Emilio Núñez Portuondo

Emilio Núñez Portuondo (September 13, 1898 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania U.S. – August 19, 1978 in Panama) was a Cuban politician, lawyer, and diplomat. He was the 13th Prime Minister of Cuba in 1958. He received the National Order of the Legion of Honour of France.

Dr. Núñez attended La Salle School in Cuba and graduated as doctor of civil and public law in 1919 from the University of Havana. He served as a Representative and Senator from the Las Villas Province and also as the Cuban Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary to Panama, Peru, Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. He was Secretary of the Constitutional Convention of 1940. Dr. Ramón Grau San Martín was the President of the Constitutional Convention which drafted the 1940 Constitution of Cuba. Dr. Núñez Portuondo served as the Cuban Permanent Representative with the rank of Ambassador to the United Nations in 1952–1958; and was also Minister of Labor in 1954. He served as President of the U.N. Security Council in September 1957. He was Prime Minister of Cuba March 6- March 12, 1958.

Dr. Núñez Portuondo is best remembered as the President of the UN Security Council during the USSR invasion of Hungary. Dr. Núñez Portuondo helped Cardinal Mindzenty of Hungary in assisting refugees into Cuba and the United States.

Emilio Núñez Portuondo
Emilio Núñez Portuondo
BornSeptember 13, 1898
DiedAugust 19, 1978 (aged 79)
Panama

Family

He was the son of General Emilio Núñez, Vice President of Cuba during the second administration of General Mario García Menocal in 1917-1921, and who was also Governor of Havana 1899-1902 as well as Minister of Agriculture, Commerce and Labor in 1913. Dr. Núñez Portuondo's brother was the 1948 Cuban Presidential candidate, Dr. Ricardo Núñez Portuondo. He was married three times and had five children, Emilio Núñez Blanco, Ricardo Núñez Garcia, Maria Stana Núñez Garcia, Dolores Brunilda Núñez Fábrega and Fernando Núñez Fábrega, a former Minister of Foreign Relations of the Republic of Panama. His eldest son, Emilio Núñez Blanco, elected to the Cuban House of Representatives in 1958, though unable to take office, was the second husband of Myrta Diaz-Balart (the first wife of Fidel Castro). He is buried in Panama next to his third wife, Panamanian, Olga Fábrega y Fábrega (married in 1937).

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Andrés Rivero
Prime Minister of Cuba
6 March 1958 – 12 March 1958
Succeeded by
Gonzalo Güell
1898

1898 (MDCCCXCVIII)

was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1898th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 898th year of the 2nd millennium, the 98th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1898, the Gregorian calendar was

12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1940 Constitution of Cuba

The 1940 Constitution of Cuba was implemented during the presidency of Federico Laredo Brú and took effect on 10 October 1940. It was primarily influenced by the collectivist ideas that inspired the Cuban Revolution of 1933. Widely considered one of the most progressive constitutions at the time, it provided for land reform, public education, a minimum wage and other social programs. It had 286 articles in 19 sections.

1978

1978 (MCMLXXVIII)

was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1978th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 978th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1970s decade.

Andrés Rivero Agüero

Andrés Rivero Agüero (4 February 1905 – 8 November 1996) was a Cuban politician who was elected president of Cuba in the Cuban presidential election, 1958.

Emilio Núñez

Emilio Núñez (born Juan Emilio de la Caridad Núñez y Rodriguez on 27 December 1855 in Esperanza, Las Villas, Cuba – 5 May 1922 in Havana, Cuba) was a Cuban-American soldier, dentist, and politician.

