Elisabeth Kübler-Ross

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (July 8, 1926 – August 24, 2004) was a Swiss-American psychiatrist, a pioneer in near-death studies and the author of the groundbreaking book On Death and Dying (1969), where she first discussed her theory of the five stages of grief, also known as the "Kübler-Ross model".[1]

She was a 2007 inductee into the National Women's Hall of Fame.[2] She was the recipient of nineteen honorary degrees and by July 1982 had taught, in her estimation, 125,000 students in death and dying courses in colleges, seminaries, medical schools, hospitals, and social-work institutions.[3] In 1970, she delivered an Ingersoll Lecture at Harvard University on the theme On Death and Dying.

Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (1926 - 2004)
Elisabeth Kübler-Ross
BornJuly 8, 1926
Zürich, Switzerland
DiedAugust 24, 2004 (aged 78)
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
Known forKübler-Ross model
Spouse(s)Manny Ross (1958–1979)
ChildrenKen Ross
Barbara Ross
Scientific career
FieldsPsychiatry
InstitutionsUniversity of Chicago
InfluencedCaroline Myss, Vern Barnet, Bruce Greyson, Sogyal Rinpoche

Birth and education

Elisabeth Kübler was born on July 8, 1926, in Zürich, Switzerland, one of triplets. Elisabeth was born fifteen minutes before her identical sister Erika. Minutes later came her sister Eva.[4] Her family were Protestant Christians. Her father did not want her to study medicine, but she persisted. Eventually her father took pride in her career. In an interview she stated:

In Switzerland I was educated in line with the basic premise: work work work. You are only a valuable human being if you work. This is utterly wrong. Half working, half dancing - that is the right mixture. I myself have danced and played too little.[5]

During World War II she became involved in refugee relief work in Zürich and later visited Majdanek death camp. She graduated from the University of Zürich medical school in 1957.

Personal life

In 1958 she married a fellow medical student from America, Emanuel ("Manny") Ross, and moved to the United States. Becoming pregnant disqualified her from a residency in pediatrics, so she took one in psychiatry. After suffering two miscarriages, she had a son, Kenneth, and a daughter, Barbara, in the early 1960s.[6] Her husband requested a divorce in 1979.

Academic career

Kübler-Ross moved to New York in 1958 to work and continued her studies.

As she began her psychiatric residency, she was appalled by the hospital treatment of patients in the U.S. who were dying. She began giving a series of lectures featuring terminally ill patients, forcing medical students to face people who were dying.

In 1962 she accepted a position at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Kübler-Ross completed her training in psychiatry in 1963, and moved to Chicago in 1965. She became an instructor at the University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine. She developed there a series of seminars using interviews with terminal patients, which drew both praise and criticism.[7] She sometimes questioned the practices of traditional psychiatry that she observed. She also undertook 39 months of classical psychoanalysis training in Chicago.

Her extensive work with the dying led to the book On Death and Dying in 1969. In it, she proposed the now famous Five Stages of Grief as a pattern of adjustment: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. In general, individuals experience most of these stages when faced with their imminent death. The five stages have since been adopted by many as applying to the survivors of a loved one's death, as well.

Healing Center

Kübler-Ross encouraged the hospice care movement, believing that euthanasia prevents people from completing their 'unfinished business'.

In 1977 she persuaded her husband to buy forty acres of land in Escondido, California, near San Diego, where she founded "Shanti Nilaya" (Home of Peace). She intended it as a healing center for the dying and their families. She was also a co-founder of the American Holistic Medical Association.

In the late 1970s, she became interested in out-of-body experiences, mediumship, spiritualism, and other ways of attempting to contact the dead. This led to a scandal connected to the Shanti Nilaya Healing Center, in which she was duped by Jay Barham, founder of the Church of the Facet of the Divinity. Claiming he could channel the spirits of the departed and summon ethereal "entities", he encouraged church members to engage in sexual relations with the "spirits". He may have hired several women to play the parts of female spirits for this purpose.[8] Kubler-Ross' friend Deanna Edwards attended a service to ascertain whether allegations against Barham were true. He was found to be naked and wearing only a turban when Edwards unexpectedly pulled masking tape off the light switch and flipped on the light.[9][10][11]

Investigations on near death experiences

Kübler-Ross also dealt with the phenomenon of near-death experiences. She reported on her interviews for the first time in her book On Death and Dying: What the dying have to teach doctors, nurses, clergy, and their own families (1969)[12][13]

AIDS work

One of her greatest wishes was her plan to build a hospice for infants and children infected with HIV to give them a last home where they could live until their death, inspired by the aid-project of British doctor Cicely Saunders. In 1985 she attempted to do this in Virginia, but local residents feared the possibility of infection and blocked the necessary re-zoning. In 1994, she lost her house and possessions to an arson fire that is suspected to have been set by opponents of her AIDS work.[14]

She conducted many workshops on AIDS in different parts of the world. In 1990 she moved the Healing Center to her own farm in Head Waters, Virginia, to reduce her extensive traveling.

