Elis

Elis /ˈɛlɪs/ or Eleia /ɛˈlaɪ.ə/ (Greek: Ήλιδα, translit. Ilida, Attic Greek: Ἦλις Ēlis /ɛ̂ːlis/; Elean: Ϝᾶλις /wâːlis/, ethnonym: Ϝᾱλείοι[1]) is an ancient district that corresponds to the modern regional unit of Elis.

Elis is in southern Greece on the Peloponnese, bounded on the north by Achaea, east by Arcadia, south by Messenia, and west by the Ionian Sea. Over the course of the archaic and classical periods, the polis "city-state" of Elis controlled much of the region of Elis, most probably through unequal treaties with other cities; many inhabitants of Elis were Perioeci—autonomous free non-citizens. Perioeci, unlike other Spartans, could travel freely between cities.[2] Thus the polis of Elis was formed.

Homer mentions that Elis participated in the Trojan War.[3]

The first Olympic festival was organized in Elian land - Olympia - by the authorities of Elis in the eighth century BC, with tradition dating the first games to 776 BC. The Hellanodikai, the judges of the Games, were of Elian origin. The local form of the name was Valis, or Valeia, and its meaning, in all probability was, "the lowland" (compare with the word "valley"). In its physical constitution Elis is similar to Achaea and Arcadia; its mountains are mere offshoots of the Arcadian highlands, and its principal rivers are fed by Arcadian springs.

According to Strabo,[4] the first settlement was created by Oxylus the Aetolian who invaded there and subjugated the residents. The city of Elis underwent synoecism—as Strabo notes—in 471 BC.[5] Elis held authority over the site of Olympia and the Olympic games.

The spirit of the games had influenced the formation of the market: apart from the bouleuterion, the place the boule "citizen's council" met, which was in one of the gymnasia, most of the other buildings were related to the games, including two gymnasia, a palaestra, and the House of the Hellanodikai.

Elis
Ἦλις
Region of ancient Greece
Olympie Temple Zeus
Ruins of the Temple of Zeus, Olympia
LocationPeloponnese
Major citiesElis, Olympia
DialectsDoric
Ancient Regions Peloponnese
Ancient regions of Peloponnese (southern mainland Greece)
Ancient peloponnese
Ancient Peloponnese states (interactive version)

Districts

As described by Strabo,[6] Elis was divided into three districts:

  • Koilē (Κοίλη "Hollow", Latinised Coele), or Lowland Elis
  • Pīsâtis (Πισᾶτις "[territory] of Pisa")
  • Triphylia (Τριφυλία Triphūlía "Country of the Three Tribes").

Koilē Elis, the largest and most northern of the three, was watered by the river Peneus and its tributary, the Ladon. The district was famous during antiquity for its cattle and horses. Pisatis extended south from Koilē Elis to the right bank of the river Alpheios, and was divided into eight departments named after as many towns. Triphylia stretched south from the Alpheios to the river Neda.

Nowadays Elis is a small village of 150 citizens located 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) NE of Amaliada, built over the ruins of the ancient town. It has a museum that contains treasures, discovered in various excavations. It also has one of the most well-preserved ancient theaters in Greece. Built in the fourth century BC, the theater had a capacity of 8,000 people; below it, Early Helladic, sub-Mycenaean and Protogeometric graves have been found.[7][8]

Democracy in Elis

Elis was a traditional ally of Sparta, but the city state joined Argos and Athens in an alliance against Sparta around 420 BC during the Peloponnesian War. This was due to Spartan support for the independence of Lepreum. As punishment following the surrender of Athens, Elis was forced to surrender Triphylia in 399 BC, and the territory was permanently ceded to Arcadia in 369 BC.[9]

Eric W. Robinson has argued that Elis was a democracy by around 500 BC, on the basis of early inscriptions which suggest that the people (the dāmos) could make and change laws.[10] Robinson further believes that literary sources imply that Elis continued to be democratic until 365, when an oligarchic faction seems to have taken control (Xen. Hell. 7.4.16, 26).[11]:29–31 At some point in the mid-fourth century, democracy may have been restored; at least, we hear that a particularly narrow oligarchy was replaced by a new constitution designed by Phormio of Elis, a student of Plato (Arist. Pol. 1306a12-16; Plut. Mor. 805d, 1126c).

The classical democracy at Elis seems to have functioned mainly through a popular Assembly and a Council, the two main institutions of most poleis. The Council initially had 500 members, but grew to 600 members by the end of the fifth century (Thuc. 5.47.9). There was also a range of public officials such as the demiourgoi who regularly submitted to public audits.[11]:32

Notable Eleans

Athletes

In mythology

Intellectuals

Eleans as barbarians

Eleans were labelled as the greatest barbarians barbarotatoi by musician Stratonicus of Athens[13]

And when he was once asked by some one who were the wickedest people, he said, "That in Pamphylia, the people of Phaselis were the worst; but that the Sidetae were the worst in the whole world." And when he was asked again, according to the account given by Hegesander, which were the greatest barbarians, the Boeotians or the Thessalians he said, "The Eleans."

