Environmental stewardship

Environmental stewardship refers to responsible use and protection of the natural environment through conservation and sustainable practices. Aldo Leopold (1887–1949) championed environmental stewardship based on a land ethic "dealing with man's relation to land and to the animals and plants which grow upon it."[1]

Resilience-Based Ecosystem Stewardship

Resilience-Based Ecosystem Stewardship emphasizes resilience as a basic feature of the changing world as well as ecosystems that provide a suite of ecosystem services rather than a single resource, and stewardship that recognizes resource managers as an integral part of the systems they manage.[2] Resilience refers to the ability of a system to absorb disturbance and still maintain its basic function and structure.[3]

Different types of environmental stewards

One author suggests that there are 3 types of environmental stewards: doers, donors, and practitioners. Doers go out and help the cause by taking action. For example, the doers in an oil spill would be the volunteers that go along the beach and help clean up the oil from the beaches. A donor is the person that financially helps the cause. They can do anything from donating their money, to hosting public events to raise funds. They are typically governmental agencies. Lastly there are practitioners. They work on a day-to-day basis to steer governmental agencies, scientists, stakeholder groups, or any other group toward a stewardship outcome. Together these 3 groups make up environmental stewards and with the help keep the ecosystem running healthily.[4] Anybody can be an environmental steward by being aware and knowledgeable of the world around them and making sure they do as little as possible to negatively impact our world. Without these groups it would be hard to get any sort of sustainability in our increasingly industrially based world. [5]

See also


  1. ^ Leopold, Aldo. 1949. A Sand County Almanac. Oxford University Press, New York.
  2. ^ Chapin, F. Stuart III, Gary P. Kofinas, and Carl Folke (eds). 2009. Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer. ISBN 978-0387730325.
  3. ^ Walker, Brian, and David Salt. 2006. Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World. Island Press. ISBN 978-1597260930.
  4. ^ Increasing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts, P. 30
  5. ^ National Research Council. (2008). Increasing Capacity for Stewardship of Oceans and Coasts. The National Academic Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington DC 20001.
Audubon International

Audubon International is a not for profit 501(c)(3) environmental education organization based in Troy, New York. Established in 1987, the organization works with communities, developments, resorts and golf courses in 36 countries to plan and implement sustainable natural resource management practices, as well as receive public recognition (through certification processes) for employing sound environmental stewardship. It is the first organization to work extensively with the golf industry on sustainability issues, and has a long history of partnering with industry associations such as the United States Golf Association (USGA).

The organization has been recognized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and other members of environmental community for enabling facilities adopt design and operations practices that are consistent with principles of sustainability. Central to Audubon International's core value system is the belief that voluntary education and certification programs can simultaneously advance ecological, economic and social goals.

The organization is not affiliated with the National Audubon Society, which sued to prevent the organization from using the Audubon name. In 1991 a judge ruled that the National Audubon Society did not hold an exclusive right to the name Audubon, and had not shown that the use of the name by Audubon International was causing confusion.

Braun's Express

Braun's Express, Inc. is a privately owned and operated American freight company serving the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Midwest United States. Braun's specializes in supply-chain management for carpeting and flooring products, but also offers transportation applicable to any industry. Braun's operates eight terminal locations and delivers to a service area which stretches from northern Virginia to Maine and as far west as North and South Dakota.

Cornwall Alliance

The Cornwall Alliance for the Stewardship of Creation is a conservative Christian public policy group that promotes the view that a free-market approach to care for the environment is sufficient, and is critical of much of the current environmental movement. In particular, the Cornwall Alliance rejects claims of global warming. Originally called the "Interfaith Stewardship Alliance" it was founded in 2005 in reaction to the efforts of evangelical leaders (such as Rick Warren) to fight global warming. The name Cornwall came from the 2000 Cornwall Declaration. The organization's views on the environment have been strongly influenced by the wise use movement of the 1980s and 1990s.

Critics have called it a "front group for fossil fuel special interests."

Countryside Stewardship Scheme

The Countryside Stewardship Scheme was originally an agri-environment scheme run by the United Kingdom Government set up in 1991. In its original form it expired in 2014. It was relaunched for the Rural Development Programme England (RDPE) 2014-2020 with £3.1bn of government subsidy for agriculture and forestry, replacing the previous Environmental Stewardship scheme.

