Espiye

Espiye is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

Espiye
Town
The village of Cibril
The village of Cibril
Espiye is located in Turkey
Espiye
Espiye
Coordinates: 40°57′N 38°44′E / 40.950°N 38.733°ECoordinates: 40°57′N 38°44′E / 40.950°N 38.733°E
Country Turkey
RegionBlack Sea
ProvinceGiresun
Government
 • MayorMustafa Karadere (AKP)
Area
 • District160.85 km2 (62.10 sq mi)
Elevation
119- 2,850 m (390-9,350 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
17,413
 • District
31,810
 • District density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
28600
Area code(s)(+90) 454
Licence plate28
ClimateCfa
WebsiteEspiye Municipality

Etymology

"Espiye" and its earlier spelling, "Esbüyeli", are the Turkish names for the district. Espiye is thought to be formed from two parts: "Esb", a Persian word meaning "horse" and the Turkish "-yeli" and "-yelü" suffix meaning "from" or "of", or possibly the suffix "yalı", a radix or generic word meaning "shore" or "waterside". So, Esbüyeli means "the land of horses" or "stables" or, alternatively, "the stables on the waterside".[3]

History

Antiquity

There is very limited information about the ancient history of Espiye, but slightly more of the larger nearby town of Tirebolu.

The area was part of the Roman Empire and its successors, the Byzantine Empire and the Empire of Trebizond. Copper was mined here in the 1st century AD, and Andoz Castle was later built on the west side of the modern day town, a sister castle of Tripolis (modern day Tirebolu), and Bedrama (or Bedrum) in the Harşit valley to the east of Espiye. However, the castle was too small to be the heart of a civil settlement. Measuring only 90 feet by 20 feet, it was most likely used as a watchtower for advance warning of invading ships on the Black Sea.

The Turkish era

In the Ottoman Land Registry of 1515, "Esbüyeli" has been defined as "Çepni Eli" ("Chepni Province" or "Chepni's Homeland") and registered to Mustafa Bey I, son of Eshter Bey. The Chepni were a branch of the Oghuz Turks which between the 12th and 16th centuries settled in Kürtün in the mountains to the south of Espiye. The Chepni had a powerful cavalry of ten thousand horses, and therefore captured many districts on the Black Sea coast too, establishing the Anatolian beylik of Haci Emirli in Mesudiye to the west of Giresun.

In 1397, Suleyman Bey, commander of the Haci Emirli Beylik in the name of the Ottoman Empire, attacked the Greek armies of Trebizond and conquered Giresun. With this victory, the Ottomans took control of the coastal zone and Suleyman Bey was named "Conqueror of Giresun" by the Chepni, in respect to their victorious leader. However, Espiye was still within the territory of the Empire of Trebizond.

Espiye, Giresun 06
The appearance of Espiye from the black sea

Sixty-four years later, in 1461, the Ottoman Emperor Fatih Sultan Mehmet moved against Trebizond in order to control the northeast end of his empire and quickly brought the Black Sea coast into the Ottoman Empire. Mehmet then gave control of the lands of Giresun, including Espiye, to the Chepnis in return for their support during the expedition. Moreover, he exempted them from paying taxes.

According to the registry of 1515, Espiye was a very small village consisting of sixteen houses plus six houses in the Andoz Castle; meaning, the population of Espiye must have been 80-100, a village in the district of Tirebolu. After the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, Espiye was still a subdistrict of Tirebolu but, in 1957, it became a district in its own right.

Geography

The small plain between the rivers Yağlıdere and Gelevara, Espiye has typical characteristics of the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey, both in its hilly topography and its wet climate.

The town of Espiye is on the Black Sea coast, 28 km (17 mi) from Giresun and has a population of 12,990. The Samsun-Trabzon Black Sea coast highway runs through here. Behind the town the land sharply rises to the south up into the Giresun Mountains. The highest point is Akılbaba Tepesi.

The countryside is very attractive in all shades of green; the higher mountainous area is mainly covered with dense forests of pines, firs, spruces, chestnuts, oaks, hornbeams, rhododendrons, beeches, and alders, while the coastal zone (up to 20–30 km inland) is densely planted with hazelnut trees and some tea.

The climate is generally rainy all year round; it is cool and rainy in summer and warm and rainy in winter in the coastal zones, but snowy in the mountainous area in the south.

The local cuisine includes the pizza-style pide and of course fish from the Black Sea.

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Espiye'nin Tarihi (History of Espiye in the official site of Espiye Municipality. Translation by Prof.Dr. Zeynel Cebeci) Archived 2007-01-26 at the Wayback Machine

External links

Ayıbeli Obası

Ayıbeli ("bear gate" in Turkish) is a highland village of Espiye district of the Giresun Province of Turkey. It is also one of the springs of the Gelivera stream.

Bulancak

Bulancak is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, near to the city of Giresun.

With a population of 38,546 Bulancak is the largest town in the province apart from Giresun itself. It is only a short drive from Giresun, is easily reached by public transport and has thus become part of Giresun's urban area.

The football club Bulancakspor is from the area.

Dereli

Dereli is a town and district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. The mayor is Kazım Zeki Şenlikoğlu (AKP).

Dereli is a small town of 6,043 people in attractive countryside, in the valley of the Aksu Deresi and Akkaya River, inland 28 from Giresun on the road to Şebinkarahisar.

