England is one of the two oldest national teams in football, alongside Scotland, whom they played in the world's first international football match in 1872. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and their headquarters are at St George's Park, Burton upon Trent. The team's manager is Gareth Southgate. Although part of the United Kingdom, England's representative side plays in major professional tournaments, but not the Olympic Games.
Since first entering the tournament in 1950, England has qualified for the FIFA World Cup 15 times. They won the 1966 World Cup, when they hosted the finals, and finished fourth in 1990 and 2018. Since first entering in 1964, England have never won the UEFA European Championship, with their best performances being a third-place finish in 1968 and 1996, the latter as hosts.
|Nickname(s)||The Three Lions|
|Association||The Football Association|
|Head coach||Gareth Southgate|
|Most caps||Peter Shilton (125)|
|Top scorer||Wayne Rooney (53)|
|Home stadium||Wembley Stadium|
|Current||4 1 (4 April 2019)|
|Highest||3 (August 2012)|
|Lowest||27 (February 1996)|
|Current||5 2 (27 March 2019)|
|Highest||1 (1872–1876, 1892–1911,|
|Lowest||17 (11 June 1995)|
| Scotland 0–0 England |
(Partick, Scotland; 30 November 1872)
| England 13–0 Ireland |
(Belfast, Ireland; 31 July 1882)
| Hungary 7–1 England |
(Budapest, Hungary; 23 May 1954)
|Appearances||15 (first in 1950)|
|Best result||Champions (1966)|
|Appearances||9 (first in 1968)|
|Best result||Third place (1968)|
|UEFA Nations League Finals|
|Appearances||1 (first in 2019)|
The England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world; it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association. A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. This match, played at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland, is viewed as the first official international football match, because the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association. Over the next 40 years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, Wales and Ireland—in the British Home Championship.
At first, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first ever games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908. Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928, before they rejoined in 1946. As a result, they did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat by the United States, failing to get past the first round in one of the most embarrassing defeats in the team's history.
Their first defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the Republic of Ireland, on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their second defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1. This stands as England's largest ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, "it was like playing men from outer space". In the 1954 FIFA World Cup, England reached the quarter-finals for the first time, and lost 4–2 to reigning champions Uruguay.
Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as England's first ever full-time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963. The 1966 FIFA World Cup was hosted in England and Ramsey guided England to victory with a 4–2 win against West Germany after extra time in the final, during which Geoff Hurst famously scored a hat-trick. In UEFA Euro 1968, the team reached the semi-finals for the first time, being eliminated by Yugoslavia.
England qualified for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning champions, and reached the quarter-finals, where they were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up, but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. They failed in qualification for the 1974 FIFA World Cup, leading to Ramsey's dismissal.
Ramsey was succeeded by Don Revie between 1974 and 1977, but the team failed to qualify for UEFA Euro 1976 and the 1978 FIFA World Cup. Under Ron Greenwood, they managed to qualify for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain (the first time competitively since 1962); despite not losing a game, they were eliminated in the second group stage.
Bobby Robson managed England from 1982 to 1990. Although the team failed to qualify for UEFA Euro 1984, they reached the quarter-finals of the 1986 FIFA World Cup, losing 2–1 to Argentina in a game made famous by two goals by Maradona for very contrasting reasons. England striker Gary Lineker finished as the tournament's top scorer with six goals.
England went on to lose every match at UEFA Euro 1988. They next achieved their second best result in the 1990 FIFA World Cup by finishing fourth – losing again to West Germany in a semi-final finishing 1–1 after extra time, then 3–4 in England's first penalty shoot-out. Despite losing to Italy in the third place play-off, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians'. The England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets for a spectacular open-top bus parade.
The 1990s saw four England managers follow Robson, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's immediate successor. England failed to win any matches at UEFA Euro 1992, drawing with tournament winners Denmark and later with France, before being eliminated by host nation Sweden. The team then failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup after losing a controversial game against the Netherlands in Rotterdam, which resulted in Taylor's resignation.
Between 1994 and 1996, Terry Venables managed the team. At UEFA Euro 1996, held in England, they equalled their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-finals as they did in 1968, before exiting via a penalty shoot-out loss to Germany. England striker Alan Shearer was the tournament's top scorer with five goals. Venables resigned following investigations into his financial activities.
