Ernst Hartert

Ernst Johann Otto Hartert (29 October 1859 – 11 November 1933) was a German ornithologist.

Ernst Hartert
Hartert Ernst 1
Grave of Ernst Hartert in Waldfriedhof Dahlem, Berlin

Life and career

Hartert was born in Hamburg, Germany. He was employed by Lionel Walter Rothschild as ornithological curator of Rothshild's private museum at Tring from 1892 to 1929.

Hartert published the quarterly museum periodical Novitates Zoologicae (1894–39) with Rothschild, and the Hand List of British Birds (1912) with Francis Charles Robert Jourdain, Claud Ticehurst and Harry Witherby. He wrote Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna (1910–22) and travelled in India, Africa, and South America on behalf of his employer.

In 1930, Hartert retired to Berlin, where he died in 1933.[1]

Hartert had been a mentor to Erwin Stresemann, whose cremated remains were interred at Hartert's grave in 1972.[2]


A complete list of Hartert's publications is contained in Hartert's obituary by Rothschild (1934) in the journal Ibis cited below.

  • (1891). Katalog der Vogelsammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main.
  • (1897). Podargidae, Caprimulgidae und Macropterygidae.
  • (1897). Das Tierreich.
  • (1900). Trochilidae.
  • (1902). Aus den Wanderjahren eines Naturforschers: Reisen und Forschungen in Afrika, Asien und Amerika, nebst daran anknüpfenden, meist ornithologischen Studien.
  • (1903). Ueber die Pipriden-Gattung Masius Bp.
  • (1910–1922). Die Vögel der paläarktischen Fauna: Systematische Übersicht der in Europa, Nord-asien und der Mittelmeerregion vorkommenden Vögel. Three volumes.
  • (1920). Die Vögel Europas.


A species of lizard, Hemiphyllodactylus harterti, and 12 birds are named in his honor.[3]


  1. ^ Rothschild LW (1934). "Ernst Johann Otto Hartert (1859–1933): An Appreciation". Ibis 76 (2): 350-377 + Plates IX & X.
  2. ^ Nöring, Rolf (1973). "Erwin Stresemann. 22. 11. 1889 – 20. 11. 1972". Journal für Ornithologie 114: 455-500 (in German).
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Hartert", p. 117).

Further reading

  • Stresemann E (1967). "Hartert, Ernst Johann Otto", p. 711. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie, Volume 7. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. 784 pp. ISBN 3-428-00188-5 (in German).

External links

Media related to Ernst Hartert at Wikimedia Commons

Anton Hermann Fassl

Anton Heinrich Hermann Fassl (1876, Komotau - 1922, Manaos) was a German entomologist.

Fassl collected Lepidoptera and Coleoptera in Colombia (1907-1908), Brazil and Ecuador. He was sometime in Berlin, sometime at a dealership Naturhistorisches-Institut, 948 Zeidlerstrasse, Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (now Teplice, the Czech Republic). He supplied specimens to Ernst Hartert and Karl Jordan.

Cape shoveler

The Cape shoveler or Cape shoveller (Spatula smithii) is a species of dabbling duck of the genus Spatula. It is resident in South Africa, and uncommon further north in Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, southern Angola, Lesotho, Mozambique, and Zambia.This 51–53 cm long duck is non-migratory, but undertakes some local seasonal movements. It is gregarious when not breeding, and may then form large flocks.

This species has a large spatulate bill. Adults have speckled grey-brown plumage and dull orange legs. As with many southern hemisphere ducks, the sexes appear similar, but the male has a paler head than the female, a pale blue forewing separated from the green speculum by a white border, and yellow eyes. The female's forewing is grey.

Cape shoveler can only be confused with a vagrant female northern shoveler, but is much darker and stockier than that species.It is a bird of open wetlands, such as wet grassland or marshes with some emergent vegetation, and feeds by dabbling for plant food, often by swinging its bill from side to side to strain food from the water. This bird also eats molluscs and insects in the nesting season. The nest is a shallow depression on the ground, lined with plant material and down, and usually close to water.

