Elongated Man

The Elongated Man (Randolph "Ralph" Dibny) is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. He is a member of three incarnations of the Justice League. His first appearance was in The Flash vol. 1, #112 (May 12, 1960).[1]

The character has won and been nominated for several awards over the years, including winning the 1961 Alley Award for Best Supporting Character.

He is played by Hartley Sawyer on The Flash, starting in the fourth season. He became part of the main cast starting in the fifth season.

Elongated Man
Elongated Man
Publication information
PublisherDC Comics
First appearanceThe Flash vol. 1, #112 (May 12, 1960).
Created byJohn Broome (writer) and Carmine Infantino (artist)
In-story information
Alter egoRandolph William "Ralph" Dibny
SpeciesMetahuman
Team affiliationsJustice League
Doom Patrol
Black Lantern Corps
PartnershipsSue Dibny
Flash (Barry Allen)
AbilitiesSuperior deductive reasoning
Finite ability to stretch and shape his body
Enhanced agility, and olfactory sense
Greatly enhanced durability
Talented chemist

Publication history

Elongated Man was created by writer John Broome and penciler Carmine Infantino, with significant input from editor Julius Schwartz, who wanted a new supporting character for the Flash. Julius Schwartz has noted that Elongated Man was only created because he had not realized that Plastic Man was available due to character rights having been obtained by DC in 1956 (along with other Quality Comics properties). However, Infantino and inker Murphy Anderson stated that he never used him as a reference for anything.[2][3][4]

Elongated Man received a solo backup feature in Detective Comics, where he was redefined as a detective who loves odd mysteries and travels the United States in a convertible with his wife, searching for them. Sometimes they would travel the world or meet other DC superheroes like Batman, Green Lantern, the Atom and Zatanna. This feature became sporadic during the late '60s and throughout the '70s. However, in 1973, he became a member of the Justice League of America, and he is mostly seen in that title from 1973 to 1995.

Fictional character biography

As a teenager, Ralph Dibny was fascinated by contortionists, or people who displayed feats of agility and suppleness. He learned that all of the body-benders he spoke with drank a popular soda called "Gingold." Ralph set to work learning chemistry and developed a super-concentrated extract of the rare "gingo" fruit of the Yucatan, which gave him his elasticity.[1] In his first appearance, the Flash suspects the Elongated Man is behind several crimes, but the Elongated Man helps capture the criminals, who reveal they used a helicopter to frame him.

Ralph Dibny was one of the earliest Silver Age DC heroes to reveal his secret identity to the public, and also one of the first to marry his love interest. After teaming up with several other superheroes like Batman, Green Lantern, the Atom, Zatanna and the Justice League of America, he became a member of the team. Eventually, his wife became a member as well. The couple was also notable in having a stable, happy, and relatively trouble-free marriage—an anomaly in the soap operatic annals of super hero comic books.

Identity Crisis

Ralph Dibny played a central role in the events of Identity Crisis, with the main arc of the series revolving around the DC Universe's response to the murder of Sue Dibny. The healthy, stable relationship between Ralph and Sue, and the events that led to and resulted from her death, were used as primary narrative devices throughout the series for examining the respective personal relationships of other JLA and JSA members (and to a lesser extent, members of the supervillain community).

The effect of Sue's death on Ralph (compounded by the fact that Sue was apparently pregnant at the time of her death) would come to shape his character significantly in the events following Identity Crisis, eventually culminating at the end of the weekly series 52.

Ralph and Sue appeared as members of the Justice League offshoot the Super Buddies in the miniseries Formerly Known as the Justice League and its sequel story arc "I Can't Believe It's Not The Justice League" published in JLA: Classified #4-9. The latter arc was produced before Identity Crisis but published afterwards. A running joke in "I Can't Believe It's Not The Justice League" involves the possibility of Sue's pregnancy.

