El Puerto de Santa María (Spanish pronunciation: [el ˈpweɾto ðe ˈsanta maˈɾi.a], "The Port of Saint Mary"), locally known as El Puerto, is a municipality located on the banks of the Guadalete River in the province of Cádiz, Andalusia. As of 2016, the city has a population of c. 88,184, of which some 50,000 live in the urban center, and the remainder in the surrounding areas.
The town of El Puerto de Santa María is 10 kilometres (6 miles) north east of Cádiz across the bay of Cádiz .
El Puerto de Santa María
Coat of arms
La ciudad de los 100 palacios (The city of the 100 palaces)
Puerto de Menesteo
El Puerto de Santa María
Location in Spain
|Comarca||Bay of Cádiz|
|• Mayor||David de la Encina Ortega (PSOE)|
|• Total||159.34 km2 (61.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (GMT +1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (GMT +2)|
According to the legend told in the Odyssey of Homer, after the Trojan War a Greek official named Menestheus escaped with his troops through the Straits of Gibraltar and reached the Guadalete River. They established themselves here and called that port Menestheus's port or Menesthei Portus (Greek: Μενεσθέως λιμήν). In its neighbourhood was the oracle of Menestheus (Greek: Μαντεῖον τοῦ Μενεσθέως), to whom, also, the inhabitants of Gades offered sacrifices.
In 1260, Alfonso X of Castile conquered the city from the Moors and renamed it Santa María del Puerto. He organized the land distribution and conceded a charter under the Crown of Castile. Having received a royal charter the city was then allowed to use the title "El" prior to the name of the city itself. This is a distinguishing property and even though Madrid is the capital of Spain it has not earned this distinction. In his Cantigas de Santa Maria CSM 367, Alfonso sings that he was miraculously healed of swollen legs after visiting his church of Santa Maríado Porto.
Christopher Columbus's second expedition to the Americas set sail from El Puerto de Santa María. His pilot, Juan de la Cosa drew his world map (the first including the coast of New World) in El Puerto in 1500.
Columbus visited El Puerto in 1480 and received encouragement for his travel plans. He also met Juan de la Cosa who issued the first world map in 1500.
El Puerto was the residence of several wealthy cargadores, merchants who operated Spain's trade with the Americas.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, it was the winter port of the royal galleys.
El Puerto de Santa María is located on the Atlantic coast of the Bay of Cádiz, near the municipalities of Jerez de la Frontera, Rota, Puerto Real, and Cádiz. It is popular for its sherry and for its beaches, which are the town's principal tourist attraction. Well known beaches include Vistahermosa, Valdelagrana, and La Puntilla. Like many other southern cities, there are many smaller towns encompassed by the municipality. There is also a major port, known as Puerto Sherry. A large amount of land has been devoted to the Bay of Cádiz Nature Reserve.
The most important economic activity is tourism, mainly because of the beaches, as well as the bullfights held at the arena during the summer. The town also hosts large groups of motorcyclists during the Jerez Motorcycle Grand Prix. There is commercial development in the center and periphery, and a highly developed wine industry.
Listed are a few of the main fiestas in the area:
El Puerto de Santa María is situated in the middle of the Parque natural Bahia de Cádiz. This include two square kilometres (1.2 mi) of pine forest which form one part of the three ecosystems in the area. An endangered species of chameleon along with other reptiles and birds of immense variety can be found in the forest. Egyptian mongoose can also be spotted in the area. The area boasts two other Natural parks, the Sierra de Grazalema and El Coto Donaña.
Bullfighting is still enjoyed during the Feria season during the month of August, and during the Feria de la Primavera (Spring Fair) in early May. This Feria is dedicated to sherry wine and 180,000 half bottles are drunk in 4 days. There are several bodegas (wineries) in the town centre, all of which can be visited by the public. The most famous bodegas in El Puerto are Osborne and Terry both of which export sherry and brandy worldwide. In the cellars of El Puerto, the dry, pale sherry known as Fino is produced using the traditional method called solera. This method produces Fino, the sweet Muscatel, Amontillado and the older Oloroso.
El Puerto de Santa María is twinned with:
Abraham Paz Cruz (born 29 June 1979) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Gibraltar Premier Division club St Joseph's as a central defender.Bienve Marañón
Bienvenido Marañón Morejón (born 15 May 1986), commonly known as Bienve, is a Spanish footballer who plays for Filipino club Ceres–Negros F.C. as a right winger.Castle of San Marcos (El Puerto de Santa María)
Castle of San Marcos (also Castillo de Alfonso X El Sabio) is a medieval castle located in El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, Spain. The castle was erected as a fortified church by King Alfonso X of Castile. It was built on the site of a mosque of which the wall of the qibla survives.
Close to the castle there is a replica of the map of Juan de la Cosa and a little fountain.Cádiz (wine region)
Cádiz is a Spanish appellation describing Vino de la Tierra wines whose terroir is located in the autonomous region of Andalusia. Vino de la Tierra is one step below the mainstream Denominación de Origen indication on the Spanish wine quality ladder.
The area covered by this geographical indication comprises the following municipalities: Arcos de la Frontera, Chiclana de la Frontera, Chipiona, El Puerto de Santa María, Jerez de la Frontera Prado del Rey, Puerto Real, Rota, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Olvera, Setenil, Villamartín, Bornos, Trebujena and San José del Valle, in the province of Cádiz (Andalusia, Spain).
