El Mundo (Spain)

El Mundo (English: The World), formally El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno (English: The World of the Twenty-First Century) is the second largest printed daily newspaper in Spain. The paper is considered one of the country's newspapers of record along with El País and ABC.

El Mundo
(El Mundo del Siglo Veintiuno)
20090601 elmundo frontpage
Front page, 1 June 2009
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Unidad Editorial S.A.
EditorDavid Jiménez
Founded23 October 1989, as El Mundo del Siglo Veinte
Political alignmentLiberal, centre-right
HeadquartersMadrid, Spain
Circulation266,294 (2011)
Sister newspapersMarca

History and profile

El Mundo was first published on 23 October 1989.[1][2] Perhaps the best known of its founders was Pedro J. Ramírez, who served as editor until 2014.[3] Ramirez had risen to prominence as a journalist during the Spanish transition to democracy.[4] The other founders, Alfonso de Salas, Balbino Fraga and Juan González, shared with Ramírez a background in Grupo 16, the publishers of the newspaper Diario 16. Alfonso de Salas, Juan Gonzales and Gregorio Pena also launched El Economista in 2006.[5]

El Mundo, along with Marca and Expansión, is controlled by the Italian publishing company RCS MediaGroup[1] through its Spanish subsidiary company Unidad Editorial S.L.[6][7] Its former owner was Unedisa which merged with Grupo Recoletos in 2007 to form Unidad Editorial, current owner of the paper.[8]

The paper has its headquarters in Madrid,[9] but maintains several news bureaus in other cities. The daily has a national edition and ten different regional editions,[10] including those for Andalusia, Valencia, Castile and León, the Balearic Islands and Bilbao. It is published in tabloid format.[11]

In 2005 El Mundo started a supplement for women, Yo Donna, which was modelled on IO Donna, a supplement of the Italian daily Corriere della Sera.[12]

In January 2014 Pedro J. Ramírez, editor of the paper, was fired from his post.[13][14] He argued that reporting on corruption scandals involving Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy led to his sacking.[13][14] Casimiro García-Abadillo served as editor until April 2015, when he was replaced in turn by David Jiménez.[3][15]

Political impact

Editorially, El Mundo often expresses the mainstream views of the centre-right[13][16] with independent and liberal overtones.

El Mundo has played a key role in uncovering a number of scandals, among them embezzlement by the commander of the Guardia Civil, accusations of insider trading and tax fraud by the governor of the Central Bank of Spain and aspects of the Bárcenas affair.[17] Investigative reporting by the staff of El Mundo also revealed connections between the terrorist Grupos Antiterroristas de Liberación (GAL) and the Socialist administration of Felipe González, revelations that contributed to his defeat in the 1996 elections.

In October 2005, El Mundo revealed that Nazi Aribert Heim (aka "Doctor Death") had been living in Spain for 20 years, probably with help from the ODESSA network, in collaboration with Otto Skorzeny, who had helped set up one of the most important ODESSA bases of operation in Spain, during the rule of Francisco Franco.[18]

After the 11 March 2004 Madrid train bombings, the newspapers El Mundo and La Razón, the regional television channel Telemadrid and the COPE radio network alleged that there had been inconsistencies in the explanations given by the Spanish judiciary about the bombings. Other Spanish media, such as El País, ABC and the Cadena SER radio network, accused El Mundo and the other media of manipulation over this issue. The bombings and the results of the subsequent judicial inquiry are still debated in Spain today.[19]


The circulation of El Mundo rose in the 1990s. It was

  • 209,992 copies in 1993
  • 268,748 copies in 1994[20]

In 2001 El Mundo had a circulation of 291,000 copies[21] and it was 312,366 copies next year.[22] The paper had a circulation of 300,000 copies in 2003, making it the third best selling newspaper in the country.[23]

Based on the findings of the European Business Readership Survey El Mundo had 11,591 readers per issue in 2006.[24] Its circulation between June 2006 and July 2007 was 337,172 copies.[9] The 2007 circulation of the paper was 337,000 copies.[1] It was 338,286 copies in 2008[25] and had 200,000 readers for the printed edition in 2009.[26] The circulation of the paper was 266,294 copies in 2011.[27]

Digital readership

El Mundo (elmundo.es) is currently the second digital newspaper in Spanish.[28] It was previously in the lead after El País introduced a payment system for access to the contents of its electronic version. It had 24 million unique web visitors per month in 2009.

