Emergency physician

An emergency physician is a physician who works at an emergency department to care for ill patients. The emergency physician is a specialist in advanced cardiac life support (advanced life support in Europe), resuscitation, trauma care such as fractures and soft tissue injuries, and management of other life-threatening situations.

In some European countries (e.g. Germany, Belgium, Poland, Austria and Denmark), emergency physicians/anaesthetists[1] are also part of the emergency medical service and are dispatched together with EMTs and paramedics in cases of potentially life-threatening situations for patients (heart attacks, serious accidents, resuscitations or unconsciousness, strokes, drug overdoses, etc.). An emergency physician is a "Jack of all trades". In the United States, emergency physicians are mostly hospital-based, but they often work on air ambulances and mobile intensive-care units.

When a patient is brought into the emergency department, he or she is usually sent to triage first. The patient may be triaged by an emergency physician, a paramedic, or a nurse; in the United States, triage is usually performed by a registered nurse. If the patient is admitted to the hospital, another physician such as a cardiologist or neurologist takes over from the emergency physician.

Emergency physician
HS Læge
Emergency physician's vehicle operated by Copenhagen Fire Brigade.
Occupation
NamesPhysician, Medical Specialist
Occupation type
Specialty
Activity sectors
Medicine
Description
Education required
Doctor of Medicine, Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine
Fields of
employment
Hospitals, Clinics, Helicopter Emergecy Medical Service

See also

References

  1. ^ "Training". Ibtphem.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-11.

https://web.archive.org/web/20140413154824/http://www.ibtphem.org.uk/IBTPHEM/Training.html

Andrew R. Morgan

Andrew Richard "Drew" Morgan (born February 5, 1976) is a NASA astronaut from the class of 2013.Andrew Morgan is a Colonel in the U.S. Army from New Castle, Pennsylvania. Morgan is a graduate of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, and earned a doctorate in medicine from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. He has experience as an emergency physician and flight surgeon for the Army special operations community, and completed a sports medicine fellowship through Virginia Commonwealth University in Fairfax, VA. He is scheduled to make his first flight into space in July of 2019 onboard the Soyuz MS-13 mission, where he will serve as a flight engineer on Expedition 60/61. He and his wife, Stacey, have four children.

British Columbia Ambulance Service

The British Columbia Ambulance Service (BCAS) is the sole ambulance service and provider of pre-hospital emergency care in the province of British Columbia. BCAS is managed by British Columbia Emergency Health Services (BCEHS) and falls under the jurisdiction of the Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA). The service is tasked with the provision of emergency medical response province-wide. Today, BC Ambulance is among the largest Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provider in Canada and North America. The fleet consists of more than 500 ground ambulances operating from 183 stations across the province along with 80 support vehicles. BCAS provides inter-facility patient transfer services in circumstances where a patient needs to be moved between health care facilities for treatment. BCAS also operates an airevac program that utilizes both fixed-wing and rotary aircraft.

Emergency medical services in Germany

Emergency Medical Service (German: "Rettungsdienst", lit. "Rescue Service") in Germany is a service of public pre-hospital emergency healthcare, including ambulance service, provided by individual German cities and counties. It is primarily financed by the German health insurance companies.

Emergency medicine

Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with the care of illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention. Emergency physicians care for unscheduled and undifferentiated patients of all ages. As first-line providers, their primary responsibility is to initiate resuscitation and stabilization and to start investigations and interventions to diagnose and treat illnesses in the acute phase. Emergency physicians generally practice in hospital emergency departments, pre-hospital settings via emergency medical services, and intensive care units, but may also work in primary care settings such as urgent care clinics. Sub-specializations of emergency medicine include disaster medicine, medical toxicology, ultrasonography, critical care medicine, hyperbaric medicine, sports medicine, palliative care, or aerospace medicine.

Different models for emergency medicine exist internationally. In countries following the Anglo-American model, emergency medicine was originally the domain of surgeons, general practitioners, and other generalist physicians, but in recent decades it has become recognised as a speciality in its own right with its own training programmes and academic posts, and the specialty is now a popular choice among medical students and newly qualified medical practitioners. By contrast, in countries following the Franco-German model, the speciality does not exist and emergency medical care is instead provided directly by anesthesiologists (for critical resuscitation), surgeons, specialists in internal medicine, pediatricians, cardiologists or neurologists as appropriate. In developing countries, emergency medicine is still evolving and international emergency medicine programs offer hope of improving basic emergency care where resources are limited.

Fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians

Fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians, or FACEP, is a post-nominal title used to indicate that an emergency physician's education and training, professional qualifications, and ethical conduct have passed a rigorous evaluation, and have been found to be consistent with the high standards established and demanded by American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP).

To become a Fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians, a physician must be an active, life, honorary, or international member of ACEP for three consecutive years and primarily practice as an emergency physician, exclusive of training. The physician must also be board certified by the American Board of Emergency Medicine or the American Osteopathic Board of Emergency Medicine, or by the American Board of Pediatrics in pediatric emergency medicine. Each of these professional boards are member boards of the American Board of Medical Specialties.

Ivan Raimi

Ivan M. Raimi (born 1956) is an American Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.), and screenwriter, and the older brother of filmmaker Sam Raimi and actor Ted Raimi. Ivan works as an emergency physician in Ann Arbor, traveling to Los Angeles occasionally to work in Hollywood.

James Heilman

James M. Heilman (born 1979/1980) is a Canadian emergency physician, Wikipedian, and advocate for the improvement of Wikipedia's health-related content. He encourages other clinicians to contribute to the online encyclopedia.With the Wikipedia username Doc James, Heilman is an active contributor to WikiProject Medicine, and a volunteer Wikipedia administrator. He was the president of Wikimedia Canada between 2010 and 2013, and founded and was formerly the president of Wiki Project Med Foundation. He is also the founder of WikiProject Medicine's Medicine Translation Task Force. In June 2015, he was elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, a position which he held until he was removed on December 28, 2015. Heilman was re-elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees in May 2017.Heilman is a clinical assistant professor at the department of emergency medicine at the University of British Columbia, and the head of the department of emergency medicine at East Kootenay Regional Hospital in Cranbrook, British Columbia, where he lives.

John Kitzhaber

John Albert Kitzhaber (born March 5, 1947) is an American physician and former politician. He is the longest-serving governor in Oregon's history, as well as the only Oregon governor to resign because of a scandal. He served two terms from 1995 until 2003, another full-term from 2011 until 2015, and was sworn in for a fourth term on January 12, 2015. He resigned on February 18, 2015, with state and federal investigations into criminal allegations against him and his fiancée, Cylvia Hayes. A member of the Democratic Party, Kitzhaber previously served in the Oregon House of Representatives (1979–81) and Oregon Senate (1981–93), including as Senate President (1985–93). He was also an emergency physician and has worked as a health care administrator.

Born in Colfax, Washington, Kitzhaber graduated from Dartmouth College with a B.A. degree, earning his M.D. from Oregon Health & Science University. Kitzhaber began his career as an emergency physician before he was elected to the Oregon House of Representatives in 1978. He served one term in the Oregon House from 1979 to 1981 and was elected to the Oregon State Senate in 1980. He served three terms in the Oregon Senate from 1981 to 1993, and served as Oregon's Senate President from 1985 to 1993.

In 1994, after incumbent Governor Barbara Roberts announced she would not run for reelection, Kitzhaber declared his intention to run for governor. He prevailed in the Democratic primary and defeated former Representative and Republican nominee Denny Smith with 50% of the vote in the general election and was sworn into office on January 9, 1995. He was then reelected in 1998, defeating conservative activist Bill Sizemore. His initial governorship ended January 13, 2003.

After his first tenure as governor, Kitzhaber became the director of the Center for Evidence Based Policy at the Oregon Health & Science University, served as the executive chair and president at both the Foundation for Medical Excellence and the Estes Park Institute, and founded the health care advocacy group the Archimedes Movement. In September 2009, Kitzhaber announced he would run for a third term as governor, defeating Oregon Secretary of State Bill Bradbury in the Democratic primary and former professional basketball player Chris Dudley with 49% of the vote in Oregon's 2010 gubernatorial election. He was reelected to a historic fourth term in the 2014 gubernatorial election, defeating state representative Dennis Richardson.On February 13, 2015, facing a federal criminal investigation, Kitzhaber announced his intention to resign as governor effective February 18. Secretary of State Kate Brown succeeded him. In 2017, the federal government dropped its investigation against Kitzhaber without filing charges. The Oregon ethics commission found 10 instances when Kitzhaber used his political office for personal gain. He agreed to pay a settlement fine of $20,000.

