Endomychidae

Endomychidae, or handsome fungus beetles, is a family of beetles with representatives found in all ecozones. There are around 120 genera and 1300 species. The family was established based on the type genus Endomychus, a genus erected in 1795 by Panzer which was applied to a species that Linnaeus called as Chrysomela coccinea. As the common name suggests, Endomychidae feed on fungi. Crowson, in his influential treatment of the beetles, placed the family within the Cucujoidea. They have a tarsal formal of 4-4-4 or 3-3-3 and the wings lack a closed radial cell. The second antennal segment has a sensory appendage that is as long as the third antennal segment. The family has also been grouped with the Coccinellidae in a group called the Trimera for having pseudotrimerous tarsi.[1] A 2015 molecular phylogeny study found that the Cucujoidea were found to be non-monophyletic and the Endomychidae was refined with the removal of the Anamorphinae from within the family and elevated to the status of a full family. Mycetaeinae and Eupsilobiinae were also found not to belong within the clades of the core Endomychidae.[2]

The subfamilies that are included:

Endomychidae
EndomychidaePurkiss1886
Some handsome fungus beetles
described in the 1880s
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Superfamily: Coccinelloidea
Family: Endomychidae
Leach, 1815
Type genus
Endomychus
Synonyms

Agaricophilinae Lawrence, 1991 Merophysiidae Seidlitz, 1872 Mycetaeidae Jacquelin du Val, 1858

Genera

These 70 genera belong to the family Endomychidae as defined in the past (due to revisions, this may not be entirely accurate):

  • Acinaces Gerstaecker, 1858 g
  • Aclemmysa Reitter, 1904 g
  • Agaricophilus Motschulsky, 1838 g
  • Amphisternus Germar, 1843 g
  • Amphistethus Strohecker, 1964 g
  • Ancylopus Costa, 1854 g
  • Anidrytus Gerstaecker, 1858 i c g
  • Aphorista Gorham, 1873 i c g b
  • Archipines Strohecker, 1953 i c g
  • Asymbius Gorham, 1896 g
  • Atopomychus Tomaszewska & Szawaryn, 2013 g
  • Atrichonota Arrow, 1925 g
  • Avencymon Strohecker, 1971 g
  • Beccariola Arrow, 1943 g
  • Bolbomorphus Gorham, 1888 g
  • Brachytrycherus Arrow, 1920 g
  • Bystodes Strohecker, 1953 g
  • Cholovocera Motschulsky, 1838 g
  • Chondria Gorham, 1888 g
  • Corynomalus Chevrolat in Dejean, 1836 i c g
  • Cyclotoma Mulsant, 1851 i g
  • Danae Reiche, 1847 i c g b
  • Danascelis Tomaszewska, 1999 i c g
  • Dapsa Latreille, 1829 g
  • Dexialia Sasaji, 1970 g
  • Dialexia Gorham, 1891 g
  • Discolomopsis Shockley, 2006 g
  • Displotera Reitter, 1877 g
  • Ectomychus Gorham, 1888 g
  • Eidorus g
  • Endomychus Panzer, 1795 i c g b
  • Ephebus Chevrolat in Dejean, 1836 i c g
  • Epipocus Germar, 1843 i c g b
  • Epopterus Chevrolat in Dejean, 1836 i c g
  • Eucteanus Gerstaecker, 1857 g
  • Eucymon g
  • Eumorphus Weber, 1801 g
  • Geoendomychus Lea, 1922 g
  • Glesirhanis Shockley & Alekseev, 2014 g
  • Hadromychus Bousquet & Leschen, 2002 i c g b
  • Holoparamecus Curtis, 1833 i c g b
  • Hylaia Guerin, 1857 g
  • Hylaperdina Tomaszewska, 2012 g
  • Idiophyes Blackburn, 1896 g
  • Indalmus Gerstaecker, 1858 g
  • Leiestes Chevrolat, 1836 g
  • Lycoperdina Latreille, 1807 i c g b
  • Meilichius Gerstaecker, 1857 g
  • Merophysia Lucas, 1852 g
  • Microxenus Wallaston, 1861 g
  • Mycetina Mulsant, 1846 i c g b
  • Mychothenus Strohecker, 1953 g
  • Natalinus Tomaszewska, 2011 g
  • Ohtaius Chûjô, 1938 g
  • Palaeoestes Kirejtshuk & Nel, 2009 g
  • Paniegena Heller, 1916 g
  • Parasymbius Arrow, 1920 g
  • Phymaphora Newman, 1838 i c g b
  • Phymaphoroides Motschoulsky, 1857 g
  • Pleganophorus Hampe, 1855 g
  • Polymus Mulsant, 1846 g
  • Pseudindalmus Arrow, 1920 g
  • Rhanidea Strohecker, 1953 i c g b
  • Saula Gerstaecker, 1858 i c g
  • Sinocymbachus Strohecker & Chujo, 1970 g
  • Stenotarsus Perty, 1832 i c g b
  • Stethorhanis Blaisdell, 1931 i c g
  • Trochoideus Westwood, 1833 i c g b
  • Trycherus Gerstaecker, 1857 g
  • Xenomycetes Horn, 1880 i c g b