52

In the 2006 weekly series 52, a grief-stricken Ralph Dibny is contemplating suicide when he is informed that Sue's gravestone has been vandalized[5] with an inverted version of Superman's 'S' symbol—the Kryptonian symbol for resurrection. He confronts Cassandra Sandsmark,[6] and she tells Dibny that she is in a cult that believes that Superboy can be resurrected. She steals Ralph's wedding ring after the cult members try to drown Ralph.[7]

During Week 11, after scaring some cult members and chasing them off, he gets a report that someone broke into a storage container in Opal City and stole Sue's clothes.[8] In Week 12, Ralph finds Wonder Girl and she tells him they stole the clothes and ring to make a Sue dummy. She invites him to the ceremony.[9]

During Week 13, Ralph goes to the ceremony. Metamorpho, Green Arrow, Zauriel, and Hal Jordan come with him. Despite his initial agreement, Dibny and his friends disrupt the ceremony, but the effigy of Sue crawls to Dibny and calls out to him as it burns; Dibny suffers a nervous breakdown as a result.[10]

During Week 18, other members of the Croatoan Society: Detective Chimp, Terri Thirteen, and Edogawa Sangaku find Tim Trench dead with the helmet of Doctor Fate, Nabu. Ralph comes to investigate and asks for help from Shadowpact, Detective Chimp's other group. A voice from within the helm of Doctor Fate, unheard by the other members of the group, speaks to Dibny and promises to fulfill his desires if he makes certain sacrifices.[11] Dibny journeys with the helm through the afterlives of several cultures, where he is cautioned about the use of magic.

During Week 27, the Spectre promises to resurrect Sue in exchange for Dibny's taking vengeance on Jean Loring, but Dibny is unable to do so.[12]

During Week 32, Ralph ventures to Nanda Parbat and gets into a fight with the Yeti. The Perfect Accomplished Physician comes to the rescue. Both he and the Yeti are members of the Great Ten, defenders of China. At Nanda Parbat, Rama Kushna tells Dibny, "The end is already written".[13]

During week 42, Dibny is in Dr. Fate's tower. He begins the spell to resurrect Sue, puts on the helmet of Fate, and shoots it, revealing Felix Faust, who was posing as Nabu. Faust planned to trade Dibny's soul to Neron in exchange for his own freedom. Ralph reveals that he was aware of Faust's identity for some time, and that the binding spell surrounding the tower is designed to imprison Faust, not to counter any negative effects of the spell. Neron appears and kills Dibny, only to realize too late that the binding spell responds only to Dibny's commands: Through his death Ralph has trapped Faust and Neron in the tower, seemingly for eternity, though his methods of doing so are unknown.[14] His spirit is later seen reunited with his wife.[15] However, Neron (who is, after all, the Devil) is able to escape almost immediately. During the Black Adam Dark Ages miniseries, Faust is shown to escape with the help of Black Adam and a resurrected Isis, who is under Faust's mental control. These events take place just prior to Countdown, indicating that Faust had only been there for a few weeks.

At the end of Week 52 it is revealed that Dibny's magical, wish-granting gun (a souvenir from "The Anselmo Case", a reference to The Life Story of the Flash), worked—Ralph's last wish was to be reunited with his wife, even in death—and that Ralph and Sue are now reunited as ghost detectives, investigating a school where a paranormal phenomenon has just occurred.[1]

One Year Later

In Blue Beetle #16, Traci 13 mentioned that she had been taken in by Ralph and Sue after her mother died.

In the 2007-08 Black Adam miniseries Dark Ages, it is shown that Ralph's remains are still inside Fate's Tower when Teth-Adam asks Faust if his deal to trick Dibny had worked. Ralph's skeleton is used by Faust to create the illusion that Adam's attempt at resurrecting Isis had failed.

In Batman and the Outsiders #5, it is revealed (after appearing unknown in the previous two issues) that Ralph and Sue have gained or discovered the ability to possess human bodies, like the ability of Boston Brand, AKA Deadman.

