Eppa Rixey

Eppa Rixey Jr. (May 3, 1891 – February 28, 1963), nicknamed "Jephtha",[A] was an American left-handed pitcher who played 21 seasons for the Philadelphia Phillies and Cincinnati Reds in Major League Baseball from 1912 to 1933. Rixey was best known as the National League's leader in career victories for a left-hander with 266 wins until Warren Spahn surpassed his total in 1959.

Rixey attended the University of Virginia where he was a star pitcher. He was discovered by umpire Cy Rigler, who convinced him to sign directly with the Phillies, bypassing minor league baseball entirely. His time with the Phillies was marked by inconsistency. He won 22 games in 1916, but also led the league in losses twice. In 1915, the Phillies played in the World Series, and Rixey lost in his only appearance.[1] After being traded to the Reds prior to the 1921  season, he won 20 or more games in a season three times, including a league-leading 25 in 1922, and posted eight consecutive winning seasons. His skills were declining by the 1929 season, when his record was 10–13 with a 4.16 earned run average. He pitched another four seasons before retiring after the 1933 season.

An intellectual who taught high school Latin during the off-season, earning the nickname "Jephtha" for his southern drawl, Rixey was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1963 but died a month after his election.

Eppa Rixey
Eppa Rixey 1922.jpeg
Eppa Rixey, circa 1922
Pitcher
Born: May 3, 1891
Culpeper, Virginia
Died: February 28, 1963 (aged 71)
Cincinnati, Ohio
Batted: Right Threw: Left
MLB debut
June 21, 1912, for the Philadelphia Phillies
Last MLB appearance
August 5, 1933, for the Cincinnati Reds
MLB statistics
Win–loss record266–251
Earned run average3.15
Strikeouts1,350
Teams
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Induction1963
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early life

Rixey was born on May 3, 1891 in Culpeper, Virginia, and at the age of ten, his father, a banker, moved his family to Charlottesville, Virginia.[2] His uncles were John Franklin Rixey a former congressman and Presley Marion Rixey the former Surgeon General of the United States Navy.[3] He attended the University of Virginia, where he played basketball and baseball; he was a member of Delta Tau Delta International Fraternity.[4] His brother Bill also played baseball for Virginia.[2][5] During the off-season, umpire Cy Rigler worked as an assistant coach for the University. He recognized Rixey's talent and tried to sign him to the Philadelphia Phillies.[2] Rixey originally declined, saying he wanted to be a chemist, but Rigler insisted, even offering a substantial portion of the bonus he received for signing a player.[2] With his family in financial trouble, Rixey accepted the deal. The National League, upon hearing of the deal, created a rule that prohibits umpires from signing players.[2] Neither Rixey nor Rigler received any signing bonus.[2]

Baseball career

Philadelphia Phillies

Eppa Rixey Baseball
Rixey warming up while as a member of the Phillies at the West Side Grounds in 1912.

Rixey joined the Phillies for the 1912 season without playing a single game of minor league baseball.[6] His time with the Phillies was marked by inconsistency. He went 10-10 in his first year, with a 2.50 earned run average (ERA) and 10 complete games in 23 games pitched.[7] He had a three hit shutout against the Chicago Cubs on July 18.[8] Rixey was on the losing end of a no-hitter by Jeff Tesreau on September 6.[9] After the season, the Chicago Cubs, under new manager Johnny Evers, offered a "huge sum" to the Phillies for Rixey, but manager Red Dooin declined the offer.[10] Prior to the 1913 season, Rixey notified the Phillies of his desire to finish his studies at the University of Virginia and graduate in June; however, after some negotiation, he decided to sign a contract and re-joined the team shortly after the season began.[11][11] That season, he appeared in 35 games, started 19 of them, winning nine games, and had a 3.12 earned run average. In 1914, his record worsened to 2–11, and his earned run average increased to 4.37.[7] Rixey's record improved to 11–12 in 1915, and his earned run average was 2.39 as the Phillies won the National League pennant and played the Boston Red Sox in the 1915 World Series. During Game 5 of the series, Rixey replaced starter Erskine Mayer for the final six innings of the game. He allowed three runs in the final two innings and lost 5–4.[12]