Fulgencio Batista

Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar (; Spanish: [fulˈxensjo βaˈtista i salˈdiβaɾ]; born Rubén Zaldívar; January 16, 1901 – August 6, 1973) was the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and the U.S.-backed authoritarian ruler from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown during the Cuban Revolution. Batista initially rose to power as part of the 1933 Revolt of the Sergeants, which overthrew the provisional government of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada. He then appointed himself chief of the armed forces, with the rank of colonel, and effectively controlled the five-member "pentarchy" that functioned as the collective head of state. He maintained this control through a string of puppet presidents until 1940, when he was himself elected President of Cuba on a populist platform. He then instated the 1940 Constitution of Cuba and served until 1944. After finishing his term he lived in Florida, returning to Cuba to run for president in 1952. Facing certain electoral defeat, he led a military coup against President Carlos Prío Socarrás that preempted the election.Back in power, and receiving financial, military, and logistical support from the United States government, Batista suspended the 1940 Constitution and revoked most political liberties, including the right to strike. He then aligned with the wealthiest landowners who owned the largest sugar plantations, and presided over a stagnating economy that widened the gap between rich and poor Cubans. Eventually it reached the point where most of the sugar industry was in U.S. hands, and foreigners owned 70% of the arable land. As such, Batista's repressive government then began to systematically profit from the exploitation of Cuba's commercial interests, by negotiating lucrative relationships with both the American Mafia, who controlled the drug, gambling, and prostitution businesses in Havana, and with large U.S.-based multinational companies who were awarded lucrative contracts. To quell the growing discontent amongst the populace—which was subsequently displayed through frequent student riots and demonstrations—Batista established tighter censorship of the media, while also utilizing his Bureau for the Repression of Communist Activities secret police to carry out wide-scale violence, torture and public executions; ultimately killing anywhere from hundreds to 20,000 people.Catalyzing the resistance to such tactics, for two years (December 1956 – December 1958) Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement and other nationalist rebelling elements led an urban and rural-based guerrilla uprising against Batista's government, which culminated in his eventual defeat by rebels under the command of Che Guevara at the Battle of Santa Clara on New Year's Day 1959. Batista immediately fled the island with an amassed personal fortune to the Dominican Republic, where strongman and previous military ally Rafael Trujillo held power. Batista eventually found political asylum in Oliveira Salazar's Portugal, where he first lived on the island of Madeira and then in Estoril, outside Lisbon. He was involved in business activities in Spain and was staying there in Guadalmina near Marbella at the time of his death from a heart attack on August 6, 1973.

List of Prime Ministers of Cuba

This article lists the Prime Ministers of Cuba from 1940 until the present day.

The current Prime Minister of Cuba (officially called President of the Council of Ministers, according to the 1976 Constitution) is Miguel Díaz-Canel, since 19 April 2018. On February 24, 2019, however, the official title of Prime Minister, as well as its office, was restored in a different constitutional referendum.

List of foreign recipients of the Légion d'Honneur by country

The Order of Légion d'Honneur is the highest decoration in France and is divided into five degrees: Chevalier (Knight), Officier (Officer), Commandeur (Commander), Grand Officier (Grand Officer) and Grand Croix (Grand Cross).

Membership in the Légion d'Honneur is restricted to French nationals. Foreign nationals who have served France or the ideals it upholds may, however, receive a distinction of the Légion, which is nearly the same thing as membership in the Légion. Foreign nationals who live in France are submitted to the same requirements as Frenchmen. Foreign nationals who live abroad may be awarded a distinction of any rank or dignity in the Légion.

A complete, chronological list of the members of the Legion of Honour nominated from the very first ceremony in 1803 to now does not exist. The number is estimated at one million. Among them about 3000 were decorated with the Grand Cross (including 1200 French).

List of state leaders in 1958

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, and other rulers in the year 1958.

List of state leaders in the 20th century (1951–2000)

State leaders: 1901–1950 – State leaders in the 21st century – State leaders by yearThis is a list of state leaders in the 20th century (1951–2000) AD, such as the heads of state, heads of government, and the general secretaries of single-party states.

These polities are generally sovereign states, including states with limited recognition (when recognised by at least one UN member state), but excludes minor dependent territories, whose leaders can be found listed under territorial governors in the 20th century. For completeness, these lists can include colonies, protectorates, or other dependent territories that have since gained sovereignty.

Mirta Diaz-Balart

Mirta Francisca de la Caridad Díaz-Balart y Gutiérrez (born 30 September 1928) was the first wife of Fidel Castro. She was the daughter of América Gutiérrez and Rafael José Díaz-Balart, a prominent Cuban politician and mayor of the town of Banes, Cuba. She was a philosophy student at the University of Havana, when she met and married Fidel.

President of the United Nations Security Council

The President of the United Nations Security Council is the presiding officer of that body. The President is the head of the delegation from the United Nations Security Council member state that holds the rotating presidency.

Prime Ministers
Presidents of the
Council of Ministers

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