This is a fairly quiet species. The male has rarr and cawick calls, whereas the female has a quack.The Cape shoveler was described by the German ornithologist Ernst Hartert in 1891 under the present binomial name Spatula smithii. The specific epithet commemorates the Scottish zoologist Andrew Smith.The IUCN Red List sets the conservation status of the Cape shoveler as least concern.

Carl Eduard Hellmayr

Carl Eduard Hellmayr (29 January 1878 in Vienna, Austria – 24 February 1944 in Orselina, Switzerland) was an Austrian ornithologist.

Erwin Stresemann

Erwin Stresemann (22 November 1889, in Dresden – 20 November 1972, in East Berlin) was a German naturalist and ornithologist. Stresemann was an ornithologist of extensive breadth who compiled one of the first and most comprehensive accounts of avian biology of its time as part of the Handbuch der Zoologie (Handbook of Zoology). In the process of his studies on birds, he also produced one of the most extensive historical accounts on the development of the science of ornithology. He influenced numerous ornithologists around him and oversaw the development of ornithology in Germany as editor of the Journal für Ornithologie. He also took an interest in poetry, philosophy and linguistics. He published a monograph on the Paulohi language based on studies made during his ornithological expedition to the Indonesian island.

Godman-Salvin Medal

The Godman-Salvin Medal is a medal of the British Ornithological Union awarded "to an individual as a signal honour for distinguished ornithological work." It was instituted in 1919 in the memory of Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin.

Hartert's camaroptera

Hartert's camaroptera (Camaroptera harterti) is a small bird in the family Cisticolidae. It is endemic to Angola.

Hartert's camaroptera was described by the German ornithologist Otto Eduard Graf von Zedlitz und Trützschler in 1911 under the trinomial name Camaroptera griseoviridis harterti. The type location in the town of Canhoca in northern Angola. The specific epithet harterti is in honour of the German ornithologist Ernst Hartert who was the curator of the Rothschild Museum in Tring, England. It was at one time treated as a subspecies of the green-backed camaroptera but is now treated as a separate species.

Hugo Weigold

Max Hugo Weigold (27 May 1886 – 9 July 1973) was a German zoologist and a pioneer bird bander who worked at the Heligoland Bird Observatory, one of the world's first bird-ringing sites.

Weigold was born in Dresden. He studied natural sciences and geography in Jena and Leipzig. Here he was influenced by Ernst Haeckel, Richard Woltereck, Otto zur Strassen and Carl Chun. He worked for the Scientific Commission for Marine Research in Heligoland, a German island in the North Sea, where he continued the work of Heinrich Gätke (who died in 1897) in bird migration studies, setting up the bird observatory in 1910 to trap and band the migratory birds passing through the island.For six years Weigold carried out zoological research in China and Tibet and was the first Westerner to see a live giant panda in the wild, buying a cub (which did not survive for long) while part of the Stoetzner Expedition in 1916. He later became Director of Natural Sciences at the Lower Saxony State Museum in Hanover. He died in Bruckberg, Lower Bavaria.Weigold collected a large number of specimens, nearly 3800 during his 1913-16 expedition and 1000 from 1931-32. He named 5 subspecies alone and 7 co-authored with Otto Kleinschmidt. There were 13 other new descriptions including ones with Ernst Hartert and Erwin Stresemann. About six bird species and seven vertebrates are named after him.

J. Lewis Bonhote

John James Lewis Bonhote M.A., F.L.S., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U. (1875–1922) was an English ornithologist.

Bonhote was born in London and educated at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was appointed private secretary to the Governor of the Bahamas in 1897, and was sub-director of the Zoological Gardens at Giza from 1913 to 1919. Bonhote was joint secretary (with Ernst Hartert) of the 4th International Ornithological Congress in London in 1905, secretary and treasurer of the Avicultural Society, secretary of the British Ornithologists' Union (1907–1913) and secretary-treasurer of the British Ornithologists' Club (1920–1922).

