Environmental management system

Environmental management system (EMS) refers to the management of an organization's environmental programs in a comprehensive, systematic, planned and documented manner. It includes the organizational structure, planning and resources for developing, implementing and maintaining policy for environmental protection.

More formally, EMS is "a system and database which integrates procedures and processes for training of personnel, monitoring, summarizing, and reporting of specialized environmental performance information to internal and external stakeholders of a firm".[1]

The most widely used standard on which an EMS is based is International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 2004.[2] Alternatives include the EMAS.

An environmental management information system (EMIS) or Environmental Data Management System (EDMS) is an information technology solution for tracking environmental data for a company as part of their overall environmental management system.[3]

Goals

The goals of EMS are to increase compliance and reduce waste:[4]

  • Compliance is the act of reaching and maintaining minimal legal standards. By not being compliant, companies may face fines, government intervention or may not be able to operate.
  • Waste reduction goes beyond compliance to reduce environmental impact. The EMS helps to develop, implement, manage, coordinate and monitor environmental policies. Waste reduction begins at the design phase through pollution prevention and waste minimization. At the end of the life cycle, waste is reduced by recycling.[1]

To meet these goals, the selection of environmental management systems is typically subject to a certain set of criteria: a proven capability to handle high frequency data, high performance indicators, transparent handling and processing of data, powerful calculation engine, customised factor handling, multiple integration capabilities, automation of workflows and QA processes and in-depth, flexible reporting.[5]

Features

An environmental management system (EMS):[2]

  • Serves as a tool, or process, to improve environmental performance and information mainly "design, pollution control and waste minimization, training, reporting to top management, and the setting of goals"
  • Provides a systematic way of managing an organization’s environmental affairs
  • Is the aspect of the organization’s overall management structure that addresses immediate and long-term impacts of its products, services and processes on the environment. EMS assists with planning, controlling and monitoring policies in an organization.[6]
  • Gives order and consistency for organizations to address environmental concerns through the allocation of resources, assignment of responsibility and ongoing evaluation of practices, procedures and processes
  • Creates environmental buy-in from management and employees and assigns accountability and responsibility.
  • Sets framework for training to achieve objectives and desired performance.
  • Helps understand legislative requirements to better determine a product or service's impact, significance, priorities and objectives.
  • Focuses on continual improvement of the system and a way to implement policies and objectives to meet a desired result. This also helps with reviewing and auditing the EMS to find future opportunities.
  • Encourages contractors and suppliers to establish their own EMS.
  • Facilitates e-reporting to federal, state and provincial government environmental agencies through direct upload.[7]

EMS Model

PDCA Cycle
The PDCA cycle[8]

An EMS follows a Plan-Do-Check-Act, or PDCA, Cycle. The diagram shows the process of first developing an environmental policy, planning the EMS, and then implementing it. The process also includes checking the system and acting on it. The model is continuous because an EMS is a process of continual improvement in which an organization is constantly reviewing and revising the system.[9]

This is a model that can be used by a wide range of organizations — from manufacturing facilities to service industries to government agencies.

Accreditation

Environmental Data Management Systems (EDMS) can be accredited under the UK Environment Agency's Monitoring Certification Scheme (MCERTS) for performance standards and test procedures.[10]

Other meanings

An EMS can also be classified as

  • a system which monitors, tracks and reports emissions information, particularly with respect to the oil and gas industry. EMSs are becoming web-based in response to the EPA's mandated greenhouse gas (GHG) reporting rule, which allows for reporting GHG emissions information via the internet.[11]
  • a centrally controlled and often automated network of devices (now frequently wireless using z-wave and zigbee technologies) used to control the internal environment of a building. Such a system namely acts as an interface between end user and energy (gas/electricity) consumption.