Venables' successor, Glenn Hoddle, similarly left the job for non-footballing reasons after just one international tournament – the 1998 FIFA World Cup — in which England were eliminated in the second round again by Argentina and again on penalties (after a 2–2 draw). Following Hoddle's departure, Kevin Keegan took England to UEFA Euro 2000, but the team left in the group stage and he resigned shortly afterwards.
Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge between 2001 and 2006, and was the team's first non-English manager. He guided England to the quarter-finals of the 2002 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 2004 and the 2006 FIFA World Cup. England lost only five competitive matches during his tenure, and England rose to number four in the world ranking under his guidance. Eriksson's contract was extended by the FA by two years, to include UEFA Euro 2008, but was terminated by them after the 2006 World Cup.
Steve McClaren was then appointed as head coach, but after failing to qualify for Euro 2008 was sacked on 22 November 2007. The following month, he was replaced by a second foreign manager, Italian Fabio Capello, whose experience included spells at Juventus and Real Madrid. England won all but one of their qualifying games for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, but at the tournament itself, England drew their opening two games; this led to questions about the team's spirit, tactics and ability to handle pressure. They progressed to the next round, however, where they were beaten 4–1 by Germany, their heaviest defeat in a World Cup finals tournament match. In February 2012, Capello resigned from his role as England manager, following a disagreement with the FA over their request to remove John Terry from team captaincy after accusations of racial abuse concerning the player.
In May 2012, Roy Hodgson was announced as the new manager, just six weeks before UEFA Euro 2012. England managed to finish top of their group, but exited the Championships in the quarter-finals via a penalty shoot-out, against Italy. In the 2014 FIFA World Cup, England were eliminated at the group stage for the first time since the 1958 World Cup, and the first time at a major tournament since Euro 2000. England qualified unbeaten for UEFA Euro 2016, but were ultimately eliminated in the Round of 16, losing 2–1 to Iceland. Hodgson resigned as manager immediately, and just under a month later was replaced by Sam Allardyce. After only 67 days Allardyce resigned from his managerial post by mutual agreement, after alleged breach of rules of the FA, making him the shortest serving permanent England manager.
Gareth Southgate, then the coach of the England under-21 team, was put in temporary charge of the national team until November of that year, before being given the position on a permanent basis. Under Southgate, England qualified for the 2018 FIFA World Cup and came second in their group at the tournament. They defeated Colombia on penalties in the first knock-out round, and then beat Sweden 2–0 in the quarter-final to reach only their third World Cup semi-final. In the semi-final, they were beaten 2–1 in extra time by Croatia and then were beaten by Belgium for a second time, 2–0, in the third place match. England striker Harry Kane finished the tournament as top scorer with six goals.
England's traditional home colours are white shirts, navy blue shorts and white or black socks. The team has periodically worn an all-white kit.
Although England's first away kits were blue, England's traditional away colours are red shirts, white shorts and red socks. In 1996, England's away kit was changed to grey shirts, shorts and socks. This kit was only worn three times, including against Germany in the semi-final of Euro 1996 but the deviation from the traditional red was unpopular with supporters and the England away kit remained red until 2011, when a navy blue away kit was introduced. The away kit is also sometimes worn during home matches, when a new edition has been released to promote it.
England have occasionally had a third kit. At the 1970 World Cup England wore a third kit with pale blue shirts, shorts and socks against Czechoslovakia. They had a kit similar to Brazil's, with yellow shirts, yellow socks and blue shorts which they wore in the summer of 1973. For the World Cup in 1986 England had a third kit of pale blue, imitating that worn in Mexico 16 years before and England retained pale blue third kits until 1992, but they were rarely used.
Umbro first agreed to manufacture the kit in 1954 and since then has supplied most of the kits, the exceptions being from 1959–1965 with Bukta and 1974–1984 with Admiral. Nike purchased Umbro in 2008 and took over as kit supplier in 2013 following their sale of the Umbro brand.
The motif of the England national football team has three lions passant guardant, the emblem of King Richard I, who reigned from 1189 to 1199. In 1872, English players wore white jerseys emblazoned with the three lions crest of the Football Association. The lions, often blue, have had minor changes to colour and appearance. Initially topped by a crown, this was removed in 1949 when the FA was given an official coat of arms by the College of Arms; this introduced ten Tudor roses, one for each of the regional branches of the FA. Since 2003, England top their logo with a star to recognise their World Cup win in 1966; this was first embroidered onto the left sleeve of the home kit, and a year later was moved to its current position, first on the away shirt.