Reign in Hell

Ralph and Sue, in their ghostly forms, appear before Doctor Occult with news of the war brewing in Hell. Sent by Giovanni Zatara, who as a member of the Hell Resistance Movement hopes to take advantage of the war, they ask Doctor Occult to aid him in his plan. They then dissipate and leave him to make his decision.[16]

Blackest Night

In Blackest Night #0, Ralph and Sue Dibny's graves are shown during Black Hand's chant. At the end of the issue (in the promotional profile image of the Black Lantern Corps) his hand is easily identifiable as popping out of its grave. Ralph and Sue's corpses are revealed as having been reanimated as Black Lanterns, attacking Hawkman and Hawkgirl; Ralph beating Hawkman with his mace before ripping out Hawkman's heart.[17] Next, they are seen in Gotham City with the Black Lanterns Martian Manhunter, Hawkman, Hawkgirl, and Firestorm preparing to kill the Flash and Green Lantern.[18] He and Sue are both turned to ash when the Indigo Tribe destroys their rings.[19] In the final battle, the Flash looks around to see if Ralph and Sue were among those resurrected by the White Entity only to be told by Green Lantern they were not coming back.[20]

The New 52

In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, Ralph Dibny is apparently a rogue member of the Secret Six, under the alias of Damon Wells a.k.a. Big Shot, reporting to the Riddler who in this incarnation of the team serves as "Mockingbird."[21] After having reunited with his wife, Dibny makes his return as the costumed Elongated Man in Secret Six #12.

Powers and abilities

The Elongated Man gained his abilities by drinking a refined version of a soft drink named Gingold that contains the extract of a (fictional) fruit called gingo. It was revealed in Invasion #3 that he is a metahuman, and the Gingoid elixir interacted with his latent genes. An ordinary human would not develop such powers through ingesting the extract. In fact, most people are extremely allergic to highly concentrated Gingold. The only other hero in the DCU who uses Gingold is Stretch, a member of Hero Hotline who has been using the compound since the 1940s.

As his name suggests, the Elongated Man can stretch his limbs and body to super-human lengths and sizes. These stretching powers grant the Elongated Man heightened agility enabling flexibility and coordination that is beyond the natural limits of the human body. He can contort his body into various positions and sizes impossible for ordinary humans, such as being entirely flat so that he can slip under a door, or using his fingers to pick conventional locks. He can also use it for disguise by changing the shape of his face, although this is painful and difficult for him. Ralph's physiology has greater physical limitations than Plastic Man; there is a limit to how far he can stretch his finite bodily mass, and he cannot open holes in his body as Plastic Man can.

The Elongated Man's powers also greatly augment his durability. He is largely able to withstand corrosives, punctures and concussions without sustaining injury. It has been demonstrated that he is resistant to high velocities that would kill an ordinary person and that he is also more resistant to blasts from energy weapons that would kill ordinary humans. His physiology is more like that of an ordinary human than Plastic Man and as a result he does not share Plastic Man's nigh invulnerability.

In addition to his stretching abilities, Elongated Man is professionally trained as a detective and is highly skilled in deductive reasoning. Often considered one of the most brilliant detectives in the DC Universe (compared with Batman only differing in the actual course of their logic). He is a talented amateur chemist as well. A meta-side-effect of his powers coupled with his detective skills is enhanced olfactory sense, allowing him to "smell" when something is "not right", or if a clue or mystery is at hand. This results in a rubbery "nose twitch". Firehawk once told Ralph that Green Arrow said the nose twitch was not a real thing but rather something he made up to get more press. Elongated Man responded by telling her that Green Arrow's hat covers a bald spot.

Other versions

Kingdom Come

In Kingdom Come, when Superman comes out of retirement and re-establishes the Justice League, Batman recruits Ralph Dibny to become part of his faction. They infiltrate Lex Luthor's Mankind Liberation Front and once they discover that Luthor is brainwashing Captain Marvel, they attack and incarcerate the MLF members.

The Dark Knight Strikes Again

In Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Strikes Again, Dibny is mentioned as a man in a bar who was reminiscing about the Silver Age and when he heard mention of Batman, his face sagged and his jaw dropped to the floor. Later Dibny is seen hawking a "male enhancement" drink "Gingold" in a TV infomercial. He is then recruited to aid Batman in his attack against the American government (taken over by Lex Luthor).

