Hough was born in Newton, Iowa on June 28, 1857. He was in Newton High School's first graduating class of three in 1875. He graduated from the University of Iowa with a bachelor's degree in philosophy in 1880 and later studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1882. His first article, "Far From The Madding Crowd," was published in Forest and Stream in 1882.
He moved to White Oaks, New Mexico, practiced law there, and wrote for the White Oaks newspaper Golden Era for a year and a half, returning to Iowa when his mother was ill. He later wrote Story of the Outlaw, A Study of the Western Desperado, which included profiles of Billy the Kid and Pat Garrett. Hough moved to New Mexico after Garrett shot Billy the Kid, and he became a friend of Garrett. He wrote for various newspapers in Des Moines, Iowa, Sandusky, Ohio, Chicago, Illinois, St. Louis, Missouri, and Wichita, Kansas. In 1889 he got a position as western editor of Forest and Stream, editing the "Chicago and the West" column. He was hired by George Bird Grinnell, the owner of Field and Stream, who founded the Audubon Society in 1886 which, along with Theodore Roosevelt's Boone and Crockett Club, was a leader in the conservation movement.
Hough was also a conservationist. One of his projects for Forest and Stream was to survey Yellowstone National Park in midwinter 1893, with a guide and 2 soldiers from the nearby fort of the same name. There were supposed to be more than 500 buffalo there, but their count barely reached 100. Due to Hough's report, eastern newspapers took up the cause against poaching, and in May 1894 the U.S. Congress passed a law making poaching of game in national parks a punishable offense. Later, he and other Saturday Evening Post writers wrote a letter for Stephen Mather and George Horace Latimer to sign, advocating the creation of a national park system. The National Park Service was created in 1916. In addition, he was a co-founder of the Izaak Walton League, an organization of outdoorsmen, in 1922. He wrote the "Out-of-Doors" column for the Saturday Evening Post and these columns later appeared in book form.
In 1902, Hough began his association with Bobbs-Merrill Company (then Bowen-Merrill), which published his first best-seller, The Mississippi Bubble. Hough began a trilogy on America when he published 54-40 or Fight in 1909, dedicated to Theodore Roosevelt. He dedicated the second volume, Purchase Price, to U.S. Senator Albert Beveridge of Indiana in 1910 and the third, John Rawn, to Woodrow Wilson in 1912. He nevertheless campaigned for Theodore Roosevelt, candidate of the Bull Moose Party, in the 1912 presidential election.
Reviewers noted the political nature of Hough's Western fiction. One reviewer wrote that John Rawn was "not a novel at all; it is an arraignment; it is propaganda" for progressive Republicans or the Democrats. It condemned protective tariffs and presented consistently negative portrait of money-driven characters. The review was positive, praising the novelist's portrait of his main character, but little else. Hough "makes his point, and hammers it hard. He leaves nothing for the reader to guess....He goes at it all with bludgeon and battle-ax....He has, as a fighter, a strong style. His book is well worth reading. But it is not art." Hough responded at length and with good humor, citing widely divergent views of the novel. He explained that a story of "blackguards and traitors" should not lead anyone to the conclusion that he believes such characters typify American society, rather that "imitation of blackguards and traitors is not a fit ambition for Americans."
He took a public position during the election of 1916, adding his name to a letter sent on behalf of the Roosevelt Authors' League pledging support to Theodore Roosevelt because "the international crisis makes your re-election to the Presidency essential to the ultimate welfare of our country." It praised "the splendid fight you are making for Americanism" and had harsh words for the administration of Woodrow Wilson.
His other notable works included Story of the Cowboy, "which received a high recommendation from President Theodore Roosevelt," Way of the West, Singing Mouse Stories, and The Passing of the Frontier. Among his historical novels, The Magnificent Adventure in 1916 was set at the time of the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark Expedition and told, said one reviewer, "a good stirring tale."
In 1889 Hough wrote Madre D'Oro, a four-act spectacular drama about the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs. With L. Frank Baum, author of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, he created two play treatments: The Maid of Athens: A College Phantasy and The King of Gee-Whiz. Neither was ever completed or staged.
He also wrote autobiographical works, such as "Getting a Wrong Start", published anonymously as a serial in the Saturday Evening Post in 1913. It appeared in book form two years later. He then wrote "Emerson Hough Himself-by Himself" for the Post in 1917.