Many online readers are in Latin America, and the website has an edition for the Americas.[26] However, digital expansion has done little to offset the decline in revenues from Spanish advertisers since 2008.[3][4] The newspaper aims to increase digital profits via a subscription model.[29] It launched a current affairs outlet only accessible to subscription customers, named ORBYT.[29]

See also


  1. ^ a b c José A. García Avilés; Klaus Meier; Andy Kaltenbrunner; Miguel Carvajal; Daniela Kraus (2009). "Newsroom integration in Austria, Spain and Germany". Journalism Practice. 3 (3): 285–303. doi:10.1080/17512780902798638.
  2. ^ Anna Galluzzi (20 September 2014). Libraries and Public Perception: A Comparative Analysis of the European Press. Elsevier Science. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-78063-425-8. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Raphael Minder (3 February 2014). "Founding Editor is Dismissed as Head of El Mundo". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  4. ^ a b Ramirez (2014). "Fired for speaking out". New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  5. ^ "El Economista". Presseurope. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
  6. ^ Frank R. Baumgartner; Laura Chaqués Bonafont (2014). "All News is Bad News: Newspaper Coverage of Political Parties in Spain" (PDF). Political Communication. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Daily Press" (PDF). Unidad Editorial. December 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  8. ^ Laura Chaqués Bonafont; Frank R. Baumgartner (April 2013). "Newspaper attention and policy activities in Spain". Journal of Public Policy. 33 (1): 65–88. doi:10.1017/S0143814X12000219. hdl:2445/49364. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  9. ^ a b Andrea Czepek; Melanie Hellwig; Eva Nowak (2009). Press Freedom and Pluralism in Europe: Concepts and Conditions. Intellect Books. p. 280. ISBN 978-1-84150-243-4. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  10. ^ Donn James Tilson; Pilar Saura Pérez (2003). "Public relations and the new golden age of Spain: a confluence of democracy, economic development and the media" (PDF). Public Relations Review. 29. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  11. ^ Jesús del-Olmo-Barbero; Sonia Parratt-Fernández (2011). "Typography and colour: A comparative analysis of the free and paid-for newspapers in Spain". Revista Latina de Comunicacion Social (66). Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  12. ^ "El Mundo - new readership record". OSP. 25 April 2005. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "Spain's press freedom under fire in US media". The Local. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  14. ^ a b Ashifa Kassam (25 March 2014). "Media revolution in Spain as readers search for new voices". The Guardian. Madrid. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  15. ^ "El Consejo de Administración..." 2015-04-30. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  16. ^ Lisa Abend (17 October 2008). "At Last, Spain Faces Up to Franco's Guilt". Time. Retrieved 22 October 2008.
  17. ^ Preston, Peter (2014). "All hail Pedro J Ramírez, Spain's crown prince of muckraking". The Observer. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  18. ^ "Report: Nazi 'Doctor Death' Has Been Hiding in Spain Since 1985". Haaretz. 30 October 2005.
  19. ^ Lacerca Archived 13 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Facts of Spain". Florida International University. Archived from the original on 21 June 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
  21. ^ Adam Smith (15 November 2002). "Europe's Top Papers". campaign. Retrieved 7 February 2015.
  22. ^ David Ward (2004). "A Mapping Study of Media Concentration and Ownership in Ten European Countries" (PDF). Dutch Media Authority. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  23. ^ Roland Schroeder (2004). "Interactive Info Graphics in Europe-- added value to online mass media: a preliminary survey". Journalism Studies. 5 (4): 563–570. doi:10.1080/14616700412331296473.
  24. ^ Craig Carroll (1 September 2010). Corporate Reputation and the News Media: Agenda-setting Within Business News Coverage in Developed, Emerging, and Frontier Markets. Routledge. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-135-25244-1. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  25. ^ Alan Albarran (10 September 2009). Handbook of Spanish Language Media. Routledge. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-135-85430-0. Retrieved 29 October 2014.
  26. ^ a b "elmundo.es launches Americas edition". Editors Weblog. 27 October 2009. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  27. ^ Figures covering July 2010 to June 2011 from Spain's Archived 29 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Oficina de Justificación de la Difusión. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  28. ^ "El País el periódico digital en español más leído del mundo". El Pais (in Spanish). 2016.
  29. ^ a b "'El Mundo' establece un modelo de pago en su web similar al del 'New York Times'" (in Spanish). Heraldo de Aragón. Europa Press. 4 November 2013.

