Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (July 8, 1926 – August 24, 2004) was a Swiss-American psychiatrist, a pioneer in near-death studies and the author of the groundbreaking book On Death and Dying (1969), where she first discussed her theory of the five stages of grief, also known as the "Kübler-Ross model".
She was a 2007 inductee into the National Women's Hall of Fame. She was the recipient of nineteen honorary degrees and by July 1982 had taught, in her estimation, 125,000 students in death and dying courses in colleges, seminaries, medical schools, hospitals, and social-work institutions. In 1970, she delivered an Ingersoll Lecture at Harvard University on the theme On Death and Dying.
Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
|Born||July 8, 1926|
|Died||August 24, 2004 (aged 78)|
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
|Known for||Kübler-Ross model|
|Spouse(s)||Manny Ross (1958–1979)|
|Institutions||University of Chicago|
|Influenced||Caroline Myss, Vern Barnet, Bruce Greyson, Sogyal Rinpoche|
Elisabeth Kübler was born on July 8, 1926, in Zürich, Switzerland, one of triplets. Elisabeth was born fifteen minutes before her identical sister Erika. Minutes later came her sister Eva. Her family were Protestant Christians. Her father did not want her to study medicine, but she persisted. Eventually her father took pride in her career. In an interview she stated:
In Switzerland I was educated in line with the basic premise: work work work. You are only a valuable human being if you work. This is utterly wrong. Half working, half dancing - that is the right mixture. I myself have danced and played too little.
In 1958 she married a fellow medical student from America, Emanuel ("Manny") Ross, and moved to the United States. Becoming pregnant disqualified her from a residency in pediatrics, so she took one in psychiatry. After suffering two miscarriages, she had a son, Kenneth, and a daughter, Barbara, in the early 1960s. Her husband requested a divorce in 1979.
Kübler-Ross moved to New York in 1958 to work and continued her studies.
As she began her psychiatric residency, she was appalled by the hospital treatment of patients in the U.S. who were dying. She began giving a series of lectures featuring terminally ill patients, forcing medical students to face people who were dying.
In 1962 she accepted a position at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Kübler-Ross completed her training in psychiatry in 1963, and moved to Chicago in 1965. She became an instructor at the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine. She developed there a series of seminars using interviews with terminal patients, which drew both praise and criticism. She sometimes questioned the practices of traditional psychiatry that she observed. She also undertook 39 months of classical psychoanalysis training in Chicago.
Her extensive work with the dying led to the book On Death and Dying in 1969. In it, she proposed the now famous Five Stages of Grief as a pattern of adjustment: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. In general, individuals experience most of these stages when faced with their imminent death. The five stages have since been adopted by many as applying to the survivors of a loved one's death, as well.
In 1977 she persuaded her husband to buy forty acres of land in Escondido, California, near San Diego, where she founded "Shanti Nilaya" (Home of Peace). She intended it as a healing center for the dying and their families. She was also a co-founder of the American Holistic Medical Association.
In the late 1970s, she became interested in out-of-body experiences, mediumship, spiritualism, and other ways of attempting to contact the dead. This led to a scandal connected to the Shanti Nilaya Healing Center, in which she was duped by Jay Barham, founder of the Church of the Facet of the Divinity. Claiming he could channel the spirits of the departed and summon ethereal "entities", he encouraged church members to engage in sexual relations with the "spirits". He may have hired several women to play the parts of female spirits for this purpose. Kubler-Ross' friend Deanna Edwards attended a service to ascertain whether allegations against Barham were true. He was found to be naked and wearing only a turban when Edwards unexpectedly pulled masking tape off the light switch and flipped on the light.
Kübler-Ross also dealt with the phenomenon of near-death experiences. She reported on her interviews for the first time in her book On Death and Dying: What the dying have to teach doctors, nurses, clergy, and their own families (1969)
One of her greatest wishes was her plan to build a hospice for infants and children infected with HIV to give them a last home where they could live until their death, inspired by the aid-project of British doctor Cicely Saunders. In 1985 she attempted to do this in Virginia, but local residents feared the possibility of infection and blocked the necessary re-zoning. In 1994, she lost her house and possessions to an arson fire that is suspected to have been set by opponents of her AIDS work.
Kübler-Ross suffered a series of strokes in 1995 which left her partially paralyzed on her left side, and the Shanti Nilaya Healing Center closed around that time. She found living in a wheelchair, slowly waiting for death to come, an unbearable suffering, and wished to be able to determine her time of death. In a 2002 interview with The Arizona Republic, she stated that she was ready for death. She died in 2004 at a nursing home in Scottsdale, Arizona, and was buried at the Paradise Memorial Gardens Cemetery.
David Kessler (Born February 16, 1959) is an author, public speaker, and death and grieving expert. He has published many books, including two co-written with famed psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross: Life Lessons: Two Experts on Death and Dying Teach us about the Mysteries of Life and Living & On Grief & Grieving: Finding the Meaning of Grief through the Five Stages of Grief. His first book, The Needs of the Dying is now in a tenth anniversary edition and received praise from Mother Teresa and Marianne Williamson.Elaine Roulet
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Kubler can refer to:
Françoise Kubler (born 1958), French operatic soprano
George Kubler (1912-1996), an American art historian
Ida Ivanka Kubler (born 1978), a visual artist
Jason Kubler (born 1993), Australian tennis player
Tad Kubler, an American guitaristKübler may refer to :
Kübler Absinthe, a Swiss anise-flavored spirit
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (1926–2004) a Swiss-born psychiatrist and the author of the groundbreaking book On Death and Dying
Ferdinand Kübler (1919–2016), a retired Swiss cyclist
Klaus Kübler (politician) (1936–2007), German politician
Klaus Kübler (athlete) (born 1959), German triple jumper
Ludwig Kübler (1889–1947), a German General of the Mountain Troops during World War II
Stella Kübler (1922—1994), a Jewish woman who collaborated with the NazisKübler-Ross model
The Kübler-Ross model is popularly known as the five stages of grief. Even though it's been represented in modern culture as model of depression, the model was originally designed to postulate a progression of emotional states experienced by terminally ill patients after diagnosis. The five stages are chronologically: denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance.