Death

Kübler-Ross suffered a series of strokes in 1995 which left her partially paralyzed on her left side, and the Shanti Nilaya Healing Center closed around that time. She found living in a wheelchair, slowly waiting for death to come, an unbearable suffering, and wished to be able to determine her time of death.[15] In a 2002 interview with The Arizona Republic, she stated that she was ready for death. She died in 2004 at a nursing home in Scottsdale, Arizona, and was buried at the Paradise Memorial Gardens Cemetery.

Honorary degrees

  • Doctor of Science, H.C., Albany Medical College, New York 1974
  • Doctor of Laws, University of Notre Dame, IN.,1974
  • Doctor of Science, Smith College 1975
  • Doctor of Science, Molloy College, Rockville Centre, NY, 1976
  • Doctor of Humanities, Saint Mary's College, Notre Dame, IN. 1975
  • Doctor of Laws, Hamline University, MN. 1975
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, Amherst College, MA. 1975
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, Loyola University, IL 1975
  • Doctor of Humanities, Hood College, MD 1976
  • Doctor of Letters, Rosary College, IL. 1976
  • Doctor of Pedagogy, Keuka College, NY 1976
  • Doctor of Humane Science, University of Miami, FL 1976
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, Bard College, NY 1977
  • Doctor of Science, Regis College, Weston MA., 1977
  • Honorary Degree, Anna Maria College, MA., 1978
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, Union College, New York 1978
  • Doctor of Humane Letters, D'Youville College, New York 1979
  • Doctor of Science, Fairleigh Dickinson University, 1979
  • Doctor of Divinity, 1996

Selected bibliography

  • On Death & Dying, (Simon & Schuster/Touchstone), 1969
  • Questions & Answers on Death & Dying, (Simon & Schuster/Touchstone), 1972
  • Death: The Final Stage of Growth, (Simon & Schuster/Touchstone), 1974
  • Questions and Answers on Death and Dying: A Memoir of Living and Dying, Macmillan, 1976. ISBN 0-02-567120-0.
  • To Live Until We Say Goodbye, (Simon & Schuster/Touchstone), 1978
  • The Dougy Letter -A Letter to a Dying Child, (Celestial Arts/Ten Speed Press), 1979
  • Quest, Biography of EKR (Written with Derek Gill), (Harper & Row), 1980
  • Working It Through, (Simon & Schuster/Touchstone), 1981
  • Living with Death & Dying, (Simon & Schuster/Touchstone), 1981
  • Remember the Secret, (Celestial Arts/Ten Speed Press), 1981
  • On Children & Death, (Simon & Schuster), 1985
  • AIDS: The Ultimate Challenge, (Simon & Schuster), 1988
  • On Life After Death, (Celestial Arts), 1991
  • Death Is of Vital Importance, (Out of Print- Now The Tunnel and the Light), 1995
  • Unfolding the Wings of Love (Germany only - Silberschnur), 1996
  • Making the Most of the Inbetween, (Various Foreign), 1996
  • AIDS & Love, The Conference in Barcelona, (Spain), 1996
  • Longing to Go Back Home, (Germany only - Silberschnur), 1997
  • Working It Through: An Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Workshop on Life, Death, and Transition, Simon & Schuster, 1997. ISBN 0-684-83942-3.
  • The Wheel of Life: A Memoir of Living and Dying, (Simon & Schuster/Scribner), 1997
  • Why Are We Here, (Germany only - Silberschnur), 1999
  • The Tunnel and the Light, (Avalon), 1999
  • Life Lessons: Two Experts on Death and Dying Teach Us About the Mysteries of Life and Living, with David Kessler, Scribner, 2001. ISBN 0-684-87074-6.
  • On Grief and Grieving: Finding the Meaning of Grief Through the Five Stages of Loss, with David Kessler. Scribner, 2005. ISBN 0-7432-6628-5.
  • Real Taste of Life: A photographic Journal

