Ellen MacArthur

Dame Ellen Patricia MacArthur, DBE (born 8 July 1976) is a retired English sailor, from Whatstandwell near Matlock in Derbyshire, now based in Cowes, Isle of Wight.

MacArthur is a successful solo long-distance yachtswoman. On 7 February 2005 she broke the world record for the fastest solo circumnavigation of the globe, a feat which gained her international renown.[2] Francis Joyon, the Frenchman who had held the record before MacArthur, was able to recover the record again in early 2008.[3]

Following her retirement from professional sailing on 2 September 2010, MacArthur announced the launch of the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a charity that works with business and education to accelerate the transition to a circular economy.


Ellen MacArthur

Ellen MacArthur in 2010
MacArthur in 2010
Born8 July 1976 (age 43)
OccupationSailor and charity founder
Known forPrevious holder of fastest solo circumnavigation of the globe in a yacht
WebsiteEllenMacarthur.com

Early life

MacArthur was born in Derbyshire where she lived with her parents, who were both teachers, and two brothers Fergus and Lewis, who now live in Pennsylvania. She acquired her early interest in sailing, firstly by her desire to emulate her idol at the time, Sophie Burke,[4] and secondly by reading Arthur Ransome's Swallows and Amazons series of books. She has since become the Patron of the Nancy Blackett Trust[5] which owns and operates Ransome's yacht, Nancy Blackett.

Her first experience of sailing was on a boat owned by her aunt Thea MacArthur on the east coast of England. She saved her school dinner money for three years to buy her first boat, an eight-foot dinghy, which she named Threp'ny Bit even though decimalisation had taken place before she was born. She sellotaped a real 'threepenny bit' coin onto the bow.

MacArthur attended Wirksworth County Infants and Junior Schools and the Anthony Gell School and also worked at a sailing school in Hull.[6] When she was 17, MacArthur bought a Corribee and named it Iduna; she described the first moment she saw it as "love at first sight". In 1995 she sailed Iduna single-handed on a circumnavigation of Great Britain.

In 1997 she finished 17th in the Mini Transat solo transatlantic race after fitting out her 21 ft (6.4 m) Classe Mini yacht Le Poisson herself while living in a French boatyard.

She was named 1998 British Telecom/Royal Yachting Association "Yachtsman of The Year" in the UK and "Sailing's Young Hope" in France.

Asteroid 20043 Ellenmacarthur is named after her.[7]

Racing career

MacArthur first came to general prominence in 2001 when she came second in the Vendée Globe solo round-the-world sailing race in her Owen Clarke/Rob Humphreys designed Kingfisher (named after her sponsors, Kingfisher plc), and subsequently MacArthur was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to sport. At 24, she was the youngest competitor to complete the voyage.[8]

In 2003, she captained a round-the-world record attempt for a crewed yacht in Kingfisher 2 (a catamaran formerly owned by Bruno Peyron and known as Orange), but was thwarted by a broken mast in the Southern Ocean.

Ellen Macarthur arriving in Falmouth - geograph.org.uk - 706962
Ellen MacArthur on her arrival in 2005

A trimaran named B&Q/Castorama (after two companies in the Kingfisher group) unveiled in January 2004, was specially designed by Nigel Irens and Benoit Cabaret for her to break solo records. The 75-foot (23 m) trimaran was built in Australia, with many of the components specifically arranged to take into account MacArthur's 5-foot 2 inch (1.57 m) height.

Using the yacht, her first significant record attempt in 2004 to break the west–east transatlantic crossing time failed by around one and a quarter hours, after over seven days of sailing.

She began her attempt to break the solo record for sailing non-stop around the world on 28 November 2004. During her circumnavigation, she set records for the fastest solo voyage to the equator, past the Cape of Good Hope, past Cape Horn and back to the equator again. She crossed the finishing line near the French coast at Ushant at 22:29 UTC on 7 February 2005 beating the previous record set by French sailor Francis Joyon by 1 day, 8 hours, 35 minutes, 49 seconds. Her time of 71 days, 14 hours, 18 minutes 33 seconds is world record for the 27,354 nautical miles (50,660 km) covered. This is an average speed of 15.9 knots (29.4 km/h).

