Etenna (Ancient Greek: Ἔτεννα) was a city in the late Roman province of Pamphylia Prima. Centuries earlier, it was reckoned as belonging to Pisidia, as by Polybius, who wrote that in 218 BC the people of Etenna "who live in the highlands of Pisidia above Side" provided 8000 hoplites to assist the Seleucid usurper Achaeus.[1][1][2]

Coordinates: 37°00′06″N 31°26′57″E / 37.00167°N 31.44917°E

Antalya by Piri Reis
Map of the Etenna area in 1520, Etinna is in the hills behind Side.


A coin from Etenna.

There is no other mention of Etenna in extant documents until the record of the participation of bishops of Etenna in the ecumenical councils of the 4th century AD and later. However, there are examples of its fine silver coinage of the 4th and 3rd century BC and of its bronze coins dating from the 1st century BC to the 3rd century AD.[3][4]


The Christian bishopric of Etenna was ecclesiastically a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Side, the capital of the province of Pamphylia Secunda. Known Bishops include:

Seeing Etenna as no longer a residential bishopric, the Catholic Church lists it as a titular see.[8] Although the area around Etenna was never actually of Catholic confession Among the titular bishops of Etenna were

The town and bishopric of Cotenna, also given as belonging to the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima, is by some reckoned to be the same as Etenna, but appears in the Notitiae Episcopatuum side by side with Etenna and distinct.[7][10]


On the basis of the preponderance of locally minted coins Etenna and the presence of potsherds of the Classical period in Greece, unusual inland elsewhere, Etenna has been identified with the rather nondescript ruins on a steep hillslope 250–500 metres north of the modern village of Sirt, which lies north of Manavgat, Antalya Province, Turkey. They have not been systematically excavated, but include remains of city walls, a roofed reservoir, baths, two basilicas, a church and rock tombs.[3][4]

The identification of Etenna with Gölcük, near the modern village of Sarraçlı, further east beyond the river Melas, is considered less likely.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b Polybius 5, 73, 3 (English translation)
  2. ^ a b Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 1003-1004
  3. ^ a b c G.E. Bean, "Etenna (Sirt) Turkey" in The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites (Princeton University Press 1976)
  4. ^ a b c "Etenna". Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  5. ^ Richard Price, Michael Gaddis, The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon(Liverpool University Press) p230.
  6. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 450
  7. ^ a b "Ἔτεννα (Etenna)". Ἱερὰ Μητρόπολις Πισιδίας. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  8. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 891
  9. ^ Catholic Hierarchy
  10. ^ William M. Ramsay, The Historical Geography of Asia Minor (Adegi Graphics LLC, 2013, ISBN 9780543013651, replica of the 1890 edition)

Further reading

  • Gernot Lang: Classical ancient sites in Anatolia. Books on Demand, 2003 ISBN 3833000686, pp 364–368 (Excerpts from Google Books).
  • Johannes Nollé: Zur Geschichte der Stadt Etenna in Pisidien. In: Elmar Schwertheim (Ed.): Forschungen in Pisidien. Habelt, Bonn 1992, pp. 61–141.
  • Peter Weiß: Etenna. In: Der Neue Pauly (DNP). Vol. 4, Metzler, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-476-01474-6.

External links


Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).


Caloe was a town in the Roman province of Asia. It is mentioned as Kaloe or Keloue in 3rd-century inscriptions, as Kalose in Hierocles's Synecdemos (660), and as Kalloe, Kaloe, and Kolone in Parthey's Notitiæ episcopatuum, in which it figures from the 6th to the 12fth or 13th century.


Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.


Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.


Cyaneae (Ancient Greek: Κυανέαι; also spelt Kyaneai or Cyanae) was a town of ancient Lycia, or perhaps three towns known collectively by the name, on what is now the southern coast of Turkey. William Martin Leake says that its remains were discovered west of Andriaca. The place, which is at the head of Port Tristomo, was determined by an inscription. Leake observes that in some copies of Pliny it is written Cyane; in Hierocles and the Notitiae Episcopatuum it is Cyaneae. To Spratt and Forbes, Cyaneae appeared to be a city ranking in importance with Phellus and Candyba, but in a better state of preservation. No longer a residential bishopric, Cyanae is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.


Docimium, Docimia or Docimeium (Greek: Δοκίμια and Δοκίμειον) was an ancient city of Phrygia, Asia Minor where there were famous marble quarries.


Drizipara (or Druzipara, Drousipara. Drusipara) now Karıştıran (Büyükkarıştıran) in Lüleburgaz district was a city and a residential episcopal see in the Roman province of Europa in the civil diocese of Thrace. It is now a titular see of the Catholic Church.


Hisarlik (Turkish: Hisarlık, "Place of Fortresses"), often spelled Hissarlik, is the modern name for an ancient city in modern day located in what is now Turkey (historically Anatolia) near to the modern city of Çanakkale. The unoccupied archaeological site lies approximately 6.5 km from the Aegean Sea and about the same distance from the Dardanelles. The archaeological site of Hisarlik is known in archaeological circles as a tell. A tell is an artificial hill, built up over centuries and millennia of occupation from its original site on a bedrock knob.

It is believed by many scholars to be the site of ancient Troy, also known as Ilion.

James Byrne (bishop)

James Joseph Byrne (July 28, 1908 – August 2, 1996) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was Archbishop of Dubuque from 1962 to 1983, having previously served as Auxiliary Bishop of St. Paul (1947–56) and Bishop of Boise (1956–62).