Rixey went 22–10 in 1916 with a 1.85 ERA and a career high of 134 strikeouts.[7] On June 29, Rixey pitched a four-hit shutout against the New York Giants, facing the minimum 27 batters, because of three double plays, and a player caught stealing.[13] In 1917, despite having a 2.27 earned run average, Rixey led the league in pitching losses with 21.[7] He also handled 108 chances without a single error.[7] Rixey hated losing and was known for destroying the team locker room, or disappearing for days at a time after a loss.[2] He missed the 1918 season to serve in the Chemical Warfare Division of the United States army during the war effort.[2] He struggled upon returning to baseball, going 6–12 with a 3.97 earned run average in 1919, and again leading the league in losses with 22 in 1920.[7] Prior to the 1920 season, rumours circulated that his former manager, Pat Moran, now with the Cincinnati Reds, was interested in trading for Rixey. The relationship between Rixey and manager Gavvy Cravath was never good, and Cravath had made known his desire to trade him; however, he stayed with the Phillies that season, working on his delivery with former pitcher Jesse Tannehill, who, Rixey admitted, helped with his pitching delivery.[14][15] On November 22, 1920, Rixey was traded to the Cincinnati Reds in exchange for Jimmy Ring and Greasy Neale. His record during his eight seasons with the Phillies was 87 wins and 103 losses.[16]

Cincinnati Reds

EppaRixeyGoudeycard
Eppa Rixey 1933 Goudey card.

Rixey was traded to the Reds prior to the 1921 season for Jimmy Ring and Greasy Neale.[7] In his first season with the Reds, he won 19 games, and set a Major League record by allowing just one home run in 301 innings pitched.[2] In three of the next four seasons, he had 20 or more victories each season, with a league-leading total of 25 in 1922.[7] He also led the league in innings pitched and hits allowed in 1922 and shutouts with four in 1924.[7] In 1926 he had 14 wins, followed by seasons of 12, 19 and 10 wins.[7] Rixey's production began to decline in 1930, when he went 9–13 with a 5.10 ERA, and pitched fewer than 200 innings for the first time since 1919. From 1931 through 1933, Rixey pitched very little, and was used almost exclusively against the Pittsburgh Pirates.[17] For the 1933 season, he was the only Reds pitcher with a winning record, at 6-3  as the Reds finished last in the National League with a 58-94 record.[18] He retired prior to the 1934 season, stating "the manager wasn't giving me enough work".[17] Rixey completed his career with 266 wins, 251 losses, and a 3.15 ERA. He appeared in 692 games and completed 290, and had 20 wins and 14 saves as a relief pitcher.[7][16]

Bubbles Hargrave, former Cincinnati catcher, gave this testimonial: "Eppa was just great. He was great as a pitcher, fielder and competitor. I look on him as the most outstanding player I came in contact with in my entire career."[19]

Rixey's approach to the game is exemplified by the following quote: ""How dumb can the hitters in this league get? I've been doing this for fifteen years. When they're batting with the count two balls and no strikes, or three and one, they're always looking for the fastball and they never get it." – Eppa Rixey (1927)[20]

Legacy

Originally Rixey had trouble controlling his speed, but eventually became one of the most feared pitchers in baseball according to reporters.[18] Rixey was considered a pitcher with an "peculiar motion", who rarely walked a batter.[17] Throughout his long career, the 210-pound Rixey charmed teammates and fans with his dry wit and big Southern drawl. His nonsensical nickname "Jephtha" seemed to capture his roots and amiable personality.[16] Some writers thought "Jephtha" was a part of Rixey's real name, but it was likely invented by a Philadelphia sportswriter.[16] Rob Neyer called Rixey the fourth best pitcher in Reds history behind Bucky Walters, Paul Derringer and teammate Dolf Luque.[21]

His 266 career victories was the record for most wins by a left-handed pitcher in the National League until Warren Spahn broke it in 1959, however his 251 losses are an all-time record for left-handed pitchers.[2] He also held the longevity record for most seasons pitched by a National League left-hander until Steve Carlton broke it in 1986.[16] As time passed, support for Rixey to be inducted to the Baseball Hall of Fame grew. He was also inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1958.[6][22] In 1960, Rixey finished third in the balloting behind former teammate Edd Roush and Sam Rice (who was later inducted the same year as Rixey).[23] Upon his election to the Hall of Fame on January 27, 1963, he was quoted as saying "They're really scraping the bottom of the barrel, aren't they?"[2]

