Eskişehir Province

Eskişehir Province (Turkish: Eskişehir ili) is a province in northwestern Turkey. Its adjacent provinces are Bilecik to the northwest, Kütahya to the west, Afyon to the southwest, Konya to the south, Ankara to the east, and Bolu to the north. The provincial capital is Eskişehir. Most of the province is laid down in Central Anatolia Region. Northern parts of Mihalıççık district and ones of Mihalgazi and Sarıcakaya are located in the Black Sea Region and one of them belong to the Aegean Region.

Eskişehir is an old, culturally developed province of Turkey. It has a population of 844,842. Its urban population is 734,837. Eskişehir has 2 universities, Eskişehir Osmangazi University ESOGU, and Anadolu Üniversitesi, which is the largest university in Turkey and which has some branch offices in Europe.

Eskişehir Province

Eskişehir ili
Location of Eskişehir Province in Turkey
Location of Eskişehir Province in Turkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
 • Electoral districtEskişehir
 • Total13,652 km2 (5,271 sq mi)
 • Total871,187
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
 • Urban
Area code(s)0222
Vehicle registration26


Midas Tomb in Yazılıkaya, Eskişehir

Eskişehir province is divided into 14 districts, two of which are included in the greater municipality of Eskişehir (shown in boldface letters).


Eskişehir Porsuk River
Porsuk River

Eskişehir's population has a high literacy level of 99%. Many universities and military installations are located in and around the city. Turkish technical students are concentrated in the Eskişehir universities. Infrastructural problems have been partially solved in 2004 with the construction of a tram system.

Eskisehir, and neighboring cities were the major settlement area for the descendants of the founders of the Ottoman Empire, about 1000 years ago. Many villages in the province carry the names of the Turkish tribes/clans from those times. Some people in the city of Eskişehir trace their family origin back to Crimea and the Caucasus.


Eskişehir is internationally known as the source of Meerschaum, a white foamy stone which is used for smoking pipes with detailed carvings. It is called lületaşı in Turkish.

See also


  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

External links

Coordinates: 39°39′31″N 31°02′13″E / 39.65861°N 31.03694°E

Alpu railway station

Alpu station is a railway station on the Istanbul-Ankara railway in the town of Alpu. The station was formerly served by many passenger trains running along the railway from Istanbul and Izmir towards Ankara and points beyond, but since the opening of the Istanbul-Ankara high-speed railway in 2013, all conventional passenger trains between Istanbul and Ankara were replaced by YHT high-speed service, which runs just south of the town along its own right-of-way. The only passenger train serving the station is the Izmir Blue Train operating daily from Izmir to Ankara.

Anadolu Airport

Eskişehir Hasan Polatkan Airport (IATA: AOE, ICAO: LTBY) (Turkish: Eskişehir Hasan Polatkan Havalimanı) is an international airport that serves the city of Eskişehir. Located within the Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Anadolu University.

Ayvalı Dam

Ayvalı Dam is a dam in Kahramanmaraş Province, Turkey, built between 1995 and 2005.

Beylikova Dam

Beylikova Dam is a dam in Eskişehir Province, Turkey. It was built between 1996 and 2002.


Dorylaeum or Dorylaion (Greek: Δορύλαιον), called Şarhöyük in Turkish language, was an ancient city in Anatolia. It is now an archaeological site located near the city of Eskişehir, Turkey.Its original location was about 10 km southwest of Eskişehir, at a place now known as Karaca Hisar; about the end of the fourth century B.C. it was moved to a location north of modern Eskişehir.

Eskişehir Enveriye railway station

Enveriye Railway Station is a railway station in Eskisehir. It services trains from Istanbul Haydarpaşa Terminal heading south on the Eskisehir-Konya Railway Line. As of today, the station is serviced by two trains: The Meram Express from Istanbul to Konya, and the Blue Train (İç Anadolu Mavi Treni) as well as the Taurus Express (Totos Ekspresi) from Istanbul to Adana.

Germa (Galatia)

Germa (Greek Γέρμα) or Germokoloneia (Γερμοκολώνεια, from Latin Colonia Iulia Augusta Felix Germenorum) was an ancient and Byzantine city in the Roman province of Galatia Secunda. The Byzantine writer Theophanes informs us that at a later period Germa took the name of Myriangeli. The few archaeological remains lie close to present-day Babadat in Eskişehir Province, Turkey.When between 25 and 20 BCE Augustus made Galatia a Roman province, he founded Germa as a Roman colony. The city was situated at the point where the road from Ancyra forked, one branch going to Dorylaeum, the other to Pessinus. From the time of Domitian it had a mint. Its Christian bishopric was a residential see until the 12th century and is now, as "Germa in Galatia", a titular see of the Catholic Church.

Gökçekaya Dam

Gökçekaya Dam is 43 km (27 mi) north of Alpu town 45 km (28 mi) east of province of Eskişehir in central Turkey and located 60 km (37 mi) downstream of Sarıyar Dam on the Sakarya River which runs into the Black Sea. The Yenice Dam is located downstream.

There is a hydroelectric power plant, established in 1972, at the dam, with a power output of 278 MW (three Francis turbines at 92.8 MW each), generating an average 562 GW·h of hydroelectricity annually.

Kargı Dam

The Kargı Dam is a rock-fill embankment dam on the Sakarya River in Eskişehir Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and it supports a 194 MW power station.

Kaymaz Dam

Kaymaz Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Kunduzlar Dam

Kunduzlar Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Kuzfındık Dam

Kuzfındık Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

List of populated places in Eskişehir Province

Below is a list of the populated places in Eskişehir Province, Turkey by district. The first two districts, Odunpazarı and Tepebaşı, are parts of Greater Eskişehir. The first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Metropolis (northern Phrygia)

Metropolis (Ancient Greek: Μητρόπολις) was an ancient town in the north of Phrygia, and, as the name seems to indicate, a capital of the ancient kings of Phrygia, though Stephanus of Byzantium derives the name from the mother of the gods. It was situated to the north of Synnada (Athen. 13.574.), and must not be confounded with another town of the same name in the south of Phrygia. Its site is, in all probability, indicated by the ruins of Pismesh Kalasi, north of Doganlu, which show a very antique style of architecture, and mainly consist of tombs cut into the rocks; one of these tombs is that of king Midas. Although William Martin Leake is inclined to think that these ruins mark the site of Nicoleia; William Smith credits other travelers who identify them with Metropolis. From the extent of the ruins, it would seem that in the time of the Roman emperors Metropolis was an important town; but afterwards it declined, though it is still mentioned by Hierocles.Modern scholars locate its site near Oynaş Köyü, Oynaş, Eskişehir Province, Asian Turkey.

Musaözü Dam

Musaözü Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.


Odunpazarı (literally "firewood market" in Turkish), is a historic district of Eskişehir Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. Odunpazarı is one of the central districts of Eskişehir along with the district of Tepebaşı.

Porsuk Dam

Porsuk Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Çatören Dam

Çatören Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

İnönü Military Quarter and War Museum

İnönü Military Quarter and War Museum (Turkish: İnönü Karargah Binası ve Savaş Müzesi) is a military and war museum in Turkey.

It is situated in İnönü ilçe (district) of Eskişehir Province at 39°48′53″N 30°08′38″E. İnönü ilçe is 31 kilometres (19 mi) west of Eskişehir.

Eskişehir Province of Turkey
Turkey Eskişehir Province


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