Emperor Go-Ichijō

Emperor Go-Ichijō (後一条天皇 Go-Ichijō-tennō, October 12, 1008 – May 15, 1036) was the 68th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Go-Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 1016 through 1036.[3]

This 11th century sovereign was named after Emperor Ichijō and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor Ichijō", or, in some older sources, may be identified as " Emperor Ichijō, the second."

Go-Ichijō
Emperor of Japan
ReignMarch 10, 1016 – May 15, 1036
CoronationMarch 24, 1016
PredecessorSanjō
SuccessorGo-Suzaku
BornOctober 12, 1008
Tsuchimikado Tei (土御門邸), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
DiedMay 15, 1036 (aged 27)
Seiryō Den (清涼殿) in Dairi (内裏), Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Burial
Bodaijuin no misasagi (菩提樹院陵) (Kyoto)
SpouseFujiwara no Ishi
Issue
HouseYamato
FatherEmperor Ichijō
MotherFujiwara no Shōshi

Biography

Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina)[4] was Atsuhira -shinnō (敦成親王).[5] He was also known as Atsunari-shinnō.[6]

Atsuhira was the second son of Emperor Ichijō. His mother, Fujiwara no Akiko/Shōshi (藤原彰子) (988–1074), was a daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. In her later years, Ichijō's chūgo consort was known as Jōtō-mon In (上東門院).[7]

Events of Go-Ichijō's life

Atsuhira-shinnō was used as a pawn in Imperial court politics when he was only a child.

Atsuhira became emperor at the age of 8, upon the abdication of his first cousin once removed, Emperor Sanjō.

  • March 10, 1016 (Chōwa 5, 29th day of the 1st month): In the 5th year of Emperor Sanjō's reign (三条天皇五年), he abdicated; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by a cousin. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Go-Ichijō is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’).[9]

During the initial years of Go-Ichijō's reign, Fujiwara no Michinaga actually ruled from his position as sesshō (regent).[10]

  • June 5, 1017 (Kannin 1, 9th day of the 5th month): The former-Emperor Sanjō died at the age of 41.[11]
  • 1017 (Kannin 1, 8th month): Prince Atsuakira, the eldest son of Emperor Sanjo, had been named Crown Prince. But after he is struck by a skin disease and intense pressure from Michinaga; he withdrew from this role and his younger brother, Prince Atsunaga, was named Crown Prince in his place.[12]
  • 1017 (Kannin 1, 9th month): Michinaga made a pilgrimage to the Iwashimizu Shrine accompanied by many courtiers. The travelers divided themselves amongst 15 boats for a floating trip down the Yotogawa River. One of the vessels overturned, and more than 30 people lost their lives.[13]
  • 1017 (Kannin 1, 12th month): Michinaga was elevated to the office of Daijō-Diajin.[13]
  • May 15, 1036 (Chōgen 9, 17th day of the 4th month): Emperor Go-Ichijō died at the age of 27.[11]

The actual site of Go-Ichijō's grave is known.[1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Go-Ichijō's mausoleum. It is formally named Bodaijuin no misasagi.[14]

Kugyō

Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Ichijō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Ichijō's reign

The years of Go-Ichijō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[17]

Consort and children

Tomb of Emperor Goichijo
Tomb of Emperor Go-Ichijō and one of his daughters, Kyoto

Go-Ichijō had one Empress and two Imperial daughters.[11]

Empress (chūgū): Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原威子; 999–1036), Fujiwara no Michinaga’s third daughter

Ancestry

[18]

See also

Notes

Imperial Seal of Japan
Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. ^ a b Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後一条天皇 (68)
  2. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 74.
  3. ^ Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 307–310; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 195-196; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 156–159., p. 156, at Google Books
  4. ^ Brown, pp. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
  5. ^ Varley, p. 195
  6. ^ Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 307.
  7. ^ Titsingh, p. 156; Brown, p. 309.
  8. ^ Titsingh, p. 154.
  9. ^ Titsingh, pp. 155–156; Brown, p. 307; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  10. ^ Brown, pp. 308–309; Varley, p. 195.
  11. ^ a b c Brown, p. 310.
  12. ^ Titsingh, p. 156.
  13. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 157.
  14. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, p. 421.
  15. ^ a b c Brown, p. 308-309.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Brown, p. 309.
  17. ^ Titsingh, p. 156-159; Brown, p. 310.
  18. ^ "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 19 May 2018.

References

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Sanjō
Emperor of Japan:
Go-Ichijō

1016–1036
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Suzaku
1036

Year 1036 (MXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Chōwa

Chōwa (長和) was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Kankō and before Kannin. This period spanned the years from December 1012 through April 1017. The reigning emperors were Sanjō-tennō (三条天皇) and Go-Ichijō-tennō (後一条天皇).

