Elise Eskilsdotter

Elise Eskilsdotter (Elise Eskildsdatter) (died circa 1483) was a Norwegian noble.[1]

Elise was the daughter of Eskild Ågesen and Elisabeth Jakobsdatter Hegle. Her father was a knight from Scania. About 1420, she married the Norwegian nobleman Olav Nilsson (ca. 1400-1455) who was a member of the noble Skanke family.[2]

Olav Nilsson served as a member of the Riksråd of Norway. He was knighted by King Eric of Pomerania in 1430. In 1438, he was appointed captain of Bergenhus. Around 1440, he became feudal overlord at Ryfylke in Rogaland, Norway. He was a wealthy landowner with properties in both Norway and Denmark. Olav later served King Christian I of Denmark as a privateer during the Dano-Hanseatic War (1426–35). After Treaty of Vordingborg in July 1435, King Christian made peace with the Hanseatic League. However Olav continued to attack German merchant ships against the wishes of the king. As a consequence, in 1453 the king dismissed Olav. In 1455, Olav Nilsson was assassinated at Munkeliv Abbey together with his son Nils, his brother Peder Nilsson Skanke, as well as Leif Thor Olafsson, Bishop of Bergen.[3][4][5][6]

Following his death, Elise Eskilsdotter and her children led open warfare against the trade of the German merchant class of Bergen. Her eldest son, Olav, was killed by a shipwreck in 1465, but the youngest son Axel continued the business. Like many other members of the Norwegian nobility, she also opposed Danish rule over Norway. In 1468, King Christian I of Denmark confiscated her fief because he no longer trusted her loyalty. Elise died circa 1483.[7][8][9]

References

  1. ^ Terje Bratberg. "Elise Eskildsdatter, Ridderfrue". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  2. ^ Jon Gunnar Arntzen. "Skanke". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  3. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Ryfylke". tore norske leksikon. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  4. ^ Erik Opsahl. "Olav Nilsson, Ridder". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  5. ^ John Arve Riise. "Herr Olav Nilsson – Ridder af Talgø". Skanke-Foreningen I Norge. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  6. ^ "Leif Thor Olafsson, Bishop of Bjørgvin (Bergen)". Hierarchia Catholica, Volume 2. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  7. ^ "The Hanseatic League". Das Hansebüro. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  8. ^ Cato Guhnfeldt (19 January 2014). "Fæle fruer til sjøs". Aftenposten. Retrieved May 25, 2016.
  9. ^ Terje Bratberg. "Elise Eskildsdatter". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved May 25, 2016.

Other sources

  • Carlquist, Gunnar (1937) Svensk uppslagsbok. Bd 20 (Malmö: Svensk Uppslagsbok AB)

Related reading

  • Øye, Ingvild (1994) Bergen and the German Hansa (Bergen: Bryggens Museum) ISBN 9788290289527
  • Nicolle, David (2014) Forces of the Hanseatic League: 13th - 15th Centuries (Osprey Publishing) ISBN 9781782007791
  • Hetland, Ingebrigt (2008) Pirater og sjørøvere i norske farvann (Pantagruel Forlag AS) ISBN 9788279003236
  • Stanton, Charles D. (2015) Medieval Maritime Warfare (Pen and Sword Books) ISBN 9781473856431
1483

Year 1483 (MCDLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar).

Women in piracy

While piracy was predominantly a male occupation, a minority of pirates were women. On many ships, women (as well as young boys) were prohibited by the ship's contract, which all crew members were required to sign. Because of the resistance to allowing women on board, many female pirates did not identify themselves as such. Anne Bonny, for example, dressed and acted as a man while on Captain Calico Jack's ship. She and Mary Read, another female pirate, are often identified as being unique in this regard.

This article contains a list of female pirates who are recognized by historians, listed in the time period they were active.

Women in post-classical warfare

A variety of roles were played by women in post-classical warfare. James Illston says "the field of medieval gender studies is a growing one, and nowhere is this expansion more evident than the recent increase in studies which address the roles of medieval women in times of war....this change in research has been invaluable". He provides a 20-page bibliography of dozens of recent scholarly books and articles, most of them connected to the crusades.

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