In Hesychius (s.v. βαρβαρόφωνοι) and other ancient lexica,[14] Eleans are also listed as barbarophones. Indeed, the North-West Doric dialect of Elis is, after the Aeolic dialects, one of the most difficult for the modern reader of epigraphic texts.[15]

Notes

  1. ^ Miller, D. Gary (2014). Ancient Greek Dialects and Early Authors: Introduction to the Dialect Mixture in Homer, with Notes on Lyric and Herodotus. De Gruyter. p. 185. ISBN 978-1-61451-295-0.
  2. ^ Roy, J. “The Perioikoi of Elis.” The Polis as an Urban Centre and as a Political Community. Ed. M.H. Hansen. Acts of the Copenhagen Polis Centre 4. Copenhagen: Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Historisk-filosofiske Meddelelser 75, 1997. 282-32
  3. ^ Iliad 2.615
  4. ^ Strabo Geographica Book 8.3.30
  5. ^ Roy, J. (2002). "The Synoikism of Elis". In Nielsen, T. H. Even More Studies in the Ancient Greek Polis. Stuttgart: Steiner. pp. 249–264. ISBN 3-515-08102-X.
  6. ^ Strabo; trans. by H. C. Hamilton & W. Falconer (1856). "Chapter III. GREECE. ELIS.". Geography of Strabo. II. London: Henry G. Bohn. pp. 7–34.
  7. ^ Koumouzelis, M. (1980). The Early and Middle Helladic Periods in Elis (PhD). Brandeis University. pp. 55–62.
  8. ^ Eder B. 2001, "Die submykenischen und protogeometrischen Graber von Elis", Athens
  9. ^ Oxford Classical Dictionary, third edition. Electronic Edition. Author Oxford University Press Volume title Oxford Classical Dictionary - E Volume 05 Editor Hornblower, Simon and Antony Spawforth Publisher InteLex Corp. Publisher location Charlottesville, Virginia, U.S.A. Published 2002 Print publisher Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press Print publisher location Oxford: United Kingdom; New York, New York, USA Print volume published 1996
  10. ^ Robinson, Eric W. (1997). The First Democracies: Early Popular Government Outside Athens. Stuttgart: Steiner. pp. 108–111. ISBN 3-515-06951-8.
  11. ^ a b Robinson, Eric W. (2011). Democracy Beyond Athens: Popular Government in the Greek Classical Age. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-84331-7.
  12. ^ Smith, William. Ancient Library.
  13. ^ Athenaeus. Deipnosophistae, VIII 350a.
  14. ^ Towle, James A. Commentary on Plato: Protagoras, 341c.
  15. ^ Sophie Minon. Les Inscriptions Éléennes Dialectales (VI-II siècle avant J.-C.). Volume I: Textes. Volume II: Grammaire et Vocabulaire Institutionnel. École Pratique des Hautes Études Sciences historiques et philogiques III. Hautes Études du Monde Gréco-Romain 38. Genève: Librairie Droz S.A., 2007. ISBN 978-2-600-01130-3.

References

External links

A.P.O. Niki Tragano F.C.

A.P.O. Niki Tragano Football Club is a Greek football club, based in Tragano, Elis, Greece.

Alberth Elis

Alberth Josué Elis Martínez (born 12 February 1996) is a Honduran footballer who currently plays as a forward for Major League Soccer club Houston Dynamo. He currently occupies a designated player spot. He also played for Honduras in the 2016 Summer Olympics and helped them finished 4th.

Chrysippus of Elis

In Greek mythology, Chrysippus (; Greek: Χρύσιππος) was a divine hero of Elis in the Peloponnesus.

Dafydd Elis-Thomas

Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Baron Elis-Thomas, PC (born 18 October 1946) is a Welsh politician, representing the Dwyfor Meirionnydd constituency in the National Assembly for Wales. Born in Carmarthen, Wales, he was raised in Ceredigion and the Conwy Valley. He represented Merioneth, then Meirionnydd Nant Conwy constituencies as a Member of Parliament from 1974 to 1992 and was the Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales from its inception in 1999 to 2011. He is a member of the House of Lords, a former leader of Plaid Cymru, and, since 2004, a privy counsellor. On 14 October 2016 he left the party in order to support the Welsh Government and now sits as an independent in the Welsh Assembly. In November 2017, he joined the Welsh Government. He is the Deputy Minister for Culture, Sport and Tourism. As Deputy Minister he does not have a seat at the Cabinet.

Elis (horse)

Elis (foaled 1833) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire best known for winning the classic St Leger Stakes in 1836. In a racing career which lasted from July 1835 until April 1837 he won eleven of his fifteen races. He finished second in his four defeats, two of which came when he was matched against the undefeated Bay Middleton. As a two-year-old he won five of his six races including the Chesterfield Stakes, Molecomb Stakes, Clearwell Stakes and Criterion Stakes. In 1836 he rebounded from a defeat by Bay Middleton in the 2000 Guineas to win Drawing-room Stakes, Racing Stakes, and Lewes Stakes in the summer. Elis was one of the first horses to be transported by horsebox and landed a major betting coup for his owners by winning the St Leger. He had limited impact as a sire of winners before being exported to Germany.