Rudolf Tancré

Rudolf Tancré ( December 24, 1842 Anklam , Pomerania - 19 September 1934 Anklam) was a German natural history dealer , ornithologist and entomologist whose Tancré Trade Company in Anklam had employed the German collector brothers Rückbeil who had made extensive collections of birds and insects while exploring the Russian Far East and the East and the South of Siberia.The Rückbeil family had contact with Grigory Grumm-Grzhimaylo another source of expedition specimens for Tancré.

Tancré obtained specimens from Eastern Europe as well as Central Asia. He traded with European museums and private collectors, for instance Alexander Koenig and the bird curators at Tring Ernst Hartert and Karl Jordan. Insect collections were sold to various European museums and nowadays some of the collections are in the museums of Amsterdam , Bonn , Braunschweig and Linz and in the National Museum of "Grigore Antipan" in Bucharest .

He named the butterfly Limenitis homeyeri for one of his customers Eugen Ferdinand von Homeyer.He cowrote the original description of Perdix perdix robusta Homeyer and Tancré, 1883.

Smoky robin

The smoky robin (Peneothello cryptoleuca) is a species of bird in the Petroicidae family endemic to West Papua, Indonesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Described by German ornithologist Ernst Hartert in 1874, the smoky robin is a member of the Australian robin family Petroicidae, or Eopsaltridae. Sibley and Ahlquist's DNA-DNA hybridisation studies placed this group in a Corvida parvorder comprising many tropical and Australian passerines including pardalotes, fairy-wrens and honeyeaters as well as crows. However, subsequent molecular research (and current consensus) places the robins as a very early offshoot of the Passerida, or "advanced" songbirds, within the songbird lineage.

Stub-tailed antbird

The stub-tailed antbird (Sipia berlepschi) is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae.

It is found in Colombia and Ecuador.

Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

The stub-tailed antbird was described by the German ornithologist Ernst Hartert in 1898 and given the binomial name Pyriglena berlepschi. The species was named to honour the German ornithologist Hans von Berlepsch. The species was later placed in the genus Myrmeciza but a molecular phylogenetic study published in 2013 found that the genus Myrmeciza, as then defined, was polyphyletic. In the resulting rearrangement to create monophyletic genera the stub-tailed antbird was moved to a resurrected genus Sipia which had been introduced by the Austrian ornithologist Carl Eduard Hellmayr in 1924.

São Tomé spinetail

The São Tomé spinetail (Zoonavena thomensis) is a species of swift in the family Apodidae. It is endemic to São Tomé and Príncipe. The species was described by Ernst Hartert on 1900.

Valentin Bianchi

Valentin Lvovich Bianchi (18 February 1857 – 10 January 1920) (Russian: Валентин Львович Бианки) was a Russian ornithologist.

Bianchi was the Head of the Department of Ornithology at the Imperial Academy of Sciences of Petrograd from 1896 to 1920. He worked mainly on birds from Middle and Central Asia. He is honoured in the common and scientific names of Bianchi's warbler (Seicercus valentini), described by Ernst Hartert.

Father of russian naturalist Vitaly Bianki.

Wakatobi flowerpecker

The Wakatobi flowerpecker (Dicaeum celebicum kuehni) is a subspecies of the grey-sided flowerpecker that is endemic to the Wakatobi Islands of Indonesia. Some authorities consider it to be a separate species as Dicaeum kuehni.

Waldfriedhof Dahlem

The Waldfriedhof Dahlem (Dahlem forest cemetery) is a cemetery in Berlin, in the district of Steglitz-Zehlendorf on the edge of the Grunewald forest at Hüttenweg 47. Densely planted with conifers and designed between 1931 and 1933 after the plans of Albert Brodersen, it is one of Berlin's more recent cemeteries. Its graves include those of writers such as Gottfried Benn, composers such as Wolfgang Werner Eisbrenner and entertainers like Harald Juhnke, and put it among the so-called "Prominentenfriedhöfe" or celebrity cemeteries.