Hough wrote the official account of the activities of the American Protective League (APL), a voluntary organization that attempted to enforce patriotism and stifle dissent during World War I. Called The Web: A Revelation of Patriotism, it told the history of that controversial organization in glowing terms and called for a program of "selective immigration, deportation of un-Americans, and denaturalization of 'disloyal' citizens and anarchists." It said: "We must purify the source of America's population and keep it pure." When the APL organized teams of vigilantes to enforce the military draft, Hough described the places the organization was most needed: "We find that the great states of each coast are practically foreign – New York most of all." During the war he wrote a pamphlet for a similar organization, the American Defense Society, called The Indefinite American Attitude Toward the War and When Shall It End.
He married Charlotte Chesebro of Chicago in 1897 and made that city his home. During World War I, he served as a captain with the Intelligence Service. He died in Evanston, Illinois, on April 30, 1923, a week after seeing the Chicago premiere of the movie The Covered Wagon, based on his 1922 book. Covered Wagon was his biggest best-selling novel since Mississippi Bubble in 1902. North of 36, another Hough novel, later became a popular silent film as well, "making him one of the first Western authors to enter into the motion picture industry." He is buried in Galesburg, Illinois.
Asked in 1918 to provide some details of his own life, he replied in the context of World War I: "This is no time for autobiography of men of letters. This is the day of biography for men who have been privileged to act in the great scenes of today. It is the time for boys of 23. At least we can bless them and back them the best we know. I will not tell about myself. It is of no consequence." Hough died in Evanston on April 30, 1923.
Hough's hometown, Newton, Iowa, has honored him in several ways. A school named for him opened in 1926. Emerson Hough Elementary School was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002. His boyhood home bears a marker provided by the Daughters of the American Revolution. The school grounds include a playground with a western theme called Fort Emerson Hough. The local chapter of the Izaak Walton League also bears his name, as does a street, Emerson Hough Avenue in Lambs Grove, Iowa, a suburb of Newton.
'54-40 or Fight' is the first book in a trilogy by Emerson Hough. The next two books in the trilogy are Purchase Price and John Rawn. The title references the expansion of the United States that President James K. Polk called for. The expansion was to include Texas, California, and the Oregon territory. Since the northern boundary of Oregon was the latitude line of 54 degrees, 40 minutes, "fifty-four forty or fight!" became a popular slogan. The book was dedicated to Theodore Roosevelt. 54-40 or Fight was a financial success.American Protective League
The American Protective League (1917-1919) was an organization of private citizens that worked with Federal law enforcement agencies during the World War I era to identify suspected German sympathizers and to counteract the activities of radicals, anarchists, anti-war activists, and left-wing labor and political organizations. At its zenith, the APL claimed 250,000 members in 600 cities.Chronicles of America
Chronicles of America is the title of a fifty volume series on American history. Originally printed in 1918, the volumes were written by historians of the time about various aspects of American History. The series was edited by Allen Johnson and published by Yale University. All 50 volumes are available on archive.org; some are available on Project Gutenberg.
The 50 volumes in the series are as follows:
The Red Man's Continent: A Chronicle of Aboriginal America - Ellsworth Huntington
The Spanish Conquerors: A Chronicle of the Dawn of Empire Overseas - Irving Berdine Richman
Elizabethan Sea-Dogs: A Chronicle of Drake & His Companions - William Charles Henry Wood
