Eliza Lynn Linton (10 February 1822 – 14 July 1898) was the first female salaried journalist in Britain, and the author of over 20 novels. Despite her path breaking role as an independent woman, many of her essays took a strong anti-feminist slant.
Eliza Lynn Linton
Portrait of Eliza Lynn Linton, by W. & D. Downey, 1890
10 February 1822
Keswick, Cumbria, England
|Died||14 July 1898 (aged 76)|
|Spouse||William James Linton|
|Relatives||James Lynn (father), Charlotte Alicia Lynn (mother)|
Eliza Lynn Linton was born in Keswick, Cumbria, England, the daughter of the Rev. J. Lynn, vicar of Crosthwaite, and granddaughter of a bishop of Carlisle. The death of her mother when Eliza was five months old led to a chaotic upbringing, in which she was largely self-educated; but in 1845 she left home to earn her living as a writer in London.
After moving to Paris, she married W. J. Linton in 1858, an eminent wood-engraver, who was also a poet of some note, a writer upon his craft, and a Chartist agitator. She moved into his ramshackle house, Brantwood, in the Lakes, with his seven children from his earlier marriage, and wrote her Cumbrian novel Lizzie Lorton of Greyrigg there. In 1867 the couple separated in a friendly way, the husband going to America, Eliza going back to her life as a London writer.
She returned briefly to Cumbria and to her childhood home in 1889, to feel “half in a dream here. It is Keswick and yet not Keswick, as I am Eliza Lynn and yet not Eliza Lynn”.
She usually lived in London, but about three years before her death retired to Brougham House, Malvern. She died at Queen Anne's Mansions, London, on 14 July 1898, and her ashes were scattered in the Crosthwaite churchyard.
Linton arrived in London in 1845 as the protégée of poet Walter Savage Landor. In the following year she produced her first novel, Azeth, the Egyptian, which was succeeded by Amymone (1848), and Realities (1851). None of these had any great success, and she became a journalist, joining the staff of the Morning Chronicle and Household Words.
After separating from her husband, Linton returned to writing novels, in which she finally attained wide popularity. Her most successful works were The True History of Joshua Davidson (1872), Patricia Kemball (1874), and The Autobiography of Christopher Kirkland (1885), the latter being in fact a thinly disguised autobiography.
She was a constant contributor to the St James's Gazette, the Daily News and other leading newspapers, and her 1864 guide to The Lake Country still bears reading for its tart comments on the tourist rituals of the Victorians.
Mrs Linton was a severe critic of early feminism. Her most famous essay on this subject, "The Girl of the Period," was published in Saturday Review in 1868 and was a vehement attack on feminism. In 1891, she wrote "Wild Women as Politicians" which explained her opinion that politics was naturally the sphere of men, as was fame of any sort. "Amongst our most renowned women," she wrote, "are some who say with their whole heart, 'I would rather have been the wife of a great man, or the mother of a hero, than what I am, famous in my own person." Mrs Linton is a leading example of the fact that the fight against votes for women was not only organised by men, see Anti-suffragism.
Her obituary in The Times noted her "animosity towards all, or rather, some of those facets which may be conveniently called the 'New Woman'," but added that "it would perhaps be difficult to reduce Mrs. Lynn Linton's views on what was and what was not desirable for her own sex to a logical and connected form." Revisionist critics have pointed in fact to an unconscious sympathy for the dashing “modern women” in her fiction, as well as to her support for the right of married women to have their own property and thereby independence. (See Married Women's Property Act 1870 and Married Women's Property Act 1882.)
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1822.1822 in the United Kingdom
Events from the year 1822 in the United Kingdom.1847 in literature
This article presents lists of literary events and publications in 1847.1848 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1848.1868 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1868.1872 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1872.1874 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1874.1885 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1885.
—Opening lines of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn1898 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1898.1898 in the United Kingdom
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Monreale forms its own archdiocese and is home to a historical Norman-Byzantine cathedral. This has been designated as one of several buildings named in a UNESCO World Heritage Site, a group of nine inscribed as Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale.Queen Anne's Mansions
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Acting as his own architect, and employing his own labour, he proceeded to erect the first stage of the block. At twelve stories, later increased to fourteen, it was the loftiest residential building in Britain.
The Court Circular for January, 1897 describes them as "a stupendous pile which, for solidity, comfort and general convenience, sets all rivals at defiance, although twenty years have elapsed and imitations have been legion"The Idler (1892–1911)
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William James Linton (December 7, 1812 – December 29, 1897) was an English-born American wood-engraver, landscape painter, political reformer and author of memoirs, novels, poetry and non-fiction.