William Doherty

William Doherty (May 15, 1857, Cincinnati – May 25, 1901 Nairobi) was an American entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera and later also collected birds for the Natural History Museum at Tring. He died of dysentery while in Nairobi.

William Frederick Henry Rosenberg

William Frederick Henry Rosenberg (1868–1957) was an English ornithologist and entomologist.

His first expedition was to Colombia in 1894 where he collected insects and birds.The bird collection was acquired by Adolphe Boucard. In 1896 he went to Ecuador and later returned to Colombia collecting especially for Walter Rothschild. From 1898 until 1899 he employed collectors in South America who provided him with bird skins for Rothschild. Duplicates went to the British Museum, surplus specimens were sold to other collectors and museums . He started a business as a natural history dealer in Tring in 1897 and in 1898 he moved the dealership to 57 Haverstock Hill, London. He sold specimens from Africa as well as S. America. New species were described by Ernst Hartert.

Rosenberg was a Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society of London.

William John Ansorge

William John Ansorge (6 April 1850 – 31 October 1913 at Luanda) was a physician who worked in Angola and Uganda and is known for exploring the fauna of the African region. He was posted as a medical officer in Uganda from 1895 to 1898. Several species of animals were named after him by museum taxonomists chiefly in Britain; these include Ansorge's Cusimanse, Crossarchus ansorgei, Ansorge's Greenbul Andropadus ansorgei, and many fishes (Polypterus ansorgii, Microctenopoma ansorgii, Phractura ansorgii, Thysochromis ansorgii, Enneacampus ansorgii, Neolebias ansorgii, and Epiplatys ansorgii).

Also, three species of African reptiles were named after him: Afrogecko ansorgii, Hemidactylus ansorgii, and Psammophis ansorgii.Ansorge's ancestors came from Silesia, but William was born in Chapra, Bengal, to Rev. Paul Gotthold Ansorge (who worked in Krishnaghar, Bengal, and later at Mauritius, preaching in Bengali and Hindi in India) in 1850 and studied at the Royal College in Mauritius and then at Pembroke College, Cambridge. He worked briefly at St Bartholomew's Hospital in London. He then became a professor at the Royal College in Mauritius (1872–1880) and senior professor from 1880 to 1886. He was also District Medical Officer in Uganda and in Southern Nigeria. He travelled across Africa (northern Angola, Benguella, Mossamedes, Portuguese Guinea) and wrote Under the African Sun in 1899. Ernst Hartert noted that Ansorge was a very valuable collector and contributor to the bird collection of Walter Rothschild at Tring. Hartert noted that Ansorge's knowledge of the species collected was limited and that he lacked a training in zoology. His early collections made from 1892 in Uganda were of poor quality and he received training from Hartert. Hartert notes that he died in Angola at just 64, although giving the appearance of an older man with his white beard.Ansorge married Mary Matilda, daughter of G.E. Ely of Edinburgh, in 1881. They had two sons and a daughter. He received two medals with clasps for his service in Uganda 1897–1898 and for his role in the Aro Expedition of 1901–1902.

Yellow-margined flatbill

The yellow-margined flatbill or yellow-winged flatbill (Tolmomyias flavotectus) is a species of bird in the tyrant flycatcher family Tyrannidae. It is found in humid forests to the west of the Andes in north west Ecuador, Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica.

The yellow-margined flatbill was described by the German ornithologist Ernst Hartert in 1902. He coined the trinomial name Rhynchocyclus megacephala flavotectus and specified the type location as Hacienda Paramba, Imbabura, Ecuador. It was formerly treated as a subspecies of Zimmer's flatbill (Tolmomyias assimilis) which is found to the east of the Andes and has very different vocalization.


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