Countryside Stewardship:

will contribute around £900 million to help protect and improve our environment.

will be open to all eligible farmers, foresters and land managers

is a competitive targeted scheme, with grants awarded to those who will make the biggest improvements in their local area.

replaces Environmental Stewardship (ES), the English Woodland Grant Scheme (EWGS) and capital grants from the Catchment Sensitive Farming (CSF) programme.Forestry Commission and Natural England will jointly delivery Countryside Stewardship. Natural England will broadly lead on the set up and delivery of transactional services for Countryside Stewardship for the first year of the new scheme.

Defence Estate and Infrastructure Group

The Defence Estate and Infrastructure Group (abbreviated as E&IG) is the infrastructure and service delivery organisation of the Australian Department of Defence responsible for environmental stewardship, land management and facilities maintenance of the Australian Defence Force. The Group is led by the Deputy Secretary for Estate and Infrastructure.

Environmental stewardship (England)

This page is on the agri-environment scheme in England; for the general concept, see Environmental stewardshipEnvironmental Stewardship is an agri-environment scheme run by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in England which aims to secure widespread environmental benefits. It was formally launched on 18 March 2005, although the first agreements did not start until 1 August 2005.

If Environment Stewardship is taken up across large areas of the countryside it will help to:

Improve water quality and reduce soil erosion – by encouraging management which can help to meet these aims;

Improve conditions for farmland wildlife – including birds, mammals, butterflies and bees;

Maintain and enhance landscape character – by helping to maintain important features such as traditional field boundaries;

Protect the historic environment – including archaeological features and artefacts.The scheme, which replaces the older Countryside Stewardship and Environmentally Sensitive Area schemes, is composed of two levels: the Entry Level Stewardship (ELS), Organic Entry Level Stewardship (OELS) for Organic farms, Upland Entry Level Stewardship (UELS) comprising the lower levels; and the Higher Level Stewardship (HLS) for the upper level.

Environmentally sensitive area

An environmentally sensitive area (ESA) is a type of designation for an agricultural area which needs special protection because of its landscape, wildlife or historical value . The scheme was introduced in 1987. Originally it was administered by Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, then the Rural Development Service for the United Kingdom Governments Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, and currently Natural England following successive re-organisation of the departments. In 2005 the scheme was superseded by Environmental Stewardship and closed to new entrants. Existing agreements remain active until they expire, meaning the designation will remain active until 2014.

Farmers entered into a 10-year contract with the government and received an annual payment for the area that is part of the scheme. Farmers were expected to adopt environmentally friendly agricultural practices.

There are 22 ESAs in England:

Avon Valley

Blackdown Hills



River Clun

Cotswold Hills


Essex Coast


Lake District

North Kent Marshes

North Peak

Pennine Dales

Shropshire Hills

Somerset Levels and Moors

South Downs

South Wessex Downs

South West Peak

Suffolk River Valleys

Test Valley

Upper Thames Tributaries

West PenwithThere are 10 ESAs in Scotland


Loch Lomond

Machair (Western Isles)


Central Borders (inc Whitlaw Eildon)

Central Uplands

Western Uplands

Cairngorm Straths

Shetland Islands

Argyll Islands

Fruit Ridge (Michigan)

Fruit Ridge (also known as The Ridge) is a topographical land feature and growing region in West Michigan. The area is so named for its extensive agricultural activity, specifically because of its fruit production. It is considered to be a "agricultural mecca" as its unique features make it one of the prime fruit-growing regions in the world. The area's deposits of fertile clay loam soils with excellent moisture holding qualities, elevation of greater than 800 feet (240 m), and its proximity to Lake Michigan; creates a unique climate and provides great soil and terrain for the growing of premium fruits and vegetables.The Ridge is well known for apple production, in 2006 the area accounted for 65% of all Michigan apple production. The Ridge is approximately 8 miles (13 km) wide and 20 miles (32 km) long covering 158 square miles (410 km2) in portions of Kent, Newaygo, Muskegon, and Ottawa counties. It extends from Walker in the south; to Grant in the North, and is primarily centered on Sparta; the location of the Old Orchard Juice Company. Fruit Ridge Avenue was named after it.