"(How Does it Feel to Be) on Top of the World" is a song by the British supergroup England United – formed by Echo and the Bunnymen, Ocean Colour Scene, Space and the Spice Girls. The song was written by Echo and the Bunnymen frontman Ian McCulloch and Johnny Marr and released as official theme of the England national football team for the 1998 World Cup. According to Official Charts Company the single has sold a total of 94,000 copies.England national football B team
England B is a secondary football team run occasionally as support for the England national football team. At times they have played other nations' full teams; they have also played matches against 'B' teams from other football associations. Since the team's first use in 1947, there have been 54 official and 3 unofficial B team matches. It has been inactive since May 2007.England national football team all-time record
The following tables show the England national football team's all-time international record. The statistics are composed of FIFA World Cup, UEFA European Football Championship, UEFA Nations League and British Home Championship (1883–1984) matches, as well as numerous international friendly tournaments and matches.England played the world's first international fixture against Scotland on 30 November 1872, which ended in a 0–0 draw. England and Scotland have since contested 114 official matches, the most of either nation (England have won 48, Scotland have won 41 and 25 have been drawn).
Aside from Scotland, England have contested matches against over 80 other national teams. Of the other teams, England have not lost to 51 of them, having earned a perfect winning percentage against 27 of the teams. England have also never beaten five teams; Algeria, Ghana, Honduras, Saudi Arabia and South Korea. England have contested four of these teams only once, the other being Saudi Arabia where two matches have been played (both of which ended in a draw).England national football team discography
Various versions of the England national football team have recorded singles over the years, some of which have been hit records.England national football team home stadium
Wembley Stadium in London is the current exclusive home stadium for the England national football team. This has been the case since it was opened in 2007, following on from the old Wembley Stadium it replaced. England have however also played many of their home games away from Wembley throughout their history, both in friendly matches and for competitive tournaments.England national football team manager
The role of an England national football team manager was first established in 1946 with the appointment of Walter Winterbottom. Before this, the England team was selected by the "International Selection Committee", a process in which the Football Association (FA) would select coaches and trainers from the league to prepare the side for single games, but where all decisions ultimately remained under the control of the committee. A 1–0 defeat by Switzerland prompted FA secretary Stanley Rous to raise Winterbottom from "National Director of coaching" to "Manager".Eighteen men have occupied the post since its inception; four of those were in short-term caretaker manager roles: Joe Mercer (seven games in charge), Howard Wilkinson (two games, a year apart from one another), Peter Taylor (one game) and Stuart Pearce (one game). In comparison, Winterbottom held the position for the longest to date; a tenure of 16 years, comprising four World Cups and a total of 139 matches. Alf Ramsey is the only manager to have won a major tournament, winning the 1966 World Cup with his "Wingless Wonders". No other manager has progressed beyond the semi-finals of a major competition before or since, with only three managers achieving a semi-final appearance: Bobby Robson at the 1990 World Cup, Terry Venables at Euro 1996, and Gareth Southgate at the 2018 World Cup.
Swedish coach Sven-Göran Eriksson became the first foreign manager of the team in January 2001 amid much acrimony; he helped the team to three successive quarter-finals in major championships. Italian manager Fabio Capello replaced Steve McClaren in December 2007, after England failed to qualify for Euro 2008. Capello's side endured a lacklustre performance during the 2010 World Cup, but the FA confirmed that he would remain in the role. However, Capello resigned in February 2012, following a disagreement with the FA over their removal of John Terry's captaincy. He was replaced, on a caretaker basis, by Stuart Pearce, before Roy Hodgson was named as Capello's permanent replacement in May 2012. Hodgson's contract finished on 27 June 2016 as England were knocked out of UEFA Euro 2016 by Iceland in the round of 16. Sam Allardyce was announced as his successor a month later, but subsequently left the role after just one competitive match. He was replaced on a caretaker basis by England under-21 coach and former England international defender Gareth Southgate, whose position was made permanent after four matches.The England manager's job is subject to intense press scrutiny, often including revelations about the incumbent's private life. Due to the high level of expectation of both the public and media the role has been described as "the impossible job" or compared in importance in national culture to that of the British Prime Minister.England national football team results (1872–99)
This is a list of the England national football team results from 1872 to 1899.England national football team results (1900–29)
This is a list of the England national football team results from 1900 to 1929.England national football team results (1960–79)
This is a list of the England national football team results from 1960 to 1979 (matches 338–536).England national football team results (1980–99)
This is a list of the England national football team results from 1980 to 1999 (Matches 537 – 764).England national football team results (2000–19)
This is a list of the England national football team results from 2000 to the present day (Match 765 onwards).England national football team results (unofficial matches)
This is a list of the England national football team's results from 1870 to the present day that, for various reasons, are not accorded the status of official International A Matches.History of the England national football team
The history of the England national football team begins with the first ever international football match in 1870. They have won one World Cup, in 1966 on home soil, and qualified fourteen times for the tournament onwards from 1950. England staged Euro 1996 (European Championship). However, the team has never made it to the final of the competition; their best performances being a semi final in Euro 1968 and Euro 1996.Joe Mercer
Joseph Mercer OBE (9 August 1914 – 9 August 1990) was an English football player and manager. Mercer, who played as a defender for Everton and Arsenal in his footballing career, also went on to be at the helm of Aston Villa, Manchester City and England as a manager.List of England national football team captains
This article lists all the players of the England national men's football team.
