Environmental organization

An environmental organization is an organization coming out of the conservation or environmental movements that seeks to protect, analyse or monitor the environment against misuse or degradation from human forces.

In this sense the environment may refer to the biophysical environment, the natural environment or the built environment. The organization may be a charity, a trust, a non-governmental organization or a government organization. Environmental organizations can be global, national, regional or local.

History

Founded on 28 May 1892 in San Francisco, California, Sierra Club was one of the first large-scale environmental preservation organizations in the world.[1]

Politics

Most organizations exert more influence through their involvement in policy making. Green politics is a political ideology which emphasizes the importance of achieving environmental goals. The Green parties have formed to implement environmental policies at a government level.

Issues in focus

Audubon Center at Bent of the River III
Audubon Center at Bent of the River. The Audubon Society is an environmental organization dedicated to the protection of birds.

Some environmental issues that environmental organizations focus on include pollution, waste, resource depletion, human overpopulation and climate change.

List of environmental organizations

Greenpeace logo
Greenpeace logo. The organization is one of the most visible interest groups worldwide

Notable global environmental organizations are the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Wide Fund for Nature,[2] the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), World Meteorological Organization,[3] Greenpeace, Atlantic Whale and Dolphin Foundation,[4] and Friends of the Earth.

Counter-movements

Many interest groups and associations have been formed, often industry supported, to counter the progressive - capitalism- and economy-skeptic attitude and influence of environmental organizations. However, these interest groups are rarely pure in ideological nature.

See also

References

  1. ^ "About the Sierra Club". Sierra Club.
  2. ^ "WWF conservation projects around the world". World Wide Fund for Nature.
  3. ^ public.wmo.int
  4. ^ whalenation.org/about-us.html

Further reading

  • Johnson, Erik W.; Scott Frickel (2011). "Ecological Threat and the Founding of U.S. National Environmental Movement Organizations, 1962–1998". Social Problems. 58 (Aug. 2011) (3): 305–29. doi:10.1525/sp.2011.58.3.305. This study examines the role of "ecological threat" in shaping the U.S. environmental movement. … Declines in wildlife populations are associated with the foundings of wildlife and wilderness protection organizations while increases in air pollution are associated with the foundings of organizations focused on ecosystem well-being and public health.
Alexander von Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute

The Alexander von Humboldt Biological Resources Research Institute (Spanish: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt), sometimes referred to as IAVH, is an independent non-regulatory research institute of the Executive Branch of the Government of Colombia charged with conducting scientific research on the biodiversity of the country including hydrobiology and genetic research. The institute is named after Alexander von Humboldt, a German naturalist who conducted research on the biodiversity of Colombia and Latin America.

Artists Against Fracking

Artists Against Fracking is an association of artists initiated by Yoko Ono and her son, Sean Lennon, also including Mark Ruffalo, Robert de Niro, Lady Gaga, Paul McCartney, and Deepak Chopra.

Branford Land Trust

The Branford Land Trust is a non-profit organization that purchases land to make it non-developable, protected land through land trusts.Founded in 1967 the Trust aims to protect Branford's natural resources through:

Acquiring and managing open space

Promoting education about our natural resources, and

Encouraging our community involvementThe Trust owns nearly 775 acres (3.14 km2) in over 130 parcels in Branford, Connecticut, U.S., on the shore of Long Island Sound, just east of New Haven. It has worked for the acquisition of several large publicly owned tracts, including the Short Beach Preserve, a 40-acre (160,000 m2) parcel of land with rugged rock outcroppings, tall oaks, beeches, groves of mountain laurel, wetlands and a bluff offering views of Talmadge Pond and Long Island Sound.

In 2002, the Land Trust was awarded the Branford Chamber of Commerce Community Advancement Award which "recognizes the sustained efforts of an individual organization or company for their efforts towards helping to make Branford a better place to work and live."