Kalpana Pandit

Kalpana Pandit is an Indian film actress, model, and emergency physician. She owns the film production company House of Pandit (TM). She is known for her works in Bollywood, and Kannada cinema. In 2008, she hosted the technical awards ceremony of Zee Cine Awards in London. In 2012, Pandit served as one of the jury of the Mrs. America Pageant 2012, which took place on 29 August 2012, at Tucson, Arizona. In November 2013, Pandit served on the Celebrity Judging Panel of "Mrs World 2013" held in Guangzhou, China.

Kevin Chan

Kevin Chan is the Chair of Pediatrics at Memorial University of Newfoundland and Clinical Chief of Children's Health at the Janeway Children's Health and Rehabilitation Centre in St. John's, Newfoundland where he also works as an emergency physician. He previously worked as an emergency physician at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario.

He received a Bachelor of Science B.Sc. (Hon.) from the University of Toronto, an MD from the University of Ottawa, and an MPH From Harvard University.

In 1994, Dr. Chan co-founded the Student University Network for Social and International Health or Reseau Etudiants Universitaire Pour la Sociale et Sante Internationale. He also helped found the Centre for International Health and Development at the University of Ottawa and the Centre for International Health at the University of British Columbia.

In 2001-2002, he was co-chair of the Canadian Society for International Health, and between 2001-2003 he was President of the International Child Health Section of the Canadian Paediatric Society. He was the recipient of the Chris Krogh award Prize from the Global Health Education Consortium (now Consortium of University for Global Health).

He is currently the president of the Emergency Medicine Section of the Canadian Pediatric Society, an executive member of the Section on International Child Health of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

He is the winner of the Frank Knox Memorial Fellowship from Harvard University in 2002. In 2003, he won the Yale Johnson & Johnson Physician Scholarship in International Health. He has also been a recipient of the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Scholarship.Chan has worked extensively in Malawi, Uganda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, as well as in complex humanitarian emergency situations in Rwanda and Kosovo. He is a co-founder of KidECare, a pediatric urgent care clinic in Toronto.

Kevin is the brother of Arnold Chan.

Leana Wen

Leana Sheryle Wen (Chinese: 温麟衍; born January 27, 1983), is an American physician, public health advocate, and author. She is the president of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and author of the book When Doctors Don't Listen: How to Avoid Misdiagnoses and Unnecessary Tests.

Wen previously practiced as an emergency physician at the George Washington University, where she served as a professor in the School of Medicine & Health Sciences and professor in health policy at the Milken Institute School of Public Health. Prior to this, she was an emergency physician at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital, where she was on the faculty of Harvard Medical School. She also served as the national president of the American Medical Student Association and the American Academy of Emergency Medicine/Resident and Student Association. From December 2014 until early September 2018, Wen served as the health commissioner for Baltimore City under two mayors.

On September 12, 2018, Wen was appointed head of Planned Parenthood Federation of America, effective November 12, 2018, following her planned departure as Health Commissioner of Baltimore City, Maryland. She is Planned Parenthood's first Asian American president.

Margaret Anne Staggers

Margaret Anne "Peggy" Staggers (born January 12, 1945) was a Democratic member of the West Virginia House of Delegates and served as an Assistant Majority Whip. Staggers is an emergency physician.

Mary Sheila Christian

Mary Sheila Christian (16 September 1924 – 24 July 1997) was a British emergency physician and general surgeon. She is considered one of the founders of accident and emergency medicine in the United Kingdom.

Neal Flomenbaum

Neal Flomenbaum is an emergency physician, author, editor, and an expert in emergency medicine and clinical toxicology. He is emergency physician-in-chief at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center; medical director of the NewYork-Presbyterian Emergency Medical Service; and professor of clinical medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University.

Nontransporting EMS vehicle

A nontransporting EMS vehicle, (also known by a variety of local names including fly-car and variations on response vehicle), is an emergency medical service (EMS) vehicle that responds to emergencies, but is not designed to transport a patient. For patients whose condition requires transport (e.g. to a hospital), an ambulance is necessary.

Non-transporting response vehicles (transport refers to the ability to transport a patient on a stretcher) are used for a variety of reasons, including economic, supervisory, and logistical (see Purpose, below). In some cases they may fulfill other duties when not participating in EMS operations, such as policing or fire suppression.

Paramedics in Germany

Paramedics in Germany are the main providers of emergency care in emergency medical services in Germany. There exist two professional levels regulated by federal law, the Rettungsassistent (two year education, effective 1989 until 2013) and the Notfallsanitäter (three year education, starting 2014).