Elis (regional unit)

Elis or Ilia (Greek: Ηλεία, Ileia) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Western Greece. It is situated in the western part of the Peloponnese peninsula. Its capital is Pyrgos.

Elis Province

Elis (Greek: Επαρχία Ηλείας – Eparchia Ileias) was one of the provinces of the Elis Prefecture. The seat of administration was Pyrgos. Its territory corresponded with that of the current municipalities Andravida-Kyllini, Ilida, Olympia, Pineios and Pyrgos (except the municipal unit Volakas). It was abolished in 2006.

Elis Regina

Elis Regina Carvalho Costa (Portuguese pronunciation: [eˈlis ʁeˈʒinɐ]; March 17, 1945 – January 19, 1982), known professionally as Elis Regina, was a Brazilian singer of popular and jazz music.She became nationally renowned in 1965 after singing "Arrastão" (composed by Edu Lobo and Vinícius de Moraes) in the first edition of TV Excelsior festival song contest, and soon joined O Fino da Bossa, a television program on TV Record. Elis was noted for her vocalization, as well as for her personal interpretation and performances in shows. She recorded several successful compositions, such as "Como nossos pais" (Belchior), "Upa Neguinho" (E. Lobo and Gianfrancesco Guarnieri), "Madalena" (Ivan Lins), "Casa no Campo" (Zé Rodrix and Tavito), "Águas de Março" (Tom Jobim), "Atrás da porta" (Chico Buarque and Francis Hime), "O bêbado e a equilibrista" (Aldir Blanc and João Bosco), "Conversando no bar" (Milton Nascimento), etc.

Her untimely death, at the age of 36, shocked Brazil. She has frequently been regarded as the greatest Brazilian singer of all time by critics, musicians, and commentators.

Enûma Eliš

The Enûma Eliš (Akkadian Cuneiform: 𒂊𒉡𒈠𒂊𒇺, also spelled "Enuma Elish"), is the Babylonian creation myth (named after its opening words). It was recovered by Austen Henry Layard in 1849 (in fragmentary form) in the ruined Library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh (Mosul, Iraq). A form of the myth was first published by George Smith in 1876; active research and further excavations led to near completion of the texts, and improved translation.

The Enûma Eliš has about a thousand lines and is recorded in Old Babylonian on seven clay tablets, each holding between 115 and 170 lines of Sumero-Akkadian cuneiform script. Most of Tablet V has never been recovered but, aside from this lacuna, the text is almost complete.

This epic is one of the most important sources for understanding the Babylonian world view. Over the seven tablets it describes the creation of the world, a battle between gods focused on supremacy of Marduk, the creation of man destined for the service of the Mesopotamian deities, and ends with a long passage praising Marduk. Its primary original purpose is unknown, although a version is known to have been used for certain festivals, there may also have been a political element to the myth, centered on the legitimization or primacy of Mesopotamia over Assyria. Some later versions replace Marduk with the Assyrian primary god Ashur.

The Enûma Eliš exists in various copies from Babylon and Assyria. The version from the Library of Ashurbanipal dates to the 7th century BCE. The composition of the text probably dates to the late second-millennium BCE, or even earlier, to the time of Hammurabi during the Old Babylonian Period (1900 - 1600 BCE). Some elements of the myth are attested by illustrations that date to, at least, as early as the Kassite era (roughly 18th to 16th centuries BCE).

Epeius

There were two characters named Epeius (; Ancient Greek: Ἐπειός) or Epeus in Greek mythology.

Epeius, son of King Endymion of Elis. He ran a race at Olympia, against his brothers Aetolus and Paeon, winning his father's kingdom. He was married to Anaxiroe, daughter of Coronus, and had one daughter, Hyrmine. King Oenomaus of Pisa was his contemporary.

Epeius, a Greek soldier during the Trojan War.

Eretrian school

The Eretrian school of philosophy was originally the School of Elis where it had been founded by Phaedo of Elis; it was later transferred to Eretria by his pupil Menedemus. It can be referred to as the Elian–Eretrian School, on the assumption that the views of the two schools were similar. It died out after the time of Menedemus (3rd century BC), and, consequently, very little is known about its tenets. Phaedo had been a pupil of Socrates, and Plato named a dialogue, Phaedo, in his honor, but it is not possible to infer his doctrines from the dialogue. Menedemus was a pupil of Stilpo at Megara before becoming a pupil of Phaedo; in later times, the views of his school were often linked with those of the Megarian school. Menedemus' friend and colleague in the Eretrian school was Asclepiades of Phlius.