Crusaders of New France: A Chronicle of the Fleur-de-Lis in the Wilderness - William Bennett Munro
Pioneers of the Old South: A Chronicle of English Colonial Beginnings - Mary Johnston
The Fathers of New England: A Chronicle of the Puritan Commonwealth - Charles McLean Andrews
Dutch & English on the Hudson: A Chronicle of Colonial New York - Maud Wilder Goodwin
The Quaker Colonies: A Chronicle of the Proprietors of the Delaware - Sydney George Fisher
Colonial Folkways: A Chronicle of American Life in the Reign of the Georges - Charles M. Andrews
The Conquest of New France: A Chronicle of the Colonial Wars - George McKinnon Wrong
The Eve of the Revolution: A Chronicle of the Breach with England - Carl Lotus Becker
Washington & His Comrades in Arms: A Chronicle of the War of Independence - George McKinnon Wrong
The Fathers of the Constitution: A Chronicle of the Establishment of the Union - Max Farrand
Washington & His Colleagues: A Chronicle of the New Order in Politics - Henry Jones Ford
Jefferson & His Colleagues: A Chronicle of the Virginia Dynasty - Allen Johnson
John Marshall & the Constitution: A Chronicle of the Supreme Court - Edward Samuel Corwin
The Fight for a Free Sea: A Chronicle of the War of 1812 - Ralph Delahaye Paine
Pioneers of the Old Southwest: A Chronicle of the Dark & Bloody Ground - Constance Lindsay Skinner
The Old Northwest: A Chronicle of the Ohio Valley & Beyond - Frederic Austin Ogg
The Reign of Andrew Jackson: A Chronicle of the Frontier in Politics - Frederic Austin Ogg
The Paths of Inland Commerce: A Chronicle of Trail - Archer Butler Hulbert
Adventures of Oregon: A Chronicle of the Fur Trade - Constance Lindsey Skinner
The Spanish Borderland: A Chronicle of Old Florida & the Southwest - Herbert Eugene Bolton
Texas & the Mexican War: A Chronicle of the Winning of the Southwest - Nathaniel W. Stephenson
The Forty-Niners: A Chronicle of the California Trail & El Dorado - Stewart Edward White
The Passing of the Frontier: A Chronicle of the Old West - Emerson Hough
The Cotton Kingdom: A Chronicle of the Old South - William Edward Dodd
The Anti-Slavery Crusade: A Chronicle of the Gathering Storm - Jesse Macy
Abraham Lincoln & the Union: A Chronicle of the Embattled North - Nathaniel W. Stephenson
The Day of the Confederacy: A Chronicle of the Embattled South - Nathaniel W. Stephenson
Captains of the Civil War: A Chronicle of the Blue & the Gray - William Charles Henry Wood
The Sequel of Appomattox: A Chronicle of the Reunion of the States - Walter Lynwood Fleming
The American Spirit in Education: A Chronicle of Great Teachers - Edward Emery Slosson
The American Spirit in Literature: A Chronicle of Great Interpreters - Bliss Perry
Our Foreigners: A Chronicle of Americans in the Making - Samuel Peter Orth
The Old Merchant Marine: A Chronicle of American Ships & Sailors - Ralph Delahaye Painee
The Age of Invention: A Chronicle of Mechanical Conquest - Holland Thompson
The Railroad Builders: A Chronicle of the Welding of the States - John Moody
The Age of Big Business: A Chronicle of the Captains of Industry - Burton J. Hendrick
The Armies of Labor: A Chronicle of the Organized Wage-Earners - Samuel Peter ORth
The Masters of Capital: A Chronicle of Wall Street - John Moody
The New South: A Chronicle of Social & Industrial Evolution - Holland Thompson
The Boss & the Machine: A Chronicle of the Politicians & Party Organization - Samuel Peter ORth
The Cleveland Era: A Chronicle of the New Order in Politics - Allen Johnson
The Agrarian Crusade: A Chronicle of the Farmer in Politics - Solon Justus Buck
The Path of Empire: A Chronicle of the U.S. as a World Power - Carl Russell Fish
Theodore Roosevelt & His Times: A Chronicle of the Progressive Movement - Harold Howland
Woodrow Wilson & the World War: A Chronicle of Our Own Times - Charles Seymour
The Canadian Dominion: A Chronicle of Our Own Times - Charles Seymour
The Hispanic Nations of the New World: A Chronicle of Our Southern Neighbors - William R. ShepherdIn 1923, Yale decided to create a series of films based on the books. Fifteen films were ultimately produced.