Emperor Go-Suzaku

Emperor Go-Suzaku (後朱雀天皇, Go-Suzaku-tennō, December 14, 1009 – February 7, 1045) was the 69th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Go-Suzaku's reign spanned the years from 1036 through 1045.This 11th-century sovereign was named after the 10th-century Emperor Suzaku and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he is sometimes called the "Later Emperor Suzaku". The Japanese word "go" has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Suzaku, the second" or as "Suzaku II."

Emperor Ichijō

Emperor Ichijō (一条天皇, Ichijō-tennō, July 15, 980 – July 25, 1011) was the 66th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Ichijō's reign spanned the years from 986 to 1011.

Emperor Sanjō

Emperor Sanjō (三条天皇, Sanjō-tennō, February 5, 976 – June 5, 1017) was the 67th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.Sanjō's reign spanned the years from 1011 through 1016.

Empress Shōshi

Fujiwara no Shōshi (藤原彰子, 988 – October 25, 1074), also known as Jōtōmon-in (上東門院), the eldest daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga, was Empress of Japan from c. 1000 to c. 1011. Her father sent her to live in the Emperor Ichijō's harem at age 12. Because of his power, influence and political machinations she quickly achieved the status of second empress (中宮, Chūgū). As empress she was able to surround herself with a court of talented and educated ladies-in-waiting such as Murasaki Shikibu, author of The Tale of Genji.

By the age of 20, she bore two sons to Ichijō, both of whom went on to become emperors and secured the status of the Fujiwara line. In her late 30s she took vows as a Buddhist nun, renouncing imperial duties and titles, assuming the title of Imperial Lady. She continued to be an influential member of the imperial family until her death at age 86.

Fujiwara no Ishi

Fujiwara no Ishi (藤原威子) (999–1036) was the Empress consort of Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan.

She was the third daughter of Fujiwara no Michinaga. In 1018, at the age of nineteen, she married her ten-year-old nephew the Emperor and became Empress (Chugu), and thus the third of her sisters to become Empresses in succession, all in marriages arranged by their father the regent.

Issue

Imperial Princess Akiko/Shōshi (章子内親王) (Nijō-In, 二条院) (1026–1105), Empress (chūgū) to Emperor Go-Reizei

Imperial Princess Kaoruko/Keishi (馨子内親王) (1029–1093), Empress (chūgū) to Emperor Go-Sanjō

Fujiwara no Kaneie

Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原 兼家, 929 – July 26, 990) was a Japanese statesman, courtier and politician during the Heian period.

Fujiwara no Michinaga

Fujiwara no Michinaga (藤原 道長, 966 – January 3, 1028) was a Japanese statesman. His rule was the zenith of the Fujiwara clan's control over Japan.

Hōjō-ji

Hōjō-ji (法成寺) was a Buddhist temple in Kyoto which was, for a time, one of the highest temples in Japanese Buddhism. The temple was built around the year 1017, by Fujiwara no Michinaga. The dedication of its Golden Hall in 1022 is detailed in the historical epic Eiga Monogatari. The Emperor Go-Ichijō attended the ceremony, and so every effort was made to ensure the ceremony was as lavish and perfect as possible.

According to the Eiga Monogatari, the Golden Hall's pillars rested on masonry supports in the shape of elephants, the roof tiles and doors were gilded and silvered, and the foundations were of rock crystal. The interior of the hall was decorated lavishly with gold, silver, lapis lazuli, and jewels of all kinds, as well as a series of images detailing the life of the historical Buddha, and a central image of the Vairocana Buddha.

The temple was destroyed by fire in 1053 and not rebuilt.

Index of Japan-related articles (E)

This page lists Japan-related articles with romanized titles beginning with the letter E. For names of people, please list by surname (i.e., "Tarō Yamada" should be listed under "Y", not "T"). Please also ignore particles (e.g. "a", "an", "the") when listing articles (i.e., "A City with No People" should be listed under "City").

Kasamori-ji

Kasamori-ji (笠森寺) is a Buddhist temple located in the town of Chōnan in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. The temple is also called "Kasamori-dera" using the alternate pronunciation of the Chinese character for temple (tera). Kasamori-ji is temple number 31 in the Bandō Sanjūsankasho, or the circuit of 33 Buddhist temples in Eastern Japan sacred to Goddess Kannon. The Eleven-Faced Kannon of Kasamori-ji is only shown to the public in the years of the Ox and Horse in the 12-year cycle of the Chinese zodiac.

It is part of the Kasamori Tsurumai Prefectural Natural Park.

List of state leaders in 1025

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1025.

List of state leaders in 1033

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1033.

Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emaki

The Murasaki Shikibu Diary Emaki (紫式部日記絵巻, Murasaki Shikibu nikki emaki) is a mid-13th century emaki, a Japanese picture scroll, inspired by the private diary (nikki) of Murasaki Shikibu, lady-in-waiting at the 10th/11th centuries Heian court and author of The Tale of Genji. This emaki belongs to the classical style of Japanese painting known as yamato-e and revives the iconography of the Heian period.

Today there remain four paper scrolls of the emaki in varying condition and stored in different collections: Hachisuka, Matsudaira, Hinohara scrolls (Tokyo), and Fujita scroll (Fujita Art Museum, Osaka). Of the extant scrolls, the first relates the celebrations on occasion of the birth of prince Atsunari (Atsuhira, later Emperor Go-Ichijō) in 1008 and the last those of the birth of Prince Atsunaga (later Emperor Go-Suzaku) in 1009. This difference in time indicates that the original emaki most likely consisted of more scrolls than exist today.

Princess Kaoruko

Princess Kaoruko (馨子内親王, Kaoruko-naishinno, 1029–1093), also known as Saien-no Kogo (西院皇后), was an empress consort (chūgū) of her cousin Emperor Go-Sanjō of Japan.She was the daughter of Emperor Go-Ichijō. She served as Saiin (priestess) from 1032 until 1036. She married her cousin the future emperor in 1051. In 1068, her husband became emperor. She had no children. After the death of her husband, she became a nun under the name Saiin-no Kogo (西院皇后).

Princess Shōshi (1027–1105)

Princess Shōshi (章子内親王, Shōshi naishinnō, 1027–1105), also known as Nijō-in (二条院), was an empress consort of Japan. She was the consort of her cousin Emperor Go-Reizei. She was the eldest daughter of Emperor Go-Ichijō and Fujiwara no Ishi, and the sister of Princess Kaoruko.

Saiin (priestess)

Saiin (斎院) were female relatives of the Japanese emperor (termed saiō) who served as High Priestesses in Kamo Shrine. Saiō also served at Ise Shrine. Saiin princesses were usually elected from royalty (内親王, naishinnō) or princess (女王, joō). In principle, Saiin remained unmarried, but there were exceptions. Some Saiin became consorts of the Emperor, called Nyōgo in Japanese. The Saiin order of priestesses existed throughout the Heian and Kamakura periods.

Saiin is also the name given to the palace where the Saiin Priestesses lived and served the Shinto deities.

Sesshō and Kampaku

In Japan, Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to act on behalf of either a child Emperor before his coming of age, or an empress regnant. The Kanpaku (関白) was theoretically a sort of chief advisor for the Emperor, but was the title of both first secretary and regent who assists an adult Emperor. During a certain period in the Heian period, they were the effective rulers of Japan. There was little, if any, effective difference between the two titles, and several individuals merely changed titles as child Emperors grew to adulthood, or adult Emperors retired or died and were replaced by child Emperors. The two titles were collectively known as Sekkan (摂関), and the families that exclusively held the titles were called Sekkan-ke or Sekkan family. After the Heian period, shogunates took over the power.

Both sesshō and kanpaku were styled as denka (or tenga in historical pronunciation; 殿下; translated as "(Imperial) Highness"), as were Imperial princes and princesses.

A retired kanpaku is called Taikō (太閤), which came to commonly refer to Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Ancestors of Emperor Go-Ichijō
16. Emperor Daigo (885-930)
8. Emperor Murakami (926-967)
17. Fujiwara no Onshi (885-954)
4. Emperor En'yū (959-991)
18. Fujiwara no Morosuke (909-960)
9. Fujiwara no Anshi (927-964)
19. Fujiwara no Seishi (d. 943)
2. Emperor Ichijō (980-1011)
20. Fujiwara no Morosuke (909-960)
10. Fujiwara no Kaneie (929-990)
21. Fujiwara no Seishi (d. 943)
5. Fujiwara no Senshi (962-1002)
22. Fujiwara no Nakamasa
11. Fujiwara no Tokihime (d. 980)
23. Tachibana no Iwako
1. Emperor Go-Ichijō
12. Fujiwara no Kaneie (929-990)
6. Fujiwara no Michinaga (966-1028)
13. Fujiwara no Tokihime (d. 980)
3. Empress Shōshi (988-1074)
28. Prince Atsumi (893-967)
14. Minamoto no Masanobu (920-993)
29. Fujiwara
7. Minamoto no Rinshi (964-1053)
30. Fujiwara no Asatada (910-967)
15. Fujiwara no Bokushi (931-1016)
Legendary
Yamato
Nara
Heian
Kamakura
Northern Court
Muromachi
Azuchi-Momoyama
Edo
Empire of Japan
Post-war Japan

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