JLA/Avengers

Elongated Man appears in the third issue of JLA/Avengers, replacing Plastic Man after the merging of the DC and Marvel Universes.

Justice League Unlimited

Elongated Man has appeared in the Justice League Unlimited spin-off comic book.

Countdown to Final Crisis

Recently the Ralph Dibny of Earth-51, where secret identities are no longer needed by superheroes, has been seen in Countdown to Final Crisis.[22] He is subsequently killed by the Monitor of New Earth, Bob.[23]

The Flash(2016)

The Elongated Man appears in The Flash #53. He appears in commander cold's flashbacks to his training where he faces off against commander cold after killing hostages

In other media

Television

Live-action

  • Hartley Sawyer portrays Ralph Dibny/Elongated Man on The Flash.[24][25] The character was originally credited as deceased due to Eobard Thawne's particle accelerator explosion in season one but the death gets erased by the timeline being reset following the Flashpoint timeline and personally appears in season four.[26] Neil Sandilands and Jesse L. Martin also portrayed the character in season four while impersonating Clifford DeVoe and Joe West. This version was a police detective until Barry Allen discovered that he had planted evidence and committed perjury, and he was removed from the force. As a private investigator, Ralph winds up specializing in infidelity cases. His permanent elastic powers manifest after Team Flash open up the Speed Force to free Barry. The breach was in front of a city bus Ralph was riding on, exposing the passengers to dark matter and transforming them into metahumans due to the Thinker's machinations. Upon discovery of Ralph's powers, Barry takes him to S.T.A.R. Labs where Caitlin Snow helps him take control of his elastic powers. Deciding to give Ralph a second chance after hearing Dibny only planted evidence because he was certain that the suspect was guilty but couldn't prove it, Barry adds him to the S.T.A.R. Labs team and works with him to help become a superhero. Cisco Ramon creates a special, unadorned costume for him to use. Ralph debuts as a solo superhero while Barry is in prison after being framed, and is at first nicknamed "Stretchy Man" before appearing in his new costume and being dubbed Elongated Man in a misunderstanding with the press. Unlike the comics, he later learns that he can morph his appearance into any person he focused on being, including having their voice and changing his skin colour, posing as DeVoe's original form to arrange for Barry to be released from prison as well as others. He is seemingly killed when DeVoe's mind is transferred into his body. However, Barry later discovers Dibny is alive and trapped inside of the Thinker's mind and kept alive as DeVoe will cease to exist without him, allowing Barry to help Dibny regain control of his own body. When the Thinker's banished consciousness' 'dead man's switch' is activated, Elongated Man helps Team Flash in getting Central City's civilians out of harm's way. For the fifth season, Sawyer was promoted to series regular.[27]