Data sources: i = ITIS,[3] c = Catalogue of Life,[4] g = GBIF,[5] b = Bugguide.net[6]

References

  1. ^ Tomaszewska, K.Wioletta (2000). "Morphology, phylogeny and classification of adult endomychidae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea)" (PDF). Annales Zoologici. 50 (4): 449–558.
  2. ^ Robertson, James A; Ślipiński, Adam; Moulton, Matthew; Shockley, Floyd W; Giorgi, Adriano; Lord, Nathan P; McKenna, Duane D; Tomaszewska, Wioletta; Forrester, Juanita; Miller, Kelly B; Whiting, Michael F; McHugh, Joseph V (2015). "Phylogeny and classification of Cucujoidea and the recognition of a new superfamily Coccinelloidea (Coleoptera: Cucujiformia)" (PDF). Systematic Entomology. 40 (4): 745. doi:10.1111/syen.12138.
  3. ^ "Endomychidae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  4. ^ "Browse Endomychidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  5. ^ "Endomychidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  6. ^ "Endomychidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-07.

External links

Aphorista

Aphorista is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are at least three described species in Aphorista.

Cerylonidae

Cerylonidae are small to tiny (0.8–3 mm (0.031–0.118 in)), smooth, shiny, hairless beetles, only lightly punctured. There are about 450 species worldwide in 50 or so genera, mostly tropical and subtropical. They are most common under the bark of dead trees, but can also occur in compost and other decaying plant material. Little is known specifically about their biology but they are thought to be either predators that feed on other small animals or fungus eating.

The taxonomy is complex. The "Cerylonid Series" is a cluster of highly derived Cucujoidea families comprising Alexiidae, Bothrideridae, Cerylonidae, Coccinellidae, Corylophidae, Discolomatidae, Endomychidae, and Latridiidae.

Chondria (beetle)

Chondria is beetle genus in the family Endomychidae.

Cucujoidea

Cucujoidea is a superfamily of beetles. They include many fungus beetles, as well as lady beetles ("ladybugs" or "ladybirds"). Also included are a diversity of lineages of "bark beetles" unrelated to the "true" bark beetles (Scolytinae), which are weevils (superfamily Curculionoidea).

Endomychinae

Endomychinae is a subfamily of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are at least 4 genera and about 19 described species in Endomychinae.

Endomychus

Endomychus is a genus of beetles in the family Endomychidae.

Epipocinae

Epipocinae is a subfamily of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are at least 4 genera and 20 described species in Epipocinae.

Epipocus

Epipocus is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are at least 20 described species in Epipocus.

Holoparamecus

Holoparamecus is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are about 16 described species in Holoparamecus.

Leiestinae

Leiestinae is a subfamily of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are at least three genera and about five described species in Leiestinae.

Lycoperdina

Lycoperdina is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are about 13 described species in Lycoperdina.

Lycoperdininae

Lycoperdininae is a beetle sub-family in the family Endomychidae.

Merophysiinae

Merophysiinae is a subfamily of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae.

Mycetina

Mycetina is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are about eight described species in Mycetina.

Phymaphora

Phymaphora is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are at least two described species in Phymaphora.

Sigmund Schenkling

Sigmund Schenkling (11 July 1865, in Laucha an der Unstrut – 16 December 1946, in Eisleben) was a German entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera.

Schenkling's collection is held by the German Entomological Institute.It is notable for Cleridae, Erotylidae, Languriidae, Helotidae and Endomychidae the families he specialised in

Stenotarsus

Stenotarsus is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are at least 40 described species in Stenotarsus.

Trochoideus

Trochoideus is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. There are about 10 described species in Trochoideus.

Xenomycetes

Xenomycetes is a genus of handsome fungus beetles in the family Endomychidae. It is the only genus in the subfamily Xenomycetinae. There are at least two described species in Xenomycetes, both endemic to northwestern North America.

Extant Coleoptera families

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