Hudson Generating Station

Hudson Generating Station was a power plant operated by PSEG Fossil LLC, a subsidiary of Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG). It was located in Jersey City in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. The site was in operation from 1906-2017, but as of 2011 only one unit was in operation at the facility – Unit 2, which ran primarily on coal to generate electricity and was also capable of burning natural gas as a secondary fuel. Unit 2 was also equipped with several back-end technology emission controls. The generating station was closed permanently by PSEG Power on June 1, 2017. The 241 acre site was sold to Chicago based Hilco Redevelopment Partners in January 2019, which plans to repurpose the site as a state-of-the-art industrial park serving growing warehouse-distribution business in region. https://www.njspotlight.com/stories/19/01/09/pseg-sells-defunct-coal-plants-in-jersey-city-and-hamilton-for-redevelopment/

Jim Jeffords State Forest

Jim Jeffords State Forest covers 1,349 acres (5.46 km2) in Mendon and Shrewsbury, Vermont.

The forest connects Aitken State Forest, to the east, and Calvin Coolidge State Forest, to the west, contributing to the conservation of an important wildlife corridor.Public access to Jim Jeffords State Forest is from Moonshine Lane and North Branch Roads off the Upper Cold River Road in Shrewsbury.

The forest was created in 2016 and named after Shrewsbury resident state senator Jim Jeffords, who was noted for his legacy of environmental stewardship and land conservation. It is managed for recreation, wildlife habitat protection, sustainable timber harvesting, and water quality protection.

Activities in the forest include hiking along woods roads, hunting, fishing and trapping, snowmobiling, cross-country skiing and snowshoeing. No roads are plowed in winter within the state forest.

Lowland heath

Lowland Heath is a Biodiversity Action Plan habitat as it is a type of ancient wild landscape. Natural England's Environmental Stewardship scheme describes lowland heath as containing dry heath, wet heath and valley mire communities, usually below 250 metres in altitude, on acidic soils and shallow peat, typically comprising heathers, gorses, fine grasses, wild flowers and lichens in a complex mosaic. Heathers and other dwarf shrubs usually account for at least 25% of the ground cover. By contrast, upland heath, which is above 300 metres in altitude, is called Moorland, Dartmoor being an example.

Nature and Raptor Center of Pueblo

Nature and Raptor Center of Pueblo is a nature preserve, formerly known as "Greenway and Nature Center of Pueblo," which is located in Pueblo, Colorado, United States. It is a 501 (c)(3) tax-exempt corporation and includes a raptor rehabilitation facility.

The Nature and Raptor Center of Pueblo is located in Rock Canyon on the banks of the Arkansas River, and includes a blend of aquatic, riparian, transition, and semi-arid grassland habitats. The mission of the Nature and Raptor Center is to provide unique experiences in education, conservation and recreation that environmental stewardship.

Planet Smoothie

Planet Smoothie is the third largest American chain of smoothie stores serving smoothies. The company was founded in 1995 by Martin Sprock in Atlanta, Georgia, and currently operates more than 100 locations. In November, 2011, Planet Smoothie was acquired by Tasti D-Lite LLC who also operates Tasti D-Lite stores.

In June 2015, Quick-Service Restaurant Franchisor Kahala Brands purchased both Planet Smoothie and Tasti D-Lite in a deal that brings their 128 locations into the portfolio of about a dozen fast food, treat and sandwich chains such as Blimpie and Cold Stone Creamery owned by the Serruya family of Canada. Together, the Tasti D-Lite and Planet Smoothie locations will now be run from the Kahala Brands corporate headquarters in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Preservation development

Preservation development is a model of real-estate development that addresses farmland preservation. It shares many attributes with conservation development, with the addition of strategies for maintaining and operating productive agriculture and silviculture, often in perpetuity. A preservation development is a master planned community that allows limited, carefully designed development (typically housing) on a working farm, while placing the majority of productive land under a system of easements and community governance to ensure a continuity of farming and environmental stewardship.

School District of Rhinelander

The School District of Rhinelander (SDR) is located in Rhinelander, Wisconsin. Approximately 2,900 students are enrolled. In 2005 a referendum to keep three local schools open failed, combining fourth and fifth grade students into one intermediate school and all of the kindergarten-third grade students into two schools. In 2008 another referendum failed resulting in budget cuts to the High School's pool and field house. Again in 2010 the district ran a referendum, this time passing, allowing the secondary schools to remain in separate buildings. In late 2010 the school district was given a grant, resulting in 13.7 million dollars of heavy renovation throughout the district.

Sterling College (Vermont)

Sterling College is an undergraduate college of environmental stewardship located in Craftsbury Common, in the U.S. state of Vermont. Sterling is one of seven colleges in the Work College Consortium and its curriculum is focused on environmental stewardship through Ecology, Environmental Humanities, Outdoor Education, Sustainable Agriculture, and Sustainable Food Systems. The college is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges and the Association for Experiential Education.