Animation

Elongated Man (JLU screenshot)
Elongated Man (left) alongside Booster Gold (right) and Skeets (background) in Justice League Unlimited.
  • The Elongated Man makes his first television appearance in several episodes of Justice League Unlimited, voiced by Emmy-winner Jeremy Piven (Judgement Night). Although he appears in numerous episodes as a background character, he has only three episode with speaking roles. In "The Greatest Story Never Told", he is one of the members to help in the battle against Mordru, although he is put on crowd control (along with Booster Gold) to his disappointment as the Green Lantern told him that Plastic Man was already fighting Mordru and that they did not 'need two stretchy guys'. As they were on crowd control, he complains to Booster Gold about his position. This soon annoys Booster Gold, with Elongated Man saying that the squeaky wheel gets the grease. Wonder Woman then appears and says that the team needs Elongated Man's help. He willingly follows Wonder Woman to the fight, much to Booster Gold's disappointment. Although the episode goes on to follow Booster Gold's attempt to stop a black hole, Elongated Man (off-screen) had devised a plan to defeat Mordru and the team is shown praising him. As he is helping clean up the mess in the city, Booster Gold walks past him alongside Dr. Tracy Simmons, saying 'Squeaky wheel, buddy. Squeaky wheel.'. In "The Ties That Bind", Elongated Man and the Flash (Wally West) express concern about the fact that some other members of the Justice League don't show them enough respect. Flash asks Elongated Man if Flash seems immature. Elongated Man replies 'Not in the least' as they are shown playing Brawlin' Bots (a parody of Rock 'Em Sock 'Em Robots). In "Clash", Elongated Man's powers are stolen by Parasite to use to nearly defeat Metamorpho and Batman before Captain Marvel's timely intervention. After Parasite's defeat, Elongated Man notices Captain Marvel blushing and says not to be modest as he thinks Superman couldn't have done a better job, saying 'We were just talking about [Superman]' to the Man of Steel.
  • The Elongated Man appears in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, voiced by Sean Donnellan. This version possesses shape-shifting abilities. In the teaser of the episode "Journey to the Center of the Bat", he works with Plastic Man and Batman to stop Baby Face, using his shape-shifting abilities to pass himself off as Baby Face to fool Baby Face's henchmen. The two ductile metahumans constantly bicker on who is the better partner to Batman. Batman later gives the truth: The Dark Knight prefers to work alone between them. Elongated Man is also shown in an image with Batman in the episode "Bat-Mite Presents: Batman's Strangest Cases" along with Detective Chimp, the Question and Martian Manhunter. Additionally, Elongated Man appears in a non-speaking cameo in the two-part episode "The Siege of Starro!", first appearing alongside the heroes possessed by Starro and later among the heroes that have already broken free of Starro's mind control.
  • The Elongated Man appears in Mad, voiced by Ralph Garman. He joins the other superheroes in a musical number that asks Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman about being called "Super Friends". In his part, Elongated Man stated that he was strapped for cash and asking Superman for money seems to be Kryptonite.

Film

  • An evil version dubbed Extruded Man appears as a member of the Crime Syndicate of America in the animated film Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths as one of the Owlman's men (originally one of the henchmen of the parallel Earth Martian Manhunter) who face the Justice League. He was caught by Flash, who runs around the place to tie him up on pillars and building structures. Then the Flash teases him with a flick of his elongated body with a rubber sound.
  • In the animated film Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox, Elongated Man is mentioned to have been murdered in the Flashpoint universe and was known as Elongated Kid.
  • Elongated Man was mentioned in Batman and Harley Quinn.
  • Elongated Man makes a brief appearance in Teen Titans Go! To the Movies.

