CEO

Jimmy Hitchcock (1911–1959), American football and baseball player

Jimmy Hitchcock (cornerback) (born 1970), American football player

Karen R. Hitchcock, former Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario

Ken Hitchcock (born 1951), NHL coach

Kevin Hitchcock (born 1962), English goalkeeper

Lambert Hitchcock (1795–1852), American furniture designer

Louise A. Hitchcock (1955-), Professor of Archaeology

Margaret Hitchcock (1883 - 1967), nurse from New Zealand who served in France in World War I

Mary Evelyn Hitchcock (1849-1920), American author, traveler

Michael Hitchcock (born 1958), American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and television producer

Nicola Hitchcock, British singer, songwriter and record producer

Nigel Hitchcock (born 1971), English jazz saxophonist

Patricia Hitchcock (born 1928), actress and daughter of Alfred Hitchcock

Paul Hitchcock (born 1975), New Zealand cricketer

Peter Hitchcock (1781–1853) Chief Justice, Ohio Supreme Court

Phineas Hitchcock (1831–1881) U.S. Senator from Nebraska

Ray Hitchcock (born 1965), American football player

Raymond Hitchcock (actor) (1865–1929), American stage and screen actor

Raymond Hitchcock (author) (1922–1992), English novelist and screenwriter

Raymond Hitchcock (cricketer) (born 1929), New Zealand cricketer

Ripley Hitchcock (1857–1918), a prominent American editor

Robert C Hitchcock (born 1944), Australian sculptor

Robyn Hitchcock (born 1953), English singer/songwriter

Roswell Dwight Hitchcock (1817–1887), American theologian

Russell Hitchcock (born 1949), Australian vocalist from the soft rock band Air Supply

Simon C. Hitchcock (ca. 1801–1878), New York politician

Sterling Hitchcock (born 1971), American baseball pitcher

Sylvia Hitchcock, 1967 Miss Universe

Tommy Hitchcock (1860–1941), American polo player and horse trainer

Tommy Hitchcock Jr. (1900-1944), American WWI & WWII pilot, American polo player

Warren Billingsley Hitchcock (1919–1984), Australian ornithologist

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