The model was first introduced by Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her 1969 book On Death and Dying, and was inspired by her work with terminally ill patients. Motivated by the lack of instruction in medical schools on the subject of death and dying, Kübler-Ross examined death and those faced with it at the University of Chicago medical school. Kübler-Ross' project evolved into a series of seminars which, along with patient interviews and previous research, became the foundation for her book. Although Kübler-Ross is commonly credited with creating stage models, earlier bereavement theorists and clinicians such as Erich Lindemann, Collin Murray Parkes, and John Bowlby used similar models of stages of phases as early as the 1940s.Later in her life, Kübler-Ross noted that the stages are not a linear and predictable progression and that she regretted writing them in a way that was misunderstood. "Kübler-Ross originally saw these stages as reflecting how people cope with illness and dying," observed grief researcher Kenneth J. Doka, "not as reflections of how people grieve."List of figures in psychiatry
This is a list of notable figures who have been involved in the history of psychiatry. See also list of psychiatrists.List of triplets
This is a list of notable triplets. One in about 8,100 natural pregnancies results in triplets
The mythological Irish Findemna, Bres, Nár, and Lothar, sometimes interpreted as triplets. Seduced by their sister Clothar when it was feared they would die without issue.
Tenskwatawa, (1771-1836), Shawnee prophet and brother of Tecumseh was one of a set of triplets.
The Del Rubio triplets Edith (B. Boyd), Elena (Boyd), and Milly (Boyd) (born 23 August 1921 in Panama), variety/musical act of the 1980s who rose to notoriety due mostly to their campy style of dress and their goofy interpretations of standards and songs of the era.
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (born July 8, 1926 in Zürich, Switzerland, died 24 August 2004 in Scottsdale, Arizona), psychiatrist and author perhaps best known for developing the "Five Stages of Grief", was one of a set of identical triplets.
Doris Kingston, Alice Holmes, and Gladys Caress (born 12 June 1927 in South Elmsall, West Yorkshire), oldest living identical triplets in the United Kingdom.
María Laura, María Emilia and María Eugenia Fernández Roussee (born July 5, 1960 in Argentina), identical triplets who worked as singers, actresses and presenters in Argentinian radio, television and cinema films, mainly in the 1970s and 1980s. They were known as Las Trillizas de Oro ("The Golden Triplets") in Spanish, and as Trix in Italy.
Robert Shafran, David Kellman, and Eddy Galland (born 12 July 1961) were separated at birth in an adoption /twins study. Reunited in 1980 by coincidence, they were the subject of media attention at the time. They are mentioned in the 2007 memoir Identical Strangers and their lives are the centerpiece of the 2018 documentary Three Identical Strangers by film-maker Tim Wardle.
Diana, Sylvia, and Vicky Villegas (born 18 April 1965) became famous briefly in the 1980s and 1990s as US/Latin pop group The Triplets. They had a hit with the song "You Don't Have To Go Home Tonight" in 1991.
The Creel triplets, Leanna, Monica, and Joy (born 27 August 1970 in Los Angeles, California), starred in Parent Trap III and Parent Trap: Hawaiian Honeymoon, two Disney made-for-TV movies.
The Haden triplets, Petra, Tanya and Rachel, (born 11 October 1971 in New York City), musicians who have performed individually in bands and together. They are the daughters of jazz double-bassist Charlie Haden.
Nicole, Erica and Jaclyn Dahm (born December 22, 1977 in Minneapolis, Minnesota), identical triplets who were featured as Playmates in the December 1998 issue of Playboy magazine.
The Karshner triplets of Lake Isabella, California, Craig, Nick, and Ryan (born 23 December 1982), models who have been featured in advertisements for Abercrombie & Fitch and Cingular.
The Armstrong triplets of Truro, Cornwall, United Kingdom, Lil, Helen, and Kate (born c. 1986), first triplets to have all been accepted into Cambridge University.
Aracelia Garcia, a 54-year-old Washington, United States resident and grandmother, naturally conceived female triplets in 1999.
Michael, Charles, and Jazzie Saunders, also known as the Saunders triplets, played the infant Harry Potter in the 2001 film Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone.
The Kirchner triplets, Catherine, Marguerite, and Frances (born 23 August 1920 in Brooklyn, NY), believed to be the oldest identical living triplets in the United States.
Leo, Gerry and Myles Fitzgerald, played Sly and Whit in the 1999 film Baby Geniuses and also appeared as Kahuna in the sequel, Superbabies: Baby Geniuses 2 in 2004.
The Kosanovic triplets, identical males (born 28 November 1948 in Meadville, Pennsylvania), believed to be the oldest set of identical triplets in Oregon. Joe lives in Eagle Crest, Gerry lives in Corvallis, and Jim lives in Portland.
Bob, Clint and Dave Moffatt (born 30 March 1984 in Tumbler Ridge, British Columbia), part of the Canadian family musical band The Moffatts. Bob and Clint are identical, while Dave is fraternal.
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