Doğankent

Doğankent is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

Eynesil

Eynesil is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey, east of the city of Giresun, towards Trabzon. The population was 7,505 in 2010.

Gelevara Deresi

Gelevara Deresi is one of two main streams of Espiye, a district of Giresun province in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey. Its two main tributaries arise in the highlands of Espiye district of Giresun and Torul district of Gümüşhane.

In the west its shorter arm originates from Çekümbeli highland near Tohumluk village. Its longer arm starts in Tekçam-Kürünbeli spring in Hanzara Obası and Ayıbeli Deresi in Ayıbeli Obası. The springs of its arms are close enough to each other to be reached in less than an hour by foot. The source of the longer arm looks like a triangular area which is used as the borders of three districts: Espiye, Alucra and Torul. Firstly it goes to northeast direction passing through Beytarla and Sapmaz villages of Kürtün district of Gümüşhane province, then enters into Giresun borders again. After the two arms of the stream flow parallel for nearly 40-50 kilometers they aggregate as Gelevara after Arpacık village in Güce district adjacent to Espiye district. Gelevara flows down to Black Sea in the east end of Espiye town like Yağlıdere stream, its sister. On its mouth to Black Sea there is a ferroconcrete bridge on D010 Highway connecting Giresun and Trabzon provinces.

Gelevara stream has a high voluminous flow because the mountainous and forestry area of its headwaters and because it receives much rain during almost all seasons. The stream is mainly utilized as a sands deposit in building concrete constructions locally. Along its wonderful valley on the Espiye-Ericek-Çakıl route you can explore beautiful slope scenes with the hills covered by the rich forests consisting of thousand species of wild trees, flowers and animals.

Giresun Province

Giresun Province (Turkish: Giresun ili) is a province of Turkey on the Black Sea coast. Its adjacent provinces are Trabzon to the east, Gümüşhane to the southeast, Erzincan to the south, Sivas to the southwest, and Ordu to the west. The provincial capital is Giresun.

Güce

Güce is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

It is a hilly district, and its lower areas are used for cultivating hazelnuts plus some tea and corn.

Güce itself is a small town of 2,860 people providing basic amenities to the surrounding district. Güce is 55 km from the city of Giresun and 14 km inland from the Black Sea along a narrow winding road.

Keşap

Keşap is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey just to the east of the city of Giresun.

Keşap itself is a small town of 8,617 people.

The TV sitcom Uy! Başuma Gelenler was filmed in a village in Keşap.

List of football clubs in Turkey

For a complete list see Category:Football clubs in Turkey.

This is a list of football (soccer) clubs in Turkey. Clubs currently in the first three tiers of the Turkish football league system are listed alphabetically.

List of municipalities in Giresun Province

This is the List of municipalities in Giresun Province, Turkey as of October 2007.

List of populated places in Giresun Province

Below is the list of populated places in Giresun Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Pieris (butterfly)

Pieris, the whites or garden whites, is a widespread now almost cosmopolitan genus of butterflies of the family Pieridae. The highest species diversity is in the Palearctic, with a higher diversity in Europe and eastern North America than the similar and closely related Pontia. The females of many Pieris butterflies are UV reflecting, while the male wings are strongly UV absorbing due to pigments in the scales.

Piraziz

Piraziz is a town and a district of Giresun Province on the Black Sea coast of Turkey.

Piraziz was in the past a part of Bulancak

In the Ottoman Empire period the town was named Piridede-Abdal.

The local economy depends of growing hazelnuts and fishing in the Black Sea. This is a poor district and many people have migrated away to jobs in Turkey's larger cities.

Piraziz itself is a small town of 6,886 people.

Soğukpınar, Giresun

Soğukpınar (literally "cool fountain") is a belde (town) in Espiye district of Giresun Province, Turkey. It is situated in the forests to the west of Harşit creek at 40°54′N 38°50′E. The distance to Espiye is 18 kilometres (11 mi). The population of Soğukpınar was 2,497 as of 2013. According to the earliest reference to the settlement as of 1530, the former name of Soğukpınar was Dikmen-Döğer referring to a Turkish tribe. Later in 1800s Greek workers also settled in the settlement to work in the mines around. But they left the settlement after the Population exchange agreement between Greece and Turkey in 1920s. In 1999 Soğukpınar was declared a seat of township. Hazel and corn are the main crops of Soğukpınar. Salmon trout and beehiving are other economic activities.

Tirebolu

Tirebolu is a town and district of Giresun Province, Turkey.

Turkish Regional Amateur League

The Turkish Regional Amateur League (known in Turkish as Bölgesel Amatör Lig) comprises a number of football leagues that make up the fifth tier of the Turkish football league system. The tier consists of thirteen groups across Turkey. Each season 9 teams are promoted to TFF Third League while the bottom two teams of each group are relegated to the Amatör Futbol Ligleri.

Yağlıdere stream

Yağlıdere is a long and highly voluminous stream that flows to the Black Sea (Karadeniz in Turkish) in the west end of the Espiye which is the capital town of the Espiye district with same name in Giresun Province in Turkey.

Çamoluk

Çamoluk is a town and a district of Giresun Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey.

Being 180 km inland, in a valley of the upper Kelkit River, Çamoluk is different in landscape, climate and lifestyle from the city of Giresun and the other districts on the Black Sea coast.

Districts

Languages

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