Erbil Governorate (Kurdish: Parêzgeha Hewlêr - پارێزگای ھەولێر, Syriac: ܗܘܦܲܪܟܝܵܐ ܕܐܲܪܒܝܠ, Arabic: محافظة أربيل Muḥāfaẓat Arbīl), sometimes referred to by the alternative spelling Arbil Governorate, is a governorate in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Erbil Governorate covers an area of 15,074 km2 in the north of Iraq, with a population of 2,113,391 (2017) people. It is largely populated by Kurds but has minority populations of Turkmens, Arabs and Assyrians.
پارێزگای ھەولێر ܗܘܦܲܪܟܝܵܐ ܕܐܲܪܒܝܠ
Erbil Governorate within Kurdistan Region
|Governor||Nawzad Hadi Mawlood|
|• Total||14,872 km2 (5,742 sq mi)|
|Number of |
|Mergasor (partially disputed)||44,661||9,711|
There are many national and international banks operating in Erbil offering citizens and visitors services, including:
Barzan (Kurdish: بارزان) is a town located along the Great Zab in Erbil Governorate, Iraq. It is the birthplace of Sheikh Ahmed Barzani and Kurdish leader Mustafa Barzani.Choman District
Choman is a district in Erbil Province. Its administrative centre is also called Choman. The District of Choman lies at the Iraqi-Iranian boundary. The District is composed of four Sub-Districts Galala, Haji Omeran, Samilan and Qasre and about 166 villages.Disputed territories of Northern Iraq
The disputed territories of Northern Iraq are regions defined by article 140 of the Constitution of Iraq as being Arabised during Baath Party rule in Iraq. Most of these regions are inhabited by non-Arabs, most notably by Assyrians, Yazidis, Turkmens/Turkomans, Shabaks and Kurds.
The disputed areas have been a core concern for Arabs and Kurds, especially since the US invasion and political restructuring in 2003. Kurds gained territory to the south of Iraqi Kurdistan after the US-led invasion in 2003 to regain land they considered historically theirs.Currently, in addition to the four existing governorates within Iraqi Kurdistan (Erbil, Dahuk, Halabja and Sulaymaniyah), Kurds control parts of Nineveh Governorate, Kirkuk Governorate, Salah ad Din Governorate and Diyala Governorate; on the other hand, Iraqi government controls other parts of those four provinces, some parts of which are also claimed by the Kurds. However, during the 2014 ISIL offensive, Iraqi Kurdistan's forces also took over much of the disputed territories. During the 2017 Iraq-Kurdish conflict, The Iraqi Government recaptured much of this territory after the referendum thus pushing KRG forces back to pre-2003 borders.Erbil (disambiguation)
Erbil may refer to:
Erbil, a city in Iraq
Erbil Governorate, IraqErbil District
Erbil District is a district of the Erbil Governorate in Iraq. It contains three sub-districts, Ankawa, Behirke and Shamamek, and 379 villages. The District of Erbil is centered on the city of Erbil.Franso Hariri
Franso Toma Hariri (1937 – February 18, 2001), an Assyrian politician, was a high-ranking and long-standing Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq member and head of the KDP block of Iraqi Kurdistan National Assembly.
Franso Hariri was born in the city of Harir (70 km from Arbil) in 1937, and graduated from Arbil teaching institution in 1960. He worked inside the KDP in the early 1960s. He was very near to the late Kurdish leader Mustafa Barzani and rose to important positions in the KDP during the Kurdish Revolution. He was elected as a member of the KDP central committee in 1979 and was the head of the KDP delegation in the Kurdistan regional parliament, the governor of Arbil, and a minister in the third Kurdistan Regional Government in Arbil.
He supported projects for the beautification and modernization of the city of Arbil. He was also well known as a strong supporter of education, health and sport projects in the city.
Franso Hariri was assassinated on his way to work on February 18, 2001 by four Kurdish Ansar al-Islam members. Two more attempts had been made on his life in Arbil on 1994 and 1997 at the same place and the same street but he escaped from both.In honor of Hariri, the Kurdistan Regional Government declared three days of mourning and renamed the Arbil football stadium the Franso Hariri Stadium.
Today, his son Fawzi Hariri is Iraq's Minister of Industry.Haodian, Iraq
Haodian (Arabic: هاوديان) is a village located in the northeast area of Erbil Governorate. The current population is about 200, mixed with Assyrian and Kurdish.Koy Sanjaq
The town Koy Sanjaq (Sorani Kurdish: کۆیە, Kurmanji Kurdish: Koye, also known as Koya; Arabic: كوي سنجق, from Turkoman, koy, "town", "village", sanjaq, "district", together: district town), original Kurdish name Bijhenjar, is located in the Erbil Governorate of Iraqi Kurdistan, close to the Iranian border.
Most of the town was property of two families (the Ghafuri’s and the Hawezi’s) Which were also known by the title of Agha which represents them for being wealthy.
Wallace Lyon, travelling through the town in 1923, compared it to Sulaymaniyah and noted that it was a centre for tobacco. The governor at the time was Jamil Agha Hawezi, succeeding the late Hama Agha Ghafuri. In the 1960s then it was all passed on to Fatih Agha Hawezi.
The population is between 50,000 and 100,000.
A specific variant of the Aramaic language, Koy Sanjaq Surat, a dialect of Aramaic, is spoken by about 1,000 Armota Assyrians who settled in the town by the end of the 1800s.
