Englewood, Colorado

The City of Englewood is a Home Rule Municipality located in Arapahoe County, Colorado, United States. As of 2010, the population was 30,255. Englewood is part of the Denver-Aurora Metropolitan Area. Englewood is located in the South Platte River Valley east of the Front Range and immediately south of central Denver. Downtown is located immediately east of the confluence of Little Dry Creek and the South Platte River, between Santa Fe Drive and Broadway.

Englewood is the fourth most populous city in Arapahoe County and, in 2010, was the twenty-third most populous city in Colorado.

City of Englewood, Colorado
Home Rule Municipality
CityCenter Englewood
CityCenter Englewood
Official seal of City of Englewood, Colorado

Seal
Location of Englewood in Arapahoe County, Colorado.

Location of Englewood in Arapahoe County, Colorado.
City of Englewood, Colorado is located in Colorado
City of Englewood, Colorado
City of Englewood, Colorado
Location of Englewood in Arapahoe County, Colorado.
City of Englewood, Colorado is located in the US
City of Englewood, Colorado
City of Englewood, Colorado
City of Englewood, Colorado (the US)
City of Englewood, Colorado is located in North America
City of Englewood, Colorado
City of Englewood, Colorado
City of Englewood, Colorado (North America)
Coordinates: 39°38′47″N 104°59′38″W / 39.646505°N 104.994001°WCoordinates: 39°38′47″N 104°59′38″W / 39.646505°N 104.994001°W[2]
Country United States
State  Colorado
County Arapahoe County[1]
Founded 1860, as Orchard Place, Colorado
Incorporated May 9, 1903[3]
Government
 • Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
 • Mayor Joe Jefferson [4]
Area[5]
 • Total 6.64 sq mi (17.20 km2)
 • Land 6.55 sq mi (16.97 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation[6] 5,371 ft (1,637 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 30,255
 • Estimate (2016)[7] 34,050
 • Density 5,197.68/sq mi (2,006.70/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes[8] 80110 & 80113, PO Boxes 80150 & 80151 & 80155
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-24785
GNIS feature ID 0204715
Website City of Englewood
Origin of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush

History

The history of Englewood begins in 1858, when gold was discovered on what came to be called Little Dry Creek by William Green Russell, an early settler of the high plains. Two years later, Thomas Skerritt, considered to be the founder of the city, established a home in the area, which was called Orchard Place.[9] Four years later the first road connecting Denver and Orchard Place was created by Skerritt himself using his own plough. In 1879 the first telephone arrived in the area.

1883 was an important year, as it was the year that the Cherrelyn horsecar path was laid. The Cherrelyn trolley was and is an important city icon, being carried up Broadway by horse and down by gravity. 1903 brought incorporation, but Skerritt was edged out by J.C. Jones as the first city mayor. Jones was a prominent landowner, having originally owned almost all of what is now north Englewood. The next two years brought the establishment of the first newspaper in the city, soon to be named the Herald. In 1905 Swedish National Sanitorium was founded, soon to become the massive present-day Swedish Medical Center. 1906 brought the first pavement and street lights, and a year later the police and fire departments were established. In 1908 the famed Cherrelyn horse trolley stopped running.

PiratesCove
Pirates Cove

1948 was the start of a great period of change for the city. 2,500 acres (1,000 ha) on the Platte Canyon were purchased, and soon McLellan Reservoir was created. This ensured water independence from the powerful Denver Water, and in fact, Englewood provides water to most of the south metro area now due to its vast, early-established water rights. Soon after the city embarked on a huge building boom; most of the city was in fact built up by 1960.

EnglewoodCivicCenterFront
Englewood City Hall

In 1965 City Park was sold to make way for Cinderella City, the largest mall west of the Mississippi River and one of the largest in the world when it opened in 1968. The developer provided the funds to create a vast city park network to replace the single City Park that the mall was built on. Thirty years later, the city demolished the defunct mall in order to make way for a new, transit-oriented development that would also contain a new Civic Center, library, and the relocated city hall. The RTD completed its southwest light rail corridor in 2000, and established passenger rail transit in Englewood.

