Ernest Moniz

Ernest Jeffrey Moniz, GCIH[1] (born December 22, 1944) is an American nuclear physicist and former United States Secretary of Energy, serving under U.S. President Barack Obama from May 2013 to January 2017. In June 2017, Moniz became co-chairman and chief executive officer of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonpartisan, nonprofit organization working to prevent catastrophic attacks with weapons of mass destruction and disruption—nuclear, biological, radiological and cyber.[2] He served as the Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President of the United States from 1995 to 1997 and was Under Secretary of Energy from 1997 to 2001 during the Clinton Administration.

Moniz is one of the founding members of The Cyprus Institute and has served at Massachusetts Institute of Technology as the Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physics and Engineering Systems, as the Director of the Energy Initiative, and as the Director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment.[3]

On March 4, 2013, Moniz was nominated by President Obama to replace outgoing Energy Secretary Steven Chu for his second term.[4] His appointment was confirmed by the Senate in a unanimous vote on May 16, 2013.[5]

Ernest Moniz
Moniz official portrait standing
13th United States Secretary of Energy
In office
May 21, 2013 – January 20, 2017
PresidentBarack Obama
DeputyDaniel Poneman
Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall
Preceded bySteven Chu
Succeeded byRick Perry
Under Secretary of Energy for Energy and Environment
In office
October 29, 1997 – January 20, 2001
PresidentBill Clinton
Preceded bySteven Chu
Succeeded byRobert G. Card
Personal details
Ernest Jeffrey Moniz

December 22, 1944 (age 74)
Fall River, Massachusetts,
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Naomi Moniz
EducationBoston College (BS)
Stanford University (MS, PhD)

Early life and education

Moniz was born in 1944 in Fall River, Massachusetts, the son of Georgina (Pavão) Moniz and Ernest Perry Moniz, both of whose parents were Portuguese immigrants from São Miguel Island, Azores.[6] He graduated from Durfee High School in Fall River, Massachusetts in 1962, where he was a member of the National Honor Society and was the president of the school's math club.[7] Moniz attended Boston College, where he received his Bachelor of Science summa cum laude in physics. He received his PhD in theoretical physics from Stanford University in 1972.[8][9]


Moniz joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1973, serving as head of the Department of Physics from 1991 to 1995 and as director of the Bates Linear Accelerator Center.[10] He co-chairs the MIT research council. He served in the Clinton administration as Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President from 1995 to 1997.[11]

Moniz worked in the United States Department of Energy, serving as Under Secretary of Energy from 1997 to 2001.[12] Moniz is one of the founding members of The Cyprus Institute, where he and other scholars undertook the coordination, research and planning of the project. In 2013, he received the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from the Universidad Pontificia Comillas de Madrid as a recognition of his research on energy policies and technologies.[13]

U.S. Secretary of Energy (2013–2017)

On May 16, 2013, his appointment was confirmed on a 97–0 vote by the Senate.[5] He succeeded Steven Chu as Secretary of Energy. Moniz was sworn in as Energy Secretary on May 21, 2013 by Deputy Energy Secretary Daniel Poneman.

Secretary Moniz played a crucial role in negotiations toward a comprehensive agreement on the Iranian nuclear program, directly negotiating technical details with the Iranian atomic energy minister Ali Akbar Salehi, an MIT graduate, and reassuring President Obama that concessions important to the Iranians would not pose a major threat.[14] The comprehensive agreement between Iran and the so-called "P5+1" (which includes the 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council, plus Germany and a representative from the European Union) was finalized on July 14, 2015, to much fanfare and criticism.[15]


PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR
ribbon bar


  1. ^ "Presidente recebeu Secretário de Energia norte-americano Ernest Moniz". President of Portugal. Lisbon. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Ernest J. Moniz Named New CEO of NTI | NTI News". Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  3. ^ Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Faculty & Teaching Staff". MIT Engineering Systems Division. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  4. ^ President Obama Nominates Candidates for Energy and Environmental Team March 4, 2013 PBS NewsHour
  5. ^ a b Weiner, Rachel (16 May 2013). "Ernest Moniz confirmed as Energy secretary". The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  6. ^ "Obama to name Fall River Native to head Energy Department". 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ Carol Lee Costa-Crowell; Lurdes da Silva (August 6, 1997). "Durfee grad nominated to energy post". Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  8. ^ "Department of Energy "About Us"". 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
  9. ^ "Events GCEP Research Symposium 2005 Keynote Speakers Prof. Freeman Dyson Prof. Ernest Moniz Prof. David Victor". 2005. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  10. ^ "Ernest Moniz Professor of Physics and Cecil and Ida Green Distinguished Professor Co-Director of the Laboratory for Energy and the Environment". Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  11. ^ David J. Unger (February 11, 2013). "Will Ernest Moniz be the next Energy secretary?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  12. ^ Niraj Chokshi (February 21, 2013). "Who Is Ernest Moniz, Obama's Likely Pick for Energy Secretary?". Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  13. ^ "Ernest Moniz, Ministro de Energía de EE.UU., nuevo doctor honoris causa por Comillas". 2013. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  14. ^ "An Iran Nuclear Deal Built on Coffee, All-Nighters and Compromise". The New York Times.
  15. ^ "Iran nuclear deal shifts tectonic plates in the Middle East". Aljazeera America.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Daniel Poneman
United States Secretary of Energy
Succeeded by
Grace Bochenek
2014 State of the Union Address

The 2014 State of the Union Address was given by President Barack Obama on Tuesday, January 28, 2014, in the chamber of the United States House of Representatives. It was addressed to the 113th United States Congress, and the Senate was present. According to tradition, House Speaker John Boehner invited the president on December 13 to address a joint session of Congress. White House Press Secretary Jay Carney confirmed the president's attendance later that day.

Ali Akbar Salehi

Ali Akbar Salehi (Persian: علی‌اکبر صالحی‎, pronunciation ; born 24 March 1949) is an Iranian academic, diplomat and the head of Atomic Energy Organization of Iran. He served as head of AEOI from 2009 to 2010 and was appointed to the post for a second time on 16 August 2013. Before his appointment of his current position, he was foreign affairs minister from 2010 to 2013. He was also the Iranian representative in the International Atomic Energy Agency from 1998 to 2003.

Beau-Rivage Palace

The Beau-Rivage Palace is a historical luxury five-star hotel in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is located in Ouchy, on the shores of Lake Léman.

The hotel opened in 1861 and the current main building was constructed in Art Nouveau and neo-baroque style in 1908. It is registered in the Swiss Inventory of Cultural Property of National and Regional Significance.

The Beau-Rivage Palace is owned by the well known Swiss Sandoz family, founders of Sandoz AG, now Novartis. Sandoz Foundation Hotel consists of "Beau-Rivage Palace", "Lausanne Palace", "Palafitte Hotel", "Riffelalp Resort 2222 m", "Angleterre & Résidence" and the "Château d'Ouchy".

Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future

A Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future was appointed by President Obama to look into future options for existing and future nuclear waste, following the ending of work on the incomplete Yucca Mountain Repository. At present there are 70 nuclear power plant sites where 65,000 tons of spent fuel is stored in the USA. Each year, more than 2,000 tons are added to this total. Nine states have "explicit moratoria on new nuclear power until a storage solution emerges". A deep geological repository seems to be the favored approach to storing nuclear waste.On January 26, 2012, the Commission submitted its final report to Energy Secretary Steven Chu. The Commission put forth seven recommendations for developing a comprehensive strategy to pursue. A major recommendation was that "the United States should undertake an integrated nuclear waste management program that leads to the timely development of one or more permanent deep geological facilities for the safe disposal of spent fuel and high-level nuclear waste".