Companies Providing Environmental Management Systems

Examples

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Sroufe, Robert. "Effects of Environmental Management Systems on Environmental Management Practices and Operations." Production and Operations Management. 12-3 (2003): 416-431.
  2. ^ a b Melnyk, Steven A., Robert P. Sroufe, and Roger Calantone. "Assessing the Impact of Environmental Management Systems on Corporate and Environmental Performance."
  3. ^ El-Gayar, Omar; Fritz, Brian D. (2006). "Environmental Management Information Systems (EMIS) for Sustainable Development: A Conceptual Overview". Communications of the Association for Information Systems. Association for Information Systems. 17 (1 (article 34)). ISSN 1529-3181. OCLC 796028508.
  4. ^ Sayre, D., 1996. Inside ISO 14001: the competitive advantage of environmental management. St. Lucie Press, Delray,Beach, FL.
  5. ^ "Selecting Environmental Data Management Software: Key Considerations". Emisoft. 2016-10-07. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  6. ^ "Environmental Regulatory Compliance & Corporate performance - Can You Have It All?". www.emisoft.com. Emisoft.
  7. ^ Mali, Ria. "ERA Environmental Introduces Direct Upload to TCEQ's STEERS". Retrieved 2017-05-04.
  8. ^ "Taking the First Step with PDCA". 2 February 2009. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  9. ^ René, Gastl, (2005). Kontinuierliche Verbesserung im Umweltmanagement : die KVP-Forderung der ISO 14001 in Theorie und Unternehmenspraxis. Zürich: Vdf, Hochsch.-Verl. an der ETH. ISBN 9783728130341. OCLC 181467595.
  10. ^ "MCERTS: performance standards and test procedures for environmental data management software". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  11. ^ "Stedelijke ontwikkeling Archives - Hans Middendorp Advies". Hans Middendorp Advies (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-05-23.

Literature

  • Boiral, O 2007, ‘Corporate Greening Through IS0 14001: A Rational Myth?’, Organisation Science, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 127–146.
  • Burden, L. (2010). "How to up the EMS ante".
  • Clements, R.B 1996, Complete Guide to ISO 14000, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
  • Florida, R., & Davison, D. (2001). Gaining from green management: Environmental management systems inside and outside the factory. California Management Review, 43 (3), 64-85.
  • Gastl, R (2009). "CIP in Environmental Management". Archived from the original on 12 February 2011. English management summary of: Gastl, R 2009, Kontinuierliche Verbesserung im Umweltmanagement - die KVP-Forderung der ISO 14001 in Theorie und Unternehmenspraxis, 2nd Edition, vdf, Zurich-Switzerland
  • Melnyk, Steven A.; Robert P. Sroufe & Roger Calantone (2003). "Assessing the Impact of Environmental Management Systems on Corporate and Environmental Performance". Journal of Operations Management. 21 (3): 329–51. doi:10.1016/S0272-6963(02)00109-2.
  • Sroufe, Robert. "Effects of Environmental Management Systems on Environmental Management Practices and Operations." Production and Operations Management. 12-3 (2003): 416-431.

External links

Birla Vidya Mandir

Birla Vidya Mandir in Nainital is a residential public school for boys in India which was founded in July 1947. The school is the product of the vision of Govind Ballabh Pant, an Indian independence activist.

It was built in the 1870s as Oak Openings High School and the naturalist and story teller Jim Corbett studied at it. In 1905, Oak Openings was amalgamated with the Philander Smith Institute of Mussoorie, resulting in the Philander Smith College. In the wake of the Second World War, Hallet War School was built on the same campus, established for the children of the British who were in India at that time due to the war.

Birla Vidya Mandir came into existence in 1947, when Shree G. D. Birla bought the estate.

Before India achieved its independence, Pant wanted to start a public school; a donation from Ghanshyam Das Birla, a philanthropist and industrialist, made this possible. Pant then used the estate of Philander Smith, which had housed the Hallet War School during India's war years, to create Birla Vidya Mandir.

The school takes admissions from Class 4 to Class 12. Though an English medium school, the ethos is totally Indian. Prayers in Sanskrit are held before every meal and students celebrate the festivals of India.