Lyrbe (spelled Lyrba in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia; Ancient Greek: Λύρβη) was a city and episcopal see in the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is now a titular see.


Phellus (Ancient Greek: Φέλλος, Turkish: Phellos) is an town of ancient Lycia, now situated on the mountainous outskirts of the small town of Kaş in the Antalya Province of Turkey. The city was first referenced as early as 7 BC by Greek geographer and philosopher Strabo in Book XII of his Geographica (which detailed settlements in the Anatolia region), alongside the port town of Antiphellus; which served as the settlement's main trade front.

Its exact location, particularly in regard to Antiphellus, was misinterpreted for many years. Strabo incorrectly designates both settlements as inland towns, closer to each other than is actually evident today. Additionally, upon its rediscovery in 1840 by Sir Charles Fellows, the settlement was located near the village of Saaret, west-northwest of Antiphellus. Verifying research into its location in ancient text proved difficult for Fellows, with illegible Greek inscriptions providing the sole written source at the site. However, Thomas Abel Brimage Spratt details in his 1847 work Travels in Lycia that validation is provided in the words of Pliny the Elder, who places Phellus north of Habessus (Antiphellus' pre-Hellenic name).


Pisidia (; Greek: Πισιδία, Pisidía; Turkish: Pisidya) was a region of ancient Asia Minor located north of Lycia, bordering Caria, Lydia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, and corresponding roughly to the modern-day province of Antalya in Turkey. Among Pisidia's settlements were Antioch(ia in Pisidia), Termessos, Cremna, Sagalassos, Etenna, Neapolis, Selge, Tyriacum, Laodiceia Katakekaumene and Philomelium.


Rhodiapolis (Ancient Greek: Ῥοδιάπολις), also known as Rhodia (Ῥοδία) and Rhodiopolis (Ῥοδιόπολις), was a city in ancient Lycia. Today it is located on a hill northwest of the modern town Kumluca in Antalya Province, Turkey.

Starvation/Tam Tam Pour L'Ethiopie

"Starvation/Tam Tam Pour L'Ethiopie" is a double A-sided charity single released in 1985, and recorded by two charity ensembles formed specially for the occasion, also known as Starvation and Tam Tam Pour L'Ethiopie respectively. The aim was to raise money for the starving people of Ethiopia.

The idea of gathering artists together to make a charity record was copied from Bob Geldof's Band Aid project, which was number one in the UK charts at the time Starvation/Tam Tam was recorded in December 1984. Band Aid was criticised by some for featuring very few black musicians, and none at all from Africa. The Starvation/Tam Tam record was meant to rectify this.

"Starvation", a cover version of a Pioneers song, featured a number of musicians associated with the 2 Tone era (the group were originally going to be called "The 2 Tone All Stars"), including members of The Specials, Madness, UB40 and General Public, as well as The Pioneers themselves. It was produced by Jerry Dammers and recorded at Liquidator Studios in London.

"Tam Tam Pour L'Ethiopie" was recorded in Paris and featured an ensemble of African artists. Many of the musicians in question were from French-speaking countries, but lyrics in a number of African languages - including Douala, Lingala, Wolof, Malinke and Swahili - also featured on the record. It was produced by Manu Dibango.

The record was released on the Zarjazz label and reached #33 in the UK charts, marking the only time that a record to raise money for Africa actually featuring African artists has entered the UK Top 40.

The 12" version of the single featured a different mix of "Starvation", and a much longer two-part version of "Tam Tam Pour L'Ethiopie". Also featured is an exclusive track called "Haunted", which was written and produced by Dick Cuthell and performed by Dick Cuthell featuring Afrodiziak.

Proceeds from the record were distributed to the charities Oxfam, War On Want and Médecins Sans Frontières.

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Sırtköy, Manavgat

Sırtköy, Manavgat is a village in the District of Manavgat, Antalya Province, Turkey.

Sirtkoy is in the Manavgat district of Antalya province, 104 km, from the town of Manavgat.

Most economic activity in the village is derived from the Bay, but Livestock farming are also available. The village has no primary school, health services nor sewage but does have drinking water.

The ruins of the Roman and Byzantine era city of Etenna lie scattered 400 meters from the modern village. The Altınbeşik Cave National Park lies to the east of the village.

Thomas Holland (bishop)

Thomas Holland (11 June 1908 – 30 September 1999) was an English prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as the Bishop of Salford from 1964 to 1983.Born in Southport on 11 June 1908, he was ordained to the priesthood on 18 June 1933. He was appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Portsmouth and Titular Bishop of Etenna on 31 October 1960. His consecration to the Episcopate took place on 21 December 1960, the principal consecrator was Archbishop John King of Portsmouth, and the principal co-consecrators were Bishop George Dwyer of Leeds (later Archbishop of Birmingham) and Bishop John Healy of Gibraltar. Before he succeeded to the see of Portsmouth, Holland was appointed the Bishop of the Diocese of Salford on 28 August 1964. He participated in all the four sessions of the Second Vatican Council, held between in 1962 and 1965. On 16 October 1963, Holland became the first bishop to call from the Council floor for what would later be established as the Synod of Bishops.He retired on 22 June 1983 and assumed the title Bishop Emeritus of Salford. He died on 30 September 1999, aged 91.


Tyana (Ancient Greek: Τύανα; Hittite Tuwanuwa) was an ancient city in the Anatolian region of Cappadocia, in modern Kemerhisar, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. It was the capital of a Luwian-speaking Neo-Hittite kingdom in the 1st millennium BC.

Üçayaklı ruins

The Üçayaklı ruins are in Mersin Province, Turkey.

Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.