Like the Megarians they seem to have believed in the individuality of "the Good," the denial of the plurality of virtue, and of any real difference existing between the Good and the True. Cicero tells us that they placed all good in the mind, and in that acuteness of mind by which the truth is discerned. They denied that truth could be inferred by negative categorical propositions, and would only allow positive ones, and of these only simple ones.

Huw Edwards (EastEnders)

Huw Edwards is a fictional character from the BBC soap opera EastEnders, played by Richard Elis. Huw was introduced on 28 May 1996 and remained on-screen until 15 April 1999.

Leventochori, Elis

Leventochori (Greek: Λεβεντοχώρι) is a village in the municipality of Pyrgos, Elis, Greece. In 2011, it had a population of 204. It is located near the Ionian Sea, at the foot of a low hill. It is 1 km south of Skafidia, 3 km west of Skourochori, 4 km northeast of Katakolo and 10 km west of Pyrgos town centre.

List of Olympic winners of the Stadion race

The following is a list of winners of the Stadion race at the Olympic Games from 776 BC to 225 AD. It is based on the list given by Eusebius of Caesarea using a compilation by Sextus Julius Africanus. The Stadion race was the first and most important competition of the ancient Olympiads and the names of the winners are used by many Greek authors to date historic events.

1st Olympiad 776 BC - Coroebus of Elis

2nd Olympiad 772 BC - Antimachus of Elis

3rd Olympiad 768 BC - Androclus of Messenia

4th Olympiad 764 BC - Polychares of Messenia

5th Olympiad 760 BC - Aeschines of Elis

6th Olympiad 756 BC - Oebotas of Dyme

7th Olympiad 752 BC - Diocles of Messenia (Ancient Greek: Διοκλῆς Μεσήνιος; called Daïcles, Ancient Greek: Δαϊκλῆς Μεσσήνιος, in Dionysius's chronicle)

8th Olympiad 748 BC - Anticles of Messenia

9th Olympiad 744 BC - Xenocles of Messenia

10th Olympiad 740 BC - Dotades of Messenia

11th Olympiad 736 BC - Leochares of Messenia

12th Olympiad 732 BC - Oxythemis of Cleonae or Coroneia

13th Olympiad 728 BC - Diocles of Corinth

14th Olympiad 724 BC - Desmon of Corinth

15th Olympiad 720 BC - Orsippus of Megara

16th Olympiad 716 BC - Pythagoras of Laconia

17th Olympiad 712 BC - Polus of Epidaurus

18th Olympiad 708 BC - Tellis of Sicyon

19th Olympiad 704 BC - Menus of Megara

20th Olympiad 700 BC - Atheradas of Laconia

21st Olympiad 696 BC - Pantacles of Athens - In 692 BC he also won the diaulos. He was the first winner from Athens and the first runner in history to defend his title four years after his first victory.

22nd Olympiad 692 BC - Pantacles for a second time

23rd Olympiad 688 BC - Icarius of Hyperesia

24th Olympiad 684 BC - Cleoptolemus of Laconia

25th Olympiad 680 BC - Thalpis of Laconia

26th Olympiad 676 BC - Callisthenes of Laconia

27th Olympiad 672 BC - Eurybus of Athens (Ancient Greek: Εὔρυβος Ἀθηναῖος; called Eurybates, Ancient Greek: Εὐρυβάτης by Dionysius)

28th Olympiad 668 BC - Charmis of Laconia

29th Olympiad 664 BC - Chionis of Laconia

30th Olympiad 660 BC - Chionis for a second time

31st Olympiad 656 BC - Chionis for a third time

32nd Olympiad 652 BC - Cratinus of Megara

33rd Olympiad 648 BC - Gylis of Laconia

34th Olympiad 644 BC - Stomas of Athens - He was the third winner from Athens and his name is only referred by Eusebius.

35th Olympiad 640 BC - Sphaerus of Laconia (Ancient Greek: Σφαῖρος Λάκων)