It acquired its Vino de la Tierra status in 2005.Enrique Montero
Enrique Montero Rodríguez (born 28 December 1954 in El Puerto de Santa María, Andalusia) is a Spanish retired footballer who played as a midfielder.Eva Santamaría
Eva María Delgado Macías (born 18 October 1971 in El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz) better known as Eva Santamaría is a Spanish singer, known for representing Spain at the Eurovision Song Contest 1993 with her song "Hombres" (Men), composed by the journalist Carlos Toro.Before participating in the song festival, Santamaría became well known for participating in the musical television programs Gente Joven, El Salero and Las Coplas. She also collaborated with other artists on several albums and presented her own radio show on Radio Nacional de España. In the months before the Contest in early 1993, Carlos Toro helped Santamaría record her debut album A buen puerto (Successful) in Los Angeles, on which "Hombres" became a hit single. To date, however, this album was her only release.
Coming off the album's success, Televisión Española selected Santamaría to represent the network and all of Spain at Eurovision 1993 in Millstreet, Ireland, with her hit "Hombres." She beat out other popular singers such as Yossek and Julián Contreras. Her song placed eleventh out of 25 in the Contest.
Santamaría did not pursue her pop career after disagreements with her manager, and sporadically appeared on television since then. She has since dedicated her focus on theatre and singing copla.Iza (footballer)
Isaac Carcelén Valencia (born 23 April 1993), commonly known as Iza, is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for CF Rayo Majadahonda as a right back.Javier Ruibal
Javier Ruibal (full name Francisco Javier Ruibal de Flores Calero) (born May 15, 1955) is a Spanish musician and songwriter.Juan Antonio de Vizarrón y Eguiarreta
Juan Antonio de Vizarrón y Eguiarreta (September 2, 1682, El Puerto de Santa María, Spain – January 25, 1747, Mexico City, Spain) was archbishop of Mexico from March 21, 1731 to January 25, 1747 and Spanish viceroy of New Spain from March 17, 1734 to August 17, 1740.Juan García Larrondo
Juan García Larrondo (born 1965) is a Spanish playwright born in El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz Province.List of mayors of El Puerto de Santa María
This is a list of mayors (alcaldes) of El Puerto de Santa María.Museo Arqueológico Municipal de El Puerto de Santa María
The Museo Arqueológico Municipal de El Puerto de Santa María is a museum located in El Puerto de Santa María, in the province of Cádiz, southern Spain. It was founded in 1980.
It contains paintings and sculptures of Francisco Lameyer, Eulogio Varela Sartorio, Enrique Ochoa, Fernando Jesús, Juan Lara, Manolo Prieto, and some works of Rafael Alberti.
Some pieces are exhibited in another building called Hospitalito.Nono (Spanish footballer)
José Antonio Delgado Villar (born 30 March 1993), known as Nono, is a Spanish footballer who plays for Slovak club ŠK Slovan Bratislava as a central midfielder.Plaza de toros de El Puerto
The Real Plaza de Toros de El Puerto de Santa María is a bullring in El Puerto de Santa María, Spain.
Dating from the 19th century, it has an eclectic architectural style and was completed in 1880. It is the work of Manuel Portillo de Avila y Herrera. The arena is 99 metres in diameter and the central ruedo measures 60 m. It is estimated to hold 12,186 spectators, making it one of the largest rings in Spain behind Madrid's Las Ventas and the ring in Valencia.Priory Church, El Puerto de Santa María
The Priory Church (Spanish: Iglesia Mayor Prioral) is a religious building in El Puerto de Santa María, province of Cádiz, Spain. It is documented from 1486 when the building was under construction. It was damaged by an earthquake in the 17th century and was partly rebuilt in the Baroque style. As a result of being constructed in two phases, the church contains both Gothic and Baroque architecture, exemplified in its portals.
It was declared Bien de Interés Cultural (a category in the Spanish heritage register) in 1982.Racing Club Portuense
Racing Club Portuense was a Spanish football team based in El Puerto de Santa María, Province of Cádiz, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. Founded in 1928, dissolved in 2013 and reformed in 2017, it plays in the Tercera División Andaluza, holding home games at Nuevo José del Cubillo, with a capacity of 8,600 seats.Ricardo Ojeda Lara
Ricardo Ojeda Lara (Spanish pronunciation: [riˈkaɾðo oˈxeða ˈlaɾa]; born 26 January 1993) is a Spanish tennis player.
Ojeda Lara has a career high ATP singles ranking of 171 achieved on 9 October 2017. He also has a career high doubles ranking of 549 achieved on 10 September 2018.
Ojeda Lara has won 1 ATP Challenger singles title at the 2017 Bucher Reisen Tennis Grand Prix.Rota, Andalusia
The town of Rota is a Spanish municipality located in the Province of Cádiz, Andalusia. Its surface area is 84 km2 and is bordered by the towns of Chipiona, Sanlúcar de Barrameda and El Puerto de Santa María. It is located near the city of Jerez de la Frontera and is 36 kilometers away from the provincial capital, Cadiz. In the year 2009 had 28,516 inhabitants, with a density of 339.44 inhabitants / km2. It belongs to two associations, the Association of Municipalities of Cadiz Bay along with the municipalities of Cadiz, Jerez de la Frontera, El Puerto de Santa María, San Fernando, Chiclana and Puerto Real; and the Association of Municipalities of the Lower Guadalquivir that comprises municipalities of Northwest Coast of Andalusia.
Located along the Bay of Cádiz in the Atlantic Ocean, it is halfway between Portugal and Gibraltar, is predominantly a tourist town, a vacation/holiday destination for travelers from all over Europe. During the low season, its main business activity is the fishing industry. In the municipality is located the Naval Station Rota, which is the largest source of employment to the municipality. It also served as a transoceanic abort landing site for the Space Shuttle program.Valentín Galarza Morante
Colonel Valentín Galarza Morante (1882 in El Puerto de Santa María – 1951 in Madrid) was a Spanish officer and right wing politician. He was associated with the monarchist tendency within the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista and was critical of the Falange.
Municipalities of the province of Cádiz