Elliniko (Greek: Ελληνικό, meaning "Greek") is a suburb of Athens, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform, it is part of the municipality Elliniko-Argyroupoli, of which it is a municipal unit. Elliniko is known for the Hellinikon Olympic Complex, built on the grounds of the former Ellinikon International Airport for the 2004 Summer Olympics.
Location within Athens
|Regional unit||South Athens|
|• Municipal unit||7.127 km2 (2.752 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|• Municipal unit||17,259|
|• Municipal unit density||2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Elliniko is situated near the Saronic Gulf coast, 10 km south of Athens city centre. The municipality has an area of 7.127 km2. The former airport is in the western part of the municipal unit, near the coast. Most of the residential area is in the eastern part, east of the former airport. The northern part of the airport has been converted to a sports complex. There are plans to convert the remaining part into a park.
According to the data provided by the Hellenic National Meteorological Service Elliniko has an average annual temperature of 18.5°C and receives 364.8 mm (14.36 in) of precipitation per year thus it falls in the BSh hot semi-arid climate category with strong Mediterranean influences according to the Köppen climate classification.
|Climate data for Athens, Elliniko, 10 m asl (1955-1997)|
|Average high °C (°F)||13.6
|Average low °C (°F)||7.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||48.3
|Source: Hellenic National Meteorological Service|
Hellinikon Olympic Complex is located in Elliniko. It was built for the staging of the 2004 Summer Olympics and consists five venues. Elliniko also houses the basketball club Elliniko-Sourmena B.C. with many achievements in women's basketball.
The Agios Kosmas Olympic Sailing Centre hosted the sailing events at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. The center is located about four miles from downtown Athens along the coast. It was officially opened on August 2, 2004, a few weeks before the Olympics, though test events were conducted at the site in August 2002 and 2003. The center had a capacity of 1,600 for the medal ceremonies.
After the Olympics, the site was turned over to the private sector (Seirios AE), and will become a marina with a 1,000+ yacht capacity, as part of Athens' revitalized waterfront.Air Accident Investigation and Aviation Safety Board
The Hellenic Air Accident Investigation and Aviation Safety Board (AAIASB, Greek: Επιτροπή Διερεύνησης Aτυχημάτων και Ασφάλειας Πτήσεων, ΕΔΑΑΠ) is the air accident investigation agency of Greece.
Its head office is in Building 221 on the former United States Air Force base in Ellinikon, Elliniko–Argyroupoli. It also has an office in Office 1311, Building 11 on the property of Athens International Airport in Spata. The Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks oversees the agency.Argyroupoli
Argyroupoli (Greek: Αργυρούπολη) is a suburb in the southern part of the Athens agglomeration, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the Elliniko-Argyroupoli municipality, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.Elliniko, Arcadia
Elliniko (Greek: Ελληνικό, before 1927: Μουλάτσι - Moulatsi) is a mountain village in western Arcadia, Greece. It is part of the municipal unit of Trikolonoi. It is situated on a mountain slope on the left bank of the river Lousios. It is 4 km south of Stemnitsa, 4 km east of Atsicholos, 5 km northeast of Karytaina and 14 km northwest of Megalopoli. The ruins of the ancient city Gortys are on the right bank of the river Lousios, near the road from Elliniko to Atsicholos.The mother of the Greek politician Dimitris Avramopoulos hails from the village.Elliniko-Argyroupoli
Elliniko-Argyroupoli (Greek: Ελληνικό-Αργυρούπολη) is a municipality in the South Athens regional unit, Attica, Greece. The seat of the municipality is the town Argyroupoli. The municipality has an area of 15.355 km2.Elliniko-Sourmena B.C.
Elliniko-Sourmena B.C. is a Greek basketball club, based in Elliniko, a suburb in the south of Athens. The club was founded in 2012 after merging the older local basketball clubs, Elliniko B.C. and Sourmena B.C. The colours of the club are the blue and white and the emblem is a torch. The most successful team of the club is the women team which dominated for two seasons (2013–14 and 2014–15) in women's Greek basketball and won two Greek championships and two cups.Elliniko metro station
Elliniko metro station in Athens is the current southern terminus on Athens Metro Line 2 since the Elliniko extension opened on 26 July 2013. With the opening of the station, travel time from Elliniko to Syntagma Square was reduced from 45 minutes (by car) to 20 minutes.Ellinikon International Airport
Ellinikon International Airport, sometimes spelled Hellinikon (Greek: Ελληνικόν) was the international airport of Athens, Greece for sixty years up until 28 March 2001, when it was replaced by the new Athens International Airport, Eleftherios Venizelos. The grounds of the airport are located 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) south of Athens, and just west of Glyfada. It was named after the village of Elliniko (Elleniko), now a suburb of Athens. The airport had an official capacity of 11 million passengers per year, but had served 13.5 million passengers during its last year of operations.Ethnikos Piraeus F.C.
Ethnikos Piraeus 1923 Football Club (Greek: ΠΑΕ Εθνικός Πειραιώς 1923) is a Greek professional football club based in Piraeus. The club was official formed in 1923 as Ethnikos Omilos Filathlon Piraeus Faliro (existed since 1922 unofficially), and played its first competitive match in 1923 for the Piraeus Football Clubs Association championship, where they eventually lost their first title competing for from A.P.S.P (Athlikos Podosferikos Somation Pireas).
Ethnikos Piraeus was one of the founding members of Hellenic Football Federation in 1926, and is one of six clubs, including AEK Athens, PAOK, Panathinaikos, Aris Thessaloniki and Olympiacos, never to have been relegated from the league until 1990. They have also been involved in international football playing a number of friendlies against famous clubs such as Inter Milan, Galatasaray S.K., and Hungary national football team in the 1950s, and participated in the Balkans Cup on two occasions.