External links

2004 Madrid train bombings

The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections. The explosions killed 193 people and injured around 2,000. The bombings constituted the deadliest terrorist attack carried out in the history of Spain and the deadliest in Europe since the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. The official investigation by the Spanish judiciary found that the attacks were directed by an al-Qaeda terrorist cell, although no direct al-Qaeda participation has been established. Although they had no role in the planning or implementation, the Spanish miners who sold the explosives to the terrorists were also arrested.Controversy regarding the handling and representation of the bombings by the government arose, with Spain's two main political parties—Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and Partido Popular (PP)—accusing each other of concealing or distorting evidence for electoral reasons. The bombings occurred three days before general elections in which incumbent José María Aznar's PP was defeated. Immediately after the bombing, leaders of the PP claimed evidence indicating the Basque separatist organization ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) was responsible for the bombings. Islamist responsibility would have had the opposite political effect, as it would have been seen as a consequence of the PP government taking Spain into the Iraq War, a policy extremely unpopular among Spaniards.Following the attacks, there were nationwide demonstrations and protests demanding that the government "tell the truth". The prevailing opinion of political analysts is that the Aznar administration lost the general elections as a result of the handling and representation of the terrorist attacks, rather than because of the bombings "per se".After 21 months of investigation, judge Juan del Olmo processed Moroccan national Jamal Zougam, among several others, for his participation carrying out the attack. The September 2007 sentence established no known mastermind nor direct al-Qaeda link.

Carlos Thorne Boas

Carlos Thorne (born 1924) is a Peruvian novelist, writer and lawyer. He is regarded as one of the most original and innovative Peruvian writers of the second half of the 20th century. This is due to his unique blend of avant garde flashback techniques, following Malcolm Lowry and James Joyce, with historical detail and accuracy, to the point of reproducing the Spanish of the Conquistadores.

Controversies about the 2004 Madrid train bombings

The controversy regarding the handling and representation of the Madrid train bombings by the government arose with Spain's two main political parties, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and Partido Popular (PP), accusing each other of concealing or distorting evidence for electoral reasons.

Daniel Dagan

Daniel Dagan (born 1944 in Cairo) is an Israeli journalist and author.

Daniel Dagan moved with his family from Cairo to France in 1952. A year later he emigrated to Israel. He was brought up in Kibbutz Mishmar HaEmek in the Jezreel Valley, not far from Nazareth.

During his military service, as well as in the reserve, Daniel Dagan worked as a military news correspondent. In this capacity he was among the first Israeli troops who crossed the Suez Canal westwards in the Yom Kippur War of 1973, his first return to the country of his birth.

Dagan graduated in political science and economics from the Tel Aviv University. He also studied in universities and other academic institutions in France, Spain and Germany.

From 1970 through 1977 he was the political correspondent of Maariv (newspaper). From 1978 through

1993 he was with Haaretz, serving most of the time in European capitals. Dagan also worked for Galei Tzahal, (Israel Defense Forces Radio), and for the New York-based Jewish Telegraphic Agency.

Over the years, Dagan has contributed to the Op-Ed pages of The International Herald Tribune and Le Monde (both in Paris), El Mundo (Spain) (Madrid), Die Zeit (Hamburg) and other international newspapers and magazines.

Dagan is now based in Berlin, where he works mainly for the public radio and television station IBA (Israel Broadcasting Authority). He appears frequently on radio and television shows in Germany, mostly commenting on the situation in the Middle East and Europe’s role in the region. He launched his blog in 2009.

Dagan is a founding member of the Board of Trustees of Bonn International School (BIS) as well as board member of the Association of the Foreign Press in Germany (VAP) and of the Brussels-based Association of European Journalists.