On 8 February 2005, following her return to England, it was announced that she was to be made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in recognition of her achievement.[9] It is believed that she is the youngest ever recipient of this honour. Coming immediately after the event being recognised, rather than appearing in due course in the New Year's or Birthday Honours lists, this recognition was reminiscent of accolades previously bestowed upon Francis Drake and Francis Chichester when reaching home shores after their respective circumnavigations in 1580 and 1967. MacArthur was also granted the rank of Honorary Lieutenant Commander, Royal Naval Reserve on the same day.

In recognition of her achievement she was appointed a Knight (Chevalier) of the French Legion of Honour by President Nicolas Sarkozy in March 2008. She is a fluent French speaker.[10]

In 2007 MacArthur headed up BT Team Ellen, a three-person sailing team which includes Australian Nick Moloney and Frenchman Sébastien Josse.[11]

In October 2009 MacArthur announced her intention to retire from competitive racing to concentrate on the subject of resource and energy use in the global economy.[12]

On 2 September 2010, she launched the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a charity focusing on accelerating the transition to a regenerative circular economy. The Foundation works in three areas:

  • Education – inspiring a generation to re-think the future
  • Business – catalysing business innovation
  • Insight – the opportunity for a re-design revolution[13]

Records

In June 2000, MacArthur sailed the monohull Kingfisher from Plymouth, UK to Newport, Rhode Island, USA in 14 days, 23 hours, 11 minutes. This is the current record for a single-handed woman monohull east-to-west passage, and also the record for a single-handed woman in any vessel.[14]

MacArthur's second place in the 2000–2001 edition of the Vendée Globe, with a time of 94 days, 4 hours and 25 minutes, is the world record for a single-handed, non-stop, monohull circumnavigation by a woman.[15]

In June 2004, MacArthur sailed her trimaran B&Q/Castorama from Ambrose Light, Lower New York Bay, USA to Lizard Point, Cornwall, UK in 7 days, 3 hours, 50 minutes. This set a new world record for a transatlantic crossing by women, beating the previous crewed record as well as the singlehanded version.[16]

In 2005, MacArthur beat Francis Joyon's existing world record for a single-handed non-stop circumnavigation. MacArthur in the trimaran B&Q/Castorama sailed 27,354 nautical miles (50,660 km) at an average speed of 15.9 knots.[17] Her time of 71 days, 14 hours, 18 minutes 33 seconds beat Joyon's then world record time by 1 day, 8 hours, 35 minutes and 49 seconds. She had no more than 20 minutes' sleep at a time during the voyage, having to be on constant lookout day and night. On 23 November 2007 Joyon set off in IDEC 2 in an attempt to beat MacArthur's current world record for a single handed circumnavigation. He achieved his goal in 57 days, 13 hours 34 minutes and 6 seconds.[3] Despite Joyon's reclamation of the record, Robin Knox-Johnston still described MacArthur's time as an "amazing achievement".[18]

Popular culture

MacArthur was also the last record holder on Star in a Reasonably-Priced Car on the BBC's Top Gear television driving programme until the eighth series, when the car and rules were changed, and previous records were removed.[19] The competition was a timed lap of a racetrack in a Suzuki Liana. She completed the lap in 1 minute 46.7 seconds, beating Jimmy Carr by 0.2 seconds. MacArthur won Top Gear's Fastest Driver of the Year award in 2005.

She also took part in 2011 TV series Jamie's Dream School.

Books

In 2002, MacArthur released her first autobiography entitled Taking on the World. In September 2010, she published a second autobiography entitled Full Circle. She also wrote an autobiography entitled Race Against Time.