In 1969, he was named by Reds fans as the greatest left-handed pitcher in Reds history.[24] The Reds Hall of Fame summed up his career: "He was the best left-hander ever to pitch for the Reds with a 179–148 record, 180 complete games, 23 shutouts and a 3.33 ERA in his 13 seasons."[22]

In 1972 he was inducted into the first class of the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame and Museum.[25]

In 2017 he was inducted into the inaugural class of the University of Virginia Baseball Hall of Fame:[26]

Rixey's childhood home in Culpeper still stands; it suffered some damage in the 2011 Virginia earthquake.[27]

Personal life

He was married to Dorothy Meyers of Cincinnati and had two children, Eppa Rixey III and Ann Rixey Sikes and five grandchildren, James Rixey, Eppa Rixey IV, Steve Sikes, Paige Sikes, and David Sikes.[16] After his retirement from baseball, worked for his father-in-law's successful insurance company in Cincinnati, eventually becoming president of the company.[16][28] He died of a heart attack on February 28, 1963, one month after his election to the Hall of Fame, becoming the first player to die between election and induction to the Hall of Fame.[2] He is interred at Greenlawn Cemetery in Milford, Ohio.[7][20]

When Rixey started playing, he was considered an "anomaly". He came from a well-off family and was college-educated, something that was rare during his era. He wrote poetry, and took graduate school classes in chemistry, mathematics and Latin.[2] During the off-season, he was a Latin teacher at Episcopal High School in Alexandria, Virginia.[2] He was also considered among the best golfers among athletes during the time period.[6] He was the subject of hazing in his first few years in the Majors. Eventually he teamed up with other college graduates, Joe Oeschger and Stan Baumgartner and the hazing lessened to a degree.[2]

See also

Bibliography

Footnotes

  1. ^ A Cincinnati sportswriter, William Phelon "simply liked the resonance of the Biblical name 'Jeptha' when conjoined with Eppa during a poem composition." Having no middle name, Rixey adopted it as his own because it "sounds like a cross between a Greek letter fraternity and a college yell."[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Collectors Universe Staff (April 13, 2004). "Signing Habits and Autograph Analysis of Hall of Fame Pitcher Eppa Jeptha Rixey, Jr". Professional Sports Authentication (PSA/DNA). Archived from the original on April 17, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Eppa Rixey at the SABR Bio Project, by Jan Finkel, retrieved October 31, 2013
  3. ^ Fleitz, David L (2004). Ghosts in the gallery at Cooperstown : sixteen little-known members of the Hall of Fame. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland and Company. p. 138. ISBN 0-7864-1749-8.
  4. ^ "Famous Delts". Delta Tau Delta. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  5. ^ "Yale Blanks Virginia" (PDF). The New York Times. Associated Press. April 23, 1916. p. B2. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
  6. ^ a b c "Hall of Famer Eppa Rixey Dies". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. Associated Press. March 1, 1963. p. 15.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Eppa Rixey". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 1, 2010.
  8. ^ "Virginia Pitcher Blanks Cubs" (PDF). The New York Times. Associated Press. July 20, 1912. p. 8. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
  9. ^ "Phillies Get No Hit or Run From Tesreau". The New York Times. Associated Press. September 7, 1912. p. 7.
  10. ^ "Cincinnati Club blocks Chance Deal". The New York Times. Associated Press. December 19, 1912. p. 13.
  11. ^ a b "Rixey Signs Contract". The Pittsburgh Press. Associated Press. April 19, 1913. p. 6.
  12. ^ "1915 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 10, 2010.
  13. ^ "Curtains Fails To Scare Giants Jinx". The New York Times. Associated Press. June 30, 1916. p. 12.
  14. ^ "Ex Chairman Garry as Happy as a Boy". The Sporting News. February 19, 1920. p. 2.
  15. ^ "Cravath Far From Blue at Prospects". The Sporting News. March 25, 1920. p. 1.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Porter, David L. (2000). Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: Q-Z. Westport, Conn: Brassy's Inc/Greenwood Press. pp. 1294–1295. ISBN 0-313-31176-5.
  17. ^ a b c "Rice, Flick, Rixey, Clarkson Hall is Enlarged". St. Petersburg Evening Independent. Associated Press. January 28, 1963. p. 6.
  18. ^ a b "Veteran Eppa Rixey Quits Baseball". Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Associated Press. February 17, 1934. p. 15.
  19. ^ Collectors Universe Staff (April 13, 2004). "Signing Habits and Autograph Analysis of Hall of Fame Pitcher Eppa Jeptha Rixey, Jr". Professional Sports Authentication (PSA/DNA). Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  20. ^ a b "Eppa Rixey Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
  21. ^ Rob Neyer (2003). Rob Neyer's Big Book of Baseball Lineups. New York: Fireside. p. 62. ISBN 0-7432-4174-6.
  22. ^ a b "Class of 1959: Eppa Rixey". Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  23. ^ "No Hall of Fame Selection Made". Tri City Herald. Associated Press. February 4, 1960. p. 2.
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Eppa Rixey, Class of 1972". Virginia Sports Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
  26. ^ http://www.virginiasports.com/sports/m-basebl/spec-rel/120717aac.html
  27. ^ "EARTHQUAKE IN CULPEPER: The damage done" from the Culpeper Star Experiment
  28. ^ Fleitz, p. 137