References

  1. ^ a b c Beatty, Scott (2008), "Elongated Man", in Dougall, Alastair, The DC Comics Encyclopedia, New York: Dorling Kindersley, p. 114, ISBN 0-7566-4119-5, OCLC 213309017
  2. ^ Amash, Jim (2010). Carmine Infantino: Penciler, Publisher, Provocateur. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 80. ISBN 978-1605490250. [Jim Amash]: Was there any discussion about Plastic Man when you did 'The Elongated Man' with Julie? [Carmine Infantino]: No, he never mentioned him.
  3. ^ Harvey, R.C. (2003). The Life and Art of Murphy Anderson. Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 150. ISBN 978-1893905214. Not knowing that DC owned these old Quality characters—and Julie'll deny it, I guess, and say they wanted to do something different—but they came up with the Elongated Man instead of Plastic Man, and they came up with the Atom instead of Doll Man. They could have resurrected either of these two characters ... [b]ut the whole concept of Plastic Man would have escaped them. It's just crazy humor, and it needs someone who really understands that stuff.
  4. ^ "Elongated Man". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on June 17, 2016. Retrieved 2011-04-25. ...editor Julius Schwartz later said that if he'd known DC owned the name 'Plastic Man' (which it had acquired when Quality Comics, Plas's publisher, sold its properties to DC in 1956), he'd never have chosen such an unwieldy name for his own character.
  5. ^ 52 Week One (May 10, 2006)
  6. ^ 52 Week Two (May 17, 2006)
  7. ^ 52 Week Four (May 31, 2006)
  8. ^ 52 Week Eleven (July 19, 2006)
  9. ^ 52 Week Twelve (July 26, 2006)
  10. ^ 52 Week Thirteen (August 2, 2006)
  11. ^ 52 Week Eighteen (September 6, 2006)
  12. ^ 52 Week Twenty-Seven (November 8, 2006)
  13. ^ 52 Week Thirty-Two (December 13, 2006)
  14. ^ 52 Week Forty-Two (February 21, 2007)
  15. ^ 52 Week Fifty-Two (May 2, 2007)
  16. ^ Reign in Hell #1 (September, 2008)
  17. ^ Blackest Night #1 (July 2009)
  18. ^ Blackest Night #2 (August 2009)
  19. ^ Blackest Night #3 (September 2009)
  20. ^ Blackest Night #8 (May 2010)
  21. ^ Secret Six #3 (June 2015)
  22. ^ Countdown to Final Crisis #18
  23. ^ Countdown to Final Crisis #17
  24. ^ "The Flash Casts Its Elongated Man To The Season 4". Comic Book. July 31, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
  25. ^ http://comicbook.com/dc/2018/01/31/the-flash-season-4-episode-13-true-colors-preview/
  26. ^ "The Flash: About that Ralph Dibny reference in season 1..." Entertainment Weekly. October 31, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  27. ^ Pedersen, Erik (June 15, 2018). "'The Flash': Hartley Sawyer Upped To Series Regular on the CW Superhero Drama". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on June 15, 2018. Retrieved December 14, 2018.

External links

Carmine Infantino

Carmine Michael Infantino (; May 24, 1925 – April 4, 2013) was an American comics artist and editor, primarily for DC Comics, during the late 1950s and early 1960s period known as the Silver Age of Comic Books. Among his character creations are the Silver Age version of DC super-speedster the Flash, with writer Robert Kanigher; the stretching Elongated Man, with John Broome, and Christopher Chance, the second iteration of the Human Target, with Len Wein.

He was inducted into comics' Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame in 2000.

Cicada (comics)

Cicada is a fictional [DC Comics] supervillain. The character first appeared in Flash (v.2) #171 (April 2001) and was created by Geoff Johns and Scott Kolins.

Fiddler (comics)

The Fiddler is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics, as an enemy of the first Flash.

The Fiddler made her live appearance on the fourth season of The Flash played by Miranda MacDougall. This version is a female version who is actually not a villain and a budding country music artist.

Hartley Sawyer

Hartley Sawyer (born January 25, 1985) is an American actor, producer and writer. He is known for his roles as Dagr in the Geek & Sundry superhero comedy Caper, the thriller Kept Man, and as Kyle Abbott on the CBS Daytime soap opera The Young and the Restless, and currently stars as Ralph Dibny / Elongated Man on The CW series The Flash.

Iron Heights Penitentiary

Iron Heights Penitentiary is a fictional setting in the DC Comics Universe, a maximum-security prison which houses the many Flash rogues and superhuman criminals of Keystone City and Central City when captured. Iron Heights first appeared in Flash: Iron Heights (2001).

Jean Loring

Jean Loring is a fictional character in comic books published by DC Comics, formerly associated with superhero the Atom for whom she was a supporting character and primary love interest. She first appeared in Showcase #34 (October 1961), created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Gil Kane. The character appeared continually in minor roles until the 2004 storyline Identity Crisis, in which she suffered a mental breakdown and murdered Sue Dibny, wife of the Elongated Man. This would later lead Loring to assume the mantle of the supervillain Eclipso.

Jean Loring is a recurring character portraying Oliver Queen and his family’s lawyer on the television series Arrow played by Teryl Rothery.

John Broome (writer)

John Broome (May 4, 1913 – March 14, 1999), who additionally used the pseudonyms John Osgood and Edgar Ray Meritt, was an American comic book writer for DC Comics.