36th Olympiad 636 BC - Phrynon of Athens

37th Olympiad 632 BC - Eurycleidas of Laconia

38th Olympiad 628 BC - Olyntheus of Laconia

39th Olympiad 624 BC - Rhipsolaus of Laconia

40th Olympiad 620 BC - Olyntheus of Laconia for a second time

41st Olympiad 616 BC - Cleondas of Thebes

42nd Olympiad 612 BC - Lycotas of Laconia

43rd Olympiad 608 BC - Cleon of Epidaurus

44th Olympiad 604 BC - Gelon of Laconia

45th Olympiad 600 BC - Anticrates of Epidaurus

46th Olympiad 596 BC - Chrysamaxus of Laconia

47th Olympiad 592 BC - Eurycles of Laconia

48th Olympiad 588 BC - Glycon of Croton

49th Olympiad 584 BC - Lycinus of Croton

50th Olympiad 580 BC - Epitelidas of Laconia

51st Olympiad 576 BC - Eratosthenes of Croton

52nd Olympiad 572 BC - Agis of Elis

53rd Olympiad 568 BC - Hagnon of Peparethus

54th Olympiad 564 BC - Hippostratus of Croton

55th Olympiad 560 BC - Hippostratus for a second time

56th Olympiad 556 BC - Phaedrus of Pharsalus

57th Olympiad 552 BC - Ladromus of Laconia

58th Olympiad 548 BC - Diognetus of Croton

59th Olympiad 544 BC - Archilochus of Corcyra

60th Olympiad 540 BC - Apellaeus of Elis

61st Olympiad 536 BC - Agatharchus of Corcyra

62nd Olympiad 532 BC - Eryxias of Chalcis

63rd Olympiad 528 BC - Parmenides of Camarina

64th Olympiad 524 BC - Menander of Thessaly

65th Olympiad 520 BC - Anochas of Tarentum

66th Olympiad 516 BC - Ischyrus of Himera

67th Olympiad 512 BC - Phanas of Pellene

68th Olympiad 508 BC - Isomachus of Croton

69th Olympiad 504 BC - Isomachus for a second time

70th Olympiad 500 BC - Nicasias of Opus

71st Olympiad 496 BC - Tisicrates of Croton

72nd Olympiad 492 BC - Tisicrates for a second time

73rd Olympiad 488 BC - Astyalus of Croton

74th Olympiad 484 BC - Astyalus for a second time

75th Olympiad 480 BC - Astyalus for a third time

76th Olympiad 476 BC - Scamander of Mytilene

77th Olympiad 472 BC - Dandes of Argos

78th Olympiad 468 BC - Parmenides of Poseidonia

79th Olympiad 464 BC - Xenophon of Corinth

80th Olympiad 460 BC - Torymmas of Thessaly

81st Olympiad 456 BC - Polymnastus of Cyrene

82nd Olympiad 452 BC - Lycus of Larissa

83rd Olympiad 448 BC - Crisson of Himera

84th Olympiad 444 BC - Crisson for a second time

85th Olympiad 440 BC - Crisson for a third time

86th Olympiad 436 BC - Theopompus of Thessaly

87th Olympiad 432 BC - Sophron of Ambracia

88th Olympiad 428 BC - Symmachus of Messenia

89th Olympiad 424 BC - Symmachus for a second time

90th Olympiad 420 BC - Hyperbius of Syracuse

91st Olympiad 416 BC - Exagentus of Acragas

92nd Olympiad 412 BC - Exagentus for a second time

93rd Olympiad 408 BC - Eubatus of Cyrene

94th Olympiad 404 BC - Crocinas of Larissa

95th Olympiad 400 BC - Minon of Athens - Using his victory to date historic events, Diodorus Siculus reports his name as Minos.

96th Olympiad 396 BC - Eupolemus of Elis

97th Olympiad 392 BC - Perieres of Terina or Terinaeus of Elis ?

98th Olympiad 388 BC - Sosippus of Delphi

99th Olympiad 384 BC - Dicon of Syracuse

100th Olympiad 380 BC - Dionysodorus of Tarentum

101st Olympiad 376 BC - Damon of Thurii

102nd Olympiad 372 BC - Damon for a second time

103rd Olympiad 368 BC - Pythostratus of Ephesus

104th Olympiad 364 BC - Phocides of Athens - listed by Eusebius of Caesarea as a victor in the stadion race (Diodor) or wrestling contest (Eusebius) of the 104th Olympiad (364 BC). His victory is used by Diodorus Siculus to date the events of his history.

105th Olympiad 360 BC - Porus of Cyrene

106th Olympiad 356 BC - Porus for a second time

107th Olympiad 352 BC - Smicrinas of Tarentum

108th Olympiad 348 BC - Polycles of Cyrene

109th Olympiad 344 BC - Aristolochus of Athens - His victory is used by Diodorus Siculus to date the events of his history.

110th Olympiad 340 BC - Anticles of Athens

111th Olympiad 336 BC - Cleomantis of Cleitor

112th Olympiad 332 BC - Gryllus of Chalcis

113th Olympiad 328 BC - Cliton of Macedonia

114th Olympiad 324 BC - Micinas of Rhodes

115th Olympiad 320 BC - Damasias of Amphipolis

116th Olympiad 316 BC - Demosthenes of Laconia

117th Olympiad 312 BC - Parmenides of Mytilene

118th Olympiad 308 BC - Andromenes of Corinth

119th Olympiad 304 BC - Andromenes for a second time

120th Olympiad 300 BC - Pythagoras of Magnesia-on-Maeander

121st Olympiad 296 BC - Pythagoras for a second time

122nd Olympiad 292 BC - Antigonus of Macedonia

123rd Olympiad 288 BC - Antigonus for a second time

124th Olympiad 284 BC - Philomelus of Pharsalus

125th Olympiad 280 BC - Ladas of Aegium

126th Olympiad 276 BC - Idaeus or Nicator of Cyrene

127th Olympiad 272 BC - Perigenes of Alexandria

128th Olympiad 268 BC - Seleucus of Macedonia

129th Olympiad 264 BC - Philinus of Cos

130th Olympiad 260 BC - Philinus for a second time

131st Olympiad 256 BC - Ammonius of Alexandria

132nd Olympiad 252 BC - Xenophanes of Amphissa in Aetolia

133rd Olympiad 248 BC - Simylus of Neapolis

134th Olympiad 244 BC - Alcides of Laconia

135th Olympiad 240 BC - Eraton of Aetolia

136th Olympiad 236 BC - Pythocles of Sicyon

137th Olympiad 232 BC - Menestheus of Barcyla

138th Olympiad 228 BC - Demetrius of Alexandria

139th Olympiad 224 BC - Iolaidas of Argos - He was the second winner from Argos in the category.