The school is affiliated to CBSE Delhi and is a member of Indian Public School's Conference (IPSC), National Progressive Schools’ Conference(NPSC), CBSE Sahodaya School Complex and International Confederation of Principals (ICP).

The school is an ISO 9002:2000(E) (Quality Management System) and ISO:14001:1996 (Environmental Management System) certified institution.

The school is 330 km to the northeast of Delhi in the Central Himalayan township of Nainital. Its campus is 65 acres (260,000 m2) in area set at the top of a ridge, called "Sher-Ka-Danda" overlooking the lake, 1,500 feet (460 m) above the town and 7,800 feet (2,400 m) above sea level. It is connected by a motorable road.

Bühler Motor

Bühler Motor with headquarters in Nuremberg, Germany develops and manufactures demanding custom-made, and reliable drive solutions with DC/BLDC motors and gear motors and pumps.

With 1850 employees at eleven locations in Europe, the United States and Asia the Bühler Motor Group is one of the leading manufacturer of the branch. The company's strategic markets include the automotive industry (e.g. the drivetrain area, engine and passenger compartments, interior), the healthcare equipment market, the aviation industry (aircraft seat adjustment systems) and industrial solutions in the field of building automation, agriculture, transportation and pumps etc.Bühler Motor is certified for its quality management system under IATF 16949 and for its environmental management system under DIN EN ISO 14001:2015. The Nuremberg and Monheim Locations are also certified for the aerospace industry under DIN EN 9100:2016.

Eco-Management and Audit Scheme

The Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) is a voluntary environmental management instrument, which was developed in 1993 by the European Commission. It enables organizations to assess, manage and continuously improve their environmental performance. The scheme is globally applicable and open to all types of private and public organizations. In order to register with EMAS, organisations must meet the requirements of the EU EMAS-Regulation. Currently, more than 4,600 organisations and more than 7,900 sites are EMAS registered.

Endicott Island

Endicott Island is a 45-acre (18 ha) artificial island located in the U.S. state of Alaska, 2.5 miles (4 km) offshore and 15 miles (24 km) from Prudhoe Bay of the Beaufort Sea. Endicott Island was built in 1987 by Alaska Interstate Construction and is used by BP and Hilcorp Alaska for petroleum production.

Endicott Island has a permanent causeway connecting it to the mainland, unlike Northstar Island which is too far out for any kind of causeway to be built.

Endicott Island was the first continuously producing offshore oil field in the Arctic, producing around 20,000 barrels (3,200 m3) of oil per day. Approximately 423 million barrels (67,300,000 m3) had been produced as of March 2003. Processed oil is sent from Endicott Island through a 24-mile (39 km) pipeline to the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, and thence to Valdez, Alaska.In 1998 and 1999, illegal waste dumping at Endicott Island resulted in combined fines of US$1,500,000 against BP and Doyon Drilling, with further settlements of $24,000,000. In September 1999, one of BP’s US subsidiaries, BP Exploration Alaska (BPXA), agreed to resolve charges related to the illegal dumping of hazardous wastes on the Alaska North Slope, for $22 million. The settlement included the maximum $500,000 criminal fine, $6.5 million in civil penalties, and BP’s establishment of a $15 million environmental management system at all of BP facilities in the US and Gulf of Mexico that are engaged in oil exploration, drilling or production.

The charges stemmed from the 1993 to 1995 dumping of hazardous wastes on Endicott Island by BP’s contractor Doyon Drilling. The firm illegally discharged waste oil, paint thinner and other toxic and hazardous substances by injecting them down the outer rim, or annuli, of the oil wells. BPXA failed to report the illegal injections when it learned of the conduct, in violation of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act.

Environmental certification

Environmental certification is a form of environmental regulation and development where a company can voluntarily choose to comply with predefined processes or objectives set forth by the certification service. Most certification services have a logo (commonly known as an ecolabel) which can be applied to products certified under their standards. This is seen as a form of corporate social responsibility allowing companies to address their obligation to minimise the harmful impacts to the environment by voluntarily following a set of externally set and measured objectives.