Falklands Conservation

Falklands Conservation (FC) is a charitable organisation formed to protect the wildlife and the natural environment of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic Ocean. It intends to conserve and undertake scientific research in the biosphere of the Falkland Islands and publish the results of the research to inform the public in the field of nature conservation. They also intend to preserve the Falkland Islands heritage and carry out other charitable activities.

Green Cross International

Green Cross International is an environmentalist organization founded by former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in 1993, building upon the work started by the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Green Zionism

Green Zionism is a branch of Zionism that is primarily concerned with the environment of Israel. It mostly fuses Israeli-specific environmental concerns with support for the existence of Israel as a Jewish state. The term itself is a trademark of Aytzim, the first environmental organization to participate in the World Zionist Congress, the World Zionist Organization, and its constituent agencies.

Greenpeace Foundation

Greenpeace Foundation is an environmental organization based in Hawaii. It was officially founded in 1976 as an independent offshoot of the Canadian Greenpeace Foundation and was the first Greenpeace in the United States. When the original Vancouver-based Greenpeace Foundation later evolved to Greenpeace International the Hawaii-based Greenpeace Foundation declined to join them, and remains an unaffiliated organisation.According to the Hawaii Greenpeace Foundation's 1979 leader, Don White, the Hawaii group impacted public education, influenced legislation, and was active on press public relations, yet paid its members "virtually nothing in the way of salaries", making Hawaii "a real Greenpeace group."

Institute for Energy and Environmental Research

The Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (IEER) focuses on the environmental safety of nuclear weapons production, ozone layer depletion, and other issues relating to energy. IEER publishes a variety of books on energy-related issues, conducts workshops for activists on nuclear issues, and sponsors international symposia and educational outreach projects. IEER was established in 1987 and is based in Takoma Park, Maryland.Arjun Makhijani is President of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research.

Ioby

Ioby (stylized as ioby, an acronym for "in our backyards") is a US-based civic crowdfunding platform operated by a non-profit 501(c)3 organization; it was incorporated in 2007 and launched in beta in April 2009.

John von Neumann Environmental Research Institute of the Pacific

The John von Neumann Environmental Research Institute of the Pacific is a non profit environmental and anthropological research institute of executive branch of the government of Colombia ascribed to the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and charged with conducting research and investigations on the Pacific littoral and the biodiversity of the Chocó biogeographic hotspot.

Joint Nature Conservation Committee

The Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) is the public body that advises the UK Government and devolved administrations on UK-wide and international nature conservation.

Originally established under the Environmental Protection Act 1990, JNCC was reconstituted by the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006.

JNCC is led by the Joint Committee, which brings together members from the nature conservation bodies for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and independent members appointed by the Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs under an independent chair.

Support is provided to the committee by a company set up and controlled by the Committee solely for that purpose. The company employs around 130 people. They bring together scientific and technical expertise, extensive knowledge of policy at global, European and national levels and skills in working with other organisations. Staff are based in offices in Peterborough and Aberdeen.

The Joint Committee leads JNCC and has overall responsibility for its work. The Accountability Framework Document, Management Statement and Financial Memorandum provide the legal, administrative and financial framework within which the Joint Committee operates.

The membership of the committee is defined in schedule 4 of the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006. Current members are as below.

The committee meets four times in March, June, September and November. Members discuss strategic nature conservation and organisational issues as well as making high-level advice, strategy, funding and planning decisions.

The committee is committed to the principle of open government and has been holding open meetings since 2001. Members of the public are welcome to attend meetings as observers except when confidential issues are being discussed. Agendas and committee papers are made available one week ahead of meetings and draft minutes six weeks later. Inter-sessional papers, provided between committee meetings, are also available. Meetings are run in accordance with a set of standing orders.