Stewardship is an ethic that embodies the responsible planning and management of resources. The concepts of stewardship can be applied to the environment and nature, economics, health, property, information, theology, etc.

Stewardship (theology)

Stewardship is a theological belief that humans are responsible for the world, and should take care of it. Believers in stewardship are usually people who believe in one God who created the universe and all that is within it, also believing that they must take care of creation and look after it. Creation includes animals and the environment. Many religions and denominations have various degrees of support for environmental stewardship. It can have political implications, such as in Christian Democracy.

Many moderate and progressive Roman Catholics, Orthodox Christians, and Evangelical Protestants see some form of environmentalism as a consequence of stewardship. In Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions, stewardship refers to the way time, talents, material possessions, or wealth are used or given for the service of God.

Some pagan or secular views include a Gaia philosophy which accepts the Earth as a holy being or goddess.

The Jewish holiday of Tu Bishvat, or “the New Year of the Trees,” (Rosh Hashanah La-Ilanot") is also known as Jewish Arbor Day. Some want to expand it to a more global environmental focus.A biblical world view of stewardship can be consciously defined as: "Utilizing and managing all resources God provides for the glory of God and the betterment of His creation." The central essence of biblical world view stewardship is managing everything God brings into the believer's life in a manner that honors God and impacts eternity.

Stewardship begins and ends with the understanding of God's ownership of all:

"I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End." (Revelation 22:13)

"The earth is the Lord's, and everything in it, the world, and all who live in it." (Psalm 24:1)

"To the Lord your God belong the heavens, even the highest heavens, the earth and everything in it." (Deuteronomy 10:14)

"The land must not be sold permanently, because the land is mine and you are but aliens and my tenants." (Leviticus 25:23)

"Who has a claim against me that I must pay? Everything under heaven belongs to me." (Job 41:11)Stewardship is further supported and sustained theologically on the understanding of God's holiness as found in such verse as: Genesis 1:2[1:2], Psalm 104, Psalm 113, 1 Chronicles 29:10-20, Colossians 1:16, and Revelation 1:8.

There is a strong link between stewardship and environmentalism. What does it mean for humans 'to take care of the world'? Environmental stewardship is typically thought of as entailing reducing human impacts into the natural world. However, philosopher Neil Paul Cummins claims that humans have a special stewardship role on the planet because through their technology humans are able to save life from otherwise certain elimination. This is a modern-day interpretation of Noah’s Ark, the cornerstone of human stewardship being technological protection and regulation.

Sustainable South Bronx

Sustainable South Bronx (SSBx) is a non-profit workforce development and environmental justice solutions organization in New York City's South Bronx neighborhood, founded by Majora Carter in 2001. Today, it is a division of the Brooklyn-based workforce development organization,The HOPE Program.The organization spearheaded the creation of Hunts Point Riverside Park, the first piece of the projected South Bronx Greenway. This organization also pioneered a "green roof" project in the South Bronx with its own for-profit installation company SmartRoofs, LLC, and started a "green-collar" job training program called Bronx Environmental Stewardship Program (B.E.S.T.) which prepares urban residents in areas such as ecological restoration, hazardous waste cleanup, green roof installation and maintenance, urban forestry, and landscaping; the program has a 90% placement rate after four years of operation. They are also proposing a Bronx Eco-Industrial Complex as an alternative use for a piece of land where the city government currently is planning to construct a prison, and are engaged in developing "a collection of businesses in which the waste and byproducts of one business are the raw materials for another one."In 2005, SSBx built the "Cool and Greenroof Demonstration Project" above their offices in the historic American Banknote Building — the first such roof in the City of New York. In 2007, SSBx launched the for-profit SmartRoofs, LLC green roof installation business.

Today, SSBx still runs a robust 12 week green jobs training program (formerly called the Bronx Environmental Stewardship Training (BEST), now called Sustainable South Bronx. Training topics range from landscaping, energy auditing, green infrastructure, OSHA and BPI certifications and more. This program aims to provide economic empowerment to the community through training, employment and career services, while contributing to the environmental sustainability of New York City. SSBx also runs two transitional employment programs, which provide participants with on the job training, valuable experience, and a fair wage for their work. CoolRoofs hires New Yorkers to coat NYC rooftops with a reflective material, easing buildings' energy consumption and mitigating the urban heat island effect. Intervine, SSBx's social enterprise, trains and employs low-income community members to create and maintain green infrastructure.

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