ISO 14000

ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes, etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e. cause adverse changes to air, water, or land); (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements; and (c) continually improve in the above.ISO 14000 is similar to ISO 9000 quality management in that both pertain to the process of how a product is produced, rather than to the product itself. As with ISO 9001, certification is performed by third-party organizations rather than being awarded by ISO directly. The ISO 19011 and ISO 17021 audit standards apply when audits are being performed.

The requirements of ISO 14001 are an integral part of the European Union's Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). EMAS's structure and material are more demanding, mainly concerning performance improvement, legal compliance, and reporting duties. The current version of ISO 14001 is ISO 14001:2015, which was published in September 2015.

ISO 14006

ISO 14006, Environmental management systems - Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign, is an international standard that specifies guidelines to help organizations establish, document, implement, maintain, and continuously improve their ecodesign management as part of the environmental management system. The standard is intended to be used by organizations that have implemented an environmental management system in compliance with ISO 14001, but can help to integrate ecodesign into other management systems. The guideline is applicable to any organization regardless of its size or activity.

ISO 50001

ISO 50001 Energy management systems – Requirements with guidance for use is a specification created by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for an energy management system. The standard specifies the requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving an energy management system, whose purpose is to enable an organization to follow a systematic approach in achieving continual improvement of energy performance, including energy efficiency, energy security, energy use and consumption. The standard aims to help organizations continually reduce their energy use, and therefore their energy costs and their greenhouse gas emissions.

ISO 50001 was originally released by ISO in June 2011 and is suitable for any organization, whatever its size, sector or geographical location. The second edition, ISO 50001:2018 was released in August of 2018.

The system is modelled after the ISO 9001 Quality Management System and the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System (EMS). Eccleston describes the procedural details of the ISO Energy Management System (EnMS) and compares its procedures with those of the ISO 14001 EMS.A significant feature in ISO 50001 is the requirement to "... improve the EnMS and the resulting energy performance" (clause 4.2.1 c). The other standards mentioned here (ISO 9001 and ISO 14001) both require improvement to the effectiveness of the Management System but not to the quality of the product/service (ISO 9001) or to environmental performance (ISO 14001). It is anticipated that by implementing ISO 9001 and 14001 together an organization would improve quality and environmental performance, but the standards do not currently specify this as a requirement.

ISO 50001, therefore, has made a major leap forward in 'raising the bar' by requiring an organization to demonstrate that they have improved their energy performance. There are no quantitative targets specified – an organization chooses its own then creates an action plan to reach the targets. With this structured approach, an organization is more likely to see some tangible financial benefits.

Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment

The Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment (IEMA) is the largest professional body for environmental practitioners in the United Kingdom and worldwide, with nearly 15,000 members.Member received updates on current environmental law and legislation, and the group organises over 100 regional events on environmental topics to communicate current best practice guidance. It also publishes The Environmentalist magazine 12 times a year, publishes the Practitioner best practice workbooks on individual environmental themes, and organises national conferences that feature national experts and opinion.

IEMA membership aims to ensure that candidates are knowledgeable, competent and highly trained. Environmental jobs are listed on IEMA's website at. Organisations are challenged to operate in an environmentally considerate fashion, and the UK Government's agenda on climate change and a low carbon and resource efficient economy has meant that IEMA is consulted on major issues, with IEMA involving its members in a majority of these consultations.IEMA is a constituent body of the Society for the Environment (SocEnv), which enables IEMA members to progress to Chartered Environmentalist status.IEMA is the Competent Body in the UK for the European Union's Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). IEMA also promotes the Acorn Scheme (BS 8555), the phased approach to the ISO 14001 environmental management system.

IEMA also approves training course providers to deliver environmental training. There are currently over 80 IEMA-approved training providers.

