The city was originally called Oiniandos, and was located in the area of the northern tip of the Gulf of Iskenderun on the route from Missis to Antioch. In the 2nd century BC the city was renamed Epiphania, in honour of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, King of Syria from 175 BC to 164 BC.
The city is mentioned in the writings of Ptolemy and Pliny the Elder. Cicero stayed there briefly during his exile. In 66 BC the Roman general Pompey led a campaign against the Mediterranean pirates. After the surrender of the pirates, they were dispersed and many were settled at Epiphania.
|O: laureate draped and cuirassed bust||R: Tyche holding rudder and cornucopia
|bronze coin struck by Philip the Arab in Epiphania 244-245 AD; ref.: L&K A1491B (same dies)
*Epiphania dated their calendar from Pompey's victory over the Cilician pirates 67-66 BC.
According to Gibbon, Saint George was born here, in a fuller's shop , in the late 4th century. Saint Amphion was the earliest known bishop of Epiphania in 325, as a suffragan of the Bishop of Anazarbus. He attended the First Council of Nicaea in 325, and later suffered under the persecutions of Diocletian.
Today its ruins include the remains of walls, a temple, an acropolis, an aqueduct, and many houses, all built in basalt.
Titular bishopric of the Roman Church
Epiphania is the name of several places and people. It is the feminine form of the name Epiphanius.
Hama, Syria, formerly known as Epiphania
Epiphania, Cilicia, a city in Cilicia, now ruined
Eudoxia Epiphania, daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius
Saint Epiphania of Pavia, an 8th-century Italian nun
Epiphania, a poem by George Seferis
The musical setting of this poem by Mikis Theodorakis
The Christian festival of EpiphanyGeorge of Laodicea
George of Laodicea (c. 300 AD, probably Epiphania, Cilicia - 24 December 361) was a philosopher from Alexandria, involved in the debate over the doctrine of the Trinity. From 356 to 361, he was archbishop of Alexandria.List of archaeological sites by country
This is a list of notable archaeological sites sorted by country and territories.
For one sorted by continent and time period, see the list of archaeological sites by continent and age.Roman Catholic Diocese of Chiavari
The Diocese of Chiavari (Latin: Dioecesis Clavarensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Liguria, northern Italy. It was created on 3 December 1892 by Pope Leo XIII in the Bull Romani Pontifices. It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Genoa.