Further reading

  • Eppa Rixey Files at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York.
  • Hoie, Bob; Bauer, Carlos (1998). The Historical Register: The Complete Major & Minor League Record of Baseball's Greatest Players. San Diego and San Marino: Baseball Press Books.
  • Ritter, Lawrence S. (March 19, 1992). The Glory of Their Times: The Story of the Early days of Baseball Told by the Men Who Played It. New York: Macmillan & Co.Harper Perennial. pp. 384 Publisher: Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-688-11273-0. ISBN 978-0-688-11273-8
  • Thorn, John; Palmer, Pete; Gershman, Michael, eds (2001). Total Baseball (7th ed.). Kingston, New York: Total Sports Publishing. ISBN 1-892129-03-5.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

External links

1915 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1915 Philadelphia Phillies season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Phillies winning the National League, then going on to lose the 1915 World Series to the Boston Red Sox. This was the team's first pennant since joining the league in 1883. They would have to wait another 35 years for their second.

1915 World Series

In the 1915 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the Philadelphia Phillies four games to one.

In their only World Series before 1950, the Phillies won Game 1 before being swept the rest of the way. It was 65 years before the Phillies won their next Series game. The Red Sox pitching was so strong in the 1915 series that the young Babe Ruth was not used on the mound and only made a single pinch-hitting appearance.

1921 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1921 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished sixth in the National League with a record of 70–83, 24 games behind the New York Giants.

1922 Major League Baseball season

The 1922 Major League Baseball season.

1923 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1923 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished second in the National League with a record of 91–63, 4½ games behind the New York Giants.

1924 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1924 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fourth in the National League with a record of 83–70, 10 games behind the New York Giants.

1925 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1925 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished third in the National League with a record of 80–73, 15 games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates.

1928 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1928 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished fifth in the National League with a record of 78–74, 16 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals.

1963 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1963 followed a system established for odd-number years after the 1956 election.

Namely, the baseball writers were voting on recent players only in even-number years.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players. It selected four people: 19th-century 300-game winner John Clarkson, turn-of-the-century outfielder Elmer Flick, 266-game winner Eppa Rixey, and outfielder Sam Rice, who had 2987 career hits.

Following the death of J. G. Taylor Spink in December, the Baseball Writers' Association of America inaugurated the Spink Award honoring a baseball writer. It would be conferred as part of the induction ceremonies in Cooperstown, which would help ensure at least one living, honored guest. Spink was the first recipient, deceased.

1963 Major League Baseball season

The 1963 Major League Baseball season was contested from April 8 to October 6, 1963. The American League and National League both featured ten teams, with each team playing a 162-game schedule.

In the World Series the Los Angeles Dodgers swept the New York Yankees in four straight games. The Dodgers' stellar pitching staff, anchored by left-hander Sandy Koufax and right-hander Don Drysdale, was so dominant that the vaunted Yankees, despite the presence of sluggers such as Mickey Mantle and Roger Maris in their lineup, never took a lead against Los Angeles the entire Series.

Cincinnati Reds award winners and league leaders

This article is a list of baseball players who are Cincinnati Reds players that are winners of Major League Baseball awards and recognitions, Reds awards and recognitions, and/or are league leaders in various statistical areas.

