Ajax (Ancient Greek: Αἴας Aias) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the king of Locris. He was called the "lesser" or "Locrian" Ajax, to distinguish him from Ajax the Great, son of Telamon. He was the leader of the Locrian contingent during the Trojan War. He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey, in Virgil's Aeneid and in Euripides' The Trojan Women. In Etruscan legend, he was known as Aivas Vilates.Alcimache
In Greek mythology, the name Alcimache (Ancient Greek: Ἁλκιμάχη) may refer to:
Alcimache, daughter of Aeacus and the mother of Medon by Oileus. Alternately, Alcimache was a daughter of Phylacus and mother of Ajax the Lesser, and on that account was equated with Eriopis by the author of Naupactica.
Alcimache or Alcimacheia, daughter of Harpalion, a Maenadic follower of Dionysus; she participated in the god's Indian campaign and was killed by Morrheus.
Alcimache, a surname of Athena.Anchises
Anchises (; Greek: Ἀγχίσης, Ankhísēs) was a member of the royal family of Troy in Greek and Roman legend. He was said to have been the son of King Capys of Dardania and Themiste, daughter of Ilus, who was son of Tros. He is most famous as the father of Aeneas and for his treatment in Virgil's Aeneid. Anchises' brother was Acoetes, father of the priest Laocoon.He was a mortal lover of the goddess Aphrodite (or in Roman mythology, the lover of Venus). One version is that Aphrodite pretended to be a Phrygian princess and seduced him. She later revealed herself and informed him that they would have a son named Aeneas. Aphrodite had warned him that if he boasted of the affair, he would be blasted by the thunderbolt of Zeus. He did not heed her warning and was struck with a thunderbolt, which in different versions either blinds him or kills him. The principal early narrative of Aphrodite's seduction of Anchises and the birth of Aeneas is the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite. According to the Bibliotheca, Anchises and Aphrodite had another son, Lyrus, who died childless. He later had a mortal wife named Eriopis, according to the scholiasts, and he is credited with other children beside Aeneas and Lyrus. Homer, in the Iliad, mentions a daughter named Hippodamia, their eldest ("the darling of her father and mother"), who married her cousin Alcathous.
After the defeat of Troy in the Trojan War, the elderly Anchises was carried from the burning city by his son Aeneas, accompanied by Aeneas' wife Creusa, who died in the escape attempt, and small son Ascanius. The subject is depicted in several paintings, including a famous version by Federico Barocci in the Galleria Borghese in Rome. The rescue is also mentioned in a speech in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar when Cassius attempts to persuade Brutus to murder Caesar. Anchises himself died and was buried in Sicily many years later. Aeneas later visited Hades and saw his father again in the Elysian Fields.Homer's Iliad mentions another Anchises, a wealthy native of Sicyon in Greece and father of Echepolus.Arsinoe (Greek myth)
In Greek mythology, Arsinoe sometimes spelled Arsinoë, (Ancient Greek: Ἀρσινόη derived from arsis "to rise, to lift" and nous "mind, intellect" ), was the name of the following individuals.
Arsinoe, one of the Nysiads (Dodonides), nurses of the infant Dionysus in Mount Nysa.
Arsinoe, daughter of Leucippus and possibly Philodice. She was also the sister of Hilaeira and Phoebe, who were abducted by the Dioscuri. By the god Apollo, Arsinoe bore Asclepius, 'leader of men' and Eriopis 'with the lovely hair'. Otherwise, the mother of Asclepius was called Coronis, daughter of Phlegyas because it is said that Asclepius being the son of Arsinoe, was a fiction invented by Hesiod, or by one of Hesiod's interpolators, just to please the Messenians. At Sparta she had a sanctuary and was worshipped as a heroine.
Arsinoe, one of the Minyades, according to Plutarch. These daughter of Minyas were struck with madness and having conceived a greedy appetite for man's flesh, cast lots accordingly for their children to see who they were going to eat. Whereupon it fell to Leucippe's lot to produce her son Hippasus to be cut in pieces.