They have had a turbulent recent history, and are currently competing in the third division Football League 2.Greek National Socialist Party
The Greek National Socialist Party (Greek: Ελληνικό Εθνικό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα, Elliniko Ethniko Sosialistiko Komma) was a National Socialist party founded in Greece in 1932 by George S. Mercouris, a former Cabinet minister.Greek People's Liberation Navy
The Greek People's Liberation Navy (Greek: Ελληνικό Λαϊκό Απελευθερωτικό Ναυτικό; Elliniko Laiko Apeleftherotiko Naftiko), commonly abbreviated as ELAN (ΕΛΑΝ), was the naval force of the communist-led Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS) resistance movement during World War II, and later during the Greek Civil War.
ELAN was essentially an auxiliary coastal force, operating mostly caïque and other small vessels near the coasts of the Greek mainland and between the islands. By mid-1944 however it had grown to about 100 mostly small armed boats and over 1,200 men, divided into seven squadrons of three or four flotillas with up to six vessels each.Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority
The Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (Greek: Υπηρεσία Πολιτικής Αεροπορίας), abbreviated HCAA (Greek: ΥΠΑ), is a department of the Greek government under the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks. It is involved in air traffic control, aeronautical communications, airport operations, aircraft registration and inspection, licensing of civil air operators, and personnel certification.The headquarters of the HCAA are located at Glyfada, near the old Ellinikon Airport.Hellenic Imperial Airways
Hellenic Imperial Airways was an airline which had its head office in Ellinikon, South Athens, Greece. It operated charter and scheduled flights.Hellenic National Meteorological Service
The Hellenic National Meteorological Service (HNMS) (Greek: Εθνική Μετεωρολογική Υπηρεσία (ΕΜΥ)) is a government agency responsible for making weather forecasts and observations for Greece. HNMS was founded in 1931 under the Ministry of Aviation and its mission was to cover all the meteorological and climatological needs of the country. It is based at the former Athens International Airport at Elliniko, and operates under the auspices of the Hellenic Air Force, staffed by both military and civilian personnel.Hellinikon Stadium
Hellinikon Stadium is a stadium located at the Hellinikon Olympic Complex in Hellinikon, Athens, located approximately 8 kilometres south of the center of Athens, near Glyfada on the Aegean Sea coast. Ethnikos Piraeus F.C. currently plays its home matches there.
The complex was built on the site of the former Hellinikon International Airport for the staging of the 2004 Summer Olympics and 2004 Summer Paralympics and consisted of the following venues: Hellinikon Indoor Arena (Basketball and Team handball); Hellinikon Fencing Hall; Olympic Hockey Stadium (Field hockey); Helliniko Baseball Centre; Hellinikon Olympic Softball Stadium; and Hellinikon Slalom Centre (Whitewater slalom).
The Olympic Baseball Centre's main stadium underwent renovations for football use, and Ethnikos began playing matches there during the 2007–08 season; the team played its first official match in its new home on October 20, 2007. The facility became known as Hellinikon Stadium, and is commonly referred to as Helliniko.
The complex also includes new training pitches for both Ethnikos' first team and youth team.
Ahead of the 2008–09 season renovations continued and seating capacity was increased to 10,000.
It is currently used as a refugee camp for those awaiting processing in Greece.Line 2 (Athens Metro)
Line 2 of the Athens Metro runs entirely underground from Anthoupoli in the northwest to Elliniko in the south, via Syntagma. It first opened, between Sepolia and Syntagma, on 28 January 2000, with Line 3.
On 6 April 2013, Line 2 was extended to Anthoupoli in the north west, and on 26 July 2013 to Elliniko to the south.Sailing at the 2004 Summer Olympics
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport that has been part of the Olympic programme starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad (1896 Olympics in Athens, Greece). With the exception of 1904 and possibly the canceled 1916 Summer Olympics, sailing has always been included on the Olympic schedule. The Sailing program in 2004 consisted of eleven disciplines divided over nine sailing classes. For each discipline multiple races were scheduled between 14–28 August 2004 along the coast near Athens. Athens hosted the Olympic sailing competitions for the second time, having previously done so during the 1896 Summer Olympics. However, in 1896, the sailing competition was cancelled due to heavy storms and further bad weather conditions. This time the weather conditions were good. The sailing event was executed on the several types of Olympic courses in different course areas using the 'Fleetrace' and 'Matchrace' formats.Trikolonoi
Trikolonoi (Greek: Τρικόλωνοι) is a former municipality in Arcadia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Gortynia, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 102.031 km2. The municipal unit includes the villages of Stemnitsa (the former municipal seat), Syrna, Pavlia, Palamari and Elliniko. Trikolonoi is located southeast of Dimitsana, west of Tripoli and north of Megalopoli. In 2011 Trikolonoi had a population of 578. The place takes its name from the ancient town of Tricoloni.Vouliagmenis Avenue
Vouliagmenis Avenue (Greek: Λεωφόρος Βουλιαγμένης) is one of the longest avenues in the Greater Athens area, stretching from central Athens to the seaside resort of Vouliagmeni. The total length is 21 km. The avenue begins at Athanasios Diakos Street and Michalakopoulou Street and the southbound portion of the avenue runs with three lanes to the southern portion of Athens and eastern Dafni. The two nearest Attiko Metro subway stations that lie within this avenue are Agios Ioannis, Dafni and Agios Dimitrios (opened in 2004) and part of the southern section of the Red Line runs underneath the avenue. It has an intersection with the road linking with the Hymettus Ring of the Attiki Odos motorway and Katechaki Avenue. It also has several intersections in Glyfada and with the Vari-Koropi Avenue.