Famous people from the city include the Kurdish poet Haji Qadir Koyi, Sheikh Jangi Talabani (older brother of former Iraqi President Jalal Talabani), Zeki Ahmed Henari, Haji Agha, Hama Aghai Gewre Ghafuri, Kaka Ziad Aghai Ghafuri (Co-Founder and Vice President of KDP), Zozik Hamid Ghafuri, Jalal Talabani, Omar Debaba, Tahir Tewfiq, Mamosta Aziz, Malay Gewre, Jalal Aghai Hawezi, Fatih Aghai Hawezi, Haji Bakir Aghai Hawezi, Sajid Abdulwahid, Dildar, Dr Xalid Ghafuri, Amin Agha, Mela Masoum, Dr Fuad Masum, Sewa Koyi.
The former president of Iraq, Jalal Talabani, who was born in the nearby village of Kelkan, went to school here. In 1949 he joined the town's branch of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP).A university, known in English as "Koya University" was set up in the town in 2003.Koy Sanjaq Syriac language
Koy Sanjaq Surat (Arabic: سورث كوي سنجق) is a modern Eastern Syriac-Aramaic language. Speakers of the language call it simply Surat, or 'Syriac'. It is spoken in the town of Koy Sanjaq in the Erbil Governorate. The speakers of Koy Sanjaq Surat have traditionally been Assyrians and thus the language has generally been considered a dialect of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic. The Madnhâyâ version of the Syriac alphabet is used in writing, but most written material is in the Syriac language used in worship.Koya University
Koya University is located in Koy Sanjaq, near Erbil (Hewlêr), capital of the Erbil Governorate in the Iraqi Kurdistan region of Iraq. It was established in 2003.Makhmur, Iraq
Makhmur (Kurdish: مەخموور Mexmûr, Arabic: مخمور) is a town in Iraq. It is part of Makhmur District in Erbil Governorate in Northern Iraq. The district is a disputed territory, in between the Erbil and Ninawa Governorates. Makhmur is mainly populated by Arabs and Kurds and was captured by Iraqi army from Peshmerga in October 2017. During the 2014 ISIL crisis, the town was taken over by ISIL militants before being regained again by combined Kurdish forces, led by the Kurdistan Workers' Party. A volunteer civilian militia to defend the town in the future was started in response.During the ongoing 2017 Iraqi–Kurdish conflict, clashes have been reported on the outskirts of the town between Peshmerga forces, and the Iraqi army supported by Popular Mobilization Forces (also known as Hashd al-Shaabi) until it was fully recaptured by the Iraqi Government.In the Makhmur District is also located the Makhmur Refugee Camp. About 12`000 Kurdish refugees, who fled the civil war between Kurds and the Turkish state in the 1990`s, live in the Refugee Camp.Makhmur District
Makhmur District is a district in Iraq between the Erbil Governorate and the Nineveh Governorate, Iraq. Before 1991 the large district of Makhmur was part of Ninawa Governorate, but after Makhmur district became a part of Erbil Governorate in Iraq.Mergasor District
Mergasor District (Kurdish: قەزای مێرگەسۆر, Qezayê Mêrgesor; Arabic: قضاء ميركسور) is a district in northern Erbil Governorate in the Northern Iraqi Kurdistan Region. Administrative center is the city of Mergasor.
The district encompasses the five subdistricts Barzan, Goratu, Ble, Piran and Shirawan Mezn, with a total of 67 villages. It is located in the north of Erbil Governorate, close to the Iranian and the Turkish border.Nawzad Hadi Mawlood
Nawzad Hadi Mawlood (Kurdish: نەوزاد هادی) is the current Governor of Erbil Province. Hadi was born in Erbil in 1963, and he took over as governor in 2004.
Nawzad Hadi is still the governor of Erbil and this is his 13th year. He is one of the main heads of PDK in Erbil.Piran, Iraq
Piran (Kurdish: پیران)is a small town in northern Erbil Governorate in the Northern Iraqi Kurdistan Region. It is 22 km from Mergasor
Shaqlawa (Kurdish: Şeqlawe , شەقڵاوە, Arabic: شقلاوة) is a historic city and a Hill station in the Erbil Governorate in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.
Shaqlawa, a city of approximately 25,000 people, lies 51 km to the northeast of Erbil, at the bottom of Safeen Mountain. Shaqlawa is situated between Safeen Mountain and Sork Mountain, and sits 1066 m above sea level. The town is inhabited mostly by Kurds, with a small Assyrian minority. Shaqlawa has a very large quantity of waterfalls, trees, and a great growing of greenery.Soran District
Soran (Kurdish: قەزای سۆران, Arabic: قضاء سوران ; Syriac: ܪܘܣܬܵܩܵܐ ܕܝܵܢܵܐ) is a district of the Erbil governorate of Iraqi Kurdistan bordering Iran and Turkey. Its main city is Diana which is also called Soran. According to Kurdistan television, citing an official in the town of Soran, the population of the region is estimated to be over 400,000.
Kurdish settlement in the region dates back prior to the establishment of the Sassanid empire. King Ardashir I of Persia mentioned the region in 224 during his battle against the Median king Madig.
Major Kurdish dialect (Sorani) is named after the region.
One of the Kurdish principality named as the Soran lordship ruled, for some years, in the 19th century, one of the famous kings was Pasha Kora (\Blind king). They went to war with the Ottoman Empire and also the Baban lordship.