Cy Rigler

Charles "Cy" Rigler (May 16, 1882 – December 21, 1935) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1906 to 1935. His total of 4,144 games ranked fourth in major league history when he retired, and his 2,468 games as a plate umpire still place him third behind his NL contemporaries Bill Klem (3,543) and Hank O'Day (2,710). Rigler is tied with O'Day for the second most World Series as an umpire (10), trailing only Klem's 18. Rigler has also been credited with instituting the practice of using arm signals when calling balls and strikes.

Born in Massillon, Ohio, Rigler never played baseball in his younger days, although he played pro football briefly in 1903 as a tackle for the Massillon Tigers. As a young man he worked as a machinist, and also as a police officer and fireman, and was encouraged toward work as an umpire because his thick build served well in quelling disputes on the field between the ironworkers who formed local teams. He advanced quickly in the field, working in the Central League in 1904 at age 22; in 1905 his excellent work was noted by scouts for NL president Harry Pulliam, and he was hired by the NL late in the 1906 season, becoming the youngest regular umpire in that league's history. His first major league game was on September 27, 1906, with the Brooklyn Dodgers visiting the Chicago Cubs; he became a member of the NL's regular staff in April 1907.

While working in the minor leagues in 1905, Rigler had initiated the practice of using arm signals to note balls and strikes, so that those in the outfield would more clearly follow the action; by the time he arrived in the majors, he discovered that the practice had become so widespread that it had preceded him there. Rigler joined the majors at a time when the use of one umpire in a game was still common; by the time his career ended, three umpires had become standard. His solid frame was a decided asset in an era in which players were decidedly more aggressive in their dealings with umpires; and umpires in the NL were not as clearly defended by league officials as those in the American League, although they were also given a free rein in resolving disputes and in allowing their own personalities to emerge.

He not only proved skilled in officiating, but also became an expert in the design and groundskeeping of ballparks, and he laid out many of the most important parks in Cuba and elsewhere in Latin America by the early 1910s. In 1912 he was laying out the ballfield at the University of Virginia, while also serving as an assistant coach at the school, when he discovered pitcher Eppa Rixey and signed him for the Philadelphia Phillies. The ensuing controversy over league umpires signing players for teams whose games they would be officiating led to the establishment of a rule barring umpires from also acting as scouts.

Rigler was highly regarded for his outgoing nature and for his ability to let criticism roll off his back without becoming visibly irritated. He allowed players and managers to make their arguments, and demonstrated a willingness to eject only the most egregious offenders.

Rigler officiated in 10 World Series, second only to Bill Klem's 18: 1910, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1917, 1919, 1921, 1925, 1928 and 1930. He was also one of the umpires in the first All-Star Game in 1933. One of his most memorable calls came in the 1925 Series, when Earl Smith's long fly ball to right field in Game 3 reached Washington outfielder Sam Rice's glove just as he fell over the wall into the outfield bleachers. When Rice emerged from the crowd with the ball in his glove, Rigler's call of a catch and an out stoked controversy for decades as to whether Rice had indeed made the catch. Washington won the game 4-3, although they went on to lose the Series to Pittsburgh.

He was the base umpire on May 2, 1917, when Fred Toney of the Cincinnati Reds and Jim "Hippo" Vaughn of the Chicago Cubs pitched opposing no-hitters for 9 innings, with Vaughn finally giving up 2 hits and a run in the 10th inning to take the loss. Rigler was again the base umpire on August 25, 1922, when the Cubs defeated the Phillies 26-23 in the highest-scoring 9-inning game in history.

Rigler was promoted to supervisor of the NL staff in December 1935 following the death of Hank O'Day, but he never got the opportunity to fulfill his duties. He died less than two weeks later, following surgery for a brain tumor, in Philadelphia at age 53.

Jimmy Ring

James Joseph Ring (February 15, 1895, Brooklyn, New York – July 6, 1965, Queens, New York) was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the Cincinnati Reds (1917–1920), Philadelphia Phillies (1921–1925, 1928), New York Giants (1926) and St. Louis Cardinals (1927). Ring batted and threw right-handed.

Ring was used sparingly by the Cincinnati Reds from 1917 to 1918. He won 10 games in 1919, and beat Ed Cicotte and the Chicago White Sox in Game Four of the World Series on a five-hit, 2–0 shutout. He pitched again in Game Six, losing after allowing one run in five innings of relief. The next year he won 17 games, and was sent to the Philadelphia Phillies at the end of the season along with Greasy Neale in the same trade that brought Eppa Rixey to Cincinnati.