The first England captain was Cuthbert Ottaway; he captained England in the first ever international match, against Scotland on 30 November 1872. He went on to captain England on just one further occasion, the third international match, on 7 March 1874, against the same opposition. Alexander Morten captained England in their first international on home soil, 8 March 1873 vs Scotland, and was the first international captain to win a match. This was his only international appearance.
Since then, Billy Wright went on to set the record for most captaincies of his country, with 90. Bobby Moore, who remains the only England captain to have lifted the World Cup, reached 90 captaincies in 1973, and shares the record with Wright.List of England national football team hat-tricks
Since the inception of international association football matches in 1872, 58 England male footballers have scored three or more goals (a hat-trick) in a game. The first players to score a hat-trick for England were Howard Vaughton and Arthur Alfred Brown, both Aston Villa players; in a friendly match against Ireland in 1882, they scored nine goals between them. Four players, Vaughton, Steve Bloomer, Willie Hall and Malcolm Macdonald, have scored five goals in one match. Jimmy Greaves has scored the greatest number of hat-tricks, with six. Five players, Albert Allen, Frank Bradshaw, Walter Gilliat, John Veitch and John Yates, have scored hat-tricks on their only international appearance.
In the 1966 FIFA World Cup Final, Geoff Hurst scored a hat-trick, generally considered one of the most famous of all time. The most recent hat-trick was scored by Raheem Sterling in England's victory over the Czech Republic in a European Championship qualifier in March 2019.England have conceded eleven hat-tricks since 1872, the most recent being scored by Zlatan Ibrahimović who scored four goals in a 4–2 defeat by Sweden in a friendly match in November 2012. Richard Hofmann was the first player from outside the Home Nations to score a hat-trick against England, scoring three times for Germany in a friendly match in May 1930. Previously only the Scottish players John McDougall, George Ker, John Smith, Robert Smyth McColl and Alex Jackson had scored hat-tricks against England.List of England national football team songs
This is a list of songs released with the approval of the Football Association to coincide with the England national football team's participation in the finals of the FIFA World Cup or the UEFA European Championship.
The tradition of World Cup songs began in 1970. Some of the later official songs were eclipsed by unofficial songs released around the same time; at least 15 World Cup-themed singles were released for the 2002 finals, and 30 for 2006.The FA announced in January 2010 there would be no official England song for the 2010 World Cup. Likewise, no official song was commissioned for the 2018 tournament.List of English cricket and football players
This is a list of sportspeople who have played both first-class cricket and top level football in England. The list includes thirteen sportspeople who are dual internationals, having represented England's national team at both sports.
Footballers who have not competed at a professional level in the Football League are only eligible for inclusion if they have represented the England national football team.The England Band
The England Band are the official supporters band of the England national football team, from Sheffield and are led by John Hemmingham. They were sponsored by Pukka Pies from 2006 until 2014.
|2 June 2018 Friendly||England||2–1||Nigeria||London, England|
|17:15 BST||Cahill 7'
|Stadium: Wembley Stadium|
Referee: Marco Guida (Italy)
|7 June 2018 Friendly||England||2–0||Costa Rica||Leeds, England|
|20:00 BST||Rashford 13'
|Stadium: Elland Road|
Referee: Hiroyuki Kimura (Japan)
|18 June 2018 2018 World Cup Group G||Tunisia||1–2||England||Volgograd, Russia|
|19:00 BST||Sassi 35' (pen.)||Report||Kane 11', 90+1'
|Stadium: Volgograd Arena|
Referee: Wilmar Roldán (Colombia)
|24 June 2018 2018 World Cup Group G||England||6–1||Panama||Nizhny Novgorod, Russia|
|13:00 BST||Stones 8', 40'
Kane 22' (pen.), 45+1' (pen.), 62'
|Stadium: Nizhny Novgorod Stadium|
Referee: Gehad Grisha (Egypt)
|28 June 2018 2018 World Cup Group G||England||0–1||Belgium||Kaliningrad, Russia|
|19:00 BST||Report||Tielemans 19'
|Stadium: Kaliningrad Stadium|
Referee: Damir Skomina (Slovenia)
|3 July 2018 2018 World Cup Round of 16||Colombia||1–1 (a.e.t.)|
|19:00 BST||Barrios 41'
Kane 57' (pen.)