Karnataka Forest Service

Karnataka Forest Service (abbreviated as K.F.S) or known as State Forest Service (abbreviated as S.F.S) is awarded to a person who is selected in the K.F.S exam conducted by Karnataka Public Service Commission (KPSC). Selected officers will be appointed by the Government of Karnataka as The Assistant Conservator of Forests after completing the training period of 2 years at Central Academy for State Forest Service Dehradun or Central Academy for State Forest Service Coimbatore and Completing the probationary period of 2 years as The Range Forest Officer. The post of Assistant Conservator of Forests is equivalent to the post of Assistant commissioner and also equivalent to the post of Assistant Commissioner of Police. The officer who is recruited as Assistant Conservator of Forests is a person entrusted with responsibility to manage the forests, environment, and wildlife of the concerned Sub-Division and he will be assisted by the officers belonging to Karnataka Forest Subordinate Service.

Northumberland Wildlife Trust

Northumberland Wildlife Trust was established in 1971 (following a split from the Northumberland & Durham Trust, established 1962) to help conserve and protect the wildlife of Northumberland, Newcastle upon Tyne and North Tyneside in the UK. The Trust is a charity, and a member of The Wildlife Trusts partnership.

Plataforma Nunca Máis

Nunca Máis (Galician: 'Never Again', Spanish: Nunca Más) is the name and slogan of a popular movement in Galicia (Spain) formed in response to the Prestige ship environmental disaster in 2002. The movement's banner is based on the Galician flag, but with a blue diagonal on a black field, rather than a blue diagonal on a white field. The movement describes itself as representing a broad swathe of civil society.Nunca Máis organized a number of demonstrations to ensure the official recognition of Galicia as a catastrophe zone and the immediate resource base to repair the economic, social, environmental and health problems resulting from the disaster. It also called for the set in of motion of disaster prevention systems, in order to avoid disasters like this from occurring. The demonstrations were attended by thousands on successive days.On August 11, 2006, the Plataforma Nunca Máis announced their reactivation to fight against the wave of forest fires that had been started throughout Galicia. A number of rallies in the Galician capital, Santiago de Compostela, were organised, with large numbers attending.Nunca Máis acts as a co-ordinator of other associations, namely cultural, civic and ecologist associations. In this fashion, Nunca Máis could be considered as of being made up of a series of other associations, despite having its own directive board.

Sinchi Amazonic Institute of Scientific Research

The Sinchi Amazonic Institute of Scientific Research (Spanish: Instituto Amazónico de Investigaciones Científicas) is a non-profit research institute of the Government of Colombia charged with carrying out scientific investigations on matters relating to the Amazon Rainforest, the Amazon River and the Amazon Region of Colombia for its better understanding and protection. The word sinchi, is a word in Quechua that means "strong" or "fierce".

UK Green Building Council

The UK Green Building Council (UKGBC) is a United Kingdom membership organisation, formed in 2007, which aims to 'radically transform' the way that the built environment in the UK is planned, designed, constructed, maintained and operated.

The Council is concerned about the environmental impact of buildings and infrastructure on the environment, in particular the use of water, materials, energy, the impact of greenhouse gas emissions, and the health of building occupants.

Wildlife Warriors

Wildlife Warriors, originally called the Steve Irwin Conservation Foundation, is a conservationist organisation that was established in 2002 by Steve Irwin and his wife, Terri Irwin, to involve and educate others in the protection of injured, threatened or endangered wildlife. Terri Irwin is still involved in the organisation as patron and significant advisor.

World Park Base

World Park Base was a non-governmental year-round Antarctic base located at Cape Evans on Ross Island in the Ross Dependency. The international environmental organization Greenpeace established World Park Base in 1987 in order to press its demand for the Antarctic Treaty nations to declare all of the continent of Antarctica a World Park. This would make the entire continent off-limits to commercial exploitation and pollution, and permit only limited scientific research. Greenpeace closed down and completely dismantled the base in 1992.

The official attitude amongst the Antarctic Treaty nations was that World Park Base was to be ignored and that no assistance be given to it, although New Zealand, which claims jurisdiction over Ross Dependency (though all territorial claims are in abeyance under the Antarctic Treaty), would have assisted if a life-threatening situation arose.

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