Charities

Ellen MacArthur Cancer Trust

In 2003, MacArthur set up the Ellen MacArthur Trust (now the Ellen MacArthur Cancer Trust), a registered charity, to take young people, aged between 8 and 24 inclusive, sailing to help them regain their confidence on their way to recovery from cancer, leukaemia and other serious illnesses.[20]

In 2008 MacArthur joined forces with other sports celebrities to launch an appeal to raise £4 million for the Rainbows children's hospice. The aim is to give terminally ill young people their own customised sleeping unit to enable children in separate age groups to have their families stay with them.[21]

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

After retiring from sailing, MacArthur founded the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, with the aim to accelerate the transition to a regenerative, circular economy.

References

  1. ^ "Dame Ellen MacArthur". Desert Island Discs. 4 October 2009. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  2. ^ Our Amazing Planet Staff (30 April 2012). "8 Unsung Women Explorers". LiveScience.com. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b "report of MacArthur congratulating Joyon on beating her record". BBC News. 20 January 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  4. ^ Ltd, Speakers Associates (1 November 2016). "Ellen MacArthur". Speakers Associates. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  5. ^ "The Nancy Blackett Trust – Arthur Ransome's Nancy Blackett". Nancyblackett.org. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  6. ^ Daily Mail Weekend Interview. 20 May 2012, p6
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 19 March 2008.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) (now moved to http://www.ipa.nw.ru/PAGE/FUNDAMENTAL/LSBSS/englenam.htm)
  8. ^ Grice, Elizabeth (21 August 2010). "Ellen MacArthur: 'I can't live with the sea any more'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 March 2015.
  9. ^ "No. 57557". The London Gazette. 11 February 2005. p. 1713.
  10. ^ Samuel, Henry (18 March 2008). "Nicolas Sarkozy to honour Ellen MacArthur". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  11. ^ "Team Ellen". Team Ellen. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  12. ^ "Yachtswoman Dame Ellen to retire". BBC News. 4 October 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  13. ^ "About the Ellen MacArthur Foundation". Ellen MacArthur Foundation. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  14. ^ WSSRC Ratified Passage Records – "Transatlantic E to W, Plymouth – Newport, monohull and woman any vessel", from the World Sailing Speed Record Council
  15. ^ WSSRC Ratified Passage Records – "Round the World, non-stop, singlehanded, woman, Vendée Globe", from the World Sailing Speed Record Council
  16. ^ WSSRC Ratified Passage Records – "Transatlantic W to E outright women, and singlehanded woman", from the World Sailing Speed Record Council
  17. ^ WSSRC Ratified Passage Records – "Round the World, non-stop, singlehanded", from the World Sailing Speed Record Council
  18. ^ "Britain welcomes Dame Ellen home". BBC News. 8 February 2005. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  19. ^ "''Old Top Gear Celebrity Laps''". Bbc.co.uk. 20 October 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  20. ^ Charity Commission. The Ellen MacArthur Cancer Trust, registered charity no. 1096491.
  21. ^ "Ellen MacArthur in Charity Appeal", Charities Aid Foundation, 7 February 2008. Retrieved on 2005-02-11.

External links

Circular economy

A circular economy (often referred to simply as "circularity") is an economic system aimed at minimizing waste and making the most of resources. In a circular system resource input and waste, emission, and energy leakage are minimized by slowing, closing, and narrowing energy and material loops; this can be achieved through long-lasting design, maintenance, repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling. This regenerative approach is in contrast to the traditional linear economy, which has a 'take, make, dispose' model of production.Proponents of the circular economy suggest that a sustainable world does not mean a drop in the quality of life for consumers, and can be achieved without loss of revenue or extra costs for manufacturers. The argument is that circular business models can be as profitable as linear models, allowing us to keep enjoying similar products and services.

Corribee

The Corribee is a model of sailing yacht with good sea keeping ability. It was in a Corribee that Ellen MacArthur sailed around Britain.

The boat has also made longer voyages across the Atlantic Ocean.

Dharma Kumar

Dharma Kumar (1928 – 19 October 2001) was an Indian economic historian, noted for her work on the agrarian history of India. Her Ph.D at Cambridge on the agrarian history of South India was awarded the Ellen MacArthur Prize, and was published as Land and Caste in South India (Cambridge University Press, 1965).