From 1921 to 1925 Ring averaged 12.8 wins per season, with a career-high 18 wins in 1923. Then, he was traded by the Phillies to the New York Giants before the 1927 season. After an 11–10 mark with the Giants, he was sent to the St. Louis Cardinals along with Frankie Frisch in exchange for Rogers Hornsby.

Ring failed to win a game for St. Louis in 1927. He appeared in 13 games and had a 0–4 record. In 1928, his last major league season, he returned to the Phillies and had a 4–17 mark in 35 appearances.

In a 12-season career, Ring posted a 118–149 record with 835 strikeouts and a 4.12 ERA in 2354-1/3 innings pitched.

Jimmy Ring died in Queens, New York, aged 70.

List of Cincinnati Reds Opening Day starting pitchers

The Cincinnati Reds are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Cincinnati who play in the National League's Central Division. In their history, the franchise also played under the names Cincinnati Red Stockings and Cincinnati Redlegs. They played in the American Association from 1882 through 1889, and have played in the National League since 1890. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor that is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Reds have used 76 Opening Day starting pitchers since they began play as a Major League team in 1882.

The Reds have played in several different home ball parks. They played two seasons in their first home ball park, Bank Street Grounds, and had one win and one loss in Opening Day games there. The team had a record of six wins and ten losses in Opening Day games at League Park, and a record of three wins and seven losses in Opening Day games at the Palace of the Fans. The Reds played in Crosley Field from 1912 through the middle of the 1970 season, and had a record of 27 wins and 31 losses in Opening Day games there. They had an Opening Day record of 19 wins, 11 losses and 1 tie from 1971 through 2002 at Riverfront Stadium, and they have a record of three wins and six losses in Opening Day games at their current home ball park, the Great American Ball Park. That gives the Reds an overall Opening Day record of 59 wins, 66 losses and one tie at home. They have a record of three wins and one loss in Opening Day games on the road.Mario Soto holds the Reds' record for most Opening Day starts, with six. Tony Mullane, Pete Donohue and Aaron Harang have each made five Opening Day starts for the Reds. José Rijo and Johnny Cueto have each made four Opening Day starts for Cincinnati, while Ewell Blackwell, Tom Browning, Paul Derringer, Art Fromme, Si Johnson, Gary Nolan, Jim O'Toole, Tom Seaver, Bucky Walters and Will White each made three such starts for the Reds. Harang was the Reds' Opening Day starting pitcher every season from 2006–2010. Among the Reds' Opening Day starting pitchers, Seaver and Eppa Rixey have been elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.The Reds have won the World Series championship five times, in 1919, 1940, 1975, 1976 and 1990. Dutch Ruether was the Reds' Opening Day starting pitcher in 1919, Derringer in 1940, Don Gullett in 1975, Nolan in 1976 and Browning in 1990. The Reds won all five Opening Day games in seasons in which they won the World Series. In addition, prior to the existence of the modern World Series, the Reds won the American Association championship in 1882. White was their Opening Day starting pitcher that season, the franchise's first. Jack Billingham started one of the most famous Opening Day games in Reds history on April 4, 1974 against the Atlanta Braves. In that game, Billingham surrendered Hank Aaron's 714th career home run, which tied Babe Ruth's all time home run record.

List of Cincinnati Reds team records

This is a list of team records for the Cincinnati Reds baseball team. (The Reds do not recognize records set before 1900.)

Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster (R)

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. The team has played officially under two names since beginning play in 1883: the current moniker, as well as the "Quakers", which was used in conjunction with "Phillies" during the team's early history. The team was also known unofficially as the "Blue Jays" during the World War II era. Since the franchise's inception, 2,006 players have made an appearance in a competitive game for the team, whether as an offensive player (batting and baserunning) or a defensive player (fielding, pitching, or both).