Arsinoe or Alphesiboea, daughter of Phegeus, king of Psophis in Arcadia and sister of Pronous and Agenor. She was the wife of Alcmaeon, leader of the Epigoni by whom she bore a son, Clytius. After Alcmaeon was purified from blood guilt by Phegeus for murdering his own mother Eriphyle, Arsinoe was given in marriage to the hero who received from him the necklace of Harmonia. Later on, her brothers, Pronous and Agenor killed Alcmaeon at the instigation of their father. When Arsinoe condemned them of the act, they clapped her into a chest and carried her to Tegea. There they gave her as a slave to Agapenor, falsely accusing her of her husband's murder. Eventually, retribution came when the sons of Alcmaeon, Amphoterus and Acarnan slew their father's murderers and also Phegeus and his wife.
Arsinoe, nurse of Orestes who saved him from the hands of his mother Clytemnestra, and carried him to the aged Strophius, the father of Pylades. Other traditions called this nurse Laodameia.
Arsinoe, daughter of King Nicocreon of Salamis in Cyprus (descendant of Teucer, son of Telamon). She was loved by Arceophon who wooed her, but the maiden's father refused to give his daughter to Arceophon because of the latter's Phoenician descent. Arceophon was upset and began to come to Arsinoe's house by night, hoping to win her heart, but in vain. He then tried to bribe Arsinoe's nurse so that she might arrange for them to meet, but Arsinoe reported this to her parents, who cut off the nurse's tongue, nose and fingers and drove her out of their house. Having lost every hope, Arceophon committed suicide by starving himself to death. The fellow citizens grieved at his death and buried him with honors. When Arsinoe leaned out of the window to take a look at the funeral ceremony, the goddess of love, Aphrodite turned her into stone.Asclepius
Asclepius (; Greek: Ἀσκληπιός Asklēpiós [asklɛːpiós]; Latin: Aesculapius) or Hepius is a hero and god of medicine in ancient Greek religion and mythology. He is the son of Apollo. Asclepius represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene", the goddess/personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation), Iaso (the goddess of recuperation from illness), Aceso (the goddess of the healing process), Aegle (the goddess of the glow of good health), and Panacea (the goddess of universal remedy). He was associated with the Roman/Etruscan god Vediovis and the Egyptian Imhotep. He was one of Apollo's sons, sharing with Apollo the epithet Paean ("the Healer"). The rod of Asclepius, a snake-entwined staff, remains a symbol of medicine today. Those physicians and attendants who served this god were known as the Therapeutae of Asclepius.Epiphile
Epiphile is a genus of banners in the family of butterflies known as Nymphalidae. There are about 19 described species in Epiphile.Eriopis connexa
Eriopis connexa is a widespread species of ladybird beetle in South America.Jason
Jason (; Ancient Greek: Ἰάσων Iásōn [i.ǎː.sɔːn]) was an ancient Greek mythological hero who was the leader of the Argonauts whose quest for the Golden Fleece featured in Greek literature. He was the son of Aeson, the rightful king of Iolcos. He was married to the sorceress Medea. He was also the great-grandson of the messenger god Hermes, through his mother's side.
Jason appeared in various literary works in the classical world of Greece and Rome, including the epic poem Argonautica and the tragedy Medea. In the modern world, Jason has emerged as a character in various adaptations of his myths, such as the 1963 film Jason and the Argonauts and the 2000 TV miniseries of the same name.Leucippus of Messenia
In Greek mythology, Leucippus (Ancient Greek: Λεύκιππος Leukippos) was a Messenian prince. The Boeotian town of Leuctra is said to have derived its name from him.Mangelia
Mangelia is a large genus of sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Mangeliidae. There have been many described species, many of which have become synonyms. Among the remaining accepted names a good number are still in doubt and are little known. They are only tentatively placed within the genus Mangelia.