140th Olympiad 220 BC - Zopyrus of Syracuse

141st Olympiad 216 BC - Dorotheus of Rhodes

142nd Olympiad 212 BC - Crates of Alexandria

143rd Olympiad 208 BC - Heracleitus of Samos

144th Olympiad 204 BC - Heracleides of Salamis in Cyprus

145th Olympiad 200 BC - Pyrrhias of Aetolia

146th Olympiad 196 BC - Micion of Boeotia

147th Olympiad 192 BC - Agemachus of Cyzicus

148th Olympiad 188 BC - Arcesilaus of Megalopolis

149th Olympiad 184 BC - Hippostratus of Seleuceia in Pieria

150th Olympiad 180 BC - Onesicritus of Salamis

151st Olympiad 176 BC - Thymilus of Aspendus

152nd Olympiad 172 BC - Democritus of Megara

153rd Olympiad 168 BC - Aristander of Antissa in Lesbos

154th Olympiad 164 BC - Leonidas of Rhodes, victor in all three racing competitions

155th Olympiad 160 BC - Leonidas for a second time

156th Olympiad 156 BC - Leonidas for a third time

157th Olympiad 152 BC - Leonidas, victor in three races for a fourth time, was the first and only man to win 12 Olympic crowns over four Olympiads.

158th Olympiad 148 BC - Othon of Syracuse

159th Olympiad 144 BC - Alcimus of Cyzicus

160th Olympiad 140 BC - Agnodorus of Cyzicus

161st Olympiad 136 BC - Antipater of Epirus

162nd Olympiad 132 BC - Damon of Delphi

163rd Olympiad 128 BC - Timotheus of Tralles

164th Olympiad 124 BC - Boeotus of Sicyon

165th Olympiad 120 BC - Acusilaus of Cyrene

166th Olympiad 116 BC - Chrysogonus of Nicaea

167th Olympiad 112 BC - Chrysogonus for a second time

168th Olympiad 108 BC - Nicomachus of Philadelphia

169th Olympiad 104 BC - Nicodemus of Lacedaemon

170th Olympiad 100 BC - Simmias of Seleuceia-on-Tigris

171st Olympiad 96 BC - Parmeniscus of Corcyra

172nd Olympiad 92 BC - Eudamus of Cos

173rd Olympiad 88 BC - Parmeniscus of Corcyra for a second time

174th Olympiad 84 BC - Demostratus of Larissa

175th Olympiad 80 BC - Epaenetus of Argos, (boys' stadion race) There was no stadion race for adults this year, because Sulla had summoned all the athletes to Rome.

176th Olympiad 76 BC - Dion of Cyparissus (Cyparissia in Laconia)

177th Olympiad 72 BC - Hecatomnus of Elis

178th Olympiad 68 BC - Diocles of Hypopenus

179th Olympiad 64 BC - Andreas of Lacedaemon

180th Olympiad 60 BC - Andromachus of Ambracia

181st Olympiad 56 BC - Lamachus of Tauromenium

182nd Olympiad 52 BC - Anthestion of Argos - The third winner from Argos in the category.

183rd Olympiad 48 BC - Theodorus of Messene

184th Olympiad 44 BC - Theodorus for a second time

185th Olympiad 40 BC - Ariston of Thurii

186th Olympiad 36 BC - Scamander of Alexandria Troas

187th Olympiad 32 BC - Ariston of Thurii again

188th Olympiad 28 BC - Sopater of Argos - The fourth winner from Argos in the category.