In 2004 Englewood opened the Pirates Cove water park as part of a multimillion-dollar improvement package for the city parks system. In addition to Pirates Cove many improvements were made to the South Platte River trail system and to the Englewood Recreation Center, originally constructed in 1975.

Englewood is a full-service city with its own, independent park, library, and public works systems. Englewood provides snowplow service to neighboring municipalities and water to a large portion of the metro area.

Geography

Englewood is located at 39°38′49″N 104°59′31″W / 39.64694°N 104.99194°W (39.646837, -104.991986).[10] The city is 5,371 feet (1,637 m) above sea level, higher than Denver.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.6 square miles (17 km2), of which, 6.6 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.76%) is water.

Climate

Englewood features a climate very similar to that of Denver, but is slightly milder and more stable due to the city's establishment in a very low part of the South Platte River valley. Winds are very sparse throughout the city. The Köppen Climate Classification system labels Englewood as having a cold semi-arid climate, abbreviated as BSk.[11]

Climate data for Englewood, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
(22)
75
(24)
87
(31)
89
(32)
94
(34)
105
(41)
108
(42)
104
(40)
100
(38)
96
(36)
81
(27)
76
(24)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 43
(6)
46
(8)
53
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
81
(27)
87
(31)
84
(29)
76
(24)
64
(18)
51
(11)
43
(6)
63
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(−7)
22
(−6)
28
(−2)
36
(2)
45
(7)
53
(12)
59
(15)
57
(14)
48
(9)
37
(3)
26
(−3)
19
(−7)
37
(3)
Record low °F (°C) −32
(−36)
−33
(−36)
−25
(−32)
−7
(−22)
13
(−11)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
32
(0)
15
(−9)
−8
(−22)
−21
(−29)
−32
(−36)
−33
(−36)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.39
(9.9)
0.40
(10.2)
0.94
(23.9)
1.24
(31.5)
1.17
(29.7)
1.13
(28.7)
1.52
(38.6)
1.35
(34.3)
0.72
(18.3)
0.59
(15)
0.54
(13.7)
0.42
(10.7)
10.42
(264.7)
Source: MSN Weather[12]

Neighborhoods

Central Englewood can be roughly divided into quadrants, with the x-axis being Hampden Avenue and the y-axis being Broadway. The northwest is the oldest section of the city, containing the new CityCenter, downtown, and housing stock dating to the 1910s. This is also where the massive General Iron metal fabrication plant was located, which closed in the 1990s and has now been demolished, awaiting redevelopment and a new proposed light rail station at Bates Avenue. The southwest section is home to a newer housing stock as well as a significant percentage of Englewood's industrial and production facilities.

EnglewoodParkSign
Belleview Park

The southwest side also features Englewood's largest park, Belleview Park, and a small reservoir. The southeast section is almost purely residential and is newer than the north and southwest sides. Finally, northeast Englewood is home to one of the largest hospital complexes in the metro area. Swedish Medical Center and Craig Hospital, a top-ten nationally ranked[13] rehabilitation hospital for spinal cord and traumatic brain injury rehabilitation, comprise the hospital district, the backbone of the city economy. The Hampden Hills neighborhood hosts one of the largest conglomeration of apartment complexes in the metro area, and is also the newest developed part of the city as well as the wealthiest.

Englewood also features some large annexed areas, such as the northwest annex that extends to Evans Avenue in Denver, which is chiefly manufacturing and industry. Finally, Englewood extends southeast to the Highline Canal, and southwest past Federal Blvd. approaching the Town of Bow Mar.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19102,983
19204,35646.0%
19307,98083.2%
19409,68021.3%
195016,86974.3%
196033,39898.0%
197033,6950.9%
198030,021−10.9%
199029,387−2.1%
200031,7278.0%
201030,255−4.6%
Est. 201634,050[7]12.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 31,727 people, 14,392 households, and 7,469 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,843.8 people per square mile (1,870.2/km²). There were 14,916 housing units at an average density of 2,276.4 per square mile (879.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.8% White, 17.5% African American, 1.3% Native American, 1.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13% of the population.[16]