Clean Energy Ministerial

The Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) are global forums held to promote policies and to share best practices with the aim of accelerating a transition to clean energy. The forums have included partnerships and collaboration between the private sector, public sector. non-governmental organizations, and others. The forum typically incorporated two interrelated features: 1) an annual high-level policy dialogue with energy ministers and other top global stakeholders; and 2) year-round policy-targeted technical initiatives and high-visibility campaigns. The CEM is currently the only regular meeting of energy ministers focused exclusively on clean energy.President Obama announced in a video message at the sixth Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM6) in Mérida, Mexico that the United States would host the seventh Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM7) in 2016. At COP21 in Paris in December, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz and California Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. announced CEM7 would be hosted in San Francisco, California. CEM7 is a high-level meeting of energy ministers coming together to discuss and implement actions of respective climate and clean energy goals put forward at COP21. CEM7 includes a public-private action day with opportunities for governments, companies, and other key stakeholders to highlight ambitious clean energy efforts and announce new actions to help achieve national and global clean energy and climate goals.

Through the CEM, 23 countries and the European Commission collaborate on efforts to improve energy efficiency, enhance clean energy supply, and expand clean energy access. Members of the CEM as of 2016 are Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, European Commission, Finland, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Norway, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.

Confirmations of Barack Obama's Cabinet

The President of the United States has the authority to nominate members of the cabinet to the United States Senate for confirmation under Article II, Section II, Clause II of the United States Constitution.

This page documents the nomination and confirmation process for any successful or unsuccessful cabinet nominees of Barack Obama's administration. They are listed in order of creation of the cabinet position (also used as the basis for the United States presidential line of succession).

Daniel Poneman

Daniel Bruce Poneman (born March 12, 1956) is an American government official who was the United States Deputy Secretary of Energy from 2009 to 2014 and is currently a Distinguished Fellow at the Paulson Institute at the University of Chicago. Poneman was Acting Secretary of Energy in 2013 following the resignation of Steven Chu until Ernest Moniz was confirmed and sworn in.

Denis McDonough

Denis Richard McDonough (born December 2, 1969) was the 26th White House Chief of Staff, succeeding Jack Lew at the start of U.S. President Barack Obama's second term.

Edison Electric Institute

The Edison Electric Institute is the association that represents all U.S. investor-owned electric companies.

Its members provide electricity for 220 million Americans, operate in 50 states and the District of Columbia, and directly employ more than one million workers.EEI has 70 international electric companies as Affiliate Members, and 250 industry suppliers and related organizations as Associate Members.

Organized in 1933, EEI provides public policy leadership, strategic business intelligence, and essential conferences and forums.

Grace Bochenek

Grace Bochenek is an American industrial engineer and the former Director of the National Energy Technology Laboratory within the United States Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy. She also served as the acting United States Secretary of Energy in early 2017. She previously had spent much of her career at the U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center.

Longview Power Plant

Longview Power Plant is a coal-fired power plant located near Maidsville, West Virginia. The plant's single unit generates 700 net megawatts of electricity from run-of-mine coal and natural gas.The HELE, or high efficiency, low emissions plant, was constructed in 2011 and has set industry standards for creating cleaner, more reliable power, its efficiency allowing more power to be created from less coal, and in consequence, less environmental impact, whether CO2, SO2, NOX and particulate matter.The Longview plant is officially a "zero discharge" power plant in West Virginia. because all sewage, stack blow-down and other liquid waste is piped to Pennsylvania, where it is discharged into the abandoned Shannopin Mine, and that water is treated and discharged into Dunkard Creek, according to a local environmental group’s website.The Longview Power plant includes a new air pollution control system that results in emissions that are among the lowest in the nation for coal plants. In addition, Longview emits less carbon dioxide than most other coal plants because of its fuel efficiency.The Longview Power project cost approximately $2.2 billion. After the plant began operation in 2011, construction defects and major changes in the power markets led to the company’s Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2013. Longview attributed its need for bankruptcy “in large part because [Longview Power] has been plagued by design, construction, and equipment defects and failures …” In early 2015 the company reached a comprehensive settlement of all construction claims, and two of its major contractors agreed to remediate plant defects at their own expense. As a result, Longview Power emerged from bankruptcy in April 2015 with the full remediation of the plant underway and new ownership led by private equity firms including KKR, Centerbridge, Ascribe, and Third Avenue.SNL Financial reported April 21, 2016, on Longview’s 155 days of continuous operation during which it exceeded its operational metrics, with steady environmental performance and at an affordable cost. Longview also used some of its fuel flexibility and took advantage of historically low natural gas prices and co-fired natural gas for up to 20% of unit heat input without any additional investment. Longview said its carbon dioxide emissions are about 15% below its peers and that it met its permit limitations despite having some of the most stringent in the nation.Longview was visited in 2016 by Sen. Joe Manchin, D-W.Va. and Sen. Shelley Moore Capito, R-W.Va. Manchin stated the plant was an example of a cleaner future for coal-fired power. Ernest Moniz, United States Secretary of Energy, also visited the plant. His successor, Rick Perry, toured the plant in 2017.The plant previously relied on the Mepco coal mine, an affiliate, but it was shut down in March 2018 because it was not competitive with larger mines in the area that could supply the plant.