The series was republished in 2003 by Kessington Publishing, a publisher of rare and out of print books/Emerson Hough Elementary School
Emerson Hough Elementary School is a historic complex located in Newton, Iowa, United States. It was the first school in the state to employ the Platoon system of education. In this system students spent half of their day studying fundamental subjects and the other half studying specialty subjects like art. Enrollment in the local public schools increased 57 percent between 1923 and 1927. The district could not afford to build the number schools required using a traditional education system, but they could house twice the number of students in a single building using the Platoon system. The school was named for Newton native Emerson Hough, who wrote novels about the American West and co-founded the Izaak Walton League. The two-story brick Italian Renaissance Revival structure was built in 1927. The building was expanded to the north in 1993, and at that time the interior was extensively renovated. Only the gymnasium and the front central hallway were not altered. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.Harry Mathes
Harry A. Mathes (1882–1969) was an American painter in the New York art scene from the early 20th century until his death in 1969. He was a graduate of the Chicago Art Institute. He had additional training in Paris, London, Munich and Italy between the wars (and with Hans Hofmann). He settled in New York City living most of his life in Greenwich Village and he was a frequent exhibitor at the Lynn Kottler and Pietrantonio galleries and at juried shows. His stylistic repertoire encompassed post-impressionism, cubism and abstract expressionism. Mathes had a lifetime membership in the New York Art Students' League, where he studied over several decades. Pre-1950s colleagues include Sigmund Menkes, Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Nahum Tschacbasov, and others. Midwestern artist Joe Jones credits Mathes for "training" him during a brief residence in St. Louis as one of the "Blue Lantern" waterfront group in the early 1920s. Mathes was reviewed in the New York Times and the Herald Tribune, and is listed in Who Was Who in American Art. The recipient of numerous awards and prizes, he was photographed by Paul Juley in the 1950s and 60s and exhibited at the National Museum of American Art as part of the Peter Juley and Son Collection documenting American artists, which currently resides in the archive of the Museum of American Art, the Smithsonian Institution.Hough (surname)
Hough is an English surname and is also used in Ireland as a variant of Haugh. Notable people with the surname include:
Benson W. Hough (1875–1935), US federal judge
Franklin B. Hough
George W. Hough (1836-1909) US Astronomer
Gerald Hough (1894–1959), English cricketer
Henry Hughes Hough
James Hough, British physicist
Jason M. Hough, the author of The Dire Earth Cycle
Jerry F. Hough
John Hough (bishop) (1651–1743), English bishop
John Hough (director), film director
Paul Hough, film director
Maxine Hough, American politician
Michael Hough (politician), American politician
Richard Hough (1922–1999), British author and historian
Richard R. Hough (1917–1992), American engineer and executive
Romeyn Beck Hough (1857-1924), American botanist and physician
Stephen Hough, concert pianist
Walter HoughL. Frank Baum bibliography
This is complete bibliography by American children's writer L. Frank Baum.Nathaniel D. Mann
Nathaniel D. Mann was an American composer best known for his work with L. Frank Baum. He composed at least two songs with Baum, "Different Ways of Making Love" and "It Happens Ev'ry Day," and another with John Slavin, "She Didn't Really Mind the Thing at All," for The Wizard of Oz stage musical in 1902, and in 1908, composed the first original film score (27 cues) for The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays, one of the earliest feature-length fiction films (and the earliest film adaptations of the novels The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, The Marvelous Land of Oz, Ozma of Oz, John Dough and the Cherub, and Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, presented by Baum himself), which debuted September 24, 1908. With Baum, he also composed the musical The King of Gee-Whiz (dated February 23, 1905), which went through various titles such as Montezuma (November 1902), King Jonah XIII (September 1903), and The Son of the Sun (1905). This was collaboration with and based on a novel by Emerson Hough, which was never completed and the extant scenario published in 1969.His other works include The Sultan of Sulu with George Ade and Alfred George Whathall (1902), "Moon, Moon," sung by Christie MacDonald in The Toreador (1902), The Mayor of Tokio with William Frederick Peters (1905), The Alaskan with R. F. Carroll (1909), Imam : A Mohammedan Serenade (1912), and the one-act ballet, La Naissance de la Rose (Opus 52) (1914). Much of his work consisted of coon songs.National Register of Historic Places listings in Jasper County, Iowa
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Jasper County, Iowa.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Jasper County, Iowa, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a map.There are 14 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted December 21, 2018.North of 36
North of 36 is a 1924 silent film Western Drama produced by Famous Players-Lasky and distributed by Paramount Pictures. The film is based on the novel, North of 36, by Emerson Hough. The film was directed by Irvin Willat and stars Jack Holt and Lois Wilson. This film was preserved in the Library of Congress in the 1970s and has been restored by that archive with a new screening of the restored film in the summer of 2011 in upstate New York.One Hour of Love
One Hour of Love is a 1927 American silent romantic drama film directed by Robert Florey and starring Jacqueline Logan, Robert Frazer and Montagu Love. It is now considered to be a lost film.