This genus was named Mangelia by Leach and accepted by Risso in 1826. Later, some authors, such as Lovén in 1846, spelled it inadvertently as Mangilia, to honor the Italian malacologist Mangili Guiseppe (1767-1829). This had led to some confusion.Medea
In Greek mythology, Medea (; Greek: Μήδεια, Mēdeia) is the daughter of King Aeëtes of Colchis, a niece of Circe and the granddaughter of Helios, the sun god begat by the Titan Hyperion. Medea figures in the myth of Jason and the Argonauts, appearing in Hesiod's Theogony around 700 BC, but best known from a 3rd century BC literary version by Apollonius of Rhodes called the Argonautica. Medea is known in most stories as a sorceress and is often depicted as a priestess of the goddess Hecate.Medon
In Greek mythology and history, there were at least eight men named Medon (; Ancient Greek: Μέδων, gen.: Μέδοντος means "lord' or "ruler").
Medon, the faithful herald of Odysseus in Homer’s Odyssey. Following the advice of his son Telemachus, Odysseus spares Medon’s life after killing the suitors of Penelope who had been plaguing his halls in his homeland of Ithaca. Medon attempts to return the favor by speaking on behalf of his master, claiming that Odysseus' violence was not unwarranted by the gods. Ovid mentions the "cruel" Medon as one of the suitors; he is also included on the list of suitors in the Bibliotheca.
Medon, a Centaur at the wedding of Pirithous and Hippodamia.
Medon, the son of Pylades and Electra and brother of Strophius.
Medon, son of Eteoclus and accordingly a participant in the war of the Epigoni.
Medon, one of the Tyrrhenian pirates who attempted to enslave Dionysus and were changed into fish.
Medon, half-brother of Ajax the Lesser and son of Oileus, king of Locris, by Rhene or Alcimache. He resided in Phylace, to where he had to flee after he had killed a relative of his stepmother Eriopis. In the Trojan War, he took over Philoctetes' army after Philoctetes was bitten by a snake and left on Lemnos because the wound festered and smelled bad. Medon was killed by Aeneas.Medon, a "cunning craftsman" of Cilla, husband of Iphianassa and father of Metalcas and Zechis, of whom the former was slain in the Trojan War by Neoptolemus, and the latter by Teucer.
Medon (Μήδων), a son of Ceisus and grandson of Temenus. He was a king of Argos but his powers were limited to the minimum in favor of the people's self-government.
Medon, son of Codrus, was the first archon of Athens. He was lame, which was why his brother Neileus would not let him rule, but the Delphian oracle bestowed the kingdom upon Medon.Oenopota eriopis
Oenopota eriopis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Mangeliidae.Oileus
In Greek mythology, Oileus or Oïleus (; Ancient Greek: Ὀϊλεύς, Oī̈leús) was the king of Locris, and an Argonaut.Pristoceraea
Pristoceraea is a genus of moths of the family Noctuidae.Rhene (mythology)
In Greek mythology, Rhene (Ancient Greek: Ῥήνη) may refer to the following personages:
Rhene, a nymph of Mount Cyllene. She was the lover of Hermes and mother by him of Saon (or Samon) of Samothrace.
Rhene, also a nymph who was a paramour of Oileus and mother of his son Medon, although some suggest that Oileus fathered Medon with Alcimache. In one source, Rhene is given as the mother of Oileus' another son, Ajax the Lesser, as well, though the latter is more commonly said to be the son of Oileus' legitimate wife Eriopis.Sarmientola
Sarmientola is a Neotropical genus of skippers in the subfamily Eudaminae.Tisander
In Greek mythology, Tisander (Ancient Greek: Τίσανδρος) was a son of Jason and Medea and the younger brother of Alcimenes and Thessalus.Wildlife of Peru
Peru has some of the greatest biodiversity in the world because of the presence of the Andes, Amazon Rainforest, and the Pacific Ocean.