References

  1. ^ Broom, Sarah M. (Aug 30, 2004). "Milestones". TIME.
  2. ^ "Elisabeth Kübler-Ross". Women of the Hall. National Women's Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 3 January 2008.
  3. ^ "Turn on, tune in, drop dead" by Ron Rosenbaum, Harper's, July 1982, pages 32-42
  4. ^ Newman, Laura. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross. (2004). British Medical Journal, 329 (7466), 627. Retrieved November 17, 2006.
  5. ^ de.wikipedia
  6. ^ Kübler-Ross, Elisabeth
  7. ^ Kubler-Ross, Elizabeth (1997). The Wheel of Life.
  8. ^ Sex, Visitors from the Grave, Psychic Healing: Kubler-Ross Is a Public Storm Center Again by Karen G. Jackovich. In People, October 29, 1979, page found 2011-03-05.
  9. ^ Playboy Interview with Elizabeth Kubler-Ross's' Playboy Magazine, May, 1981
  10. ^ TIME.com, The Conversion of Kubler-Ross, TIME, November 12, 1979
  11. ^ Elisabeth Kubler-Ross in the Afterworld of Entities by Kate Coleman, New West, 30 July 1979
  12. ^ Video: Elisabeth Kübler-Ross über Nahtoderfahrungen (1981) , abgerufen am 14. März 2014
  13. ^ Bild der Wissenschaft: Sind Nahtod-Erfahrungen Bilder aus dem Jenseits? abgerufen am 16. März 2014.
  14. ^ Kinofenster.de (in German)
  15. ^ Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, On life After Death, Foreword by Caroline Myss p.vii. Celestial Arts. ISBN 9781587613180

Further reading

  • Quest: The Life of Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, by Derek Gill. Ballantine Books (Mm), 1982. ISBN 0-345-30094-7.
  • The Life Work of Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross and Its Impact on the Death Awareness Movement, by Michèle Catherine Gantois Chaban. E. Mellen Press, 2000. ISBN 0-7734-8302-0.
  • Elisabeth Kubler-Ross: Encountering Death and Dying, by Richard Worth. Published by Facts On File, Inc., 2004. ISBN 0-7910-8027-7.
  • Tea With Elisabeth tributes to Hospice Pioneer Dr. Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, compiled by Fern Stewart Welch, Rose Winters and Ken Ross, Published by Quality of Life Publishing Co 2009 ISBN 978-0-9816219-9-9

Viewing:

  • Elisabeth Kübler-Ross: Facing Death (2003) (Elisabeth Kübler-Ross – Dem Tod ins Gesicht sehen) Director & writer Stefan Haupt, 98 min

External links

David Kessler (writer)

David Kessler (Born February 16, 1959) is an author, public speaker, and death and grieving expert. He has published many books, including two co-written with famed psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross: Life Lessons: Two Experts on Death and Dying Teach us about the Mysteries of Life and Living & On Grief & Grieving: Finding the Meaning of Grief through the Five Stages of Grief. His first book, The Needs of the Dying is now in a tenth anniversary edition and received praise from Mother Teresa and Marianne Williamson.

Elaine Roulet

Sister Elaine Roulet (born 1930) is a Roman Catholic sister who created programs that connect incarcerated mothers and their children. She was instrumental in the prison reform movement and established the precedent of connecting imprisoned mothers with their babies that many United States prisons now use as a model.

Gloria Yerkovich

Gloria Jean Yerkovich (born 1942) is an American victims' rights activist who founded Child Find of America to prevent and resolve child abductions and missing children cases. Yerkovich is a 1993 inductee into the National Women's Hall of Fame for her work.

Helen LaKelly Hunt

Helen LaKelly Hunt (born 1949) is a daughter of H. L. Hunt. She grew up in Dallas, Texas, where she graduated from the Hockaday School and Southern Methodist University. She also has a master's degree in clinical psychology and a Ph.D. in church history.

Kate Mullany

Kate Mullany (1845-1906) was an early female labor leader who started the all-women Collar Laundry Union in Troy, New York in February 1864. It was one of the first women's unions that lasted longer than the resolution of a specific issue.

Kate Stoneman

Katherine "Kate" Stoneman (April 1841 – May 19, 1925) was an early 20th-century suffragist and the first woman admitted to the Bar Association in the State of New York.