Jiangning District

Jiangning District (simplified Chinese: 江宁区; traditional Chinese: 江寧區; pinyin: Jiāngníng Qū) is one of 11 districts of Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China. The District has a population of 1,025,000 and an area of 1600 square kilometers. It includes southern and south-eastern suburbs of Nanjing.

Jiangning Development Zone is located in this district. It has a population of 210,000. The Zone was approved on February 2, 1997 to be a national-level high and new technology industry development zone. In June 2001, the Zone won ISO14001 environmental management system certificate. In June 2002, it won the title of the Jiangsu Provincial Base for Electronic and Information Industry. Approved Power automation industry base by National Science Ministry in October 30, 2004.

Karawang International Industrial City

Karawang International Industrial City (KIIC) is an industrial estate at Karawang Regency, West Java, which is located about 30 km south of Jakarta, Indonesia. It is a joint venture between Sinar Mas Land and ITOCHU Corporation of Japan. It has land area of about 1400 hectares and contains a various local and multinational corporations.

KIIC is the first industrial estate in Indonesia to be granted ISO 9001:2000 certificate, ISO 14001:2004 for Quality & Environmental Management System in 2002 and OHSAS 18002:2007 certificate for Health & Safety Management Systems.There are hotel, retail shops, restaurants, play grounds, banks, fire and gas stations within the development. The development has already turned into an automobile manufacturing hub in Indonesia. KIIC has direct access road to connect Jakarta-Cikampek Toll Road at KM 54 Karawang Timur Toll Gate.

Mabuchi Motor

Mabuchi Motor Company (マブチモーター株式会社, Mabuchi Mōtā Kabushiki Kaisha) is a Japanese manufacturing company based in Matsudo, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It is the world's largest manufacturer by volume of small electric motors, producing over 1.4 billion motors annually. The company employs 24,286 people in its production division, 755 in its administrative division, 583 in its R&D division, and 219 in its sales division.Mabuchi Motor holds 70% of the market for motors used with automotive door mirrors, door locks, and air conditioning damper actuators. Sales of power window lifter motors are on the rise. The company's ratio of consolidated markets is 64.3% automotive products and 35.7% consumer and industrial products. Applications for Mabuchi brushed DC electric motors and brushless electric motors include power drills, lawn mowers, vibrating cell phones and video game controllers, vibrators, vacuum cleaners, toy cars and planes, CD, DVD and Blu-ray players, digital cameras, computer printers, electric fans, electric razors, washing machines, electric tooth brushes, and blow dryers.

Management system

A management system is a set of policies, processes and procedures used by an organization to ensure that it can fulfill the tasks required to achieve its objectives. These objectives cover many aspects of the organization's operations (including financial success, safe operation, product quality, client relationships, legislative and regulatory conformance and worker management). For instance, an environmental management system enables organizations to improve their environmental performance and an occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS) enables an organization to control its occupational health and safety risks, etc.

Many parts of the management system are common to a range of objectives, but others may be more specific.

A simplification of the main aspects of a management system is the 4-element "Plan, Do, Check, Act" approach. A complete management system covers every aspect of management and focuses on supporting the performance management to achieve the objectives. The management system should be subject to continuous improvement as the organization learns.

Elements may include:

Leadership Involvement & Responsibility

Identification & Compliance with Legislation & Industry Standards

Employee Selection, Placement & Competency Assurance

Workforce Involvement

Communication with Stakeholders (others peripherally impacted by operations)

Identification & Assessment of potential failures & other hazards

Documentation, Records & Knowledge Management

Documented Procedures

Project Monitoring, Status and Handover

Management of Interfaces

Standards & Practices

Management of Change & Project Management

Operational Readiness & Start-up

Emergency Preparedness

Inspection & Maintenance of facilities

Management of Critical systems

Work Control, Permit to Work & Task Risk Management

Contractor/Vendor Selection & Management

Incident Reporting & Investigation

Audit, Assurance and Management System review & Intervention

NASA Environmental Management System (EMS)

NASA's Environmental Management System was developed under the standards of the ISO 14001. In creating the EMS it was vital to provide maximum flexibility to each centers of NASA while living up to the standards of the ISO 14001, along with the "Executive Order 13148". the system was designed to benefit in "increased involvement of management and shop level personnel; reduced mission delays; improved procedures; reduction in single point failures; identification of pollution prevention opportunities; improved compliance; and better relationships with regulators and the public."