She is noted for the position that many of the social structures of agrarian India, particularly the large class of landless labourers pre-dated the British era. This challenged the earlier view that the class of agricultural labourers had been formed as a result of British exploitation in the nineteenth century

Ellen

Ellen is a female given name, a diminutive of Elizabeth, Eleanor and Helen. Ellen is the 609th most popular name in the U.S. and the 17th in Sweden (2004).

People named Ellen include:

Ellen Alaküla (1927–2011), Estonian actress

Ellen Palmer Allerton (1835–1893), American poet

Ellen Allien (born 1969), German electronic musician and music producer

Ellen Anckarsvärd (1833-1898), Swedish feminist

Ellen Auerbach (1906–2004), German-born American photographer

Ellen S. Baker (born 1953), American physician and astronaut

Ellen Barkin (born 1954), American actress

Ellen Bass (born 1947), American poet and author

Ellen A. Dayton Blair (1837–1926), social reformer and art teacher

Ellen Bontje (born 1958), Dutch equestrian

Ellen Burka (1921–2016), Dutch and Canadian figure skater and coach

Ellen Burstyn (born 1932), American actress

Ellen Carter (1762-1815), English artist

Ellen Cleghorne (born 1965), American comedian and actress

Ellen Corby (1911–1999), American actress

Ellen Craft (1826–1891), American fugitive slave and abolitionist

Ellen Craswell (1932-2008), American politician

Ellen ten Damme (born 1967), Dutch actress and musician

Ellen DeGeneres (born 1958), American comedian, actress, and talk-show host

Ellen van Dijk (born 1987), Dutch road and track cyclist

Ellen Dissanayake (born c.1935), American anthropologist and author

Ellen Albertini Dow (1913–2015), American actress and drama coach

Ellen Elzerman (born 1971), Dutch swimmer

Ellen Russell Emerson (1837-1907), American author, ethnologist

Ellen Estes (born 1978), American water polo player

Ellen Foley (born 1951), American singer and actress

Ellen Fries (1855-1900), Swedish feminist and writer, first woman to be awarded a PhD in Sweden

Ellen Gallagher (born 1965), American artist

Ellen Geer (born 1941), American actress, acting teacher and theatre director

Ellen Gilchrist (born 1935), American novelist, short story writer, and poet

Ellen Glasgow (1873–1975), American novelist

Ellen Greene (born 1951), American singer and actress

Ellen Day Hale (1855–1940), American impressionist painter and printmake

Ellen 't Hoen (born 1960), Dutch lawyer and Médecins sans Frontières director

Ellen Hollman (born 1983), American actress

Ellen Hogerwerf (born 1989), Dutch rower

Ellen Hoog (born 1986), Dutch field hockey player

Ellen Horn (born 1951), Norwegian ctress, theater director, and politician

Ellen Jansen (born 1992), Dutch footballer

Ellen Jens (born 1941), Dutch television director and producer

Ellen Johnson (born 1955), American civil rights activist

Ellen Kaarma (1928-1973), Estonian actress

Ellen Key (1849-1926), Swedish feminist writer and suffragette

Ellen Kooi (born 1962), Dutch artist and photographer,

Ellen Kuipers (born 1971), Dutch field hockey player

Ellen J. Kullman (born 1956), American business executive, CEO of DuPont

Ellen Kuzwayo (1914–2006), South African women's rights activist and politician

Ellen van Langen (born 1966), Dutch middle distance runner

Ellen Liiger (1918–1987), Estonian actress

Ellen MacArthur (born 1976), British yachtswoman

Ellen van Maris (born 1957), Dutch bodybuilder

Ellen McIlwaine (born 1945), American musician

Ellen McLain (born 1952), American voice actress

Ellen Meijers (born c.1971), Dutch video game music composer

Ellen Muth (born 1981), American actress

Ellen Nikolaysen (born 1951), Norwegian actress

Ellen Nisbeth (born 1987), Swedish violist

Ellen Ochoa (born 1958), American engineer and astronaut

Ellen Osiier (1890–1962), Danish Olympic fencing foil champion

Ellen Page (born 1987), Canadian actress

Ellen Pao (born 1970), American lawyer, former CEO of Reddit

Ellen Perez (1868–1954), Australian tennis player

Ellen Petri (born 1982), Belgian beauty pageant

Ellen Pompeo (born 1969), American actress

Ellen Preis (Ellen Müller-Preis) (1912–2007), German-born Austrian Olympic champion foil fencer