There were 14,392 households out of which 23.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.1% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population distribution was varied, with 20.3% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 35.9% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,943, and the median income for a family was $47,290. Males had a median income of $32,636 versus $28,480 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,904. About 4.9% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The Federal Correctional Institution, Englewood is named after Englewood, but is not in proximity to Englewood.[17] It is in unincorporated Jefferson County.[18]

Education

The City of Englewood is served by the Englewood Public Schools (EPS), a district with two high schools, Englewood High and Colorado's Finest High School Of Choice. Small parts of the city are served by the Littleton Public Schools and the Sheridan Public Schools. There are two middle schools: Englewood Middle School and Englewood Leadership Academy. There are four elementary schools: Bishop, Clayton, Charles Hay and Cherrelyn. Some of neighboring Cherry Hills Village is within the Englewood School district.

The city is also home to a number of private schools, including the Saint Louis School, a large Catholic K-12 institution and All Souls School serving grades K-8. Also, the city used to host the Denver Seminary, an evangelical graduate-level religious school that has since relocated to Littleton. The former seminary site has been redeveloped into residential apartments and retail.

Economy

Top employers

According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[19] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees % of City Employed
1 Columbia Swedish Medical Center 2,075 8.17%
2 Craig Hospital 760 2.99%
3 Sports Authority 505 1.99%
4 Englewood School District 490 1.93%
5 City of Englewood 423 1.55%
6 Burt Automotive Dealers 400 1.57%
7 Windsor Industries, Inc. 350 1.38%
8 7-Up Bottling Company 300 1.18%
9 Meadow Gold Dairies 250 0.98%
10 Wal-Mart 150 0.59%

Points of interest

Adjacent municipalities and unincorporated areas

The place name "Englewood" is assigned to four ZIP codes (80110, 80111, 80112, 80113)[20] which cover areas adjacent to the city on the west and east, and an area southeast of the city that is much larger than the city itself. Thus, many addresses written as "Englewood, Colorado" are actually in the Arapahoe County cities of Sheridan, Cherry Hills Village, Greenwood Village, or Centennial; or in Meridian in unincorporated Douglas County. This area includes part of the Denver Tech Center and the surrounding commercial development along the I-25 corridor, which is often erroneously attributed to Englewood; the city actually lies several miles west.

North: Denver
West: Sheridan, Bow Mar, Denver, Littleton East: Denver, Cherry Hills Village, Greenwood Village
South: Littleton, Greenwood Village

Notable people

Notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Englewood include missionary and archaeologist David Crockett Graham,[21] civil rights activist Carlotta Walls LaNier,[22] and railroad executive Louis W. Menk.[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
  2. ^ "2014 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Places". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2014. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  4. ^ "City of Englewood, CO : Joe Jefferson". City of Englewood. Archived from the original on 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2017-01-23.
  5. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on September 3, 2007. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  9. ^ "Chronology of Englewood's History". 2005. Archived from the original on 2006-09-25. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Englewood, Colorado Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Annual Weather Averages for Englewood, CO". 2009.
  13. ^ "Best Hospitals - US News and World Report". 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "Englewood (city), Colorado Quick Facts from the US Census Bureau". 2009. Archived from the original on 2012-06-14. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  17. ^ Jones, Rebecca. "Article: Prison Has a Field of Vision." Rocky Mountain News. May 2, 1999. Retrieved on July 28, 2010. "You're talking about the Englewood Federal Correctional Institution - which, interestingly, is nowhere near Englewood, but that's the federal government for you. (It has a Littleton mailing address, as does most of south Jefferson County, though it's nowhere near Littleton, either, but that's a wacky question for another day.)"
  18. ^ "FCI Englewood Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on July 28, 2010.
  19. ^ City of Englewood CAFR
  20. ^ "Englewood Zip Code clarification - City of Englewood, Colorado". www.englewoodgov.org. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  21. ^ Brown, Jean Graham (1993). "Graham, David Crockett and Alicia May (Morey)". In Altenbach, Roy and Ethel, and The Englewood Historical Society. A History of Englewood, Colorado. Dallas: Curtis Media Corporation. pp. 325–326. ISBN 0-88107-228-1.
  22. ^ "Carlotta Walls LaNier (1942- )". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
  23. ^ "Louis W. Menk". National Railroad Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2016-04-18.

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