Manhattan Project National Historical Park

Manhattan Project National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park commemorating the Manhattan Project that is run jointly by the National Park Service and Department of Energy. The park consists of three units: one in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, one in Los Alamos, New Mexico and one in Hanford, Washington. It was established on November 10, 2015 when Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell and Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz signed the memorandum of agreement that defined the roles that the two agencies had when managing the park.The Department of Energy had owned and managed most of the properties located within the three different sites. For over ten years, the DoE worked with the National Park Service and federal, state and local governments and agencies with the intention of turning places of importance into a National Historical Park. After several years of surveying the three sites and five other possible alternatives, the two agencies officially recommended a historical park be established in Hanford, Los Alamos and Oak Ridge. The Department of Energy would continue to manage and own the sites while the National Park Service would provide interpretive services, visitor centers and park rangers. After two unsuccessful attempts at passing a bill in Congress authorizing the park in 2012 and 2013, the House and Senate ultimately passed the bill in December 2014, with President Obama signing the National Defense Authorization Act shortly thereafter which authorized the Manhattan Project National Historical Park.


Moniz is a surname in the Portuguese language, namely in Portugal and Brazil. It is believed to derive from a Gothic, or Gascon given name Monio, Munino, Monnio, Munnio used in the Iberian Peninsula in the Middle-Ages.

It is uncertain whether the Galician and Asturian 'Muñiz' or 'Muniz' surnames are in any way related with Moniz.

The Portuguese variants of the medieval name were Munio, Monio and Moninho, making Moniz (son of Moninho or Munio) a patronymic surname.

It may refer to:

António Egas Moniz (1874-1955), Portuguese physician, neurologist and Nobel Prize laureate

Bryant Moniz, quarterback for the University of Hawaii Warriors football team

Charlie Moniz (born 1980), Canadian musician

Diogo Gil Moniz, Portuguese nobleman, son of Gil Aires Moniz

Ernest Moniz (born 1944), American physicist and U.S. Secretary of Energy (2013–2017)

Febo Moniz (1515-aft. 1580), Portuguese nobleman

Febo Moniz de Lusignan, Portuguese nobleman, grandfather of Febo Moniz

Felipa Perestrello Moniz, Portuguese wife of Christopher Columbus

Frank Moniz (1911-2004), American soccer player

Gil Aires Moniz, Portuguese nobleman

Júlio Botelho Moniz (1900-1970), Portuguese soldier and politician

Lúcia Moniz (born 1976), Portuguese singer and actress

Martim Moniz (died 1147), Portuguese knight noted for his role in the Siege of Lisbon

Matt Moniz, an American high-altitude mountaineer and public speaker

Michael Moniz, an American business executive and high-altitude mountaineer

Pedro Moniz da Silva, Portuguese nobleman, son of Diogo Gil Moniz

Ricardo Moniz (born 1964), Dutch former footballer and current coach of FC Red Bull Salzburg

