Emperor Go-Kashiwabara

Emperor Go-Kashiwabara (後柏原天皇 Go-Kashiwabara-tennō) (November 19, 1462 – May 19, 1526) was the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from November 16, 1500, to May 19, 1526. His personal name was Katsuhito (勝仁). His reign marked the nadir of Imperial authority during the Ashikaga shogunate.[1]

Go-Kashiwabara
Emperor of Japan
ReignNovember 16, 1500 – May 19, 1526
PredecessorGo-Tsuchimikado
SuccessorGo-Nara
BornNovember 19, 1462
DiedMay 19, 1526 (aged 63)
Burial
Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi (Kyoto)
SpouseKajūji (Fujiwara) Fujiko
Niwata (Minamoto) Motoko
IssueEmperor Go-Nara
Prince Kiyohiko
Prince Kakudō
Princess Kakuon
HouseYamato
FatherEmperor Go-Tsuchimikado
MotherNiwata (Minamoto) Asako

Genealogy

He was the first son of Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado. His mother was Niwata (Minamoto) Asako (庭田(源)朝子), the daughter of Niwata Nagakata (庭田長賢).

Lady-in-waiting: Kajūji (Fujiwara) Fujiko (1464–1535; 勧修寺(藤原)藤子) later Hōraku-mon'in (豊楽門院), Kajuji Norihide’s daughter

  • First daughter: Princess Kakuten (1486–1550; 覚鎮女王)
  • First son:?? (1493)
  • Second son: Imperial Prince Tomohito (知仁親王) later Emperor Go-Nara
  • Fifth son: Imperial Prince Kiyohiko (1504–1550; 清彦親王) later Imperial Prince Priest Sonten (尊鎮法親王)

Lady-in-waiting: Niwata (Minamoto) Motoko (庭田(源)源子), Niwata Masayuki’s daughter

  • Third son: Imperial Prince Priest Kakudō (1500–1527; 覚道法親王)
  • Second daughter: Princess Kakuon (1506–?; 覚音女王)
  • Sixth son: Imperial Prince Hirotsune (1509–1536; 寛恒親王) later Imperial Prince Priest Gen'in (彦胤法親王)

Handmaid (?): Takakura (Fujiwara) Tsuguko (高倉(藤原)継子), Takakura Nagatsugu’s daughter

  • Fourth son: Doko (1503–1530; 道喜)

Events of Go-Kashiwabara's life

In 1500, he became Emperor upon the death of his father, the Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado. However, because of the after-effects of the Ōnin War, the Imperial Family was left so impoverished that he was unable to perform the formal coronation ceremony.[2] On the 3rd month, 22nd day of 1521, thanks to contributions from Honganji Jitsunyo (本願寺実如, Rennyo's son) and the Muromachi Bakufu, the Emperor was finally able to carry out this ceremony.

Because of the Ōnin War, the scattering of the Court Nobility, and the poverty of the Imperial Court, the Emperor's authority fell to a low point.

  • Bunki 1 (1501): The former Shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimura was exiled; and he retired to Suō Province. The former shōgun lived in exile in the home of the daimyō of that han. He changed his name to Ashikaga Yoshitane. He had many supporters, and he summoned the military forces of western Japan to come to his aid. Hosokawa Masamoto was made master of all the provinces which encircled the Kinai.[3]
  • Bunki 2, in the 7th month (1502): Minamoto Yoshitane was elevated to the 2nd tier of the 4th class of kuge officials; and he expressed thanks to the emperor for that honor. In the same month, the name of Ashikaga Yoshitaka was changed to that of Yoshizumi.[4]
  • Bunki 3 (1503): There was a great drought in the summer of this year.[4]
  • Eishō 1 (1504): A great famine.[4]
  • Eishō 5, in the 1st month (1508): A new revolt in Miyako and the assassination of Hosokawa Masamoto encouraged former-Shōgun Ashikaga Yoshitane in believing that this would be a good opportunity to re-take Miyako. He assembled his troops and marched at their head towards the capital; and by the 6th month of Eishō 5, he was once more in command of the streets of Miyako. Starting in 1508, Yoshitane is known as the Muromachi period's 10th shōgun[5]
  • Eishō 9, following the Three Ports Riots of 1510 in Joseon Korea, the Emperor made concessions that led to the Agreement of 1512 and reconciliation with the Korean government.[6]
  • Daiei 5, on the 1st day of the 1st month (1525): All ceremonies in the court were suspended because of the lack of funds to support them.[7]
  • Daiei 6, on the 7th day of the 4th month (1525): Go-Kashiwabara died at the age of 63 years. He had reigned 26 years; that is, his reign lasted 3 years in the nengō Bunki, 17 years in the nengō Eishō, and 6 years in the nengo Daiei. The emperor was found dead in his archives.[7]