Ellen Alida Rose (1843–?), American agriculturist, suffragist

Ellen Swallow Richards (1842–1911), American industrial and environmental chemist

Ellen Roche (born 1979), Brazilian actress and model

Ellen Roosevelt (1868–1954), American tennis player

Ellen Sauerbrey (born 1937), American politician

Ellen Browning Scripps (1836–1932), American journalist and philanthropist

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (born 1938), President of Liberia

Ellen Tauscher (born 1951), American politician, Under Secretary of State

Ellen Terry (1847-1928), English stage actress

Ellen Travolta (born 1940), American actress

Ellen von Unwerth (born 1954), German photographer and director,

Ellen Van Loy (born 1980), Belgian cyclo-cross cyclist

Ellen Venker (born 1983), Dutch softball player

Ellen Vogel (1922–2015), Dutch actress

Ellen Voorhees, American computer scientist

Ellen van der Weijden-Bast (born 1971), Dutch water polo player

Ellen G. White (1827-1915), American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church and author

Ellen Willmott (1858–1934), English horticulturalist

Ellen Axson Wilson (1860–1914), American first lady

Ellen Wilson (born 1976), American judoka

Ellen Woglom (born 1987), American actress

Ellen van Wolde (born 1954), Dutch biblical scholar

Ellen Wong (born 1985), Canadian actress

Ellen Taaffe Zwilich (born 1939), American classical music composer

Ellen MacArthur Cancer Trust

The Ellen MacArthur Cancer Trust is a registered charity that supports young people aged 8-24 to rebuild their confidence after cancer.

For many young people simply picking up where they left off before their diagnosis isn’t possible. Through a range of sailing and adventure trips, young people rediscover the confidence to positively embrace their futures. The impact of cancer on independence, education, employment, emotional wellbeing and a young person's relationships with friends and family is huge. Many young people are also left living with a range of long-term physical effects.

The charity has bases in Cowes on the Isle of Wight and Largs on Scotland’s West Coast. The organisation receives no government support and all the activities it offers are free.

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

The Ellen MacArthur Foundation is a charity registered in the UK registered charity which aims to inspire a generation to re-think, re-design & build a positive future through the framework of a circular economy.

Founded on 23 June 2009, the Foundation was publicly launched on 2 September 2010 by Dame Ellen MacArthur at the National Science Museum, with the support of a group of 'Founding Partners', B&Q, BT, Cisco, National Grid and Renault The charity was inspired by MacArthur's sailing experiences and she put GBP 500,000 of her own money into the project. Another GBP 6 mil was raised by the five founding partners.

On 17 May 2017, the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, in conjunction with the Prince of Wales' International Sustainability Unit, launched a USD 2 million prize fund for innovations which work towards the management of waste plastics.

Francis Joyon

Francis Joyon (born 28 May 1956) is a French professional sailboat racer and yachtsman. Joyon and his crew currently hold the Jules Verne Trophy for circumnavigation, on IDEC SPORT (40 days 23 hours 30 minutes 30 seconds), nearly five days less than the previous reference time. He held the record for the fastest single-handed sailing circumnavigation from 2008 to 2016.

Although previously well known as an offshore sailor, Joyon's real leap to international prominence came in February 2004 when the Breton became the fastest world solo yachtsman, setting a time of 72 days 22 hours and 54 minutes and 22 seconds, over 20 days faster than the previous record for a circumnavigation.

During the record run he sailed more than 28,000 nautical miles (51,900 km) at an average speed of 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h) on the 27 metres (89 ft) IDEC. IDEC, formerly known as Sport Elec, had previously taken 71 days to win the Jules Verne Trophy. Joyon took only an extra day on his own with a boat not designed for single-handed sailing, original (over 10 year old) sails and no weather router.