Both are able to provide the first level of pre-hospital emergency care. Additionally, they can get backup by an emergency physician on scene. Thus the German paramedic scope of skills include a set of advanced life support (ALS) treatments, which they have to perform until an emergency doctor is on scene. Then the paramedics (and other medical staff on scene) act under direct medical supervision of the physician.

Non life-threatening emergencies are handled solely by the paramedic ambulances without a physician on scene.

Other regulated qualifications in German EMS are Notarzt (emergency physician) and the more basic emergency technician level Rettungssanitäter.

Raul Ruiz (politician)

Raul Ruiz (; born August 25, 1972) is an American physician and politician serving as the U.S. Representative for California's 36th congressional district since 2013. He is a member of the Democratic Party.Born in Zacatecas City, Mexico, Ruiz grew up in Coachella, California. He was the first Latino to receive three graduate degrees from Harvard University, attending Harvard Medical School, the John F. Kennedy School of Government and Harvard School of Public Health. He worked as an emergency physician at the Eisenhower Medical Center before assisting humanitarian efforts in the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake. In what was considered a major upset, Ruiz defeated redistricted incumbent Republican U.S. Representative Mary Bono Mack in the 2012 election with a 52.9% to 47.1% margin. He was reelected to Congress in 2014 with 54.2% of the vote, after what was considered one of the most competitive congressional races in the country; in 2016 and 2018, he received about 60% of the vote.

Rega (air rescue)

Swiss Air-Rescue (German: Schweizerische Rettungsflugwacht, French: Garde aérienne suisse de sauvetage, Rega) is a private, non-profit air rescue service that provides emergency medical assistance in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Rega was established on 27 April 1952 by Dr Rudolf Bucher, who believed the Swiss rescue organization needed a specialized air sub-section. Rega mainly assists with mountain rescues, though it will also operate in other terrains when needed, most notably during life-threatening emergencies. Rega also provides a repatriation and medical advice service for members who experience a medical emergency while abroad and local treatment is not available.

Rega also aids alpine farmers during the summer months in rescuing livestock and retrieving dead animals.

As a non-profit foundation, Rega does not receive financial assistance from any government. They are quite unique within Europe, with the majority of their costs paid through the annual fees of private contributors (As of 2016: 3.2 million patrons, 38% of the population). In exchange, Rega does not charge its contributors for its search, rescue and repatriation costs. One other rare aspect of Rega is that people in distress can call for a helicopter rescue directly (phone number 1414). In case of insufficient mobile phone coverage, alpinists can also use emergency radio telephone (161.3 MHz).

The head office, the Rega Centre, (home to the Rega operations center where all missions are coordinated) is a hangar located at the northeast section of Zurich-Kloten airport within the municipality of Kloten; the hangar has direct access to the runways of the airport. All Rega helicopters carry a crew of three: a pilot, an emergency physician, and a paramedic who is also trained to assist the pilot for radio communication, navigation, terrain/object avoidance, and winch operations. In some situations, such as evacuating cable cars or retrieving injured climbers from a rock face, the crew also consists of a specialist trained by the Swiss Alpine Club.

In the Canton of Valais, helicopter search and rescue is carried out by Air Glaciers and Air Zermatt.

Sean Conley

Sean Patrick Conley is an American physician and United States Navy officer who is the incumbent Physician to the President.Conley was born in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Central Bucks High School East, and received his bachelor's degree from the University of Notre Dame in 2002.

Conley received his Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree from the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine in 2006. He is a 2013 graduate of the Emergency Medicine Residency Program of Naval Medical Center Portsmouth in Portsmouth, Virginia. He received the Honor Graduate Award, Nurses' Choice Award for Outstanding Senior Resident Award, and the Resident Research Award. In 2014, he served as an emergency physician with the International Security Assistance Force at Kandahar International Airport outside the city of Kandahar, Afghanistan. He was assigned to NATO Role 3 MMU, and was appointed head of the trauma department. The unit won a commendation from the Romanian Land Forces for saving the life of a Romanian soldier injured by an improvised explosive device in 2014. He served as the research director at Portsmouth Navy Department of Emergency Medicine prior to his assignment to the White House Medical Unit.He became the Physician to the President upon Ronny Jackson's nomination for Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

He became the acting White House physician on March 28, 2018 and on May 4, 2018 became the Physician to the President.

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