Dagan is married and has a daughter, Miriam, and a son, David.

David Fernández Borbalán

David Fernández Borbalán (born 30 May 1973) is a retired Spanish football referee. His first match officiating in La Liga was on 12 September 2004, between Levante UD and Racing de Santander.

Borbalán also refereed a key match in Synot liga season 2014–15 between AC Sparta Prague and FC Viktoria Plzeň on 9 May 2015.He was chosen, upon validation from FIFA, to referee the 2018 Greek Cup final between AEK and PAOK at the Olympic Stadium in Athens, amidst concerns over supporter riots and violence during the game and despite protests by Greek football chairmen and refereeing bodies over the appointment of non-Greek officials. Two weeks later, he took charge of his final La Liga fixture, a 1–0 win for RCD Espanyol over Athletic Bilbao at San Mamés in a match which meant little to the fortunes of the teams involved but was played at a venue specified as being preferred by the referee for his last appointment.

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José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (Spanish: [xoʂeˈlwiʂ roˈðɾiɣeθ θapaˈteɾo] (listen); born 4 August 1960) is a Spanish politician and member of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). He was the Prime Minister of Spain being elected for two terms, in the 2004 and 2008 general elections. On 2 April 2011 he announced he would not stand for re-election in the 2011 general election and left office on 20 December 2011.

Among the main actions taken by the Zapatero administration were the withdrawal of Spanish troops from the Iraq war, the increase of Spanish troops in Afghanistan; the idea of an Alliance of Civilizations; the legalisation of same-sex marriage; reform of abortion law; a peace negotiation attempt with ETA; increase of tobacco restrictions; and the reform of various autonomous statutes, particularly the Statute of Catalonia.

Latin American Newspaper Association

The Latin American Newspaper Association (Spanish: Periódicos Asociados Latinoamericanos, PAL) is a press group representing media organizations in Latin America. Founded in 2008, it represents 16 newspapers in 11 countries, as well as magazines.

Leonese lemonade

Holy Week lemonade or, as it's known in Spain, Leonese lemonade

is a traditional drink from León made out of wine, lemons, sugar and cinnamon (sometimes, fruits such as raisins and figs are also included). It can take from three to eight days to prepare, depending on the recipe. Traditionally, it was drunk at any festive event, although nowadays it's customarily served during Holy Week.

Madrid CFF

Madrid Club de Fútbol Femenino (Spanish pronunciation: [maˈðɾið ˈkluβ ðe ˈfuðβol]; Madrid Women's Football Club) is a Spanish women's football club based in San Sebastián de los Reyes, Community of Madrid, that currently plays in Primera División.

Martín Varsavsky

Martín Varsavsky (born 1960 in Buenos Aires) is an Argentine entrepreneur based in Spain who founded several companies worldwide, including Urban Capital, Medicorp Sciences, Viatel, Jazztel, EINSTEINet, Ya.com, Eolia and FON. This serial entrepreneur condition made Forbes Magazine describe him as Young, Rich & Restless back in 1999.


Mormedi is a Spanish design consultancy founded in 1998 by Jaime Moreno in Madrid, Spain. The company is focused on product strategy and has developed projects to companies belonging to various industry sectors (airlines, public transport operators, banks, telecommunication providers, medical companies, home appliances manufacturers and others).

Richard and Maurice McDonald

Richard James and Maurice James McDonald were American siblings who founded the McDonald's restaurant in San Bernardino, California, and inventors of the "Speedee Service System," now commonly known as "fast food".

Rodrigo Caio

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Welcome Mr. Marshall!

Welcome Mr. Marshall! (Spanish: ¡Bienvenido, Mister Marshall!) is a 1953 Spanish comedy film directed by Luis García Berlanga, and considered one of the masterpieces of Spanish cinema. The film highlights the stereotypes held by both the Spanish and the Americans regarding the culture of the other, as well as displays social criticism of 1950s Spain (showing a typical Spanish village, with typical inhabitants: a priest, the majority of the population that are peasants, the mayor, and a hidalgo).

The film was entered into the 1953 Cannes Film Festival.

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