Justice League

The Justice League is a team of fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The Justice League was conceived by writer Gardner Fox, and they first appeared together, as Justice League of America (JLA) in The Brave and the Bold #28 (March 1960).The Justice League is an assemblage of superheroes who join together as a team. The seven original members were Aquaman, Batman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, Superman and Wonder Woman. The team roster has rotated throughout the years, consisting of various superheroes from the DC Universe, such as The Atom, Big Barda, Black Canary, Cyborg, Green Arrow, Elongated Man, The Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkgirl, Hawkman, Metamorpho, Plastic Man, Power Girl, Orion, Red Tornado, Stargirl, Captain Marvel/Shazam and Zatanna, among many others.

The team received its own comic book title called Justice League of America in November 1960. With the 2011 relaunch, DC Comics released a second volume of Justice League. In July 2016, the DC Rebirth initiative again relaunched the Justice League comic book titles with the third volume of Justice League. Since its inception, the team has been featured in various films, television programs and video games.

Justice League Europe

Justice League Europe (JLE) was a DC Comics book run that was a spin-off of the comic book Justice League America (which was then named Justice League International (vol. 1) for issues #7 to #25).Justice League Europe was published for 68 issues (plus five Annuals) from 1989 to 1994. Starting with issue #51 the title was renamed Justice League International (vol. 2). Like Justice League America, the series featured tongue-in-cheek humor but was a much more action-centric series than Justice League America. The action-themed nature of the series was most overt with the series' most famous arc "The Extremists". The arc featured the JLE fighting The Extremists, a cadre of psychopathic villains patterned after Marvel Comics villains Doctor Doom, Magneto, Doctor Octopus, Sabretooth and Dormammu.The team was originally headquartered in Paris, France but later moved to an abandoned castle in Great Britain.

Justice League Quarterly

Justice League Quarterly (JLQ) was a quarterly American comic book series published by DC Comics from Winter 1990 to Winter 1994; it lasted 17 issues. It had a variable cast, pulling from the Justice League membership. The title centred on short stories featuring a differing number of characters, often solo stories, and in later issues often featured a pin-up section of members of the Justice League. Various writers and artists have worked on the title.

List of Justice League members

The Justice League is a team of comic book superheroes in the DC Comics Universe. Over the years they have featured a large number of characters in a variety of combinations.

The JLA members are listed here in order of their first joining the team, and none are listed twice. No retconned members are listed (except where they historically took part in the stories). No associates and unofficial members, or members of the Super Friends (except when they are also Justice League members in the mainstream comics) are listed.

Non-full members and staff are also listed below.

Characters in bold are current Justice League active members.

List of The Flash characters

The Flash is an American television series developed by Greg Berlanti, Andrew Kreisberg and Geoff Johns, based on the DC Comics character the Flash. The series premiered on The CW television network in the United States on October 7, 2014, and is currently in its fifth season. The series is a spin-off from Arrow, a show set in the same fictional universe.

The first season follows police forensic investigator Barry Allen (Grant Gustin), who develops super-speed after he is struck by lightning. He is assisted by S.T.A.R. Labs' Dr. Caitlin Snow (Danielle Panabaker), Cisco Ramon (Carlos Valdes), and Dr. Harrison Wells (Tom Cavanagh) in his attempts to use his powers for good and solve the murder of his mother by a superhuman attacker. The murder investigation unjustly imprisoned his father (John Wesley Shipp), leaving detective Joe West (Jesse L. Martin), father of his best friend, Iris (Candice Patton), to take in the young Barry. The memory of his mother's murder and his father's framing later motivates Barry to put his personal needs aside and use his powers to fight against those who hurt the innocent, thus, shaping him into the Flash.

The following is a list of characters who have appeared in the television series. Many of the characters appearing in the series are based on DC Comics characters.

Neron (DC Comics)

Neron is a fictional demon appearing in stories published by DC Comics. He first appeared in Underworld Unleashed #1 (November 1995) and was created by Mark Waid and Howard Porter.

Neron makes his first live appearance in the fourth season of The CW TV series Legends of Tomorrow possessing the body of Desmond, John Constantine’s lover, and played by actor Christian Keyes.