189th Olympiad 24 BC - Asclepiades of Sidon

190th Olympiad 20 BC - Auphidius of Patrae

191st Olympiad 16 BC - Diodotus of Tyana

192nd Olympiad 12 BC - Diophanes of Aeolis

193rd Olympiad 8 BC - Artemidorus of Thyateira

194th Olympiad 4 BC - Demaratus of Ephesus

195th Olympiad 1 AD - Demaratus for a second time

196th Olympiad 5 AD - Pammenes of Magnesia-on-Maeander

197th Olympiad 9 AD - Asiaticus of Halicarnassus

198th Olympiad 13 AD - Diophanes of Prusa

199th Olympiad 17 AD - Aeschines Glaucias of Miletus

200th Olympiad 21 AD - Polemon of Petra

201st Olympiad 25 AD - Damasias of Cydonia

202nd Olympiad 29 AD - Hermogenes of Pergamum

203rd Olympiad 33 AD - Apollonius of Epidaurus

204th Olympiad 37 AD - Sarapion of Alexandria

205th Olympiad 41 AD - Eubulidas of Laodiceia

206th Olympiad 45 AD - Valerius of Mytilene

207th Olympiad 49 AD - Athenodorus of Aegium

208th Olympiad 53 AD - Athenodorus for a second time

209th Olympiad 57 AD - Callicles of Sidon

210th Olympiad 61 AD - Athenodorus of Aegium for a third time

211th Olympiad 67 AD - Tryphon of Philadelphia (These games were not held at the usual time because Nero postponed them until his visit to Greece two years later)

212th Olympiad 69 AD - Polites of Ceramus

213th Olympiad 73 AD - Rhodon of Cyme (or Theodotus)

214th Olympiad 77 AD - Straton of Alexandria

215th Olympiad 81 AD - Hermogenes of Xanthus

216th Olympiad 85 AD - Apollophanes Papis of Tarsus

217th Olympiad 89 AD - Hermogenes of Xanthus for a second time

218th Olympiad 93 AD - Apollonius of Alexandria (or Heliodorus)

219th Olympiad 97 AD - Stephanus of Cappadocia

220th Olympiad 101 AD - Achilleus of Alexandria

221st Olympiad 105 AD - Theonas Smaragdus of Alexandria

222nd Olympiad 109 AD - Callistus of Side

223rd Olympiad 113 AD - Eustolus of Side

224th Olympiad 117 AD - Isarion of Alexandria

225th Olympiad 121 AD - Aristeas of Miletus

226th Olympiad 125 AD - Dionysius Sameumys of Alexandria

227th Olympiad 129 AD - Dionysius for a second time

228th Olympiad 133 AD - Lucas of Alexandria

229th Olympiad 137 AD - Epidaurus Ammonius of Alexandria

230th Olympiad 141 AD - Didymus Clydeus of Alexandria

231st Olympiad 145 AD - Cranaus of Sicyon

232nd Olympiad 149 AD - Atticus of Sardis

233rd Olympiad 153 AD - Demetrius of Chios

234th Olympiad 157 AD - Eras of Chios

235th Olympiad 161 AD - Mnasibulus of Elateia

236th Olympiad 165 AD - Aeithales of Alexandria

237th Olympiad 169 AD - Eudaemon of Alexandria

238th Olympiad 173 AD - Agathopus of Aegina

239th Olympiad 177 AD - Agathopus for a second time

240th Olympiad 181 AD - Anubion Pheidus of Alexandria

241st Olympiad 185 AD - Heron of Alexandria

242nd Olympiad 189 AD - Magnus Libycus of Cyrene

243rd Olympiad 193 AD - Isidorus Artemidorus of Alexandria

244th Olympiad 197 AD - Isidorus for a second time

245th Olympiad 201 AD - Alexander of Alexandria (20th winner from Alexandria in Egypt and 18th Alexandrian crown during their period of dominance in the 1st and 2nd century.)

246th Olympiad 205 AD - Epinicus Cynas of Cyzicus

247th Olympiad 209 AD - Satornilus of Gortyn in Crete

248th Olympiad 213 AD - Heliodorus Trosidamas of Alexandria (Last winner of the stadion race from Alexandria in Egypt recorded by Eusebius and his second title was the 20th Alexandrian crown in the Christian era)

249th Olympiad 217 AD - Heliodorus for a second time

250th Olympiad 221 AD - Publius Aelius Alcandridas of Sparta

251st Olympiad 225 AD - Publius Aelius Alcandridas of Sparta for a second time

252nd Olympiad 229 AD - Demetrius of Salamis

253rd Olympiad 233 AD - Demetrius of Salamis for a second time

254th Olympiad 237 AD - Demetrius of Salamis for a third time

(...)

262nd Olympiad 269 AD - Dionysius of Alexandria

List of settlements in Elis

This is a list of settlements in Elis, Greece.