Rui Gil Moniz, Portuguese nobleman, son of Gil Aires Moniz

Vasco Gil Moniz (died 1497), Portuguese nobleman, son of Gil Aires Moniz

Wendy Moniz (born 1969), American actress

Peter R. Orszag

Peter Richard Orszag (born December 16, 1968) is an American banker and economist. He is Head of North American M&A and Vice Chairman of Investment Banking at Lazard, where he also serves as Global Co-Head of Healthcare. He is also a columnist at Bloomberg Opinion.Orszag previously served as a Vice Chairman of Corporate and Investment Banking and Chairman of the Financial Strategy and Solutions Group at Citigroup. Before joining Citigroup, he was a Distinguished Visiting Fellow

at the Council on Foreign Relations and a contributing columnist for the New York Times Op-Ed page. Prior to that, he was the 37th Director of the Office of Management and Budget under President Barack Obama and had also served as the Director of the Congressional Budget Office.

Orszag is a member of the National Academy of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences. He serves on the Boards of Directors of the Peterson Institute for International Economics, the Mt. Sinai Hospital, the Russell Sage Foundation, New Visions for Public Schools in New York, and Ideas42.

Shailagh Murray

Shailagh Jane Murray (born October 9, 1965) is an American political aide and former journalist who served as a Senior Advisor to U.S. President Barack Obama. She previously served as Deputy Chief of Staff and Communications Director for Vice President Joe Biden.

Shaun Donovan

Shaun L. S. Donovan (born January 24, 1966) is an American government official and housing specialist who served as United States Secretary of Housing and Urban Development from 2009 to 2014 and Director of the Office of Management and Budget from 2014 to 2017. Prior to this, he headed the New York City Department of Housing Preservation and Development. On December 13, 2008, in his weekly national radio address, President-elect Barack Obama announced that he would appoint Donovan to his cabinet. He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate through unanimous consent on January 22, 2009 and sworn-in on January 26. On July 28, 2014 he was succeeded as Secretary by Julian Castro, former Mayor of San Antonio. On July 10, 2014 he was confirmed to be the next Director of the Office of Management and Budget. He was ceremonially sworn in by Vice President Joe Biden on August 5, 2014.

United States Secretary of Energy

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the United States Department of Energy, a member of the Cabinet of the United States, and fifteenth in the presidential line of succession. The position was formed on October 1, 1977 with the creation of the Department of Energy when President Jimmy Carter signed the Department of Energy Organization Act. Originally the post focused on energy production and regulation. The emphasis soon shifted to developing technology for better and more efficient energy sources as well as energy education. After the end of the Cold War, the department's attention also turned toward radioactive waste disposal and maintenance of environmental quality. The current Secretary of Energy is Rick PerryFormer Secretary of Defense James Schlesinger was the first Secretary of Energy, who was a Republican nominated to the post by Democratic President Jimmy Carter, the only time a president has appointed someone of another party to the post. Schlesinger is also the only secretary to be dismissed from the post. Hazel O'Leary, Bill Clinton's first Secretary of Energy, was the first female and African-American holder. The first Hispanic to serve as Energy Secretary was Clinton's second, Federico Peña. Spencer Abraham became the first Arab American to hold the position on January 20, 2001, serving under the administration of George W. Bush. Steven Chu became the first Asian American to hold the position on January 20, 2009, serving under the administration of Barack Obama. He is also the longest-serving Secretary of Energy and the first individual to join the Cabinet having received a Nobel Prize.

White House Council on Women and Girls

The White House Council on Women and Girls was a council, which formed part of the Office of Intergovernmental Affairs, established by Executive Order 13506 on March 11, 2009 with a broad mandate to advise the United States President on issues relating to the welfare of women and girls. A former chair of the council is Valerie Jarrett.

William M. Daley

For other people with a similar name, see William Daley (disambiguation)William Michael Daley (born August 9, 1948) is an American lawyer, politician, and former banker. He served as White House Chief of Staff to President Barack Obama, from January 2011 to January 2012. He also served as U.S. Secretary of Commerce, from 1997 to 2000, under President Bill Clinton. He has also served on the executive committee of JPMorgan Chase & Co. Daley was a candidate for Governor of Illinois in the 2014 gubernatorial election, until dropping out of the race on September 16, 2013. He is currently a candidate in the 2019 Chicago mayoral election.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.