Olmec figurine

This article on the Olmec figurine describes a number of archetypical figurines produced by the Formative Period inhabitants of Mesoamerica. While many of these figurines may or may not have been produced directly by the people of the Olmec heartland, they bear the hallmarks and motifs of Olmec culture. While the extent of Olmec control over the areas beyond their heartland is not yet known, Formative Period figurines with Olmec motifs were widespread in the centuries from 1000 to 500 BCE, showing a consistency of style and subject throughout nearly all of Mesoamerica.

These figurines are usually found in household refuse, in ancient construction fill, and (outside the Olmec heartland) in graves, although many Olmec-style figurines, particularly those labelled as Las Bocas- or Xochipala-style, were recovered by looters and are therefore without provenance.

The vast majority of figurines are simple in design, often nude or with a minimum of clothing, and made of local terracotta. Most of these recoveries are mere fragments: a head, arm, torso, or a leg. It is thought, based on wooden busts recovered from the water-logged El Manati site, that figurines were also carved from wood, but, if so, none have survived.

More durable and better known by the general public are those figurines carved, usually with a degree of skill, from jade, serpentine, greenstone, basalt, and other minerals and stones.

Opal City

Opal City is a fictional city set in the DC Universe. Created by James Robinson and Tony Harris, Opal City first appeared in Starman vol. 2 #0 (October 1994). "The Opal" has been established as the home of several DC Comics characters, most notably several superheroes who have operated under the name of Starman. Other, non-Starman related heroes who have come to call Opal City their home are the second Black Condor and the Phantom Lady, as mentioned in Teen Titans vol. 3 #20, as well as the Elongated Man. The city itself is first mentioned in Action Comics #251, April 1959 as the name of a ship, the S.S. Opal City which Superman rescues from a modern-day pirate crew.

Plastic Man

Plastic Man (real name Patrick "Eel" O'Brian) is a superhero originally published by Quality Comics and later acquired by DC Comics. Created by cartoonist Jack Cole, Plastic Man was one of the first superheroes to incorporate humor into mainstream action storytelling. This character has been published in several solo series and has interacted with other characters such as Batman and many others in the mainstream DC Universe as a member of the Justice League. He has additionally appeared in several television and video game adaptations, including a short-lived television show of his own named The Plastic Man Comedy/Adventure Show.

Sue Dibny

Susan "Sue" Dearbon Dibny is a fictional character from DC Comics associated with the Elongated Man. Created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino, the character first appeared in Flash vol. 1 #119 (March, 1961). In 2004, she became a flashpoint for discussions of women in comics when a highly controversial storyline was published (set in the post-Zero Hour continuity) in which she is murdered and revealed to have been raped in the past.

Super Buddies

Super Buddies are a team of comic book superheroes in the DC Comics universe who appeared in the six-issue Formerly Known as the Justice League miniseries in 2003, and its 2005 sequel, I Can't Believe It's Not the Justice League (published in JLA Classified). The team was put together by former Justice League bank roller Maxwell Lord as a superhero team "accessible to the common man". The team is considered more or less inept and incapable of being of any help by many (including the actual Justice League). The team was created by writers Keith Giffen and J. M. DeMatteis, and artists Kevin Maguire and Joe Rubinstein.

Giffen, DeMatteis, and Maguire had previously created the tongue-in-cheek Justice League International comic book in the 1990s, and revived a similar style of comedy as that series featured.

The Dark Knight Strikes Again

Batman: The Dark Knight Strikes Again, also known as DK2, is a 2001-2002 DC Comics three-issue limited series comic book written and illustrated by Frank Miller and colored by Lynn Varley. The series is a sequel to Miller's 1986 miniseries The Dark Knight Returns. It tells the story of an aged Bruce Wayne who returns from three years in hiding, training his followers and instigating a rebellion against Lex Luthor's dictatorial rule over the United States. The series features an ensemble cast of superheroes including Catgirl, Superman, Wonder Woman, Plastic Man, The Flash, and the Atom.

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