The film's sets were designed by the art director Edwin B. Willis.Plays of L. Frank Baum
The plays of L. Frank Baum are an important aspect of Baum's writing career about which some of the least is known. While even most brief biographies, long before the Internet, have noted Baum's work as a playwright, these works have been rarely performed beyond his lifetime, and almost none have been published aside from two scenarios and a first act of three unfinished works in The Musical Fantasies of L. Frank Baum, compiled with an introduction by Alla T. Ford. Aside from his youthful success with The Maid of Arran, his blockbuster eight-year run with The Wizard of Oz, his failure with The Woggle-Bug, and The Tik-Tok Man of Oz as source material for his novel, Tik-Tok of Oz, very little is known about his dramatic output, and mostly from the publications of Michael Patrick Hearn, Susan Ferrara, and Katharine M. Rogers. Hearn identifies 41 different titles in the bibliography of the 2000 edition of The Annotated Wizard of Oz, plus one play without a title, although some of these titles clearly refer to drafts of the same play, such as the early titles of The Tik-Tok Man of Oz.
One of the most contentious works is The Whatnexters (1903). Michael Patrick Hearn listed it under the plays in The Annotated Wizard of Oz (2000). Katharine M. Rogers takes this citation and suggests that this is "one of Baum's little jokes" and that the play never actually existed. In fact, Hearn's source is The Story of the House of Witmark: From Ragtime to Swingtime, which refers to it as the "first chapter of an unfinished book" by Baum and Isidore Witmark. Rogers cites an article by Russel P. MacFall in the Winter 1982 issue of The Baum Bugle that exemplifies the estranged Frank Joslyn Baum not knowing what he is talking about. His biography, of L. Frank Baum, To Please a Child was written after being estranged from his mother, and contains numerous made up details.Publishers Weekly list of bestselling novels in the United States in the 1900s
This is a list of bestselling novels in the United States in the 1900s, as determined by Publishers Weekly. The list features the most popular novels of each year from 1900 through 1909.
The standards set for inclusion in the lists – which, for example, led to the exclusion of the novels in the Harry Potter series from the lists for the 1990s and 2000s – are currently unknown. For 1895–1912, the lists were compiled from the New York Bookman, which is one of the only comprehensive sources.The Conquering Horde
The Conquering Horde is a 1931 American pre-Code Western directed by Edward Sloman and written by Emerson Hough, Grover Jones and William Slavens McNutt. The film stars Richard Arlen, Fay Wray, Claude Gillingwater, Ian Maclaren, Frank Rice, Arthur Stone and George Mendoza. The film was released on January 31, 1931, by Paramount Pictures.The Covered Wagon
The Covered Wagon is a 1923 American silent Western film released by Paramount Pictures. The film was directed by James Cruze based on a novel by Emerson Hough about a group of pioneers traveling through the old West from Kansas to Oregon. J. Warren Kerrigan starred as Will Banion and Lois Wilson as Molly Wingate. On their quest they experience desert heat, mountain snow, hunger, and Indian attack.The Covered Wagon is one of many films from 1923 that entered the public domain in the United States on January 1, 2019The Mississippi Bubble
The Mississippi Bubble is a 1902 novel by American author Emerson Hough. It was Hough's first bestseller, and the fourth-best selling novel in the United States in 1902.The historical novel revolves around the story of John Law (1671-1729) and the "Mississippi Bubble", an economic bubble of speculative investment in the French colony of Louisiana.The book sold well from the time of its release, with The New York Times reporting 1,000 copies selling per day in the first month of its release. It became the number one best-selling book in America for the month in the August 1902 issue of The Bookman.Hough wrote the book at night, working between 10pm and 4am, after his day job at Forest and Stream magazine in Chicago. He earned $11,640.15 from it.The Ship of Souls
The Ship of Souls was a 1925 western novel by Emerson Hough, published after his death. It included 16 illustrations by WHD Koerner. It was made into a 1925 silent 3-D film of the same name, The Ship of Souls.The Ship of Souls (film)
The Ship of Souls was a 1925 silent 3-D western. It was based on the western novel The Ship of Souls by Emerson Hough, published after his death. It was produced by Max O. Miller, who created the 3-D process used in the film.The Texans
The Texans is a 1938 American Western film directed by James P. Hogan and starring by Joan Bennett, Randolph Scott. The screenplay was written by Bertram Millhauser, Paul Sloane and William Wister Haines and is based on the story North of '36 by Emerson Hough.
Most of the exterior scenes were filmed about 30 miles (48 km) east of Cotulla, Texas on the 35,000-acre (140 km2) La Mota Ranch. Other scenes were filmed near Laredo, Texas. 2500 Texas Longhorns were used for the herd. Interior scenes were recorded at Paramount Studios in Hollywood. The Texans premiered at San Antonio's Majestic Theater on July 16, 1938.