In February 2005 Ellen MacArthur beat Joyon's record by 1 day, 8 hours, 35 minutes, 49 seconds.

On 6 July 2005 Francis Joyon and IDEC crossed the finishing line between Lizard Point and Ushant 6 days 4 hours 1 minute and 37 seconds after the start at Ambrose Light off New York, breaking the 11-year-old record of Laurent Bourgnon for the single-handed crossing of the Atlantic Ocean with a sailing boat. During the same voyage he also broke the 24-hour distance record for single-handed sailing by sailing 543 nautical miles (1,006 km) in one day on the 3 July 2005. Joyon's record voyage ended badly on 7 July while he was sailing back to his home port after completion of the transatlantic run. Joyon, who refused help to sail the boat home from the finish line and was still single-handed, was sailing across the English Channel. At a critical moment an exhausted Joyon fell asleep and the boat continued on autopilot. IDEC ran aground at the Pointe de Penmarc'h on the Breton coast. The €4 million trimaran was wrecked; Joyon escaped without injury.

On 9 May 2006 Joyon announced that he was building a new muilti-hull to be called IDEC 2. His new boat is designed for solo sailing unlike the original IDEC, which was originally designed for crewed sailing. Design was by Nigel Irens & Bernard Cabaret. IDEC 2 weighs 11 tons, compared to his previous boat which weighed 16 tons, and has 10% more sail area. The new boat was seen as capable of taking 3 days off the existing record under the same weather conditions.

On 23 November 2007 Joyon set off in IDEC 2 in an attempt to beat Ellen MacArthur's world record for a single handed circumnavigation. He achieved this on 20 January 2008 in 57 days, 13 hours 34 minutes and 6 seconds, in a voyage that is regarded as one of the most impressive sailing feats in recent history and in a time nearly two weeks less than the previous record.

Gitana 13

Gitana 13 is an ocean-racing catamaran. She has had several names, including:

2000: Innovation Explorer, skippered by Loïck Peyron. She was built for The Race, a no-limits nonstop crewed circumnavigation in which she took second place.

2002: Orange, won the Jules Verne Trophy with skipper Bruno Peyron in 2002

2003: Kingfisher 2, skippered by Ellen MacArthur. She broke her mast in 2003, south-east Kerguelen Islands, whilst competing for Jules Verne Trophy.

2006: Gitana 13 with skipper Lionel Lemonchois

2010–2012: SwiftShe is the sister ship of Club Med, winner of The Race with skipper Grant Dalton in 2000.

Laureus World Sports Award for Action Sportsperson of the Year

The Laureus World Sports Award for Action Sportsperson of the Year, known as the Alternative Sportsperson of the Year prior to 2007, is an annual award honouring the achievements of individual athletes from the world of action sports. It was first awarded in 2000 as one of the seven constituent awards presented during the Laureus World Sports Awards. The awards are presented by the Laureus Sport for Good Foundation, a global organisation involved in more than 150 charity projects supporting 500,000 young people. The first ceremony was held on 25 May 2000 in Monte Carlo, at which Nelson Mandela gave the keynote speech. Nominations for the award come from a specialist panel. The Laureus World Sports Academy then selects the winner who is presented with a Laureus statuette, created by Cartier, at an annual awards ceremony held in various locations around the world. The awards are considered highly prestigious and are frequently referred to as the sporting equivalent of "Oscars".The inaugural winner of the Laureus World Sports Award for Action Sportsperson of the Year, in 2000, was the American multi-sports athlete Shaun Palmer. It has been awarded posthumously on one occasion, in 2006 to the Italian hang glider Angelo d'Arrigo who was killed in an air crash in March of that year. Americans are the most successful with nine awards, while surfers have been recognised most often of any sport with six awards; American surfer Kelly Slater is the only individual to have received the award on multiple occasions with four wins. The award has been presented to five women during its history: the Australian surfers Layne Beachley (2004) and Stephanie Gilmore (2010), the British yachtswoman Ellen MacArthur (2005), and the British mountain biker Rachel Atherton (2017), and the winner of the 2019 Laureus World Sports Award for Action Sportsperson of the Year, the American snowboarder Chloe Kim.