Emperor Go-Kashiwabara is enshrined with other emperors at the imperial tomb called Fukakusa no kita no misasagi (深草北陵) in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.[8]

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Kashiwabara's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Kashiwabara's reign

The years of Go-Kashiwabara's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.

Ancestry

[9]

Ancestors of Emperor Go-Kashiwabara
16. Prince of the Blood Fushimi-no-miya Yoshihito (1351-1416)
8. Prince of the Blood Fushimi-no-miya Sadafusa (1372-1456)
17. Ōgimachisanjō Haruko (d. 1399)
4. Emperor Go-Hanazono (1419-1471)
18. Niwata Tsuneari (d. 1412)
9. Niwata Sachiko (1390-1448)
19. Asukai
2. Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado (1442-1500)
10. Fujiwara Takahara
5. Ōinomikado Nobuko (1411-1488)
1. Emperor Go-Kashiwabara
24. Niwata Tsuneari (d. 1412)
12. Niwata Shigeari (1378-1440)
25. Asukai
6. Niwata Nagakata (d. 1487)
3. Niwata Asako (1437-1492)

Notes

Imperial Seal of Japan
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 364–372.
  2. ^ Titsingh, pp. 363–364; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 364.
  4. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 365.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 367.
  6. ^ 삼포왜란 : 지식백과 (in Korean). Terms.naver.com. Retrieved 2013-10-28.
  7. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 372.
  8. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 423.
  9. ^ "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv. Retrieved 25 January 2018. (in Japanese)

References

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado
Emperor of Japan:
Go-Kashiwabara

1500–1526
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Nara
1464

Year 1464 (MCDLXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once (1000(M)+(-100(C)+500(D))+50(L)+10(X)+(-1(I)+5(V)) = 1464).

1500

Year 1500 (MD) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

The year was seen as being especially important by many Christians in Europe, who thought it would bring the beginning of the end of the world. Their belief was based on the phrase "half-time after the time", when the apocalypse was due to occur, which appears in the Book of Revelation and was seen as referring to 1500.Historically, the year 1500 is also often identified, somewhat arbitrarily, as marking the end of the Middle Ages and beginning of the Early Modern Era.

Ashikaga Yoshitane

Ashikaga Yoshitane (足利 義稙, September 9, 1466 – May 23, 1523), also known as Ashikaga Yoshiki (足利 義材), was the 10th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who headed the shogunate first from 1490 to 1493 and then again from 1508 to 1521 during the Muromachi period of Japan.Yoshitane was the son of Ashikaga Yoshimi and grandson of the sixth shōgun Ashikaga Yoshinori. In his early life, he was named Yoshiki (sometimes translated as Yoshimura), and then Yoshitada — including the period of when he is first installed as shōgun; however, he changed his name to Yoshitane in 1501 in a period when he was temporarily exiled, and it is by this name that he is generally known today.The 9th shōgun Ashikaga Yoshihisa died in 1489 on a battlefield of southern Ōmi Province. Yoshihisa left no heir; and Yoshitane became Sei-i Taishōgun a year later.