Achladini

Aetorrachi

Agios Andreas, Katakolo

Agia Anna

Agia Kyriaki

Agia Mavra

Agia Triada

Agioi Apostoloi

Agios Charalampos

Agios Dimitrios

Agios Georgios

Agios Ilias, Amaliada

Agios Ilias, Pyrgos

Agios Ilias, Zacharo

Agios Ioannis

Agnanta

Agrapidochori

Agridi

Alfeiousa

Alifeira

Alpochori

Amaliada

Ampelokampos

Ampelonas

Amygdalies

Andravida

Andritsaina

Anemochori

Anilio

Anthonas

Antroni

Archaia Ilida

Archaia Olympia

Archaia Pisa

Areti

Arini

Artemida

Arvaniti

Aspra Spitia

Astras

Avgeio

Avgi

Borsi

Charia

Chavari

Cheimadio

Chelidoni

Chrysochori

Dafni

Dafniotissa

Dafnoula

Diasella

Dimitra

Doukas

Douneika

Dragogio

Efyra

Elaionas

Epitalio

Fanari

Figaleia

Flokas

Foloi

Fonaitika

Frixa

Gastouni

Geraki

Giannitsochori

Goumero

Graikas

Granitsaiika

Gryllos

Irakleia

Kafkonia

Kakotari

Kakovatos

Kalidona

Kallikomo

Kallithea

Kalyvakia

Kalyvia Ilidos

Kalyvia Myrtountion

Kamena

Kampos

Kapeleto

Karatoula

Kardamas

Kardiakafti

Karya

Kastro

Katakolo

Kato Panagia

Kato Samiko

Katsaros

Kavasila

Kentro

Keramidia

Kladeos

Klindia

Koliri

Korakochori

Koroivos

Koryfi

Koskinas

Koufopoulo

Koumanis

Kourtesi

Koutsochera

Krestena

Kryoneri, Figaleia

Kryoneri, Olympia

Kryonero

Kryovrysi

Kyllini

Laganas

Lalas

Lampeia

Lanthi

Lasteika

Latas

Latzoi

Lechaina

Lefkochori

Lepreo

Leventochori

Linaria

Linistaina

Livadaki

Loukas

Louvro

Lygia

Machos

Mageiras

Magoula

Makistos

Makrisia

Manolada

Matesi

Mazaraki

Melissa

Milea

Milies

Minthi

Mouria

Mouzaki

Myronia

Myrsini

Myrtia

Nea Figaleia

Nea Manolada

Neapoli

Nemouta

Neochori, Zacharo

Neochori Myrtountion

Neraida

Nisi

Oinoi

Oleni

Oreini

Palaiochori

Palaiovarvasaina

Pefkes

Pefki

Pelopio

Peristeri

Perivolia

Persaina

Petralona

Platanos

Platiana

Ploutochori

Pournari

Prasidaki

Prasino

Pyrgos

Raches

Rodia

Rodina

Roupaki

Rovia

Roviata

Salmoni

Samiko

Savalia

Schinoi

Sekoulas

Simiza

Simopoulo

Skafidia

Skillountia

Skliva

Skourochori

Smerna

Smila

Sopi

Sosti

Stafidokampos

Stomio

Strefi

Strousi

Taxiarches

Theisoa

Tragano

Trypiti

Tsipiana

Varda

Vartholomio

Varvasaina

Vasilaki

Velanidi

Vouliagmeni

Vounargo

Vresto

Vrina

Vrochitsa

Vytinaiika

Xenies

Xirochori

Xirokampos

Xylokera

Zacharo

Olympia, Greece

Olympia (Greek: Ὀλυμπία; Ancient Greek: [olympía]; Modern Greek: [oli(m)ˈbia] Olymbía), is a small town in Elis on the Peloponnese peninsula in Greece, famous for the nearby archaeological site of the same name, which was a major Panhellenic religious sanctuary of ancient Greece, where the ancient Olympic Games were held. The site was primarily dedicated to Zeus and drew visitors from all over the Greek world as one of a group of such "Panhellenic" centres which helped to build the identity of the ancient Greeks as a nation. Despite the name, it is nowhere near Mount Olympus in northern Greece, where the Twelve Olympians, the major deities of Ancient Greek religion, were believed to live.

The Olympic Games were held every four years throughout Classical antiquity, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD.The archaeological site held over 70 significant buildings, and ruins of many of these survive, although the main Temple of Zeus survives only as stones on the ground. The site is a major tourist attraction, and has two museums, one devoted to the ancient and modern games.

Paniliakos F.C.

Paniliakos Football Club is a Greek association football club, based in Pyrgos, Elis, Greece. The club plays in Gamma Ethniki, the third tier of Greek football. It plays its home matches at the Pyrgos Stadium.

Paniliakos was the team of Serbia and Montenegro international Predrag Đorđević, before moving to Olympiacos, Greece international Stelios Giannakopoulos, and of Vassilis Lakis, also a Greece international.

Pyrgos, Elis

Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος, meaning "tower") is the capital of the Elis regional unit in Greece. The city is located in the western part of the Peloponnese, in the middle of a plain, 4 kilometres (2 miles) from the Ionian Sea. The river Alfeios flows into sea about 7 km (4 mi) south of Pyrgos. The population of the town Pyrgos is 25,180, and of the municipality 47,995 (2011). Pyrgos is 16 km (10 mi) west of Olympia, 16 km (10 mi) southeast of Amaliada, 70 km (43 mi) southwest of Patras and 85 km (53 mi) west of Tripoli.

Pyrrho

Pyrrho of Elis (; Ancient Greek: Πύρρων ὁ Ἠλεῖος, translit. Pyrrhо̄n ho Ēleios; c. 360 – c. 270 BC) was a Greek philosopher of Classical antiquity and is credited as being the first Greek skeptic philosopher and founder of Pyrrhonism.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.