Ken Ross (photographer)

Ken Ross is an American independent commercial photographer who specializes in travel, location, people, and corporate photography. He is based in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Kubler

Kubler can refer to:

Françoise Kubler (born 1958), French operatic soprano

George Kubler (1912-1996), an American art historian

Ida Ivanka Kubler (born 1978), a visual artist

Jason Kubler (born 1993), Australian tennis player

Tad Kubler, an American guitaristKübler may refer to :

Kübler Absinthe, a Swiss anise-flavored spirit

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (1926–2004) a Swiss-born psychiatrist and the author of the groundbreaking book On Death and Dying

Ferdinand Kübler (1919–2016), a retired Swiss cyclist

Klaus Kübler (politician) (1936–2007), German politician

Klaus Kübler (athlete) (born 1959), German triple jumper

Ludwig Kübler (1889–1947), a German General of the Mountain Troops during World War II

Stella Kübler (1922—1994), a Jewish woman who collaborated with the Nazis

Kübler-Ross model

The Kübler-Ross model is popularly known as the five stages of grief. Even though it's been represented in modern culture as model of depression, the model was originally designed to postulate a progression of emotional states experienced by terminally ill patients after diagnosis. The five stages are chronologically: denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance.

The model was first introduced by Swiss-American psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her 1969 book On Death and Dying, and was inspired by her work with terminally ill patients. Motivated by the lack of instruction in medical schools on the subject of death and dying, Kübler-Ross examined death and those faced with it at the University of Chicago medical school. Kübler-Ross' project evolved into a series of seminars which, along with patient interviews and previous research, became the foundation for her book. Although Kübler-Ross is commonly credited with creating stage models, earlier bereavement theorists and clinicians such as Erich Lindemann, Collin Murray Parkes, and John Bowlby used similar models of stages of phases as early as the 1940s.Later in her life, Kübler-Ross noted that the stages are not a linear and predictable progression and that she regretted writing them in a way that was misunderstood. "Kübler-Ross originally saw these stages as reflecting how people cope with illness and dying," observed grief researcher Kenneth J. Doka, "not as reflections of how people grieve."

List of figures in psychiatry

This is a list of notable figures who have been involved in the history of psychiatry. See also list of psychiatrists.

List of triplets

This is a list of notable triplets. One in about 8,100 natural pregnancies results in triplets

The mythological Irish Findemna, Bres, Nár, and Lothar, sometimes interpreted as triplets. Seduced by their sister Clothar when it was feared they would die without issue.

Tenskwatawa, (1771-1836), Shawnee prophet and brother of Tecumseh was one of a set of triplets.

The Del Rubio triplets Edith (B. Boyd), Elena (Boyd), and Milly (Boyd) (born 23 August 1921 in Panama), variety/musical act of the 1980s who rose to notoriety due mostly to their campy style of dress and their goofy interpretations of standards and songs of the era.

Elisabeth Kübler-Ross (born July 8, 1926 in Zürich, Switzerland, died 24 August 2004 in Scottsdale, Arizona), psychiatrist and author perhaps best known for developing the "Five Stages of Grief", was one of a set of identical triplets.

Doris Kingston, Alice Holmes, and Gladys Caress (born 12 June 1927 in South Elmsall, West Yorkshire), oldest living identical triplets in the United Kingdom.

María Laura, María Emilia and María Eugenia Fernández Roussee (born July 5, 1960 in Argentina), identical triplets who worked as singers, actresses and presenters in Argentinian radio, television and cinema films, mainly in the 1970s and 1980s. They were known as Las Trillizas de Oro ("The Golden Triplets") in Spanish, and as Trix in Italy.

Robert Shafran, David Kellman, and Eddy Galland (born 12 July 1961) were separated at birth in an adoption /twins study. Reunited in 1980 by coincidence, they were the subject of media attention at the time. They are mentioned in the 2007 memoir Identical Strangers and their lives are the centerpiece of the 2018 documentary Three Identical Strangers by film-maker Tim Wardle.

Diana, Sylvia, and Vicky Villegas (born 18 April 1965) became famous briefly in the 1980s and 1990s as US/Latin pop group The Triplets. They had a hit with the song "You Don't Have To Go Home Tonight" in 1991.

The Creel triplets, Leanna, Monica, and Joy (born 27 August 1970 in Los Angeles, California), starred in Parent Trap III and Parent Trap: Hawaiian Honeymoon, two Disney made-for-TV movies.

The Haden triplets, Petra, Tanya and Rachel, (born 11 October 1971 in New York City), musicians who have performed individually in bands and together. They are the daughters of jazz double-bassist Charlie Haden.

Nicole, Erica and Jaclyn Dahm (born December 22, 1977 in Minneapolis, Minnesota), identical triplets who were featured as Playmates in the December 1998 issue of Playboy magazine.