Of those 2,006 Phillies, 97 have had surnames beginning with the letter R. Two of those players have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame: pitcher Eppa Rixey, who was a Phillie for six seasons in two different stints (1912–1917, 1919); and Robin Roberts, who won 20 games during the 1950 season as the ace pitcher of the Whiz Kids. The Hall of Fame lists the Phillies as Roberts' primary team; during his career, the right-hander won 234 games and lost 199, the latter one of his three franchise records. During his 14 seasons with the team, he pitched 3,739 ​1⁄3 innings and completed 272 games, both records; he also held the major league record for most career home runs allowed until it was broken in 2010. Roberts was also elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame as the Phillies' first inductee in 1978.Among the 49 batters in this list, second baseman Lou Raymond has the highest batting average, at .500; he notched one hit in two career at-bats. No other player on this list has batted above .300; the next-highest average belongs to Pete Rose, Major League Baseball's all-time hits leader, who batted .291 in his five seasons with Philadelphia. Jimmy Rollins leads all members of this list in home runs and runs batted in, with 154 and 662, respectively.Of this list's 48 pitchers, Chuck Ricci has the best win–loss record, in terms of winning percentage; he won one game and lost none in his seven appearances with the Phillies. Roberts' 234 victories and 199 defeats are the highest totals in this list, and he also leads in strikeouts, with 1,871. Ricci's 1.80 earned run average (ERA) is the lowest among this list's pitchers; one position player, second baseman Cookie Rojas, has a 0.00 ERA in his only pitching appearance.

Rixey

Rixey may refer to:

USS Rixey, casualty evacuation transport ship in the US Navy

Rixey, Virginia, an unincorporated community in Caroline County, VirginiaPeople with the surname Rixey:

Eppa Rixey (1891–1963), Major League Baseball pitcher, nephew of John Franklin Rixey and Presley Marion Rixey

George F. Rixey (1888–1974), first Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the United States Army

John Franklin Rixey (1854–1907), US Representative from Virginia, brother of Presley Marion Rixey

Presley Marion Rixey (1852–1928), US Navy Rear Admiral and Presidential physician, brother of John Franklin Rixey

Rube Ehrhardt

Welton Claude Ehrhardt (November 20, 1894 – April 27, 1980) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball. He pitched from 1924 to 1929 with the Brooklyn Robins and Cincinnati Reds.

A right-hander, Ehrhardt's career was delayed while he served in the Navy in World War I, so that he was nearly 30 by the time he made his Major League debut.

Ehrhardt was the losing pitcher in that debut on July 18, 1924, throwing a complete game but losing 4-0 to Eppa Rixey and the Cincinnati Reds. A month later, Ehrhardt turned the tables, outpitching Rixey in a 9-4 victory on Aug. 17 for the Robins, all four runs allowed being unearned due to his team's four errors. Ehrhardt's next start, four days later, came in Chicago, where he shut out the Cubs 2-0 with a four-hitter, Zack Wheat driving in both of Brooklyn's runs.

After winning five games during that 1924 season, Ehrhardt had his best year in 1925, winning 10 games. Dazzy Vance (22-9), Burleigh Grimes (12-19) and Ehrhardt were the Robins' top starters that year. In his final appearance of the season, on Oct. 1, 1925, Ehrhardt was the losing pitcher but did hit his only home run. It came off Jimmy Ring in a 6-5 loss to the Philadelphia Phillies.

In 1926 and 1927, working mostly out of the bullpen, he ranked first in the National League in games finished, making 46 appearances during the 1927 season.

On April 18, 1929, Ehrhardt was traded to the Reds. He appeared in 24 games that season, all but one in relief. The start came In the final appearance of his career, on Oct. 5, 1929, when Ehrhardt pitched a complete-game shutout in Cincinnati to defeat the Cubs 9-0. It was a five-hitter, Kiki Cuyler getting two of Chicago's hits. Ehrhardt had a single at the plate in that final game.

He reportedly worked in a Chicago Heights, Illinois steel mill for 20 years following his retirement from baseball. Ehrhardt is buried in Trinity Lutheran cemetery in Crete, Illinois.

Wilbur Cooper

Arley Wilbur Cooper (February 24, 1892 – August 7, 1973) was an American starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played most of his career for the Pittsburgh Pirates. A four-time winner of 20 games in the early 1920s, he was the first National League left-hander to win 200 games. He established NL records for left-handers – second only to Eddie Plank among all southpaws – for career wins (216), innings pitched (3466⅓) and games started (405); all were broken within several years by Eppa Rixey. His career earned run average of 2.89 is also the lowest of any left-hander with at least 3000 innings in the NL. He still holds the Pirates franchise records for career victories (202) and complete games (263); he also set club records, since broken, for innings (3201), strikeouts (1191), and games pitched (469).

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