Material Concerns

Material Concerns is a book by author and economist Tim Jackson. Published in 1996, it pioneered the concept of preventive environmental management, a core principle of the circular economy framework.

Michael Pawlyn

Michael Pawlyn (born 30 September 1967) is a British architect noted for his work in the field biomimetic architecture and innovation. He was part of the principal team of architects that conceived and designed The Eden Project and is a regular keynote speaker at events on innovation and environmental sustainability. His best selling RIBA book Biomimicry in Architecture was published in 2011 and a revised second edition, with a foreword by Ellen MacArthur, was published in 2016. He was one of the three founders of The Sahara Forest Project - a way of supplying fresh water, food and renewable energy in arid conditions - and remains actively involved as a Founding Partner and Design Manager.

Nancy Blackett (cutter)

Nancy Blackett is a 28-foot (8.5 m), 7-ton (Thames Measurement), Bermuda rigged sailing cutter built in 1931. The boat is now owned and operated by The Nancy Blackett Trust.Built by David Hillyard and originally named Spindrift at her launch in 1931 (and then renamed Electron by her next owner), she was bought by children's author Arthur Ransome in 1934 and renamed Nancy Blackett after the major character of the same name in his Swallows and Amazons series of children's books. He sailed her mostly on the east coast of England and the southern North Sea from her home port of Pin Mill near Harwich.She is most notable for being the original of the fictional yacht Goblin in Ransome’s book We Didn’t Mean to Go to Sea (1937), which recounts a voyage across the North Sea to the Dutch port of Vlissingen, called by the English name of Flushing in the book. Ransome made a similar voyage from Harwich to the Netherlands in 1936 and used his personal experience in the book.Ransome's cruises also provided material for another book Secret Water (1939) set in the Walton backwaters.

Ransome sold Nancy Blackett in 1939 but always said that she was "the best little ship". In 1988, she was found rotting in Scarborough and subsequently purchased and restored. Following the restoration, she was sold to a private owner, who put her up for sale again in 1996. An appeal to Arthur Ransome fans raised the asking price and she was purchased and a Trust set up which owns, operates and maintains her.The Nancy Blackett Trust was formed as a registered charity to preserve and sail her and to promote the sort of sailing activities dear to Ransome. The trust's patron is Ellen MacArthur.

There have been some modern equipment updates to allow for her safe use by Trust members. She is available for sailing trips as well as appearing at maritime festivals and events and events associated with Ransome.

Nigel Irens

Nigel Irens RDI is a leading yacht designer. He is perhaps best known as designer of the Adventurer, a 35m trimaran motor yacht which completed a record-breaking circumnavigation in 1998, and of the record-breaking trimaran used by Ellen MacArthur to break the world record for solo circumnavigation in 2005.

His design portfolio is wide-ranging, from record-breaking yachts to innovative cruising designs such as Roxane, and other sailing designs of traditional appearance such as the Westernman cutters – designed in association with Ed Burnett – or the launch Rangeboat, a 12m power craft also of traditional appearance. Typically, Irens' designs synthesise traditional forms with modern materials and methods of construction, with Carbon fibre masts, laminated frames, and epoxied strip wood strongly in evidence.

The designer also in association with Ed Burnett, designed the King Alfred dinghy to be built by King Alfred School in London. The school has built three so far and use them to introduce students to dinghy cruising.

Irens is perhaps particularly noteworthy for the simplicity, the efficiency, the essential elegance of his design.

Ogston Reservoir

Ogston Reservoir is a reservoir operated by Severn Trent Water in Derbyshire. It is near the villages of Brackenfield, Ashover and Clay Cross.

The reservoir takes its water from the River Amber and was originally created to supply the National Coal Board's Carbonisation Plant at Wingerworth; the reservoir now supplies water for the local area and is used as a holding ground for water for nearby Carsington Reservoir. The reservoir covers 200 acres (800,000 m2) and holds 1.3 billion imperial gallons (5.9 billion litres) of water.