The Karshner triplets of Lake Isabella, California, Craig, Nick, and Ryan (born 23 December 1982), models who have been featured in advertisements for Abercrombie & Fitch and Cingular.

The Armstrong triplets of Truro, Cornwall, United Kingdom, Lil, Helen, and Kate (born c. 1986), first triplets to have all been accepted into Cambridge University.

Aracelia Garcia, a 54-year-old Washington, United States resident and grandmother, naturally conceived female triplets in 1999.

Michael, Charles, and Jazzie Saunders, also known as the Saunders triplets, played the infant Harry Potter in the 2001 film Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone.

The Kirchner triplets, Catherine, Marguerite, and Frances (born 23 August 1920 in Brooklyn, NY), believed to be the oldest identical living triplets in the United States.

Leo, Gerry and Myles Fitzgerald, played Sly and Whit in the 1999 film Baby Geniuses and also appeared as Kahuna in the sequel, Superbabies: Baby Geniuses 2 in 2004.

The Kosanovic triplets, identical males (born 28 November 1948 in Meadville, Pennsylvania), believed to be the oldest set of identical triplets in Oregon. Joe lives in Eagle Crest, Gerry lives in Corvallis, and Jim lives in Portland.

Bob, Clint and Dave Moffatt (born 30 March 1984 in Tumbler Ridge, British Columbia), part of the Canadian family musical band The Moffatts. Bob and Clint are identical, while Dave is fraternal.

South Korean Actor Song Il-gook and his wife Jung Seung Yeon (a high court judge) have triplet sons Dae Han, Min Guk and Man Se, which also means "Long Live the Republic of Korea" when said together. Song Il Gook with his three sons starred in the variety show The Return of Superman from 6 July 2014 to 7 February 2016.

Leila, Liina and Lily Luik (born 14 October 1985), identical triplets from Estonia. They all competed in marathon at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, becoming first set of triplets to have competed in the Olympics.

Anna-Maria Alexandri, Eirini-Marina Alexandri and Vasiliki Alexandri (born 15 September 1997) were born in Greece and compete as Austrians in Synchronised swimming.

Loretta Ford

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Louise McManus

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Mary Joseph Rogers

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Matilda Cuomo

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Moira Linehan

Moira Linehan is an American poet. She graduated from Boston College, and Vermont College of Fine Arts, with an MFA.

She lived in Winchester, Massachusetts, where she worked as an academic administrator. She has been a resident at the Virginia Center for the Creative Arts, and the Millay Colony.Her work has appeared in Alaska Quarterly Review, Green Mountains Review, Indiana Review, and Notre Dame Review, Triquarterly.

National Women's Hall of Fame

The National Women's Hall of Fame is an American institution created in 1969 by a group of people in Seneca Falls, New York, the location of the 1848 women's rights convention.The National Women's Hall of Fame inducts distinguished American women through a rigorous national honors selection process involving representatives of the nation's important organizations and areas of expertise. Nominees are selected on the basis of the changes they created that affect the social, economic or cultural aspects of society; the significant national or global impact and results of change due to their achievement; and the enduring value of their achievements or changes. Induction ceremonies are held every odd- numbered year in the fall, with the names of the women to be honored announced earlier in the spring, usually during March, Women's History Month.

The Dougy Center

The Dougy Center, The National Center for Grieving Children & Families is a nonprofit organization based in Portland, Oregon that offers support groups and services to grieving children and young adults. Its peer support program and network of children's grief services make the organization the first of its kind in the United States. 500 independent programs around the world are based on its model, more than 300 of which have staff who were trained by the organization's staff. The Dougy Center serves 400 children and 250 adults from the Portland metropolitan area each month, free of charge. Its main building is located in the Creston-Kenilworth neighborhood, and its satellite locations in Canby and Hillsboro are called The Dougy Center Walker's House and The Dougy Center Linklater Commons, respectively.

The organization was founded in 1982 by Beverly Chappell, in tribute to Dougy Turno, who died of a brain tumor at age thirteen. In August 1981, Dougy wrote a letter to Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, a pioneer in near-death studies, on the subject of his own death. This prompted Kübler-Ross to connect Chappell with Dougy and his family, and Chappell to create support groups for grieving children. Since its establishment, more than 20,000 children and their family members have received support from the organization.

In 2009, an unidentified arsonist destroyed the center. Construction on a new building began in April 2012, but in the interim, the center operated in Northeast Portland. Following $4.5 million in construction costs, the current 11,750-square-foot facility opened in February 2013 in its original location.

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