Port of Corpus Christi

Port of Corpus Christi is the fourth-largest port in the United States in total tonnage. Port Corpus Christi is located on Corpus Christi Bay in the western Gulf of Mexico, with a straight 45-foot-deep (14 m) channel. The port is located close to downtown Corpus Christi in Nueces County, Texas, but the port is not part of the city or the county. Port Corpus Christi operates without receiving any city, county, or state tax dollars. It is governed by an unpaid board of seven citizens, three of whom are appointed by the Nueces County Commissioners Court, one by the San Patricio County Commissioners Court, and three by the Corpus Christi City Council. Port Corpus Christi handles over 6,000 vessels and over 80 million tons of cargo annually. Environmental initiatives are handled through the port's Environmental Management System (EMS). To fight crime and terrorism, public safety at Port Corpus Christi is handled by the Port Corpus Christi Police Department and its state-of-the-art security center.

Presentation Convent Senior Secondary School

Presentation Convent Senior Secondary School is an ISO-certified school in Delhi, which is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education. It is known for its Environmental Management System (EMS) and Quality Management System (QMS).

Presentation Convent Senior Secondary School, Jammu

Presentation Convent Senior Secondary School is an ISO-certified school in Jammu, India. It is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education. It is known for its Environmental Management System (EMS) and Quality Management System (QMS). The schools started at B.C Road, Jammu by the name of St. Peter's. Later on it was shifted to Gandhi Nagar, Jammu in 1952 , under the name of Presentation Convent School, as it was started by Presentation Sisters. It is girls only school. The school was pioneered by Sr. Patricia Kelly and Sr. Stanislaus.The motto of the school is VIRTUE and LABOUR. It is a Catholic School.

Sustainable Development Strategy in Canada

Sustainable Development Strategy for organizations in Canada is about the Government of Canada finding ways to develop social, financial, and environmental resources that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs in Canada. A Sustainable Development Strategy for the organization needs to be developed that establishes the Sustainable Development goals and objectives set by the Auditor General Act of Canada and provides the written policies and procedures to achieve them. Sustainable Development is based on responsible decision-making, which considers not only the economic benefits of development, but also the short-term and long-term, Canadian environment and environmental impacts.

Udaipur Chamber of Commerce and Industry

The Udaipur Chamber of Commerce and Industry (UCCI) is an apex body of trade, industry, mining and tourism in southern Rajasthan state of India. It is a non-government, not-for-profit industry-led and industry-managed organization, playing a proactive role in industrial development process. UCCI has membership of over 400 industries/entrepreneurs from the private as well as public sectors. UCCI has received ISO 9001:2008 certification for quality management system, ISO 14001:2004 certification for environmental management system and ISO 18001:2007 certification for Occupational health and safety management. It is authorized by the Government of India to issue Certificates of Origin for the products of exports and also authorized to issue recommendations for Visa. UCCI has strong presence in Southern Rajasthan in the area of trade, industry, mining and tourism. It is headquartered in the city of Udaipur and has presence in southern part of Rajasthan, consisting of Udaipur, Rajsamand, Banswara, Dungarpur, Chittorgarh, Sirohi and Pratapgarh.

UCCI catalyses change by working closely with government on policy issues, enhancing efficiency, competitiveness and expanding business opportunities for trade and industry through a range of specialized services and national linkages. It also provides a platform for sectoral consensus building and networking. Major emphasis is laid on projecting a positive image of business, assisting industry to identify and execute corporate citizenship programmes.

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