The valley was flooded in 1958 and completely submerged farmland, roads and part of the Ashover Light Railway. The reservoir also destroyed most of the village of Woolley, including the Woolley House Hydro, the village store, the blacksmiths, the joiners, the laundry, the sheep-dip and 'Napoleons Home', the local public house. The villagers were relocated into council houses built in another local hamlet, Badger Lane, which eventually became known as the village of Woolley on the Moor, which subsequently became the present village of Woolley Moor.

The reservoir provides many leisure activities including sailing, windsurfing and trout-fishing. It is especially well known for its bird-life and over 200 species have been recorded at Ogston including Wilson's phalarope, Sabine's gull and long-tailed skuas.

Ellen MacArthur, best known as a solo long-distance yachtswoman who, on February 7, 2005, broke the world record for the fastest solo circumnavigation of the globe, trained to become a yachtswoman on Ogston Reservoir.

This article was prepared using information found on the website of the 'Woolley Trail', maintained by the local primary school.

Queen Mary's Peak

Queen Mary's Peak is the summit of the island of Tristan da Cunha, in the South Atlantic Ocean. It has an elevation of 2,062 metres (6,765 ft) above sea level. It is named after Mary of Teck, the Queen consort of King George V. It is the highest point of the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

The mountain is the peak of the massive shield volcano which forms the island. A 300 m (1,000 ft) wide summit crater caps the peak, and it contains a heart-shaped crater lake. This lake is normally frozen during the winter, and the upper slopes of the volcano are covered in snow.

The only recorded eruption began on 10 October 1961 from a vent on the north shore of the island, and continued into March 1962. The entire population of the island (264) had to be evacuated and did not return until 1963.Queen Mary's Peak was used by sailors on the route from Europe to the Indian Ocean and beyond as a navigational aid. In the 17th century the East India Company instructed captains to sail via Tristan. In 2004, Ellen MacArthur sighted the Peak on her record-breaking circumnavigation of the world.

Red Jet 4

MV Red Jet 4 is a passenger catamaran ferry operated by Red Funnel on their route from Southampton to Cowes on the Isle of Wight, along with sister ships Red Jet 6 and Red Jet 7.

She was built by North West Bay Ships in Hobart, Tasmania. After her launch on 20 February 2003 the catamaran was placed aboard a heavy lift ship to be transported to Southampton which arrived on 9 May 2003. She was officially named by Dame Ellen MacArthur on 18 June 2003 and entered service five days later. During those 5 days the ship was used for a number of excursions including following the Round the Island Race.On 11 November 2008 Red Jet 4 was used on a number of sightseeing trips to view Queen Elizabeth 2 before it left Southampton for the final time.Red Jet 4 is featured in the 2008 video game Ship Simulator 2008 with the MV Red Eagle as a sailable ship.

Top Gear (series 7)

The seventh series of Top Gear was aired during 2005 and consisted of 6 episodes, beginning on 13 November and concluding on 27 December. The series contained six specials that were aired in 2006, with the first being a Winter Olympics special that aired on 12 February, in which the presenters did their own version with cars, and was filmed in Lillehammer, Norway. The remaining five were all "Best of Top Gear" specials that aired throughout March and the beginning of April, charting some of the best moments from the past seven series of the show; four of these were themed around Supercars, Special Guests, British Motoring and Challenges.

Whatstandwell

Whatstandwell is a village on the River Derwent in the Amber Valley district of Derbyshire, England.

It is about five miles south of Matlock and about four miles north of Belper. Whatstandwell railway station is located on the Derby-Matlock Derwent Valley Line, and the A6 trunk road crosses the River Derwent in the village. Most of the population is included in the civil parish of Crich but the village may be said to extend across the Derwent into the parish of Alderwasley.

World Sailor of the Year Awards

The World Sailor of the Year Awards were launched in 1994 by the International Sailing Federation to reward individual sailors for outstanding achievements in the sport. The awards have been sponsored by Rolex since 2001.

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