Emperor Go-Kashiwabara (後柏原天皇 Go-Kashiwabara-tennō) (November 19, 1462 – May 19, 1526) was the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from November 16, 1500, to May 19, 1526. His personal name was Katsuhito (勝仁). His reign marked the nadir of Imperial authority during the Ashikaga shogunate.
|Emperor of Japan|
|Reign||November 16, 1500 – May 19, 1526|
|Born||November 19, 1462|
|Died||May 19, 1526 (aged 63)|
Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi (Kyoto)
|Spouse||Kajūji (Fujiwara) Fujiko|
Niwata (Minamoto) Motoko
|Mother||Niwata (Minamoto) Asako|
He was the first son of Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado. His mother was Niwata (Minamoto) Asako (庭田（源）朝子), the daughter of Niwata Nagakata (庭田長賢).
Lady-in-waiting: Kajūji (Fujiwara) Fujiko (1464–1535; 勧修寺（藤原）藤子) later Hōraku-mon'in (豊楽門院), Kajuji Norihide’s daughter
Lady-in-waiting: Niwata (Minamoto) Motoko (庭田（源）源子), Niwata Masayuki’s daughter
Handmaid (?): Takakura (Fujiwara) Tsuguko (高倉（藤原）継子), Takakura Nagatsugu’s daughter
In 1500, he became Emperor upon the death of his father, the Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado. However, because of the after-effects of the Ōnin War, the Imperial Family was left so impoverished that he was unable to perform the formal coronation ceremony. On the 3rd month, 22nd day of 1521, thanks to contributions from Honganji Jitsunyo (本願寺実如, Rennyo's son) and the Muromachi Bakufu, the Emperor was finally able to carry out this ceremony.
Because of the Ōnin War, the scattering of the Court Nobility, and the poverty of the Imperial Court, the Emperor's authority fell to a low point.
Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.
In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Kashiwabara's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:
|Ancestors of Emperor Go-Kashiwabara|
| Emperor of Japan:
Year 1464 (MCDLXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. It is one of eight years (CE) to contain each Roman numeral once (1000(M)+(-100(C)+500(D))+50(L)+10(X)+(-1(I)+5(V)) = 1464).1500
Year 1500 (MD) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
The year was seen as being especially important by many Christians in Europe, who thought it would bring the beginning of the end of the world. Their belief was based on the phrase "half-time after the time", when the apocalypse was due to occur, which appears in the Book of Revelation and was seen as referring to 1500.Historically, the year 1500 is also often identified, somewhat arbitrarily, as marking the end of the Middle Ages and beginning of the Early Modern Era.Ashikaga Yoshitane
Ashikaga Yoshitane (足利 義稙, September 9, 1466 – May 23, 1523), also known as Ashikaga Yoshiki (足利 義材), was the 10th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who headed the shogunate first from 1490 to 1493 and then again from 1508 to 1521 during the Muromachi period of Japan.Yoshitane was the son of Ashikaga Yoshimi and grandson of the sixth shōgun Ashikaga Yoshinori. In his early life, he was named Yoshiki (sometimes translated as Yoshimura), and then Yoshitada — including the period of when he is first installed as shōgun; however, he changed his name to Yoshitane in 1501 in a period when he was temporarily exiled, and it is by this name that he is generally known today.The 9th shōgun Ashikaga Yoshihisa died in 1489 on a battlefield of southern Ōmi Province. Yoshihisa left no heir; and Yoshitane became Sei-i Taishōgun a year later.Daiei (era)
Daiei (大永), also known as Taiei or Dai-ei, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Eishō and before Kyōroku. This period spanned the years from August 1521 through August 1528. The reigning emperors were Go-Kashiwabara-tennō (後柏原天皇) and Go-Nara-tennō (後奈良天皇).Emperor Go-Nara
Emperor Go-Nara (後奈良天皇 Go-Nara-tennō) (January 26, 1495 – September 27, 1557) was the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from June 9, 1526 until his death in 1557, during the Sengoku period. His personal name was Tomohito (知仁).Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado
Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado (後土御門天皇, Go-tsuchimikado-tennō) (July 3, 1442 – October 21, 1500) was the 103rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1464 through 1500.This 15th-century sovereign was named after the 12th-century Emperor Tsuchimikado and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he could be called the "Later Emperor Tsuchimikado", or, in some older sources, may be identified as "Emperor Tsuchimikado, the second," or as "Emperor Tsuchimikado II."Emperor Ōgimachi
Emperor Ōgimachi (正親町天皇 Ōgimachi-tennō) (June 18, 1517 – February 6, 1593) was the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557, to his abdication on December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Sengoku period and the Azuchi–Momoyama period. His personal name was Michihito (方仁).Index of Japan-related articles (E)
This page lists Japan-related articles with romanized titles beginning with the letter E. For names of people, please list by surname (i.e., "Tarō Yamada" should be listed under "Y", not "T"). Please also ignore particles (e.g. "a", "an", "the") when listing articles (i.e., "A City with No People" should be listed under "City").Jōkyō
Jōkyō (貞享) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Tenna and before Genroku. This period spanned the years from February 1684 through September 1688. The reigning emperors were Reigen-tennō (霊元天皇) and Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇).Kashiwabara
Kashiwabara is a Japanese surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Michiko KashiwabaraList of state leaders in 1515
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1515.List of state leaders in 1516
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1516.List of state leaders in 1517
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1517.List of state leaders in 1518
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1518.List of state leaders in 1520
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1520.List of state leaders in 1524
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1524.List of state leaders in 1526
This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1526.Prince Masahito
Prince Masahito (誠仁親王, Masahito-shinnō, 1552–1586), also known as Prince Sanehito and posthumously named Yōkwōin daijō-tennō, was the eldest son of Emperor Ōgimachi.
Prince Masahito died before his father.
Masahito's eldest son was Imperial Prince Kazuhito (和仁親王, Kazuhito-shinnō, 1572–1617), who acceded to the Chrysanthemum Throne on the death of Emperor Ōgimachi. Kazuhito would become known as Emperor Go-Yōzei.Later, Go-Yōzei elevated the rank of his father, even though his father's untimely death made this impossible in life. In this manner, Go-Yōzei himself could enjoy the polite fiction of being the son of an emperor.
August 21–25, 1598 (Keichō 3, 20-24th day of the 7th month): Buddhist rituals were performed in the Seriyoden of the Imperial Palace to celebrate the 13th anniversary of the death of the emperor's father.The actual site of Prince Masahito's grave is known. This posthumously-elevated emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.
The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Yōkwōin's mausoleum. It is formally named Tsuki no wa no misasagi at Sennyū-ji.Sesshō and Kampaku
In Japan, Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child emperor before his coming of age, or an empress regnant. The Kanpaku (関白) was theoretically a sort of chief advisor for the emperor, but was the title of both first secretary and regent who assists an adult emperor. During a certain period in the Heian era, they were the effective rulers of Japan. There was little, if any, effective difference between the two titles, and several individuals merely changed titles as child emperors grew to adulthood, or adult emperors retired or died and were replaced by child emperors. The two titles were collectively known as Sekkan (摂関), and the families that exclusively held the titles were called Sekkan-ke or Sekkan family. After the Heian era, shogunates took over the power.
Both sesshō and kanpaku were styled as denka (or tenga in historical pronunciation; 殿下; translated as ‘’(Imperial) Highness’’), as were imperial princes and princesses.
A retired kanpaku is called Taikō (太閤), which came to commonly refer to Toyotomi Hideyoshi.