|Stadium: Spartak Stadium|
Referee: Mark Geiger (United States)
|7 July 2018 2018 World Cup Quarter-finals||Sweden||0–2||England||Samara, Russia|
|15:00 BST||Guidetti 87'
|Report||Maguire 30' 87'
|Stadium: Cosmos Arena|
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
|11 July 2018 2018 World Cup Semi-finals||Croatia||2–1 (a.e.t.)||England||Moscow, Russia|
|19:00 BST||Mandžukić 48' 109'
|Stadium: Luzhniki Stadium|
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)
|14 July 2018 2018 World Cup 3rd place||Belgium||2–0||England||Saint Petersburg, Russia|
|15:00 BST||Meunier 4'
E. Hazard 82'
|Stadium: Krestovsky Stadium|
Referee: Alireza Faghani (Iran)
|8 September 2018 2018–19 UEFA Nations League A||England||1–2||Spain||London, England|
|19:45 BST||Rashford 11'
|Stadium: Wembley Stadium|
Referee: Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)
|11 September 2018 Friendly||England||1–0||Switzerland||Leicester, England|
|20:00 BST||Rashford 54'
|Report||Lichtsteiner 27'||Stadium: King Power Stadium|
Referee: Clément Turpin (France)
|12 October 2018 2018–19 UEFA Nations League A||Croatia||0–0||England||Rijeka, Croatia|
|19:45 BST||Kovačić 25'
|Stadium: Stadion Rujevica|
Referee: Felix Brych (Germany)
|15 October 2018 2018–19 UEFA Nations League A||Spain||2–3||England||Seville, Spain|
|19:45 BST||Alcácer 58'
Ramos 64' 90+8'
Sterling 16', 38'
|Stadium: Estadio Benito Villamarín|
Referee: Szymon Marciniak (Poland)
|15 November 2018 Friendly||England||3–0||United States||London, England|
|20:00 GMT||Lingard 25'
|Report||Stadium: Wembley Stadium|
Referee: Jesús Gil Manzano (Spain)
|18 November 2018 2018–19 UEFA Nations League A||England||2–1||Croatia||London, England|
||Stadium: Wembley Stadium|
Referee: Anastasios Sidiropoulos (Greece)
|22 March 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||England||5–0||Czech Republic||London, England|
|19:45 GMT||Stadium: Wembley Stadium|
|25 March 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||Montenegro||1–5||England||Podgorica, Montenegro|
||Stadium: Podgorica City Stadium|
|6 June 2019 2019 UEFA Nations League semi-final||Netherlands||v||England||Guimarães, Portugal|
|19:45||Stadium: Estádio D. Afonso Henriques|
|9 June 2019 2019 UEFA Nations League 3rd/Final||Portugal or Switzerland||v||England||Porto or Guimarães, Portugal|
|15:00 or 20:45||Stadium: Estádio do Dragão or|
Estádio D. Afonso Henriques
|7 September 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||England||v||Bulgaria||London, England|
|17:00 BST||Stadium: Wembley Stadium|
|10 September 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||England||v||Kosovo||Southampton, England|
|19:45 BST||Stadium: St. Mary's Stadium|
|11 October 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||Czech Republic||v||England||Prague, Czech Republic|
|19:45 BST||Stadium: Sinobo Stadium or Stadion Letná|
|14 October 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||Bulgaria||v||England||Sofia, Bulgaria|
|19:45 BST||Stadium: Vasil Levski National Stadium|
|14 November 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||England||v||Montenegro||TBA, England|
|19:45 GMT||Stadium: TBA|
|17 November 2019 UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying Group A||Kosovo||v||England||Pristina, Kosovo|
|17:00 GMT||Stadium: Fadil Vokrri Stadium|
England national football team
|Other FA teams|