Estanislao Figueras

Estanislao Figueras y de Moragas (Catalan: Estanislau Figueras i de Moragas [əstənizˈlaw fiˈɣeɾəs]; 13 November 1819 – 11 November 1882) was a Spanish politician who served as the first President of the First Spanish Republic from 12 February to 11 June 1873).

Figueras was born in Barcelona.

He led the Republican Party after Queen Isabella II was overthrown in 1868. He briefly became President after King Amadeo abdicated. He was succeeded as President by Francisco Pi y Margall. After the 1875 restoration of the monarchy he withdrew from public life.

He died in Madrid in 1882.

Estanislao Figueras
Estanislao Figueras
President of the Executive Power
In office
12 February 1873 – 11 June 1873
Preceded byAmadeo I
(King of Spain)
Succeeded byFrancisco Pi y Margall
President of the Council of Ministers of Spain
In office
11 February 1873 – 11 June 1873
Preceded byManuel Ruiz Zorrilla
Succeeded byFrancisco Pi y Margall
Personal details
Born13 November 1819
Barcelona, Spain
Died11 November 1882 (aged 62)
Madrid, Spain
Political partyProgressist
Democratic Federal Republican
Organic Federal Republican


Political offices
New office
President of the Executive Power of Spain
11 February 1873 – 11 June 1873
Succeeded by
Francisco Pi
Preceded by
as King of Spain
Head of State of Spain
as President of the Executive Power
11 February 1873 – 11 June 1873
Preceded by
Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla
as Prime Minister of Spain
President of the Provisional Government of Spain
12 February 1873 – 11 June 1873
1873 Spanish general election

General elections to the Cortes Generales were held in Spain on May 10 1873. At stake were all 383 seats in the Congress of Deputies. The Federal Democratic Republican Party won the elections.

Catalan State (1873)

The Catalan State (Spanish: Estado Catalán; Catalan: Estat Català) was a short-lived state proclaimed in 1873, during the First Spanish Republic, by the Provincial Deputation of Barcelona. It included the four provinces of Catalonia and the Balearic Islands.

Diego Martínez Barrio

Diego Martínez Barrio (25 November 1883, Seville – 1 January 1962) was a Spanish politician during the Second Spanish Republic, Prime Minister of Spain between 9 October 1933 and 26 December 1933 and was briefly appointed again by Manuel Azaña on 19 July 1936 - two days after the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. From 16 March 1936 to 30 March 1939 Martínez was President of the Cortes. In 1936, he was briefly the interim President of the Second Spanish Republic, from April 7 to May 10.

Federal Democratic Republican Party

The Federal Democratic Republican Party (Spanish: Partido Republicano Democrático Federal, PRDF) was a Spanish political party founded in 1868 during the Glorious Revolution that was active until 1912. Its ideology was federal republicanism and progressivism.

Figueras (surname)

Figueras is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Alfons Figueras (1922–2009), Spanish cartoonist

Estanislao Figueras (1819–1882), Spanish politician

Giuliano Figueras (born 1976), Italian cyclist

Jordi Figueras Montel (born 1987), Spanish footballer

José Juan Figueras (born 1979), Spanish footballer

Marcelo Figueras (born 1962), Argentine writer and screenwriter

Montserrat Figueras (1942–2011), Spanish opera singer

Nacho Figueras (born 1977), Argentine polo player

First Spanish Republic

The Republic of Spain (officially in Spanish República de España), commonly known as the First Spanish Republic to distinguish it from the Spanish Republic of 1931–39, was the short-lived political regime that existed in Spain between the parliamentary proclamation on 11 February 1873 and 29 December 1874 when General Arsenio Martínez Campos's pronunciamiento marked the beginning of the Bourbon Restoration in Spain. The Republic's founding started with the abdication as King on 10 February 1873 of Amadeo I, following the Hidalgo Affair, when he had been required by the radical government to sign a decree against the artillery officers. The next day, 11 February, the republic was declared by a parliamentary majority made up of radicals, republicans and democrats.

Francesc Pi i Margall

Francesc Pi i Margall (Spanish: Francisci Pi y Margall) (29 April 1824 – 29 November 1901) was a Spanish politician federalist and libertarian socialist statesman, historian, and political philosopher and romanticist writer. He was briefly president of the short-lived First Spanish Republic in 1873.

Francisco Serrano, 1st Duke of la Torre

Don Francisco Serrano Domínguez Cuenca y Pérez de Vargas, 1st Duke of la Torre, Grandee of Spain, Count of San Antonio (es: Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, primer duque de la Torre, conde de San Antonio; 17 December 1810 – 25 November 1885) was a Spanish marshal and statesman. He was Prime Minister of Spain in 1868–69 and regent in 1869–70.

José Maldonado González

José Maldonado González (12 November 1900, Tineo, Asturias – 11 February 1985, Oviedo) was the last president of the Spanish Republican government in Exile. Elected in the Spanish general election, 1936 as a deputy for Oviedo province, he was a member of the party Republican Left, which was a member of the Popular Front. In 1938 he fled to France.

Already in exile, Maldonado held positions in many parts of the Republican government, such as Minister of Justice (1949–1951) and Minister of Justice and Information (1962–1971). In 1970 he succeeded Luis Jiménez de Asúa as President of the Republic in exile. In 1977 he recognized the elections in Spain and agreed on ceasing international relations, in accordance with the president José López Portillo of Mexico.