Daiei (era)

Daiei (大永), also known as Taiei or Dai-ei, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Eishō and before Kyōroku. This period spanned the years from August 1521 through August 1528. The reigning emperors were Go-Kashiwabara-tennō (後柏原天皇) and Go-Nara-tennō (後奈良天皇).

Emperor Go-Nara

Emperor Go-Nara (後奈良天皇 Go-Nara-tennō) (January 26, 1495 – September 27, 1557) was the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from June 9, 1526 until his death in 1557, during the Sengoku period. His personal name was Tomohito (知仁).

Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado

Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado (後土御門天皇, Go-tsuchimikado-tennō) (July 3, 1442 – October 21, 1500) was the 103rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1464 through 1500.This 15th-century sovereign was named after the 12th-century Emperor Tsuchimikado and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he could be called the "Later Emperor Tsuchimikado", or, in some older sources, may be identified as "Emperor Tsuchimikado, the second," or as "Emperor Tsuchimikado II."

Emperor Ōgimachi

Emperor Ōgimachi (正親町天皇 Ōgimachi-tennō) (June 18, 1517 – February 6, 1593) was the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557, to his abdication on December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Sengoku period and the Azuchi–Momoyama period. His personal name was Michihito (方仁).

Index of Japan-related articles (E)

This page lists Japan-related articles with romanized titles beginning with the letter E. For names of people, please list by surname (i.e., "Tarō Yamada" should be listed under "Y", not "T"). Please also ignore particles (e.g. "a", "an", "the") when listing articles (i.e., "A City with No People" should be listed under "City").

Jōkyō

Jōkyō (貞享) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Tenna and before Genroku. This period spanned the years from February 1684 through September 1688. The reigning emperors were Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇) and Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇).

Kashiwabara

Kashiwabara is a Japanese surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Shuji Kashiwabara

Emperor Go-Kashiwabara

Yoshie Kashiwabara

Michiko Kashiwabara

List of state leaders in 1515

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1515.

List of state leaders in 1516

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1516.

List of state leaders in 1517

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1517.

List of state leaders in 1518

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1518.

List of state leaders in 1520

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1520.

List of state leaders in 1524

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1524.

List of state leaders in 1526

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1526.

Prince Masahito

Prince Masahito (誠仁親王, Masahito-shinnō, 1552–1586), also known as Prince Sanehito and posthumously named Yōkwōin daijō-tennō, was the eldest son of Emperor Ōgimachi.

Prince Masahito died before his father.

Masahito's eldest son was Imperial Prince Kazuhito (和仁親王, Kazuhito-shinnō, 1572–1617), who acceded to the Chrysanthemum Throne on the death of Emperor Ōgimachi. Kazuhito would become known as Emperor Go-Yōzei.Later, Go-Yōzei elevated the rank of his father, even though his father's untimely death made this impossible in life. In this manner, Go-Yōzei himself could enjoy the polite fiction of being the son of an emperor.

August 21–25, 1598 (Keichō 3, 20-24th day of the 7th month): Buddhist rituals were performed in the Seriyoden of the Imperial Palace to celebrate the 13th anniversary of the death of the emperor's father.The actual site of Prince Masahito's grave is known. This posthumously-elevated emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Yōkwōin's mausoleum. It is formally named Tsuki no wa no misasagi at Sennyū-ji.

Sesshō and Kampaku

In Japan, Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress regnant. The Kanpaku (関白) was theoretically a sort of chief advisor for the emperor, but was the title of both first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor. During a certain period in the Heian era, they were the effective rulers of Japan. There was little, if any, effective difference between the two titles, and several individuals merely changed titles as child emperors grew to adulthood, or adult emperors retired or died and were replaced by child emperors. The two titles were collectively known as Sekkan (摂関), and the families that exclusively held the titles were called Sekkan-ke or Sekkan family. After the Heian era, shogunates took over the power.

Both sesshō and kanpaku were styled as denka (or tenga in historical pronunciation; 殿下; translated as ‘’(Imperial) Highness’’), as were imperial princes and princesses.

A retired kanpaku is called Taikō (太閤), which came to commonly refer to Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

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