José Miaja

José Miaja Menant (20 April 1878 in Oviedo, Asturias – 14 January 1958 in Mexico) was an army officer of the Second Spanish Republic.

List of state leaders in 1873

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1873.

Luis Jiménez de Asúa

Luis Jiménez de Asúa (June 19, 1889 in Madrid - November 16, 1970 in Buenos Aires) was a jurist and Spanish politician. He was vice president of the Spanish parliament and representative of that country before the United Nations. During the Francoist dictatorship he exiled himself to Argentina. In 1962 he was named president of the Spanish Republican government in Exile.

Ministry of the Interior (Spain)

The Ministry of the Interior of Spain (Spanish: Ministerio del Interior) which historically could be known as Ministerio de la Gobernación, Ministerio del Orden Público, Ministerio del Interior y la Gobernación or Ministerio del Interior y Justicia is the executive branch responsible for policing, national security, immigration matters, prisons and road traffic safety.

Spain spends around $ 25,5 billions (€ 22 billions) per year on security and public order, which puts it at 2% of GDP.

Niceto Alcalá-Zamora

Niceto Alcalá-Zamora y Torres (6 July 1877 – 18 February 1949) was a Spanish lawyer and politician who served, briefly, as the first prime minister of the Second Spanish Republic, and then—from 1931 to 1936—as its president.

Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso

Nicolás Salmerón Alonso (10 April 1838 – 21 September 1908) was a Spanish politician, president of the First Spanish Republic.

Overseas Ministry (Spain)

The Overseas Ministry or Ministry of Overseas Territories (Spanish Ministerio de Ultramar) was the ministerial department in charge of the direction of Spanish colonies between 1863 and 1899. It administered the Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Carolinas, Marianas and Palaos.

Prior to its establishment, the administration of the colonies was in charge of the Ministry of the Navy. By a royal decree of 20 May 1863 responsibility for the colonies was transferred to a new department. Following Spanish–American War of 1898, in which Spain lost the greater part of her colonial territory (Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Philippines), and the sale of her remaining Pacific possessions to Germany by the treaty of 12 February 1899, the Overseas Ministry itself was suppressed in a royal decree of 20 April 1899.

The creation of a Spanish protectorate in Morocco in 1912, and the establishment of Spanish control over its Guinean possessions, a new colonial ministry, the Direccion General de Marruecos y Colonias (General Directorate of Morocco and the Colonies), was set up in 1925. After the loss of the protectorate in Morocco in 1956, its name was changed to Direccion General de Plazas y Provincias Africanas (African Territories and Provinces). In 1969, following the independence of Equatorial Guinea, its remit was once again reduced and it became the Direccion General de Promoción del Sahara, charged with the advancement of Spanish Sahara until 1975.

President of the Republic (Spain)

President of the Republic (Spanish: Presidente de la República) was the title of the head of state during the Second Spanish Republic (1931–39). The office was based on the model of the Weimar Republic, then still in power in Germany, and a compromise between the French and American presidential systems.The "Republican Revolutionary Committee" set up by the Pact of San Sebastián (1930), considered the "central event in the opposition to the monarchy of Alfonso XIII", and headed by Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, eventually became the first provisional government of the Second Republic, with Alcalá-Zamora named President of the Republic on 11 December 1931.

The use of the term Presidente del Gobierno (literally, President of the Government) in Spanish when referring to the country's head of government, that is, the highest official in the executive branch, has led to some confusion, including several incidents wherein high-profile American politicians have called the prime minister "President," including George W. Bush in 2001, Jeb Bush in 2003, and most recently, Donald Trump in September 2017. With Spain a constitutional monarchy since 1975, the current monarch is head of state.

Segismundo Casado

Segismundo Casado López (1893 – 18 December 1968) was a Spanish Army officer in the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War, commanding the Republican Spanish Army in 1939.

Together with Julíán Besteiro, a member of the Cortes Generales and a socialist, in 1939 Casado conducted a coup d'état against the government of Prime Minister Juan Negrín, claiming Negrín wanted a Communist takeover. Republican forces regained control of Madrid, and Casado's efforts to negotiate a peace with General Franco failed. He insisted on unconditional surrender, which occurred in 1939. Casado went into exile in Venezuela, not returning to Spain until 1961.

Spanish Attorney General

The Spanish Attorney General, officially, Attorney General of the State (Spanish: Fiscal General del Estado), is the head of the Prosecution Ministry (Ministerio Fiscal), the body with functional autonomy in the Judiciary, that has constitutionally been entrusted with the promotion of the action of the justice in defense of the legality, protecting citizens rights and the public interest, and ensuring the independence of the courts and to seek the satisfaction of the social interest.

The Attorney General is appointed and dismissed by the King, at the proposal of the Government, after hearing the General Council of the Judiciary. The candidate also needs to appear before the Congress to evaluate its suitability but it does not need its approval. Therefore, for its appointment it needs the participation of the three powers of State. The candidate must be a Spanish jurists of recognized prestige and with more than fifteen years of effective exercise of their profession.The term of the Attorney General is 4 years and may not be renewed, except in cases in which the holder had held the position for a period of less than two years. He can not be removed from his position unless he requests it, for incurring any of the incompatibilities or prohibitions established in this Law, in case of disability or illness that disqualifies him for the position, for serious or repeated breach of his duties or when the Government that has proposed him finish its term.

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